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General Offices, Detroit. Michigan

Please mention The Outlool ham

Volume 141

October 14, 1925

Number 7

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Senator La Follette the Second The politicians rejoiced, but they have —to which, by the way, Mr. du Pont

rejoiced too soon. A deadlock arose this happens to be the largest contributor. \HE heir to Wisconsin enters upon

summer over the appointment of the The State income tax in Delaware goes his heritage.

State Tax Collector, and the Governor to schools and roads, and the new incumThe State of "Fighting Bob” La

bent's first cousin, Senator Coleman du Follette has placed the Senatorial toga

Pont, is the leading exponent of good upon the shoulders of his son. The

roads in the State, having given a road country knows enough of this young man

that cost millions of dollars, stretching to believe that he will attempt to carry

from one end of Delaware to the other. out the policies of his father. It remains

It will be a case of expert knowledge to be seen whether he will maintain his

both in school matters and road building, father's power over the great State of

and of business genius applied to collectWisconsin and how far his youth and

ing taxes, which up until now have never health will compensate for the experience

been satisfactorily gathered. There is and the battle-wise mind of the father

much tax evasion in Delaware, which the who played so dramatic a rôle in the life

methods so far in use have not been able of the Nation.

to overcome. Both factions in the ReWith the National policies of Senator

publican Party, who are responsible for La Follette The Outlook did not always

the deadlock, are said to be satisfied by find itself in sympathy; but it can wish

the new appointment, and it is considfor the son the same courage and devo

ered an absolutely non-political one, tion to his task which gave the father a

though Mr. du Pont happens to be a distinctive place in American history.

Republican. If he succeeds in collecting

the taxes, the school system of Delaware S-51

will become one of the best in the counOTHING remains now but to salvage

try, if not the best. The eyes of educathe sunken hull of the S-51. Hope

tors all over the country have been on that survivors might still endure within

Mr. du Pont for some time, and this will this sunken casket has been abandoned.

increase the interest felt in his plans and Year by year when the flowers of

methods. Decoration Day are cast upon the waters

Philadelphia's Police the crew of the S-51 will be remembered

WHE among the men who have given their

HEN General Smedley Butler, of lives for their country.

the Marine Corps, was put at the head of the Philadelphia police force, he

introduced drastic measures in dealing A Multimillionaire

with all lawbreakers, including illegal Tax Collector

sellers of liquor. He was not bold enough ELAWARE has a multimillionaire,

to believe that he could make the Quaker Pierre S. du Pont, who has been

City "bone dry” without full co-operadeeply interested for several years in the

tion from citizens and courts. This he schools of the State. By setting up and

has not had. Philadelphia is very far heavily endowing a school auxiliary asso

from being dry. Yet competent judges ciation he has provided one-half the cost

assert that there has been improvement, of new school-buildings constructed on

A Philadelphia traffic cop. The white belt

that liquor is harder to get than before the most modern plan, and substituted

is for protection against autos, the pistol

General Butler took charge, and that

against bandits them for the old schoolhouses, many of

there are fewer "speak-easies.” them one-room rural ones. In doing this has just ended it by asking Mr. du Pont

The trouble has not been with the he has found out the defects of the to take the position himself. He has police force. It has improved notably school tax system, and at the last Legis- accepted, and will assume the office, with under General Butler's command; it is lature he presented a plan for raising its salary of $4,000 a year. As he is described as military in appearance, effienough to make every school adequate thoroughly familiar with the situation, cient, obedient, and quick in action. As and fireproof. At present only half the and has one of the best business heads compared with the records of two years schools are safe. The plan was lost by in the country, there are bound to be ago, there has been marked de in only a few votes, much to the disappoint- interesting developments in the collection thefts and crimes of vio? ment of the better class of Delawareans. of both the State tax and the income tax marked increase in the num



say, the

Even in bootlegging there were 6,080 American loans and international aid in friendly sentiments towards both France arrests in the first eight months of this forming giant trusts. The correspondent

forming giant trusts. The correspondent and Belgium. She would like to protect year as compared with 1,413 in the year of the New York "Evening Post" says them against another German attack. previous. The police did their part, but, that the new slogan, "The European "Beyond all, however, England wants unfortunately, the magistrates dismissed Idea," is that Europe is to emerge from to protect her own Channel ports and her or very lightly fined in 1925. 47 per dependence on America. And Dr. Adolf capital. They are now in danger as they cent, as compared with only 21 per cent Broun, a member of the German Reichs- have never been before. For very many in 1923. This year, moreover, there tag, remarked at the Interparliamentary centuries the Channel has effectively have been less than three and a half per Union that the World War had robbed separated England from militant Europe. cent of actual convictions. The case is Europe of its predominance and it was But in these days of aerial propulsion put in a nutshell by a correspondent of imperative for the Continent to adopt a the Channel separates no longer. CountThe Outlook, who writes us: "You can policy of economic solidarity.

ing on French and Belgian friendship, have as honest and efficient a police force It is of course quite possible that no England's natural military frontier has as you please, but you will not get any- direct hostility toward American inter- become the Rhine, not the Channel. So, where if magistrates will not enforce the ests is involved. Certainly there is no in rejoinder to the French Government's law and large numbers of jurymen dis- feeling of trepidation here, because it is request for an opinion as to what might miss case after case with broad grins, as realized that the Germans are dragging a be expected from England regarding was witnessed by a Philadelphia sub- false scent across the track in order to security, there came a British offer of scriber to The Outlook a month or "SO get something they very much want--the vital importance to France. England ago."

settlement in their favor of the Polish engages to guarantee the western GerIt seems probable, but not certain, and Czechoslovak boundary.

man frontier--that is to that General Butler will retire at the end Germany obviously encourages this Germano-Franco-Belgian border. With of the year, although our interviewer beatific theory of a united financial union France, Belgium, and Germany she represents him as saying, “I am willing of nations that are debtors as against the pledges a mutual guaranty. That means to continue the fight against crooks and creditor in hopes that it may lead to the that in the case of an outbreak of unfor a clean city.” In any case, Philadel- grant of her demands to be freed from provoked hostilities, England will make phia owes him gratitude for stalwart and the engagements of the Versailles Treaty, common cause with the people attacked straight-from-the-shoulder police meth- freed from the charge of being the one and against the attackers. Neither the ods, and notably for his war against great war criminal nation, and freed from French nor the Belgian Government has bandits and auto thieves, in which his opposition to her contentions as to the

opposition to her contentions as to the objected to the mutuality of such a guarmilitary measures have had remarkable protection of the eastern boundary. anty. results.

France is not likely, however, to yield in "But, as far as the other German fron

the boundary question through any illu- tiers are concerned, England will not The All-Europe Idea sion as to what she might gain from a engage herself to other military interven

tion than is found in her engagement in To o the series of conferences by the Europe-against-the-world attitude.

Powers in Europe since the war is Reports from the early sessions of the the League of Nations Covenant; she now added that of Locarno. In this

Locarno meeting indicate that it is prac- promises anew to fulfill this obligation small Swiss town on Lake Maggiore tically certain that Germany will be al- completely. Furthermore, England acBritain, France, Germany, Italy, and

lowed to join the League of Nations (she knowledges the existence of treaties beBelgium are trying to formulate a Quin- seems to be making a virtue of her will- tween France, on the one side, and tuple Pact to secure the peace of Europe. ingness to do what she has long wanted Poland and Czechoslovakia, on the other, It is hoped that this will be a mutual

to do); that there will be no difficulty in giving rights which these signatory Powagreement to outlaw any of the contract

adjusting the western (or Rhine) boun- ers cannot renounce. ing nations that shall violate its cove- dary frontier question; that the question “Frenchmen have not hidden their disnants. For France it is essential that

of Germany's war guilt will be side- appointment at the refusal of a guaranty, such an agreement shall satisfy also stepped as not essential; and that the whether German or British, of the fronCzechoslovakia and Poland.

eastern frontier security question (Po- tiers on the east and south of Germany. With this renewal of effort for security land and Czechoslovakia) will come last All the more, then, bound by treaties in Europe there has now appeared a difand give the most trouble.

with Poland and Czechoslovakia, France ferent proposal. This is to consolidate

demands that her right be not questioned The Difference Between the Europe against the rest of the world, and

to pass through the demilitarized Rhenthat means the United States. This new English and French Views

ish zone in case she should need to aid brand of proposed security is not mili- BROAD view of the relation of the

one or the other or both of her allies.” A tary, but financial. Stresemann, Ger- Powers to the problem of security

It is from this difference of view bemany's Foreign Minister, meant that is expressed in a letter from our editorial

tween France and England, thus dewhen, as quoted, he said that "Europe correspondent in Europe, Mr. E. F.

scribed by Mr. E. F. Baldwin, that Germust be brought back to its equality with Baldwin:

many hopes to profit at Locarno. the rest of the world.” The Outlook's "England has shown a remarkable editorial correspondent abroad, Mr. E. F. complacency towards Germany, inex

British Labor and Moscow Baldwin, cables us from Locarno that one of Germany's chief hopes from the commercial motive. At the same time, ain have shown the two methods Conference is a favorable effect England has long had very sincerely which Russian Bolshevism has used in


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trying to capture British labor. The one what Russia is working for is the revolu- international character are approached method is direct; the other is indirect, tionary strike; and in Britain, at any more and more with the common interor what in the United States has been rate, there is in the industrial situation ests of all the peoples at heart. For a called "boring from within."

ample material for a conflagration. Each generation it has stood for the principle If one may judge by these conven- country subjected to Russian propaganda of arbitration of disputes between nations, the indirect method is proving the sees only its own industrial ills, and is tions, and its concern with the internamore successful. At Scarborough there not informed by the propagandists that tional problems of to-day is to bring was the Trade Union Congress, which in Russia unemployment is several times about a better to-morrow. represented the industrial organization of as severe as in any other country, and Codification of international law, labor. Expressed in terms of resolutions, that in no other country is the standard "with a view to defining the fundamental the Congress there repudiated the whole of life so low as it is in Russia.

conditions of the régime of peace to be of MacDonald's public policy. It re- For the swing toward the Soviet which instituted between the nations," was the jected the Dawes Plan; it denounced the Labor outside of the influence of Parlia- recommendation of the present ConferBritish Empire as a system of exploita- ment is showing the British Parliamen- ence of the Interparliamentary Union, tion; it sought to develop a general com- tary leaders are not without responsi- looking to the establishment of better mittee into a Soviet cabinet, independent bility. For years MacDonald and his

relations among the various countries of wholly of Parliament; it flirted with the colleagues had climbed to power by at- the world, forty-one of which were reprevision of One Big Union and a general

tacks on the capitalist system and prom- sented with a total of nearly four hunstrike; and it tampered with the Amster- ises to change it. They had brought dred delegates at the meeting. Through dam International, which is the bulwark rhetorical charges against Conservatives its discussion of other questions, such as in Europe of trade unions against Com- and Liberals, but on taking office they reduction of armaments and demilitarized munist dictation from the Third Inter- showed little evidence of their belief in zones, the problem of national minorities, national at Moscow. Virtually, Scar- what they had said. They were dined. economic, financial, and health prob

committed British Labor to the They were photographed. They flaunted lems, international production and transproposition that Amsterdam shall be ab- gold lace. Naturally, among the rank portation, passports

, and customs, the sorbed by Moscow. While it suggested and file there is stern anger against "the Union aims to bring about that common that the delegates did not know what

moderates." It is not a matter for sur- understanding on a multitude of subjects they were doing, there can be no mis- prise that Girondists are being exchanged which leads to diminution of differences understanding about what they actually sometimes for Jacobins.

between nations and to peaceful reladid.

tions. The Aims of the At Liverpool what assembled was a

A non-partisan body, composed of political caucus, and here Moscow's di- Interparliamentary Union

parliamentarians from the legislative rect attack was in evidence. The frontal The Interparliamentary Union, meet

groups in various countries, the Interattack was delivered by the Communist ing in the United States for the parliamentary Union occupies an interParty, of which the only member in Par- second time since its organization, has mediate position between official and liament is Shapurji Saklatvala, the native been well described as a "parliament of

unofficial bodies. It resembles the of India who was prevented from enter- parliaments.” No better definition per- official institutions in that it is recruited ing the United States. The party num- haps can be given. The present is the from political bodies, the parliaments of bers only about five thousand persons twenty-third Conference of the body, the world; but it differs from them in and in itself is not formidable. The whose sessions have been held annually that it has much greater freedom and its Communists at the Liverpool caucus except as interrupted by the war. The members speak without instructions. tried to reverse their expulsion last year previous gathering in this country, held "The general political situation of the from the Labor Party, but they were still at St. Louis in 1904, at the time of the world” may be the phrase best used to by overwhelming vote excluded. Ramsay World's Fair celebrating the peaceful describe the scope of the Union's interest MacDonald retained control, and a split acquisition of the Louisiana territory, and discussion. It concerns itself with was, for the moment, avoided. But there adopted a resolution requesting President the general problems with which the is bitter criticism of the wealthy and Roosevelt to call a second Hague Peace post-war world is faced; with economic, titled persons now prominent in the La- Conference, which was held in 1907. political, and social problems, with the bor camp; and the fact that MacDonald

International peace and co-operation development of international organizahas been thrown over by the trade unions among the nations may be said to be the tions and especially of peaceful means of reduces his leadership to a shadow. Ex- outstanding aims of the Union. Govern- settling conflicts between nations, and pressed in personalities, there is here a mental and official in personnel, and yet with the problem of its own evolution duel between “the old gang,” led by not having authority to commit any of and what position it is to occupy in the MacDonald, Clynes, Henderson, Snow- the Governments represented, this or- international world. den, and Thomas, and the “radicals," ganization has modified the thoughts of At this year's Conference, for the first led by John Wheatly, of Glasgow. It men in the past and seems destined to time, there have been represented a large must be remembered that these radicals play an increasingly important part in number of the Latin-American nations, are supported by the propaganda not the future. Through the exchange of no less than fourteen of the twenty merely of a theoretical Bolshevism but of views between the representatives of the American republics outside of the United the Government of a Great Power. Not various congresses of the world, legisla- States having sent delegates from their only in Britain, but throughout Europe, tive problems both of a national and national legislative assemblies.

In a

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