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The Measure of
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ECONOMIC TRENDS IN THE ELECTRICAL INDUSTRY Man and dog sat, their heads close together, the man's head bowed. When

(w the dog licked the man's cheek, the man buried his face in the curly hair of the


116.5% above animal's neck. "Reuben Ranzo," he said, "what kind

1922 1934 of gumps does your boss keep?"

Reuben whined and wagged his tawny tail.

W. J. MacG. arose and went to the chicken-house. While Reuben Ranzo looked on with cocked ears, he picked a

1913 Level of Prices bright little broiler; then, coming out of

Cost of Current the chicken-house, bade the dog the

1920 1922 silent farewell of comradeship and re

7.4% below 7.4% below

1924 turned to the jungles. Remembering

8.6% below that a short way up the track he had seen a cultivated field with a few cassavas left upon the withered vines, he fancied dessert with his supper, and, having hidden the gump in his roll at the foot of the fence post went to fetch a cassava. In late dusk, under a sky yet faintly luminous, he went to the melon field. Under bright stars he came back. A big man and a little man sat at the fireside, cooking a meal. Flames licked

Only a good manager can the sides of an old can. A wisp of smoke

pay out more for labor and rose straight in the still air. Close by

raw materials and then sell the steel rails glinted. W. J. MacG. went to fetch his gump. It was gone.

the thing he makes for less. He strode to the fireside.

Yet that's what the man"You've stolen my gump!” he said.

agers of the electric light and power comWithout turning their heads, the two

panies of the nation have found a way to do. laughed sneeringly. When he stooped to lift the can from the fire, they leaped to

Coal, wages, building materials—all are their feet.

higher than they were in 1913. The living "Git!” they snarled. He was not afraid of the big man. He

costs of the people stand 72 per cent above knew what all wise big men know: that

the 1913 level. it is the little men who must be watched. The big man bent to pick up a buggy

Yet the rates for electric current have wheel spoke. Ere he could come at

not risen, but have dropped. Today they W. J. MacG. the fist of W. J. MacG.

are 8 per cent less than they were in 1913. found the point of his jaw. He rose again, slowly, dull eyes on W. J. MacG.

More than 49,802,000,000 kilowatt-hours “Get!” said W. J. MacG. “The

of electrical energy were consumed by men gump's mine." The big and the little man lifted their

and women in the United States during 1920. blanket rolls and went upon their way.

This was more than was consumed by all He sat by, the fire and watched their

the balance of the world, put together. figures merge into the gloom. "Two low-down thieves," murmured


EAST PITTSBURGH, PA. Firelight glowed on his face. As though uncertain that this were really he, he rubbed the fingers of one hand along those of the other. His eyes bright in the firelight, he sat motionless a while. Presently he turned his face to the sky, in which a myriad stars twinkled. Si

Westinghouse has contributed to the widelence was all about. The stars seemed

spread use of electricity both by giving the

world the alternating current system and to watch him.

also by improving the equipment used for the "Three —?” whispered W. J. MacG.

generation, distribution and application of
current. Today, with modern Westinghouse

equipment, 1572 pounds of steam will proI've never felt quite right about that

duce one kilowatt-hour of electrical energy. chicken.

In 1900, 20 pounds of steam were needed to

produce a like amount of energy. In veriting to the above advertiser, please mention The Outlook




Stories Well Worth Reading


any time.

boy and a Spanish-Mexican grandee have the same "proud old name;" the

one is Jimmie Brown, just grandson of By R. D. TOWNSEND

old man Brown, the other Don Santiago EFORE the now swiftly approach- of that great work. The “Prairie,” indeed, the Don's languishing daughter, Elena,

Moreno. Jimmie has a romantic love for ing high tide of the autumn's is so austere as to be as painful in degree but when Gene, an American girl of his fiction sweeps the novel reader as it is real. The fight of the young pio

own sort, comes along, he realizes that along with it he should give a lingering neer couple against nature and misfortune

like should seek like. So does Elena, look toward some summer novels that are is not a victory of endurance and faith

and, after exciting episodes, her lordly not of the hammock-in-the-shade class but the sacrifice of the life and reason of

papa takes her to Spain and Jimmie is but are well worth reading by any one a wife quite unsuited to the primitive life

saved with honor. Jimmie's dryly hu-timorous, lonely, crushed under the

morous old partner sums up his views of Pre-eminently so is the collection of task-while her dogged, obstinate, one

matrimony in re the case of Jimmie, Mr. Galsworthy's short-story output for ideaed husband ends by driving his own

Elena, and Gene: twenty years, roped two by two in a son away, just as he was driven from “Caravan, with a few not thus paired. home by his father, whose exact counter

And the biggest thing is something I Usually an older story is bracketed with part he comes to be. In “The Contract- bet you will think is a little thing.

They like the same kind of jokes. a later story because of subject or treat- ing Circle," a tale of the Australian bush, ment. The reader

thus compare may the

They will not get lonesome, because one finds more imagination, but here also

they are good friends with each other. author's art in the earlier and later the prevailing note is tragic, and again a

Jimmy, he will not have to be telling periods, and will agree that there is sur- lonely woman, cut off from social com

her she is more beautiful than the stars prisingly little difference in ripeness of panionship and overwhelmed by the vast in the heavens, and she will not have feeling or social purview, although there somberness of her husband's station in

to be telling him he is the bravest, may be in manner and technique. “Qual- the barren north, breaks down morally handsomest man in the world. Not so, ity," for instance, written in 1911, is under the strain while the man becomes Bolivia! He will just say to her, “You really perfect as a brief sketch of an old obsessed by the strange lure and mas- are the barber-shop kid," and she will bootmaker who lived and died to make tery of the bush. Both of these stories say to him, “That is the boy!” And his boots the best possible. have compelling power; neither is cheer

when they have troubles they can josh The average quality of these fifty-six ful; Mr. Grant-Watson's tale goes far

each other out of them. Yes, and stories is high. The reader who has been deeper into character and its art is

their kids will be husky young gringos wont to think of Galsworthy as pre-emi- broader and finer, while its outcome,

and have blue eyes and more freckles

than a guinea egg, and they will call nently a fiction painter of large canvases although infinitely pathetic, is not so

me grandpa or I will tan their bright will be surprised at the appeal both of desperately gloomy as that of “Prairie.”

young hides for them. It is as good a the “long-shorts” (a few are perhaps Another sort of a fight against odds,

name as any man could want. 20,000 words) and of the short bits of one in which an amazingly persistent and character work each with its own point clever little Jewish girl carries on her "The Monkey Puzzle”' is the most or mood. “The Stoic” (from which was combat with poverty and ignorance to a carefully thought out and humanly intermade the play "Old English,” in which splendid triumph, is told in “Breadgiv- esting novel Mr. Beresford has given us Mr. Arliss lately appeared), “The Apple ers" by the author of "Salome of the for a long time. As with the monkey tree, Tree," "A Man of Devon," and "The Tenements.” Sara simply radiates en- some problems are all but impossible to Salvation of a Forsyte" are as satisfying ergy, and she fights for education and penetrate. Brenda's puzzle is this: Is a as any part of “The Forsyte Saga.” liberty with zest and sharpness. There is woman "free" to follow an unselfish imThis volume will find place on many a no tragedy here, but plenty of realism pulse, against convention, against the shelf beside the "Saga," and will invite and not a little incidental humor. The peace and comfort of her loving and befrom time to time a repaying half-hour's book reminds me of the stories Myra loved husband, and against the certainty reading

Kelly used to write, but has more color that the scandal-loving community will The conquest of land, its lure and and action.

forever believe her to be what she is not? tragedy, are the theme of Mr. Muilen- “Like calls unto like” is the philosophy Brenda knows (that is, she feels) that burg's "Prairie" ? and Mr. Grant-Wat- of “The Proud Old Name," but the fun, she must rescue and reform a genius of son's "The Contracting Circle." * Both the action, and the characters are what a painter (and he is a genius) who has have been compared to Knut Hamsun's make it a capital story packed into short worn himself out with drugs and de"The Growth of the Soil,” but the like- space.

The author makes every sen- bauchery. Is it "Victorian” to believe ness, if any, is superficial, for neither has tence tell, yet he artfully gives the im- that sometimes it is foolish not to conany of the joyousness or epic imagination pression of writing leisurely and humor- form to ordinary standards? Brenda ously.

finally concludes that it is not cowardly

Down in old Mexico an American * Caravan. By John Galsworthy. Charles

to remember that others' rights and Scribner's Sons, New York. $2.50.

others' opinions may occasionally be ? Prairie. By Walter J. Muilenburg. The * Breadgivers. By Anna Yezierska. DouViking Press, New York. $2.50.

bleday, Page & Co., New York. $2. 3 The Contracting Circle. By E. L. 5 The Proud Old Name. By C. E. Scog- 6 The Monkey Puzzle. By J. D. Beresford. Grant-Watson. Boni & Liveright, New gins. The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Indian- The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Indianapolis. York. $2.50. apolis. $1.


considered without detriment to soulfreedom.


"The Sunshine Belt to the Orient



Rich Rewards for the traveler in Oriental landssailings every

Saturday from
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Each day is an adventure, each hour new and different. For Oriental lands are unique, unmatched in interest by any other section in the world.

Hawaii is a picture-land where every scene is painted in gorgeous colors.

Japan is modern and progressive, yet amazingly new in this role. Her ancient customs, quaint architecture and natural beauties promise a delightful visit.

Age-Old China Then on to Shanghai and Hongkong. Everywhere are reminders of a civilization that antedates all others.

The Philippines, Malaya, Ceylon, India-each has its own enchanting atmosphere. Here are mysticism and rare charm.

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Saturday Sailings Egypt, the Mediterranean, Italy and France follow. A wonder trip indeed.

And the whole may be made aboard palatial President Liners which sail every Saturday from San Francisco for the Orient and Round the World.

Fortnightly sailings from Boston and New York via Havana and Panama. A fortnightly service returning from the Orient to San Francisco.

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For full information communicate with any ticket or tourist agent or with


VICE. By General Sir Horace Smith-Dorrien. E. P. Dutton & Co., New York. $8. This is a charming autobiography and an important military document, covering in detail the military career of Sir Horace from 1877, when he entered Sandhurst, until 1923, when he relinquished the Governorship of Gibraltar and retired from active service. Few living soldiers have seen so much active duty, none has comported himself more gallantly, few as efficiently.

Sir Horace was first "blooded" in the Zulu War of 1879. He was present at the awful affair of Isandhlwana and escaped by the skin of his teeth.

The young soldier's next striking experience was in Egypt, what time England was dealing with the mess kicked up by Arabi Pasha. His initiative, energy, and daring greatly commended him to the notice of his superiors, and from that time he was a made man.

Next India; Egypt again—more fighting; back to India—the wild Tirah campaign; Egypt once more, with Kitchener -Omdurman, Fashoda (important new light on the Fashoda episode by an important participant); in 1899 the Boer War, wherein Sir Horace very greatly distinguished himself, rising to the grade of major-general, and whereof his account is very detailed.

Sir Horace was a keen student of the art of war, and his services as commander of Aldershot, 1907-11, were of the first value. He commanded the Second Corps of the British Expeditionary Force in 1914-i. e., half of the "Old Contemptibles." He deserves a very high place on the roll of great captains by reason of his handling of that corps and in particular for his conduct at Le Cateau—day to be marked with the whitest of white stones in British military annals.

When in the month of January, 1915, the enlarged B. E. F. was reformed into two armies, Sir Horace (a full general) received the command of one. At his own request, he was relieved of that command four months later. The business is obscure. Was it merely that Sir Horace and Sir John French did not jibe? Or did it turn out that Sir Horace, indubitably one of the greatest of corps commanders, lacked the qualifications requisite to the higher command? Sir Horace throws little light on the matter, but confidently refers his vindication to the coming official history of that period. Whatever the official history may say, one may be sure Sir Horace did




15 Moore Street, New York City 50 Yamashita Cho, Yokohama

7-A Kaigan Dori, Kobe

29 Nanking Rd., Shanghai Hongkong and Shanghai Bank Bldg.,

24 Calle David, Manila

Hugh Mackenzie, G.P.A.
311 California Street, Department M 909

San Francisco, California

the house ndesertioorg

olence mention The Outloole

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dreamy Autumn

holidays in Π


By Robert Morss Lovett.

his gallant best. The hero of Le Cateau mont would have been better advised to may well be content with his laurels. write a book on each. He would have

been still better advised to write no book

at all. This book lacks consecutiveness, History, Political Economy, and

charm, almost every quality that justifies Politics

the making of a book; to conclude THE HEART OF ÂRYÂVARTA. By the Earl of

briefly, it is destined to quick oblivion. Ronaldshay. Houghton Mimin Company, Boston. $5.


Rufus C. Dawes. The Bobbs-Merrill ComThe development of Hindu national

pany, Indianapolis. $6. ism within the past twenty years is one Mr. Rufus Dawes was chief of the of the most interesting of modern phe- staff of eight economic experts who acnomena; only more remarkable than the companied General Dawes and Mr. rapidity and extent of the Anglicization Young to Paris, and he kept a diary reof the upper and upper-middle classes of cording the evolution of the Dawes Plan. India during the previous seventy years. This book is that diary somewhat supThe cultural result of the latter process plemented. It is well-nigh indispensable was a curiously unpleasant hybrid. A

to one who should seek a thorough unstrong reaction was much to be desired, derstanding of the Dawes Plan. But but the violence of the reaction we are

though an exceedingly useful book, it is witnessing is lamentable and stupid.

not a jolly book, not a holiday book. "Back to the Vedas!” is now all the The Dawes Plan is printed as an appencry; which is well enough. “Away with dix. the British Raj, and a clean sweep of everything Western,” is also the cry of Essays and Criticism the extremists, who include, apparently,

Robert M. McBride & Co., New York. $1. the vast majority of Hindus who have

The second of a series of monographs received a Western-type education, at on modern American writers. Mr. Lovett When the children are in school, why least of sorts; i. e., to use a dreadful, a briefly sketches the social background of not take your holiday this fall? A gor- samphire word, the Hindu intelligentsia. his subject and proceeds to a critical geous vacation in the Paradise of the To be sure, the Hindu inteligentsia, by a study of her work. The often acknowlPacific, in the months between now and generous computation, constitute not

edged debt to Henry James receives due Christmas! more than eight per cent of the Hindus;

comment. (Henrietta James, the Engbut the nationalist movement refers itself Strange as the outrigger canoes that

lish call her with facile wit.) Many almost exclusively to them.

critics have made favorable comparisons race like long-legged waterflies at Wai

This book is an acute study of the with Jane Austen, but this biographer kiki, Hawaii is a territory of the United fundamental causes of the mental and

holds her inferior. “They” (Miss AusStates with modern conveniences at spiritual revolt of said intelligentsia ten's characters) “are part of an institumoderate prices.

against British domination, political and tion, stable, self-perpetuating, permanent. Long autumn days, sunny yet cool, to enjoy

cultural; involving a remarkable analy- They are in true relation to their engolf, polo, motoring, tennis, county fairs, swim- sis of the Hindu mentality, doubtless the

vironment, and racy of the soil. By conming meets, surfing, inter-island cruising, deep- most curious mentality to be found trast Mrs. Wharton's society is transitory, sea fishing. Tropic fruits, fragrant flowers and among the sons of men. The treatment

imitative, sterile.” One might grant the Hawaiian music. Hawaii National Park's vol

is sympathetic, but it is clearly deducible inferiority, yet take issue with the opincanic wonderland is especially attractive in

from the evidence spread out that the ion of its causes. A useful bibliography autumn.

British Raj has, on the whole, justified which includes the isolated short stories Enjoy it longer

itself and that the ninety-two per cent of is appended. Plan to stay longer than the one or two

Hindu illiterates may well pray for its weeks which a round trip of 3 or 4 weeks from

THE CREATIVE SPIRIT; AN INQUIRY_INTO continuance. The Hindu intelligentsia

By Rollo Walter Brown. the Coast allows. But the latter, costing as little

$2.50. as $300 or $400 for all expense including firstare long on metaphysics but short on

The young révoltés have accustomed class travel and accommodation ashore, will political sense. The most striking fea

us to hearing the statement that America give you a taste of Hawaiian enchantment. tures of their "mentality” are its unex

is no place for a creative artist; that if ampled “tolerance” of inconstancy and Your nearest railway, steamship or travel

his impulses are not stifled by the levelagent will book you direct via Los Angeles,

its fantastic penchant for sophistry. ing influences of his democratic environSan Francisco, Seattle, Vancouver or Victoria, Remember that, sweet lady, when next

ment and his standardized education, he B. C. You'll enjoy the 5 or 6 days voyage to

thou sittest at the feet of some dear, will be thwarted by a skeptical or indifHonolulu on stately liners. Ample modern delightful swami.

ferent public. Few of them, however, hotels on 4 larger islands.


have kept their tone of discussion as urIf you wish descriptive, illustrated brochure

G. P. Putnam's Sons, New

bane and impartial as Dr. Brown, even In writing this book Mr. Belmont pro- when he is dealing with such ticklish subposed to himself two main objects: the jects as science and the Church. His

one, to prove that the United States has tone approaches bitterness only when he now never been isolated, that its relations takes up concrete examples, such as the HAWAII

with Europe are bound to increase in struggles of the MacDowell Colony in TOURIST

intimacy, and that one should take order New Hampshire to make ends meet. His BUREAU

accordingly; the other, to vindicate the chapter on the complicated machinery of

Democratic Party. As the two theses American university life has the unmis223 MONADNOCK BLDG., SAN FRANCISCO have no obvious connection, Mr. Bel- takable note of authority. As a contri352 FORT 9T., HONOLULU, HAWAII, U. 8. A.

ln writing to the above advertiser, please mention The Outlook


Harper & Brothers, New York.




Perry Belmont.
York. $1.30.


bution to the American language it is interesting to learn that young assistants in college courses enrolling many students are variously known as "cubs," "theme demons," "dishwashers," and "section hands.” It is a thoughtful and constructive book.

Here is one book EVERYBODY should own

A beautifully printed and bound volume-1,312 pages on India in your own

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paper-gives you the complete work of Shakespeare ; 37 plays, 2 our risk
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Glen H. Mullin. The Century Company, New York. $2. This is a delightful book, worth everybody's reading. The author, according to the jacket blurb, is a teacher in a university, and thus presumably a treader of conventional ways. But once in the long ago, when doubtless he was not a university teacher, he heard the Call of the Road and made prompt and affirmative response. For several months he rambled about the land, beating his way on trains, begging food and garments, and incidentally acquiring grime and vermin. Also he sometimes got clubbed or "pinched” or both. He had some terrifying experiences as well as many happy ones.

His first comrade was one “Frisco," and a better mentor for the hard training of the life of trampdom no greenhom could want. Frisco knew the road and all its turnings, and his counsels saved the apprentice many difficulties. It is not often that so convincing a character is found on the printed page. He is a flesh-and-blood reality, and fiction could not have produced him. There are other outstanding characters—Whaleoil Pete, Pennsylvania Shorty, Runt McTurk, to name a few—and they all have adventures worth the telling. Here is a story without romance, sentimentality, or plot, a social study without statistics, argument, or recommendations. For the most part it is sheer narrative, engagingly and sometimes joyously told; and what isn't narrative is vivid description.

in One Volume-made for you in America

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Eve man, woman, boy and girl should own this concise
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Shakespeare, by J. 0. Halliwell expensive encyclopedias and Bibles are printed, the Lakeside
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COPY-1925. Stories, Plays, Poems, Essays from

the Published Work of Students in the Special Courses in Writing, University Extension, Columbia University. Introduction by Donald Lemen Clark. D. Appleton & Co., New York.

Do you belong to that exclusive group?

A dozen short stories, two one-act plays, some fugitive verse, and a few short articles and essays form the bulk

Have you seen so much of the world that you're bored with all of it? A of this heterogeneous collection. All have

few unfortunates never have any desire to go anywhere, but if you belong seen previous publication in newspapers to the “ bigger, better, broader ” movement for more and better travel, and magazines, their selection having you're friend of ours. And we can help you any time, anywhere. been the work of a committee of the

A letter-A question--A prompt responseNo charge
Writers' Club of Columbia University.
The reader will almost certainly find

something to his taste in the wide scope
afforded by this volume. Maturity of

The Hotel and Travel Bureau treatment characterizing much of the

THE OUTLOOK COMPANY material is due to the fact that the authors are, in the main, men and women 120 East 16th Street

New York City long past college days. This book will

In writing to the above advertisers, please mention The Outlook

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