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to be so happily setting in upon the country, but, by wounding and irritating the feelings of those who are already harrassed almost beyond endurance, as well as by alienating the friends of toleration by the false picture he draws of those whom they were endeavouring to relieve, thus augments a disunion which it should be the object of every honest man to close.

I will not weary the reader by citing the instances of some of the most ungenerous calumnies that ever appeared in print, but will refer him to pp. 7 and 14 of Milner's “ Strictures on Dr. Southey’s Book of the Church,” and to pp. 214, 253, &c. 280. 284, 319, &c. of Mr. Butler's “ Book of the R. C. Church," and to p. 49 of the “ Memoirs of Capt. Rock."" There he may behold a

(W) It is astonishing that a work of such transcendant merit as this undoubtedly is, should have produced so little effect. But even unrivalled genius, allied with uncompromising patriotism, and shedding fresh brilliancy on the cause of Truth and Justice, is no match against interested bigotry. The fabrication here noticed by the admirable author of the “Memoirs of Captain Rock,” was even too gross for Dr. Southey, who, on discovering his mistake, omitted it in his 2nd edition.

As to Dr. Southey's Vindiciæ, it is really too contemptible to notice, being a complete farrago of folly and misrepresentation, and only one slander defended by another ; cajoling his readers with the most senseless trash, alto

Christian author, under pretence of promoting the cause of truth, rehearsing the most unfounded and antiquated falsehoods, a thousand and a thousand times refuted, against infinitely the most numerous denomination of Christians in the world'; and, in spite of the most incontestible evidence, he will see him so wedded to his error, so enamoured of his calumnies, as obstinately to adhere to the impositions which he seems so happy to drag forth from their merited oblivion, and once more to employ for the oppression of his fellowcountrymen and fellow Christians.

In the Protestant Canton du Vaud, in Switzerland, such is the tyrannical intolerance of the government, that the Catholic clergyman is not permitted, under pain of dismissal, to explain, even in private, the articles of his religion to any one of a different persuasion, who may apply to him for that purpose. This may, perhaps, well enough answer the object of insuring a monopoly to Protestantism; but, tyrannical as it is, it is a much more charitable scheme than that adopted by Dr. Southey, who, apparently with the same views, has done all in his power to contrive, not that the people of England should be kept in ignorance of

gether beneath the notice of any honourable mind, and the very publication of which is a stain upon the literature of the country.

Catholic doctrine, in his acceptation of the term, but that they should learn it only through the misrepresentations and calumnies of his “Book of the Church.” However easily and triumphantly the calumniator may be refuted, the poison is diffused through a thousand channels through which the antidote never makes its way; and, like his fellowlabourer in the same vineyard, Dr. Tomline, he has never the justice to retract his errors, and disabuse his readers of the unworthy prejudices he has been the means of fostering in their minds against us. But, to speak truth, and to render justice, is not the object of the ascendancy faction; and, in violating both, they are acting upon the doctrines so falsely imputed to Catholics, of keeping no faith with heretics, and of sanctifying the means by the end, when the defence of their Church is in question. ()

() “The furious men,” says Dr. Doyle," who now agitate this country, seem to know that the sword of the law could not have been drawn, or if drawn, could not have been wielded with such deadly effect against the holy and ancient religion of these islands, if that religion had not first been decried, abused, and maligned, until it appeared to the multitude a very moral monster. From the sole of it's foot,' like its founder,' to the top of it's head, there was no soundness in it;' it was buffetted, abused, spit upon ; it was covered with a mantle of derision; it was scourged and drenched with vinegar and gall; the waters of affliction entered into it's very soul; and it was when

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Another example of extreme injustice towards his Catholic fellow-countrymen, is presented to us by the Bishop of Winchester ; that prelate ought certainly to have given himself the trouble of ascertaining that what he asserted was true, or he should have abstained from that assertion altogether. Ignorance, in a case like this, is no excuse; no criminal escapes the punishment of the law, upon the ground that he knew not that he was infringing it. The Bishop has been guilty of a gross and unfounded calumny upon the Catholic world, and though he has been long called

thus disfigured by a clamorous rabble, and seemingly abandoned by God, that the bigots and the fanatics cried out to the agents of the law and of the sword-Away with it, away with it.'”-(Reply to Dr. Magee.)

I most earnestly recommend this little work to every dispassionate reader; for argument and eloquence it stands unrivalled.

in) See the libel contained in Dr. Tomline's “Life of Mr. Pitt," stated and refuted in Mr. Butler's “ Book of the Roman Catholic Church," p. 137 ;-a libel which charges us with doctrines subversive of civil government, and of every principle of civilized society and Christian morality;-doctrines which we have over and over again refuted upon the most authentic evidence, and disclaimed upon oath. Such a libel would entitle any but a proscribed race to redress at law against such slander and defamation.

may inflict

upon to prove his assertions, or to retract the slanders so detrimental to the happiness and prosperity of so many millions of his fellow-subjects, —though a Christian Bishop, bound by the common laws' of morality to repair the injuries which he

upon his neighbour, in his character and reputation,—yet finding that he is unable to accomplish the former, he has neither the charity, the justice, nor the magnanimity to do the latter. (6)

Controversy should always be conducted with the utmost moderation; all harsh and offensive expressions should be carefully avoided, and nothing advanced in the way of insolent triumph. But what is the controversy to which these rules apply? a calm discussion of the arguments bearing on the

(i) Since the above was written, the bishop has been summoned before the bar of Divine Justice, leaving behind him £200,000 as the fruit of his episcopal labours. What would William of Wykham have thought of this? or even his Protestant predecessor, Dr. Andrews? I do not hereby impute blame to the Bishop of Winchester, but notice the circumstance merely to show the injustice of that system of ecclesiastical discipline, which allows the surplus revenues of the church to be perverted from their true purposes of repairing and embellishing the temples of God, and of satisfying the necessities of the poor; thus imposing a tax upon the people for whose benefit those revenues were originally granted, equal in amount to the revenues so misappropriated.

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