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held last week on the Chesapeake, the they recognize the pioneering service of resulted in entire failure. He doubts same type machine, with its wheels re- the air mail, see in the Ford air organi- whether transmutations have been made placed by pontoons, flew the course at zation the first real promise of the de- by any of the scientists. the rate of 232 miles an hour. In the velopment of commercial aviation in Those whose interest in the remarkSchneider Cup Race there were British America.

able advance of the new atomic physics and Italian entries, but the British We need world-beating speed scouts have led them to follow it at least as a "mystery plane" crashed during the pre- and we have them, but we also need the speaking acquaintance, realizing that the liminary trials and the other British more cumbersome machines which will insignificant laboratory experiment has plane finished a bad second, while the carry our mails and in time our passen- frequently been father to discoveries of one Italian seaplane that flew was too gers.

immense practical use to man, will recall slow for serious competition. Lack of

that the first announcement that one of Can Man Transmute foreign competitors, however, does not

the chemical elements had been transthe Elements ? minimize the American triumph, as the

muted into another came only a year ago winning planes beat all recorded flights In a recent issue of The Outlook men- last July. Professor Miethe, of Gerever made abroad.

tion was made of several efforts to many, while burning just such a mercury Speed supremacy, however, is not an transmute one of the 89 known elements lamp as the one shown on this page, index to air supremacy, nor even a prime into another, particularly mercury into accidentally produced gold from the meressential to present-day aviation. Great

cury used in it. He was able to duplicate speed means possible supremacy in mili

the result, and the announcement of his tary scout planes; but in commercial

success received much attention. To the aviation, where speed does not count,

scientist it was extremely interesting, America no longer leads. At the Pulitzer

while to the layman-well, there is no race the only machine which showed

way to tell just what invaluable bycommercial possibilities was the well

product may be derived from such a bit known Dutch Fokker plane. Slowness

of purely scientific research.

At once other scientists tried to transin speed did not prevent hundreds of these Fokker machines from making reg.

mute the atom. Professor Nagaoka, of ular flights abroad on scheduled commer

Japan, a noted physicist, announced that

he had made a transmutation. Professor cial airlines, carrying in the past four years 34,000 passengers and nearly 250

Miethe, the original transmutationist, tons of freight. Another type 90-mile

more recently, it is stated, made gold an-hour plane, the German Junker, car

enough for chemical analysis. Later

came the announcement of the two ried 40,000 passengers in 1924 alone and 874 tons of freight. During 1924

Dutch scientists, who to avoid duplica

tion chose lead instead of mercury to European air lines carried 84,200 pasCourtesy of "Scientific American”

experiment with, and who claim also to sengers for a total mileage of 5,700,000

This is an exact replica of the lamp with have effected a transmutation. miles. The machines carrying this traffic

which Professor Miethe originally made are not model commercial machines, but

gold from mercury.

Professor H. H. Tentative Verdict, they represent the best attempts to de- Sheldon, of New York University, be- “ Not Proved” velop a commercial airplane. The safety

lieves there was some mistake ; for him
the lamp made no transmutation. Was

Professo

ROFESSOR SHELDON, using duplicate factor has been brought to a point nearly

the gold already in the mercury P

apparatus of that originally used by equaling that of railroads, and engine re

Professor Miethe, tried over and over liability is slowly increasing. There was

gold, and the statement was made that with no results—except that when he nothing at our air meets to show that several scientists were at work trying to began with mercury known to contain America is developing anything but

make such a transmutation of elements traces of gold he got gold in the "transspeed planes.

or to prove that those announced by muted” product. With absolutely puriHad America any real commercial ma- other scientists were merely some form of fied mercury no gold was obtained. In chines, their value would have been

self-deception. In particular we told of addition to this, five Berlin University recognized at the Ford Reliability Tour,

the work carried on by Professors scientists recently obtained similar findheld earlier in the month at Detroit. Smith and Karssen, of the University of ings: impure gold, transmutation; pure Speed was not the goal there. The ob- Amsterdam, and of the roughly similar gold, no transmutation. They too bejective was efficiency, a more accurate transmutation experiments which had lieve that Professor Miethe's mercury gauge of progress in aviation. Aside been attempted by Professor H. H. Shel- contained at the start traces of gold from the Fokker machine, one other don, working for the "Scientific Ameri- which deceived him in the final results. plane showed promise, the American can.” Both of these experiments have It is made plain by the "Scientific Stout plane, now a Ford product, which, now been completed. The two Dutch American” that in any case there is no if more or less a modification of the scientists claim to have effected a real proof that the atom cannot be transordinary European passenger-carrying transmutation, changing the atoms of muted. On theoretical grounds, it can, planes, was still an attempt at develop- lead into those of both mercury and and by the change of one electron. But ing something other than speed scouts or thallium. But Professor Sheldon an- it is thought by many that man has not sport machines. nounces in the current "Scientific Ameri

now and perhaps may never have at his Men interested in aviation, though can” that his long-continued efforts have command the power and the skill to perform this miracle. Again, it may prove owners who in such cases have no other nor any one else believes to be true), had possible to bring about this modern way of getting back their property. accepted the jewels without any expert alchemy to-morrow.

[graphic]

With the growth, however, of insur- advice as to their genuineness, and had Of what real use would it be? We do ance by corporations against robbery, handed over $65,000 in cash. not know-perhaps none. Yet we can there has come a recognition of the dan- Mr. Pecora, Assistant District Attordepict a querulous man fifty years ago, ger in any laxity in enforcing the law. ney, has since been quoted in the newsobserving Professor Herz playing with Laxity comes about in this way: the papers as saying that "the knowledge the spark gaps which decades later were owners of insured property look to their

these thieves have that they may negodestined to be shaped by Marconi into insurance company for redress; the com- tiate privately with such complaints wireless and radio, shaking his head and pany is anxious to cut its losses to the without much chance of punishment is asking impatiently, “Yes—but what good minimum; its agents may open negotia- the greatest incentive to professional is it?” Many a piece of abstract scien- tion with the elaborate underworld ma- criminals to-day." He recommends legtific research has had its unanticipated chinery by which the stolen property is islation penalizing the entering into nebillion-dollar by-product.

passed through several hands from thief gotiation for regaining loot by paying a

to "layer,” to “fence,” and so on to de- reward without informing the police of “No Questions Asked " tective.

the facts. HE criticism that has followed the In this Donahue case the jewels were Some forms of crime seem to have

return of stolen jewels said to be brought into the New York City. District become as closely organized as legitimate worth $683,000 to an agent of an insur- Attorney's office by one Scaffa, described business. Law and law enforcement ance company on payment by that agent as a private detective employed by the must be adjusted to meet the new situaof $65,000 has opened up discussion as insurance company. He was allowed to

tion. to whether the payment of rewards for depart on an alleged hunt for the thieves stolen property under a "no questions or their middleman. No one was sur

In Memory of

President Hayes asked” understanding is collusion with prised that the hunt brought no result, criminals.

EMORIALS take many forms, and and the fact that by rather common cus- allowed to gain time for the obliteration the gift to the State of Ohio of tom this kind of condonation of crime of all traces of the passing-on process Spiegel Grove, the beautiful homestead has long existed as to minor thefts may gained when his story was made public. of President Rutherford B. Hayes, in be charged partly to the legal maxim He had simply made a telephone ap- Fremont, Ohio, was one of the most inwhich may roughly be translated, “The pointment to meet a man at a hotel, had

pointment to meet a man at a hotel, had teresting gifts of recent years. law does not bother about trifles," and been told that the man's name was “Sam Of all the homes of our twenty-nine partly to the sympathy one feels for Layton” (a statement that neither Scaffa Presidents there have been preserved

THE

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[graphic]

only those of Washington at Mount Vernon, Jefferson at Monticello, Madison at Montpelier, Jackson at the Hermitage, and the modest home of Lincoln in the city of Springfield. In all those instances, however, more or less time had elapsed before the homes were acquired and put in a state of preservation, and but few or no personal relics or memorials were secured. Spiegel Grove met with no such impairment. When Colonel Webb C. Hayes, President Hayes's second son, turned it over to the State a few years ago, it was in perfect condition and all of the valuable historic effects of President Hayes were there intact.

The George Croghan Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution celebrate each year the birthday (October 4) of President Hayes. The programme this year took the form of the dedication of a Spiegel Grove Gateway, with bronze tablets, erected by Colonel Hayes in honor of General R. P. Buckland, "first law partner and lifelong friend of Rutherford B. Hayes.” At the same time occurred the second historical conference of persons and societies interested in Ohio history. At this conference there was considered a tentative plan for the organization of a historical society, named in honor of President Hayes on account of his active participation in the affairs of the colleges and historical societies of his native State after his return to private life.

President Hayes was a great reader and a man of scholarly tastes and attainments. His library of Americana was not excelled in his time by that of any other private individual in the Nation. He had the instincts of a collector and preserved all papers and memoranda both of his public and private life in orderly form. His Diaries and Letters, edited by Dr. Charles R. Williams, author of the Life of President Hayes, are now in course of publication by the State of Ohio and will be a valuable contribution to American history. With the exception of Thomas Jefferson and Theodore Roosevelt, no President has left such a collection of individual memoranda, literary remains, and personal mementoes as did President Hayes. Archbishop O'Connell recently has said that not long before the death of Cardinal Gibbons—a keen observer of men—they were discussing the relative merits of the various Presidents whom he had personally known, and the Cardinal said: "I have known them all intimately and well

The age-old Khyber Pass is to echo to the whistle of the locomotive

from Lincoln until now; and to my mind under the generous initiative of Colonel the most scholarly and refined of them and Mrs. Hayes. all was President Hayes.” While President Hayes himself was

The Khyber Pass Railway utterly averse to self-laudation, the idea I .is indeed a sign of the times that of some memorial to him occurred to a there should now be a railroad son whom he sent on an official visit to through the Khyber Pass. To India, in mark the birthplace of George Washing- Lord Rosebery's famous phrase, the ton. The happy consummation of Colo- Himalayas have offered hitherto the pronel Hayes's almost fifty years of plan- tection of a cactus hedge. This railroad, ning and filial devotion seem now near bridging sunless abysses and plunging consummation by the prospective organi- into rock-hewn tunnels, pierces the hedge zation of the Hayes Historical Society as for twenty-six romantic miles. outlined at the meeting of October 4, The Khyber Pass-a dark gory

W

bounded by precipices and in some than one hundred miles all others had copy. It is a mighty good piece of muplaces only a few feet wide—is a link perished.

nicipal publicity. What makes it of between Peshawur, on the northwest In the 'seventies Russia seized Khiva, interest, however, in connection with the frontier of India, and Cabul, the capital and Afghanistan came under her influ- present discussion is the following stateof Afghanistan. There is an ancient ence. A British mission to Cabul entered ment telling of the birth of the “Seattle saying that no man can conquer India the Khyber Pass, but was denied the Spirit:” who has not made himself first the mas- road by Afghan outposts. The result,

Nowhere do men speak of the spirit ter of Cabul; and for thousands of years once more, was war. Along three of the

of a city with such definiteness. Nor the Khyber has been a highroad of inva- Himalayan gorges-one of them the is it a term that has come into being sion, trodden by the armies of Genghiz Khyber-British forces simultaneously with modern self-consciousness of pubKhan, Tamerlane, and other chieftains advanced; and Afghanistan was brought

licity and civics—the records of a of central Asia. again into the Indian sphere of influence.

celebration twenty-five years ago

speak decidedly of the Seattle Spirit.” The British approached India, not by It now looks as if the once formidable

It is an entity—a something--a civic land, but by sea; and to them the ques- Khyber would become a national park personality-that men speak of as tion has been to defend the Khyber, not for visitors to India, who will look with they would speak of a building or a to attack it. The danger of Russia in- astonishment on its dizzy heights and man. vading India by way of Afghanistan is sunless depths. one which Lord Salisbury ridiculed by

The spirit of Seattle is something not

to be denied. It needs only to be prosuggesting that people should use large maps. Still, the diplomatic struggle be

tected against ill-advised expression. On the Seattle Battle

The Seattle “Times” was unfortunate tween Russia and Britain for the pre

Line dominating influence over Afghanistan

in charging Mr. Marvin with faking the has been going on for a century, and may

HAT Seattle thinks of George publicity material which he quoted in his not yet be over.

Marvin, and what Tacoma

article. As the illustration which accomAs Foreign Secretary, Lord Grey

thinks of what Seattle thinks panies the editorial from the “Times" flirted with the idea of a railroad con- of George Marvin, are duly and fully re- shows, it was quoted verbatim. Mr.

Marvin tore it from a pamphlet which necting India and Persia, but nothing corded elsewhere in this issue of The came of it. And it was not until the Outlook. The Seattle “Times” speaks the Advertising Club of Seattle issued as Viceroyalty of Lord Curzon that the plan on behalf of Seattle, the Tacoma “News

an invitation to the members of the of advancing railroads into the Hima- Tribune” on behalf of the city that lost

Pacific Coast Advertising Clubs Associalayas was seriously discussed. The rea- out in the fight to name Mount Rainier.

tion to visit Seattle this past summer. son is not merely strategic, in the usual What Tacoma thinks of Seattle-well, Certainly this is from an "official pubsense of that word. Along the mountain- that is a family fight, for which The licity agency working on behalf of Seatous frontier there is chronic trouble with Outlook is not responsible. What Seattle

tle." the tribes. But it has been found that thinks of George Marvin strikes nearer

If the editor of the "Times” had taken the railroad through Baluchistan to home.

the trouble to glance at "Who's Who in Quetta and Kandahar has brought these We have analyzed the criticisms put America,” he would have found that Mr. border communities into peaceful contact forward by the Seattle “Times," and find Marvin's experiences in the Far East had with civilizing influence. In fact, the that (disregarding personalities) they are

been quite extensive. A simple reference policy has been adopted of setting the essentially three in number: (1) The

of this kind would have saved him from tribal chiefs themselves to maintain or- "Times" charges that Mr. Marvin has drawing the inference that Mr. Marvin der. And the hope is that the Khyber resuscitated tales of the "old Seattle had not gone far enough East to see Railroad, by encouraging commerce, will Spirit," "a thing that has hardly been Fujiyama. introduce a new and more tranquil rémentioned in the last fifteen years by

Really, it seems to us that as an gime.

people who live in Seattle, and probably attorney for the defense the Seattle

not for a longer period by other people “Times” fell down rather badly on the The Khyber of the Past

who live on Puget Sound.” (2) It job. It may not be modest of us, but 'HE Khyber Pass and its extension charges Mr. Marvin with faking a quo

we think that we could draw up a much beyond Jeliahabad, known as the tation from publicity material issued on

better defense of Seattle sitting right here Koord Cabul, have witnessed more than behalf of Seattle. (3) It draws the

in The Outlook's office in provincial one scene of horror. It was in 1841 that pleasant inference that Mr. Marvin lied

New York. What we could do if The events occurred which drove the British in making a comparison of Mount Rai- Outlook's office were located in the L. C. out of Cabul. Troops and civilians num- nier and Fujiyama.

Smith building would probably be even bered, in all, about 26,000 persons, many Let us take these charges and state

better. If we could move The Outlook

up of them women and some of them chil- ments one by one.

office to a trout stream in the neighbordren. It was the depth of winter. The We have just received from the Seattle hood of Seattle, we could doubtless do defiles were almost impassable. And be- Chamber of Commerce a most delightful even better yet. Under the existing hanhind every rock there lurked a sharp and persuasive booklet entitled “Seattle

and persuasive booklet entitled "Seattle dicaps, however, we might express ourshooter. Enough to say that of this en- —Her Faults and Her Virtues.” It will

selves somewhat as follows: tire column, one man only-his name be worth the time of any reader of The George Marvin, a special corresponwas Brydon--staggered ultimately into Outlook to drop a post-card to the Seat- dent of The Outlook, has some rather Jellahabad. In a march of a little more tle Chamber of Commerce asking for a unkind things to say of the spirit of

THE

O

F

Seattle "which slumbers not nor The Cure for Crime whether of the Nation or of the State or sleeps.” He thinks “the world is too

of the municipality, has for its prime much with us," that "getting and

N the same day the President of

purpose the protection of persons and spending we lay waste our powers.”

the United States and the House We are too commercial to satisfy

property against assaults of every kind;

of Bishops of the Protestant George Marvin.

but Government of itself can never cast A city such as Seattle can stand a Episcopal Church ascribed the increase

out the evil spirit which prompts these good deal of criticism without injury. in juvenile crime to failure in home

assaults. It can foster the institutions The only injury can come through its training

through which the people at large may citizens failing to profit by any grain Said the President to the International

be trained to use their power for the of truth that may be in such criticism.

Convention of the Young Men's ChrisOur neighbor, the Tacoma News

service of society; but the power itself tian Association: Tribune," thinks that there is a great

must come from sources which the Govdeal of truth in what Mr. Marvin Too many people are neglecting the

ernment cannot tap. says. It isn't pleasant to have a real well-being of their children, shift

In importance to society there is no neighbor confirm such impressions as ing the responsibility for their actions Mr. Marvin received of Seattle.

career comparable to that of a father or and turning over supervision of their While we have been inviting the discipline and conduct to the juvenile

a mother. world and his wife to watch us grow

courts. It is stated on high authority have we been duly solicitous as to the that a very large proportion of the Ashes of History manner of that growth? Mr. Marvin outcasts and criminals come from the and the Tacoma “News Tribune” say ranks of those who lost the advantages

ROM August, 1914, to April, 1917, no. Almost all the inhabitants of of normal parental control in their

our relations with Germany made Seattle say yes. youth. They are the refugees from

an extraordinary chapter in dipSeattle has grown fast. Its citizens broken homes who were denied the

lomatic history. The fiction of our within less than a single lifetime have necessary benefits of parental love and built one of the major cities of Amer- direction. . . . What the youth of the

"friendship with the German people” ica. Literally they have moved moun- country need is, not more public con- was being kept up, although very few of tains, and some of the intangible trol through Government action, but the German people felt any friendship mountains were greater than those of

more home control through parental whatever for us, and ours for Germany earth and stone.

action.

had vanished with the invasion of BelSeattle has fought for its place in

Said the Bishops in their Pastoral Let- gium. We had been astutely chosen as the sun. From now on it should be

ter: the duty of Seattle to take every pre

the representative of Germany in the caution lest the shadow of its growth We see a weakening of the ties and capitals of the Allies, and were running keep the sun from its fellow-Americans a lowering of the standards of home her errands in London and Paris the of the Northwest. Seattle can reach life, due to lack of proper parental while her submarines drowned our citiits greatest destiny only if it moves in control and to the absence from homes sympathy and unison with the other of definite religious influence. We see

zens. Mr. Bryan was being fooled to the communities of the Northwest. a widespread revolt against the Chris

top of his bent by various "neutral" and We are dowered with the richest tian ideals of morality and purity ex

"peace-loving” organizations, eager to portion of America's inheritance. It pressed in much of our literature, ad- stop the exportation of munitions to Euis our right and our privilege to use vocated openly by some of those rope--these organizations being merely that dower for the best interests of whose position gives them hearing and

pro-German societies under thin disguise, our land. The greater the strength

influence, hailed by many as the ad-
vent of a fuller freedom and a larger

who objected to the munitions simply and power of Seattle, the greater its obligation to the State of Washing- self-expression, and, in correspondence

because they were not going to Germany. ton and to the country as a whole. with this, the appalling and still in- And the notorious von Papen and Boy

There are some things we have creasing growth among us of divorce. Ed, consorting with and entertained by which Mr. Marvin missed and which ... Can we fail to see the connection

Americans in Washington and New York, might have been drawn upon to paint

between this situation and the spirit of a different picture of Seattle as it is

lawlessness, the startling increase in

were engineering an underground warfare to-day. He might have noted on the crime, and especially the increase in

against the United States. right side of the ledger the fact that the number of youthful criminals,

Certain periodicals and a few weird there is but one city in America with a which is now challenging our atten- professors are now trying to spread the lower rate of illiteracy; only one city

tion?

illusion that Germany's attitude was which spends more per capita for Both the President and the Bishops altogether high-minded at this time, and schools; only one with a greater per

see in religion the one force which will that the world would see her in her true centage of home-owning citizens. Such facts are not the earmarks of a city

combat the evils they describe. The guise of innocence if it were not for devoted solely to the pursuit of cash. President sees that power at work in the the dark machinations of England and In the maintenance of high standards Young Men's Christian Associations. France. They are fond of dismissing of education and citizenship Seattle

The Bishops proffer that power in terms public indignation of the time as "hysgives proof that her go-getters are get

of the historic creeds of the Church. In teria.” No incident of all that mad ting something of greater worth than dollars and cents.

whatever form that power is described period is stranger than the publication of

and presented, it seems alike to the the Zimmermann note—that exhibition Some such editorial as this might have statesman and the churchman essential of raw Teutonism in which the German been more persuasive with Seattle's if peace, order, security, and civilization

if peace, order, security, and civilization Foreign Minister proposed to cut up the neighbors and the correspondents who itself are to survive.

United States and hand some of them have written us from the Northwest in These addresses will serve a good pur- over to Mexico. The story of this is now full indorsement of Mr. Marvin's article pose if they get a wide hearing for the wholly revealed in an article by Burton than the editorial which we reproduce on idea that the safety of a nation cannot J. Hendrick in the "World's Work.” another page.

c'est upon restraint alone. Government, Mr. Hendrick adds nothing to our

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