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Science and Dogma

I

to our home life, how shall we recom- certain theories of biology and evolution rosary in his hands, he was not ceasing pense those who gave us the sewing- that would impair their religion.

to be a scientist in order to be a Chrismachine, the harvester, the threshing.

Biology and evolution can, and are, tian. He was doing what he had always machine, the tractor, the automobile, and the method now employed in

being taught without damaging the faith done, and that is, he was confessing that

of the pupils. making artificial ice? The department

the truths of Christianity lay in a differ

PATRICK HENRY CALLAHAN. of medicine also opens an unlimited

ent plane from the truths that could be

Louisville, Kentucky. field for invaluable service. Typhoid

demonstrated by experiment. and yellow fever are not feared as they

To instance the case of Tyrrell is anonce were. Diphtheria and pneumo

[Apparently the only scientist whom Mr. Callahan or Mr. Bryan recognizes rell was not condemned for thinking; he

other misconception on your part. Tyrnia have been robbed of some of their terrors, and a high place on the scroll is the practitioner of applied science, one

was condemned for denying the validity of fame still awaits the discoverer of

who employs knowledge of the laws of remedies for arthritis, cancer, tubercunature for the devising of something led to skepticism, not merely in religion,

of thought. His principles would have losis, and other dread diseases to useful; and both apparently ignore the which mankind is heir.

but in every kind of thinking. Tyrrell scientist whose aim is, not to provide for

was really an enemy of science. The the comfort of man, but to search for the

Catholic Church has always favored raIt requires a great stretch of the imagi- truth as it is found in the laws of nature

tionalism rather than idealism. To say, nation to consider my young friend John and who is guided in his search by that Scopes a scientist or that it was "science" consideration which has been finely Christianity is a "life" rather than a

as you are never tired of saying, that for a twenty-four-year-old boy, just phrased by Cardinal Hayes: “Truth,

creed is to suggest that there is no such barely out of school, a director of ath- always, everywhere, at any cost.”—THE

thing as a Christian revelation, for reveletics, to teach fourteen-year-old children EDITORS.]

lation deals with truth, and truth is the object of thought.

On the other hand, it is absurd to suppose that Christianity is not a "life" as

well as a "truth." The great theologians Another Catholic Protest

of the Catholic Church have also been

great saints, not merely in the sense of READ with interest the letter of a proposition which supposedly contradicts

proposition which supposedly contradicts being officially canonized, but in the Methodist minister in your current Christian belief. But we may ask when sense of being men of singular holiness

issue in answer to an interesting the majority of scientists have done this. and charity. St. Augustine, the great article of yours in a previous number. We may also ask who is to decide the dogmatist, has given us the sweetest recOne is amazed at its uncharitable tone. question as to whom the term "greatest ord of Christian life that has ever been Is this the fruit, one asks, of a religion scientists” is to be applied. Are we to penned. St. Thomas of Acquin was a that believes that Christianity is a life answer in the spirit of your correspon- poet and a humble follower of his divine rather than a creed? We Catholics have, dent, "Of course, the greatest scientists Master. There is no contradiction, there without protest, been "listening in" for are those who are considered to be such is no opposition between truth and goodyears to Protestant expositions of Chris- by the major portion of the Protestant ness. Why stress the one at the expense tianity, but when we dare to say a word Church"?

of the other? A man is neither all mind ourselves we are assailed with abuse. We do not forget that the greatest nor all heart. A religion of sheer sentiAnd this from men who claim to be scientists of earlier years believed that mentalism without a rational basis will broad-minded. There is food for thought life was spontaneously generated from not long survive. A religion must have here.

inorganic matter. They also believed its dogmas; every religion has always As to the discussion, the real question that the world was flat and that the sun

had them. But if these dogmas are not is surely this, "Has science demonstrated and the planets moved in complicated considered to be infallibly true, then the the falsity of a single dogma of the circles through the ecliptic. These be- religion will be built upon the shifting Catholic creed?" To which may be liefs were held to be proved beyond the sands. The real question at issue is this, added the further question, "Can it?" possibility of doubt. They did not con

"Has God revealed himself to men?" It Catholics deny that it has, and they cern the truth of divine revelation, and is shirking the issue to say that he has deny that it can. They believe that faith the Church has accepted the changes of only revealed a "life" and no "truths.” and science are like parallel lines that scientific thought without the accusation The letter of your correspondent is undo not meet within the bounds of human of dishonesty. Cardinal Hayes has only worthy. Unless he thinks that the Cathexperience. If they are wrong, the bur- stated what has always been the attitude olic Church is a system of fraud he would den of proof lies upon the objectors. of Catholicism towards human learning, hardly have written it. And if he does Where and when have the objectors whether in the schools of Greek philoso- think this, we can only be sorry for him, offered this?

phy, in the schools of the Middle Ages, for argument is impossible. On the other hand, those who think or in the experimental discoveries of the

EDWARD HAWKS. that the Protestant Church, whatever past three hundred years. There is St. Joan of Arc Rectory, Philadelphia. that term may mean, has changed its nothing dishonest in the statement; it is "views” should tell us why and when it a matter of history.

[We certainly did not say that "the changed them.

The minister suggests Your own suggestion that the attitude attitude of a Catholic scientist is one of that a major portion has changed them. of a Catholic scientist is one of refusing refusing to think on Sundays," and we He also suggests that every honest per- to think on Sundays is a complete mis- do not think that on re-examination of son should change his "views" when a understanding of the case, and really what we said the writer of this letter majority of the greatest scientists have gives the lie to what Catholics firmly would find that we even implied or sugagreed on the truth of any scientific believe. When Pasteur died with the gested it.--THE EDITORS.]

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B

International

1925 Football

Daz

RILLIANCY rather than finesse, the latter quite frequently a less

scintillating quality, and yet apt to be more effective in the big November cncounters, has marked the first half of a season whose promise to the public has resulted in satisfying performance. Never has there been an array of schedules, bristling with intersectional games, principally between East and West, of such a popular character. There has been hardly a game so far without its thrills. And there are more to come.

Many coaches have been obliged to take long chances in their preparation in the gamble to "get by.” Fortunately for many of them, the sophomore material all over the country has been exceptional, and it is the sophomore on whom one must usually bank early in the season. The tendency has been, therefore, to mcre freakish attack and more daring defense to meet it. In the modern game it is not the veteran who pulls the team through October, as a rule. When the

The Army makes a ga seniors really swing into their stride, they are apt to eclipse the sophomores, and i hat may well be the case again this year. Many of the teams had to begin where expected to make the best October show

ing. The Middle-Westerners and the they left off last season, or at least try to begin at that point. There are a few, "Big Three” in the East have been beand Stagg's Chicago eleven is among

hind in their preparations, perforce, of

such elevens as Notre Dame, West Point, them, who refused to be forced out of the accustomed stride by any encounter Navy, and others, such as Pittsburgh and whatever. In the Western Conference , Lafayette. It so happened, however

, that Notre Dame had an entire new

By HERBI of course, every game in that organization is a "big" game, but this year there

eleven to prepare. So that an advantage New stars succeed the old temporarily have been disturbing Eastern engage

usually so important was lost to Knule

Rockne, the South Bend coach. He had with intersectional combat, coaches ments, so that there were even more

the misfortune to strike in October the Teams that have had no entangling best Army eleven under the most enlight

shall try to put them forward with as ened coaching since the war.

little resort as possible to technical lanagreement as to when to begin work were

Rockne has nevertheless the satisfac- guage, although the spread of technical tion of knowing that he has markedly knowledge of the game is one of the influenced football all over the country. outstanding features of the season. You What progressivism in football has been see, the present generation of football at work throughout the land, with excel

stars started its.football as soon as it was lent results, may be attributed in a con

able to walk, and the facilities in the siderable measure to men like Rockne, Robert C. Zuppke, of Illinois, Glenn Warner, now of Stanford, Dr. Wilce of Ohio State, and a few others, and many men have been following in their footsteps. It must be remembered that these men have been heading summer coaching schools, so that it is natural that their influence would spread mightily. It is worth noting that Zuppke alone has taught two thousand coaches in the course of his work at Illinois.

Fielding Yost, too, has helped many of the younger men, and by example and

practice in handling his teams has aided
- in the general enlightenment. So it is

possible to look for still further progress
when the season is concluded.

So far as the season has gone, there

"big" games.

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1

have been certain tendencies in the play International

nearly everywhere which are important
and which are in the line of progress. I

Kassel, an end on the Illinois team

be Georgia Tech eleven

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a Game that zles

errors have appeared in the play of our best performers, even Pennsylvania. In a great rally against the Quakers, Yale, for instance, played some of the greatest and some of the rankest football I have ever seen. The material was there in quantities and the game was open enough to suit anybody, but in the open game perfection in individual assignments is so important that October open football suffers from the defects of its own qualities.

Naturally, this style of game, which is more than ever country-wide this season -this determination to reach a decision via the flanks-has thrown the tackles and ends more than ever into the spotlight, with the result that they are rejoicing in almost as much publicity as the backs. And, of course, even the tackle can participate in the forward pass.

This great freedom of play on the flanks has revived some old familiar

names and brought to light some new in against Notre Dame

ones. Of the tackles I feel that the veteran Ed Weir, of Nebraska, has already

upheld his reputation. He is as great a of the season, both on attack and de

player in his position as "Red" Grange fense, is the general acceptance of the

in his. It so happened that when they theory that the game must be fought out

met to open the season Weir had the on the flanks. Two things have con

support of a good football team and tributed to this advance, which was slow Grange had no support at all, or practibut measured: first, the forward pass;

cally none. Failing to find any help to

second, the direct passing from the cenIRT REED

speak of, since Zuppke's other backs ter, which has resulted in the efficacy of

were in an early stage of instruction in in the first half of a season that sparkles become more valuable because of the

the shift plays. The shift plays have

the special open field blocking that is

become more valuable because of the needed to fit into Grange's style, the as well as players taking chances suddenness of the combined power and

great back undertook to sprint without deception that can be brought to bear on

protection around the end. But, fast as high schools, as regards equipment, the outside defense.

he was, Weir caught him, and Weir had coaching, and fields, would astonish our

The principal value nowadays of the

to disengage himself from some opposiRip Van Winkles of the 1900's. The

attack along interior lines lies in presspread of basketball, too, has helped the

sure, which means preparation for what football of the younger generation, and are called the "long gainers." OccasionI know of schools where baseball is not ally so much pressure can be brought on played, for. lack of interest.

the outside defense that it is possible to
Well, then, the first marked tendency "cross the defense" and slip a man free

through the center opening for a long
run. This was done in the Pennsylvania-
Brown game, and again in the Pennsyl-
vania-Yale encounter. All this is not
new, of course; what is new is that one

finds it the new dogma of football almost I

without regard to geographical location.
There will still be teams that will win
games by a preponderance of play along
interior lines, but there will in such
cases.be two factors in success—marked
"power superiority” in the personnel,
combined with the continued practice of
deception even in the most direct of the
push plays.

Precision, the result of drill rather
than of scrimmage, makes for victory in
the modern game, and of course that
precision cannot be gained in October

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unless the drill has been begun earlier in International

the season than most colleges either care
to or are allowed by their faculties to

Pease, of the Columbia team

P. A. Photos

Baxter captain of the Army eleven

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Knute Rockne Illustrating Some of the Finer Points in the Game to His Notre Dame Football Squad

tion, trifling, owing to his clever use of almost without question in any case. In standing. Among these are Harry Wilhands and his strong stance, but still the Middle West we have Cunningham, son, of the Army; Wilson, of Washingopposition. The answer was that Weir, of Ohio State, and Lampe, of Chicago, ton; Rhodes, of Nebraska; Grange, of despite his weight (around 190 pounds), both of the tall and heavy type; Kassel, course; Keefer and Payor, of Brown; is one of the fastest hurdlers in the land. of Illinois, a beautiful downfield man and Kline, of Yale; Tryon, of Colgate; Kelly,

Despite early season misfortunes, pass receiver; Flora and Oosterbaan, of of Montana; McCarty and Kernwein Grange has held his rank, his prestige, Michigan, to mention only a few. The and Marks, of Chicago. and his popularity. I think the situa- last-named is a wonderful receiver of the Then there are other favorites, new tion was best put by an Ohio State scout pass.

and old, such as Slagle, of Princeton; when he said: “Stopped or not, the man Coming East, there are two splendid Buell and Trapnell, a speed pair at the is a great football player. He has class, wing players at Pennsylvania of the Army; Shapley, of the Navy; Ben Cutthat's all. Look out for him any time slashing usual Red and Blue type, ler and Wadsworth, of Yale; Kruez, and all the time.”

Thayer and Singer; both the Brown Rogers, and Fields, of Pennsylvania; To return now to the line, Pennsyl- ends, an institution that has turned out Kirkleski, of Lafayette; Cheek, of Harvania's team showed probably the best many a good one, this time Stiffler and vard; Norris and Kirchmeyer, of ColumOctober form of any of them up to the Broda. The Army has Baxter, the team bia; and Wyckoff, of Georgia Tech, one Chicago game, still to be played as this captain, who seems headed for a splendid of the very highest ranking of the lot; is written, and therefore her men stood year. There is Wagner at Columbia, Gregory, of Michigan; the new sophoout. Wilson, the captain and veteran who has not yet done himself justice, more star of Ohio State, Elmer Marek; tackle, turned in splendid football against with Brady doing splendidly on the Grim, of the same institution; Molenda, Brown and Yale, but was eclipsed in other wing.

of Michigan. brilliancy by the new tackle, Sieracki. I Of the quarterbacks I have seen so far The reason that the list is not longer am inclined to think that Weir and whose duties combine interference with and that certain other institutions have Sieracki are the two best in the coun- ball passing, I like Leith, of Pennsyl- not been mentioned is that I have not try so far. They are certainly the two vania, who, besides doing about every- heard from the scouts as yet. And the best I have seen. Stagg has a fine thing, including catching and throwing “Big Three" are really just entering pair coming along in Henderson and the forward pass, knows his generalship; their season. The Dartmouth-Harvard Hobschied.

McGlone, of Harvard, whose team is not game should show much both individuThe Army has shown a handsome pair under way yet under the new system; ally and as far as teams are concerned, in Sprague and Saunders; this on the Friedman, of Michigan, a real wonder but will be played after this is written. strength of one game, but they are the with the pass; Fishwick, of Yale, another Also guards and centers have hardly had type to continue, I think. Reeder, of of those sophomore stars; Yeomans, of time to make themselves at all conspicuIllinois, was coming along when I saw the Army; Riley, of Notre Dame; Robin him, and may be near the top later. Bell, of Ohio State; Abbott, of Chicago; Certainly the game has broken about Richards, of Yale, and Butterworth, of Gallivan, of Illinois. I should certainly every record one can find as it reaches the same institution, can do splendid add Pease, of Columbia, to this list and the half-way mark. There are bolder execution. But the fight for the position rank him close to the top had not injuries strokes in this modern play, even if one at New Haven is still young.

kept him out of the game with Ohio misses sometimes the beautiful finish of When one takes up the ends and the State.

some of the late Percy Haughton's teams backfield, one is simply smothered under In the backfield there are men who are when they were at the height of their the top-liners who are up there to stay richly maintaining a reputation of long power.

ous.

By General JAMES G. HARBORD

President of the Radio Corporation of America

B

EFORE the Great War the North parts of the civilized world. A great the broad Atlantic touches no shores American who wished to visit our wireless station near Rio de Janeiro will with greater potentialities. The sweep

sister republics of South America be completed about the end of the ing plains of the Argentine that stretch was apt to cross the Atlantic to catch year, giving this same service for Brazil, from north to south farther than from his steamer in Europe, and recross it to while about the same time a station will Hudson Bay to Key West are crossed reach his ultimate destination. He occu- be erected near Santiago in Chile. Co- from Buenos Aires to the foothills of the pied nearly a month in reaching Rio de lombia has a similar outlet from Bogota Andes by the straightest railroad in the Janeiro, for example, a journey which through stations in Central and North world. For nearly two hundred miles now consumes twelve days. He sailed America.

westward from the Argentine capital the with an alien flag flying over him. He The flood tides of tourist travel from railway is a straightaway without a may now embark in New York and our country have so long set toward curve, the longest railway tangent on the travel directly in comfort and some lux- European and Oriental shores that South earth. And when the Andes have been ury to either coast of South America, and America has remained for most of us the crossed in a train that has few rivals for on ships of his own country.

undiscovered country. No one who luxury and none for scenery, Chile with In those days telegraph communica- visits it to-day fails to feel two regrets its more purely Spanish civilization and tions between the United States and the one that his visit has been so long its romantic history challenges the interSouth American countries were carried delayed, the other that, like all things est of the traveler. Chile, with its fine only by British and German cables and earthly, it must have its end. Whether old city of Santiago standing on the site were relayed in England or Germany. it be the incomparable harbor of Rio de where Don Pedro Valdivia made his first Twenty-four thousand miles of North Janeiro, the fairest setting for a city that camp in that distant winter of 1541, is, American cables to-day carry the news of I have ever known, capital of a Brazil to me, more suggestive of our own land our North American civilization to Latin that is larger than Europe or the conti- than any other state of South America. America, as against twenty-five thousand nental United States; or the great coffee With its copper and its nitrates and its miles owned in Europe and reaching the State of São Paulo, with its port of luscious fruits, Chile is the California of same shores. A high-power radio station Santos; or the prosperous Uruguayan city the southern continent. The towering now exists in the Argentine and furnishes of Montevideo; or the cosmopolitan city

of Montevideo; or the cosmopolitan city heights and the everlasting snows of the direct service between Buenos Aires and of Buenos Aires, with the blended influ- Andes dominate the west coast as you the United States, France, England, and ence of half a dozen European capitals steam northward toward Peru, with its Germany, and indirect service to all evident in its architecture and its culture, great city of Lima and its romantic pre

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