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Id. ib. p. 435.
Bedf. Our ifle he made a marish of falt tears.] All the marshes that border upon the fea, are called falt marifbes, or marshes.
Hieronymo. The bluftering winds confpiring with my words,
Made mountains marsh with fpring tide of my
The Spanish Tragedy; or, Hieronymo is mad again. Old plays, published 1744, vol. 2. P. 241.
Sc. iv. p. 439.
Win. Each bath his place and function to attend. I am left out, for me nothing remains :
But long I will not be thus out of office.] "But long I will not be Jack out of office." Folio 1632; and certainly right, as to be a Jack in an office is a proverbial faying. See Ray's Alphabet of Joculatory Proverbs, p. 74.
Sc. vi. p. 444·
Dauph. Was Mahomet infpired with a dove?] Mahomet had a dove," which he used to "feed with wheat out of his ear; which dove, "when it was hungry, lighted on Mahomet's shoulder, and thrust its bill in to find its "breakfast, Mahomet perfuading the rude and fimple Arabians, that it was the Holy Ghost "that gave him advice." See Sir Walter Ra leigh's Hiftory of the World, book i. parti. chap.6. Life of Mahomet, by Dr. Prideaux.
Sc. vii. p. 445.
Glou. I am this day come to furvey the Tower.] I am come to furvey the Tower this day." Folio 1632.
Glou. Break up the gates, I'll be your warrantice.]
He wrote probably Break ope, as he uses the expreffion, Comedy of Errors, act iii. sc. 1. p. 233. ` E. Ant. Go fetch me fomething, I'll break 66 ope the gate."
So in Coriolanus, act ili. fc. i. p. 494.
Coriol. "Call our cares fears, which will in
The locks o' th' fenate, and bring in the crows,
Sc. vii. The Duke of Gloucefter to the Bishop
Glou. Piel'd Priest, dost thou command me be
Mr. Pope (to whofe authority I pay the greatest deference) says, that the Duke of Gloucester called him Piel'd Priest, from his fhaven crown, a metaphor from a peel'd orange.
A peel'd orange, is peel'd all over; and but a fmall part of the crown of a priest's head was fhaven, as appears from the canons of old.
By one of Archbishop Anfelm's canons, it was ordered, "That the crown of clergymen be vi"fible; " that is, the tonfure, or circle of the crown of the head, which was always kept fhaB 2 ved.
ved. See Anfelm's Canons at Westminster, MCII. 12. Johnson's Collection of Ecclefiaftical Laws, &c. vol. 2. See Legatine Conftitutions of Otto, 1237. 14. and of Othobon, 1268. 5. Johnson, ibid.
I should rather imagine, that Shakespeare wrote Pied Priest, in allufion to the habit of a Bishop, in his own time, which was the rochet, or lawn-fleeves, and the black fattin chimere, which was introduced in Queen Elifabeth's reign, (the red having been used before, which was the fame with a doctor's habit in Oxford, and is ftill, I think, worn by the Bishops in convocation. See Dr. Hody's Hiftory of Convocations, p. 141.) Or by Pied, he might allude to the book of directions for the Popish clergy, how to read the feveral offices, called The Pie, from the mixture of white and black letters resembling a magpie. It was called in by the third of King Edward VI. chap. 10. and is now rarely to be met with. I have feen one copy, in the library of Sidney SufJex college.
Glou. Winchester goofe, I cry, a rope, a rope.] He calls him Winchester goofe, from his right (as Bishop of Winchester) of licensing bawdyhouses on the banks fide of the river Thames which power was taken away from the Bishop of that diocese March 1546, (the last year of King Henry VIII.), by proclamation, with found of trumpet, "That the stews there should no more
be priviledg'd, or used as a common bordel; " but that the inhabitants of those houses should keep good and honeft rule." Stow's Annals, P. 591.
The French difeafe, from the Bishop of Win. chefter's licensing bawdy-houfes, was called the Winchester goofe. See in proof, the poem fo intitled, Works of John Taylor the water-poet, p.
Sc. x. p. 452. Enter Pucelle,
Talbot. Here, bere fhe comes; I'll have a bout with thee; devil, or devil's dam, I'll conjure thee. Blood I will draw on thee, thou art a witch.]
Alluding to the vulgar notion, that the drawing blood of a witch, takes away the power of bewitching.
Act iii. Sc. i. Gloucester to the Bishop of Winchefter.
Thou art a most pernicious ufurer,
Froward by nature, enemy to peace;
Bishop Godwin's account of Cardinal Beaufort, Bishop of Winchester, fon to John of Gaunt, by Katharine Swinford long before he married her. "That he was a man of great frugality, and "thereby exceeding rich; that King Henry V. in the latter end of his reign, by great and continual wars, being waxen much behind B 3
hand, and greatly indebted, began to caft a "covetous eye upon the goods of the church this wealthy prelate, best known by the name of the rich Cardinal, fupplied his want out of "his own purse, to divert him from that facri"legious course, and lent twenty thousand "pounds, a great deal of money in those days. "He was alfo valiant, and very wife.In "his youth he was wantonly given; and had a
bafe daughter named Jane, upon Alice, the daughter of Richard Earl of Arundel. This "was done before he entered into orders.
Amongst other good deeds that he did, it is remembered, that he built an hofpital in Winchefter, near Saint Crofs's; which he presently endowed with lands to the value of 158 1. $ 13 s. 4 d. yearly rent; and moreover, gave unto it the hofpital of Saint John de Fordenbridge."
Bishop Latimer, in his fecond fermon before. King Edward VI. making mention of Cardinal Beaufort's oppofing the good Duke of Gloucester, fpeaks of him in a way much less favourable, "Was not this a good prelate? He should have ❝ been at home, preaching to his diocese with a wanniaunt."
"The Bishop was made a Cardinal at Callice, and thither the Bishop of Rome fent him a Cardinal's hatte, He fhould have had a Ti* burne