Snioland: Or, Iceland, Its Jokulls and Fjalls

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Longmans and Company, 1875 - 183 strán (strany)
 

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Strana 109 - ... ascent of Vatna consisted of butter, stock-fish, biscuit, Liebig's extract of meat, and a kind of pemmican, which I prepared for the purpose, sugar and whiskey, also coffee and soup for use during our first day's march upon the fjald. I gave to each man a little bottle to be constantly filled with snow, for the want of water is one of the principal difficulties upon these Jokulls. It is impossible with a spirit-lamp to melt enough snow for a large party ; moreover, it takes twice as much spirit...
Strana 108 - ... plainly discernible, although the remainder of the mountain was obscured. As we returned towards the farm we remarked how lofty the Icelandic mountains looked, considering their stated height ; but it must be remembered that they generally rise directly from the sea-level. With much difficulty Paul succeeded in obtaining two recruits for the expedition, and then without delay we began to arrange the supplies, and direct the manufacture of a hand-sleigh and a pair of snow-shoes. The clouds had...
Strana 114 - Groenatjall in 1871 ; but I was doomed to disappointment. After an hour's hard work of climbing with our heavy loads over the uneven surface, and dragging the unwieldy sleigh and the snow-shoes (which latter, although of no weight, were the most cumbersome part of our load), we were still surrounded by difficult and bewildering aiguilles, and hummocks of sand and ice, which seemed to increase around us. These obstructions rise to a great height where the largest quantity...
Strana 119 - ... northern sky, as is always the case in fine weather at the beginning of autumn. The moon had risen, and a sharp frost had set in, stiffening our hair and beards. Just after nightfall is the clearest time upon the mountains in Iceland, and for this I looked anxiously in order to see whether there were any traces of smoke to the north. To those who have never looked for smoke in the distance, it may seem easy to distinguish between smoke and cloud, but it is a most difficult task. Again and again...
Strana 134 - ... leaning against the sides. Two buffalo-skins, or a large eider-down quilt, would also be of service ; otherwise there should be a spare rug for each man. More important than all, is some good method of melting snow without the use of spirit-lamps. A good tent eight feet by eight, and four feet high, and two stout iron shovels are indispensable. For clothing, nothing is better than strong tweed knickerbockers, worsted drawers, knitted jerseys, and pilot coat, with knitted socks and Indian mocassins...
Strana 120 - ... rest. In the morning my thermometer registered twenty degrees of frost, and our shoes and socks were frozen hard as a board. We had therefore to sit upon our foot-gear while we breakfasted before we could reduce them sufficiently to put them on. It was a glorious morning. The snow no longer clung to our shoes, and the snow-shoes travelled easily over the firmly frozen crust. After a couple of hours' dragging we sighted a peculiarlyshaped mountain, about ten miles to the NE The summit was shaped...
Strana 114 - ... poles, together with whisky and provisions for a fortnight, and the little Union Jack destined to adorn the summit of the Jokull. The sun as he rose was the only witness of the cache we made of the remainder of our things. We now commenced the ascent of the glacier, carrying everything upon our backs. It was impossible to think of hauling the sleigh over the rough surface of the glacier at this point, for the sand which the ice contained, even if the glacier had been smooth, would have soon worn...
Strana 111 - River (well deserving its nanre), in whose turbid waters no fish can live. We stopped to lunch at mid-day, and on resuming our journey we disturbed several flocks of ptarmigan, which were feeding upon the little black craig berries, here very numerous. We soon ascended the hills to the left, for it was no longer possible to get the horses over the lava ; and now being on higher ground we beheld Vatna Jdkull spreadout Before us, one vast white expanse, terminating in a rough glacier, coated with «/7//and...
Strana 104 - ... of Nupstad. Farther to the SE rose the snow-clad heights of Orefa, the highest mountain in Iceland, with its glaciers sloping down apparently to the sea, while to our left and north were the fine basaltic cliffs which skirt the outlying hills of Vatna and Skapta Jokull, sweeping in graceful curves, terrace after terrace displaying beautiful columnar structures. Numerous caves, some of which have their weird Norse legends, indicated perhaps the wash of oceans, long before the eye of man ever rested...
Strana 107 - Perhaps the matter thrown up by some bygone eruption of the Vatna has been worked down by the glacial action, and has just come to light, after being buried for years in ice and snow. Although the glacier has advanced, it has lost considerably in height, and is altogether altered in appearance. Before we left the Sola the clouds which had lain so heavily upon Orefa all the day began to roll away, and the summit was plainly discernible, although the remainder of the mountain was obscured. As we returned...

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