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Paine's “ Joan of Arc

O

the difference becomes less; for so too, as ”

far as the requirements of drama per

mit, Shaw allows her to do in the play, A Review by ETHEL PARTON

understanding well that speech more

significant, more noble, more pathetic, NLY a short time ago in his tender romance had been constructed.”

more dramatic, no writer of fiction could "Saint Joan" George Bernard That is to say that he approached his put into her mouth. So, in the end, the

Shaw introduced the newly task, though with every intention to be two Joans become one: Joan the peassainted, ever-saintly Maid of France to fair in judgment and depiction, as an ant, Joan the warrior, Joan the Delivthe reading and play-going public of ardent admirer of Mark Twain and

erer, Joan, martyred at nineteen-the England, America, Germany, and her Mark Twain's Joan, and naturally in- most wonderful of girls. own country as his keen intellect appre- clined to view her in the same romantic That Mr. Paine remains no less loyal hended her character and his able crea- light. But Shaw, who is more addicted in his allegiance after long and minutely tive art could set it forth. In no imag- to prefaces than any living author, has careful research than he was when the inative work of approximate distinction also a word upon the subject in his pref- Maid first shone upon him as a figure of has Joan been portrayed as sympatheti- ace to "Saint Joan:" "Mark Twain's

pure romance may reassure those who cally or as brilliantly. To say this is not Joan, skirted to the ground with as many nowadays open new biographies of histo forget the three great names of Shake- petticoats as Noah's wife in a toy ark," toric characters with an uncomfortable speare, Voltaire, and Schiller; but Shake- he observes irreverently, "is an attempt fear of finding that in the modern deterspeare maligned, Voltaire burlesqued, to combine Bayard with Esther Summer- mination certainly good in itself—to and Schiller sentimentalized his Joan son from 'Bleak House' into an unim- tell the whole truth at any cost both the out of all semblance to reality. It is no peachable American school-teacher in feeble virtues of cherished villains and more than a fair tribute to Shaw that armor. Like Esther Summerson, she the faults and weaknesses of beloved when within a year of the appearance of makes her creator ridiculous, and yet, heroes and heroines have been 30 his play a new Life of Joan of Arc is being the work of a man of genius, she is stressed or exaggerated that the original published, the instinctive thing to do is a credible human goody-goody in spite saint or sinner is hardly to be recognized. less to compare the Joan of the biog- of her creator's infatuation."

Warmly human, mystic though she was, rapher with the Joan of forgotten biog- Dramatist and biographer, it is ob- and only the more lovable for the imraphies than with the recent and mem- vious, approach their subject from widely perfections it requires an effort to call orable Joan of the dramatist. Nor is divergent angles: the man who is con- faults, the character of Joan emerges this in any way derogatory of the solid fined to fact imbued with the romantic triumphant from all tests. That it does achievement of Mr. Albert Bigelow spirit, he who is free to romanticize set so is no news to students; but it is good Paine.' Such a comparison must not, of firmly against romance. But Mr. Paine's to have it shown once more and so adcourse, be pushed too far; but it is fair, veritable Joan retains no trace of the mirably in a book which may and ought and certainly interesting, in the one school-teacher in armor. Less breezy to reach many hundred readers, old and thing for which both men have equally and buoyant than Shaw's heroine during young, studious and otherwise. Espestriven: the portrait of their heroine her- the successful earlier stages of her ca- cially satisfying is Mr. Paine's use of the self. Does the vigorous, vital, and com- reer, her rustic shrewdness, capability, mass of material concerning Joan's expelling Joan of Shaw, after a study of and humor less emphasized, it is in these aminations and trial. Eliminating proher actual career as Mr. Paine presents scenes that the contrast is most marked. lixity, obscurity, repetition, and trivialiit, seem no less essentially true? Does It is there especially that the drama- ties, retaining in full Joan's marvelous the Joan of Mr. Paine, who may neither tist; from indications sufficient fairly to defense, everything important spoken by alter, augment, nor ignore the facts, suggest his version but not to prove it

suggest his version but not to prove it her accusers, questioners, and judges, emerge from his presentment of them not right, has evolved a Joan, a delightful and impressive in the setting of the only an authentic figure, but one no less and not incredible Joan, who is very scene, he has enabled his readers to feel alive than Shaw's?

much his own. The Joan of the same almost personally present at this great There is also, it happens, an amusing period whom Mr. Paine portrays in a trial than which, outside the Bible, there secondary reason for comparing the two. patiently pieced mosaic, each scrap au- is perhaps none more moving and memMr. Paine, the biographer of Mark thenticated, appears less the hardy, able

thenticated, appears less the hardy, able orable in recorded history. Twain, acknowledges in his preface that peasant lass with a native yearning for In the course of his biography Mr. it was Mark Twain's romantic rendering things masculine and martial to rein- Paine has included every known utterof her story in “The Personal Recollec- force the summons of her saints to war, ance of Joan of Arc and all the testitions of Joan of Arc," written from the than the maid with a mission; fearless mony of importance concerning her. standpoint of her devoted page, Louis before authority, yet never consciously This is excellently arranged and proporLe Conte, which so aroused his interest without respect for it; safe and respected tioned, and merges naturally into a flowin the Maid that he was prompted to among her soldiers rather as a particu- ing narrative. The book is the result of follow her footsteps in France and later larly holy nun might be than as a half- a four years' labor of love; the author to set down “the veritable historic se- boyish comrade and officer, yet readily visited every place Joan is known to have quence upon which that luminous and companionable, too. Later, as tragedy visited, and the illustrations comprise

closes in, the dusty documents of the many views of towns, castles, and an1 Joan of Arc, Maid of France. By Albert

past become more careful and minute, cient ruins associated with her presence. Bigelow Paine. The Macmillan Company, New York. $10.50.

and the historic Joan speaks for herself, All are interesting, but it may be ques

A B I N G D O N

Widening Horizons

tioned if it would not have been better to reduce their number and avoid the frequent inartistic crowding of several pictures upon one page. The chapters, too, which describe such localities and landmarks as may still be identified, though brief, could well have been spared by the general reader, and the space gained devoted to a fuller portraiture of some of Joan's contemporaries and associates only lightly sketched. But these are not great matters. The thing which Mr. Paine set out to do he has clearly achieved: he has written a true, excellent, and absorbing biography of Joan of Arc, Maid of France.

The great multitude of zealous men and women who are ever seeking to widen their horizons and keep abreast of the development of religious thought will find a wealth of material in the new books offered by The Abingdon Press. These books contain the best thought of the outstanding religious writers and thinkers of today and contribute largely to the individual's store of knowledge and power to do good.

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Biography
KATE DOUGLAS

KNEW HER.
Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston.

Kate Douglas Wiggin—Mrs. Riggswas one of those writers whose literary work is permeated and reinforced by their personality. Not only were her books enormously popular, and some of them promise to retain their popularity for many years to come, but their readers felt instinctively assured that they knew the kind of person the author must be. Smiling or teary or tender or mocking, they felt her always present along with her Carol or Timothy or Penelope or Rebecca, and at the close of the tale seemed to know the creator scarcely less well than her creations. By scores and hundreds they wrote to tell her so; to thank her, to beg photographs, autographs, any slightest personal response; to tell her of babies named for her or one of her characters; to ask for counsel or assistance in their own problems and difficulties. It was a sound instinct, too, for her eager and friendly spirit readily responded to any sincere appeal not too unreasonable. She frankly enjoyed-as it was right and natural she shouldboth her literary success (she never had a manuscript rejected nor a published one fall flat) and this immense resultant popularity, of so warm and human and exhilarating a kind.

“My Garden of Memories,” her autobiography, still recent, related in full and interesting detail the story of her fortunate and useful career from her days of kindergarten teaching in California to those of her most brilliant literary and personal triumphs. Borne as she was from first to last on a never-receding wave of success, it has been unavoidable that her position in literature should assume a contemporary importance which, despite the true excellence of her best achievement, time and soberer judgment are scarcely likely to ratify. Wisely and modestly, Nora Archibald Smith, in

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Travel and Description THE ROYAL ROAD TO ROMANCE. By Richard

Halliburton. The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Indianapolis. $5. Ten years ago there was held in New York a Bad Taste Exhibition in which atrocities of taste in household decoration were displayed, to compete for prizes. Absolute eminence was seen to belong to a statue of the Venus of Melos in plaster; in the abdomen of the figure was placed a small clock! The frontispiece of this book recalls that prize winner. It is a photograph of the Taj Mahal somewhat dwarfed behind a portrait of the author of the book, engaged in looking especially self-assertive. The jacket describes him as a "gay young romanticist,” “laughing, beating, and fighting his vagabond way" around the world. He never "reports” his adventures; he “sings” them; he never "travels," he “dances.” In short, it is a book of travel by a freshman, whose impudence is not attractive, as he and the publishers seem to imagine. It simply makes the reader wish that some one had applied a paddle vigorously. MY LIFE AS AN EXPLORER.

Boni & Liveright, New York. $5. In a volume of over 500 pages, profusely illustrated by the author with drawings, pen-and-ink sketches, and aquarelles, the celebrated Swedish explorer gives an account of his adventures in remotest Asia. Bokhara, Turkestan, the plateau of the Himalayas, and ever mysterious Tibet were his huntingground of choice, his quest buried cities in the desert, the source of a great river system, and geographical knowledge of vast areas of unexplored territory. Although no archæologist, his desire to contribute to archæological and ethnological science induced him to spend much time in excavations and the gathering of data of inestimable value to Orientalists. Careful mapping of sites facilitated later scientific expeditions. One of the gallant company of pathfinders, Hedin deserves the title of the Frémont of Central Asia. Pursuing his

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By Sven Hedin

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search of the unknown, he risked death by avalanche, starvation, and the caprice of fanatical natives and robber bands. The narrative tends at times to prolixity, but one is rewarded by episodes of dramatic intensity, such as the description of crossing a desert, the camels and men dying of thirst, a tragic adventure recounted in the stark realistic vein natural to the writer. The book is intended for the general reader and contains a minimum of technicai information.

The Authorized

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“Volonor” is a tale even more dizzy than is indicated by its yellow and purple paper jacket. It rises to thrilling heights of battle, murder, and sudden death, and drops sheerly to depths of abysmally dull intrigue, like nothing in the world so much as a scenic railway, and, like the scenic railway, the first height is the best one. John Wentworth is endowed with too many millions and that dreadful yearning to better humanity. The human race, headed by his own wife, is, as quick as ever to bite at the noble hand that wants to feed it. There is a map of the island of Volonor on the inside of the book jacket, and, if life there is all that the author claims, with free wine and women, doubtless the island is already too small to accommodate the crowds.

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RHOUGHTON Mead & Co., New York. $2.50. The publishers score heavily in the cover blurb by the announcement that "they are in a position to state that the writer is one whose name appears in the Almanach de Gotha.” It might be pre

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particular to interview several aforetime
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in particular, the ex-Crown Princess of
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estimable persons regard with horror the
risk to civilization involved in the use
of Bolshevism as bogy, and in sympa-
thetic disgust our agent throws up his
job and in this book exposes the foul
conspiracy.

Religion
CREDO. By Stewart Edward White. Doubleday,

Page & Co., New York. $2.
“A stretching exercise” (mentally
speaking) is one of the named objects of
this book. The reviewer stretched him-
self mentally and metaphysically accord-
ingly until he reached the demonstration
that stones may have consciousness, and
therefore (presumably) emotions and
immortality. We agree with the author
that “every man must at some time
establish his own basic relations with the
universe. He must ask himself what it
means and he must make a serious effort
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with full scientific and philosophical
equipment.

Notes on New Books

There's a Lot to See

On the Other Side

PRIVATE OWNERSHIP OR SOCIALISM. By

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phia. $2. THE CHRIST OF THE INDIAN ROAD. By E.

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India's attitude toward Christianity.
MY TOWER IN DESMOND. By S. R. Lysaght.

The Macmillan Company, New York. $2.50.
Life in Ireland together with experiences
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$2. A modern adaptation of Bunyan's allegory. PROGRESS AND THE CONSTITUTION. By New

ton D. Baker. Charles Scribner's Sons, New

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Lectures by the former Secretary of War.
THE FRENCH DEBT PROBLEM. By Harold G.

Moulton and Cleona Lewis. The Macmillan

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What the wisest men in France and
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AN OLD-FASHIONED SENATOR. By Harris

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A short biography of John Sharp Will-
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reply to Senator La Follette's pro-German
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Sheldon Press.
About Elizabeth Fry, Florence Nightin-
gale, Elizabeth Blackwell, and Mary Siessor.
PROMETHEUS. By H. S. Jennings. E. P. Dut-

on & Co., New York. $1.
Biology and the advancement of man.
MODERN IMMIGRATION. By Annie Marion Mac-

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delphia.
One of the Lippincott sociological series.
THE LOST GOSPEL. By Arthur Train. Charles

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An imaginary account of the discovery of

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