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The Outlook for December 23, 1925
Y M. Mercantil
Princeton Press Club and a special correspondent for three leading metropolitan newspapers, has kept in close touch with college sports for some time. AVID LILIENTHAL is a Chicago law
yer who has written for The Outlook on more than one occasion. His last article was "The Tennessee Case and State Autonomy," in which he made the Scopes trial a text for a re-examination of our Constitutional ideals.
ILLS C. LEONARD has been a loco
motive engineer for twenty-one years. His present run is on the Erie and Ashtabula Division of the Pennsylvania Railroad.
E are indebted to the Roosevelt
Memorial Association for the illustrations showing the proposed Roosevelt Memorial in Washington. ERHAPS you are burning coke in your
furnace now that the price of anthracite has hit the roof. Charles Fitzhugh Talman's contribution to his series on modern industrial developments describes what happens in the ovens from which you get your coke.
Among the largest one-man shovels in the world is this tremendous one, used on the Mesabi Range in Minnesota. It picks up 16 tons of ore at a bite, which it deposits in a car-all in less than a minute.
Canadian Sentiment AS
s a Canadian citizen I appreciate
your excellent editorial in The Outlook of September 16 under the title “A Family Affair.” There is one sentence, however, which might well be supplemented. It is in the last paragraph, and reads as follows: "The failure of Canada to accept the reciprocity offer made during the Taft Administration should not deter this Government from considering the possibility of similar overtures in the future.” • It certainly is to be regretted that, due to the exigencies of party politics, the reciprocity offer of 1911 was not accepted by Canada. It should be pointed out, however, that in 1922 a resolution passed the House of Commons at Ottawa authorizing the Canadian Government to resume reciprocity negotiations whenever possible to do so. Premier King, of the Government of Canada, has repeatedly stated that his country is ready to negotiate a new agreement. As you
have so well stated, the recent Canada-Australia and the Canada-West Indies agreements do not reflect a less friendly feeling toward the United States, but rather the necessity of seeking new markets to replace those closed by existing tariff regulations in the United States.
W. L. ARCHIBALD.
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this issue of The
December 23, 1925
617 617 619 619
Is College Football Doomed ?
627 By David P. REED A Trial of Two Races
By Ernest W. MANDEVILLE
Washington, Designed by John
632-633 The Ovens of Prosperity
635 By CHARLES FITZHUGH TALMAN A Bonus for Poor Service
638 By Mills C. LEONARD
Cover : From a pen-and-ink drawing by Rock
well Kent Contributors' Gallery Canadian Sentiment A Dragging Play Insurgency Unrepentant The Secretary of State Outlines American Foreign Policy .
620 The Coal Talk Continues
620 He fills it
621 with up
great ability Cartoons of the Week Take the Blinders Off
622 For the World Court
622 Toward the Abyss
622 Untangling 'Tacna.
622 Europe Stays at Home
623 Can We Eliminate Radio “Distortion"? 623 How the Modern Inventor Approaches His Problem.
623 Are You Ready for the Question ? A Nation's, Not a Section's, Problem. 624 Should Ministers Be Educated ? 625 The Counter-Revolution at the Capital
626 Staff Correspondence from Washington by Dixon Merritt
Published weekly by The Outlook Company, 120 East 16th Street, New York. Copyright, 1925, by The Outlook Company. By subscription $5.00 a year for the United States and Canada. Single copies 15 cents each., Foreign
- subscription to countries in the postal Union, $6.56.
HAROLD T. PULSIFER, President and Managing Editor
ERNEST HAMLIN ABBOTT, Editor-in-Chief and Secretary NATHAN T. PULSIFER, Vice-President
ARTHUR E. CARPENTER, Advertising Manager
December 23, 1925
A Dragging Play
Major-General Hanson Ely, Comman- held open the door to the party council \HE Mitchell court-martial pro- dant of the Army War College, and chamber and, by many nods and winks
ceedings, dragging on intermina- Major-General Robert H. Allen, Chief of and yearning looks, invited the insur
bly, have entered a new phase. Infantry, testified in refutation of Mitch- gents to make some slight gesture of The novelty of the thing has worn off; ell's contention that aircraft will domi- repentance and then to come in and sit the wire edge is smoothed down. True, nate the warfare of the future. Wit- down. But the insurgents slammed the Representative Frank R. Reid, chief of nesses have been or will be called to door in their own faces, proclaimed civilian defense counsel, is quite as pep- refute practically every point in Colonel themselves flaming radicals still, declared pery as ever, but the fact that he must Mitchell's charges.
their love for the bleak bigness of the devote some portion of his time to the And still the question is undetermined outdoors with its unlimited opportunities proceedings of the House of Representa- of whether or not any of this mass of for brawling and their contempt íor a tives and to committee work has ren- testimony offered in defense and in re- cozy corner with comfortable committee dered him somewhat less incessant in buttal will be considered by the Court. berths. They voted against Longworth objection. The corps of assistant trial There will be a ship-load of testimony to for Speaker and against the revision of judge-advocates, sent in by the General the truth of Mitchell's statements and rules, thus declining to make the slight Staff to “stop” Reid, have worn them- another ship-load of testimony to the show of repentance that had been deliselves out one after another, and Colonel falsity of them. But all of the evidence cately suggested as a means of "saving Moreland, the original trial judge-advo- as to the effect of Colonel Mitchell's con- the face” of the party caucus. cate, is again examining witnesses in his duct on discipline and good order in the The insurgents, therefore, are on the own calm way. All of these things have Army could be shoved into a lawyer's outside, deprived for the most part of combined to take some of the flare out of brief-case, with enough room left for the their important committee places, and the proceedings, but more powerful in morning paper.
the regular Republican majority, though that regard than all of them is the fact
rendered somewhat slender, has mainthat the public has grown tired of hero- Insurgency Unrepentant
tained its party self-respect against its
will. No stage plays long to a gallery that has House of Representatives have It is difficult to see, looking at the become unresponsive.
saved the regular Republican organiza- situation from the outside, why the reguRefutation of Colonel Mitchell's tion from a supreme folly, and have lar Republicans ever thought it necessary charges has piled up as one officer of therefore rendered a distinct service to to attempt a compromise with the radihigh rank has succeeded another on the Republicanism.
cals. Even if there could be such a thing stand. In one day two such witnesses as The organization leaders in the House as a hard and fast insurgent-Democratic
worshiping at the feet of the defendant. The insurgent Republicans in the
P. & A. Photos
Congressional Youngsters The five of them barely total one hundred and fifty years among them. They are Representatives A. L. Somer, of New York ; Virgil Chapman, of Kentucky; S. J. Montgomery, of Oklahoma ; K. Ć. Updike, of Indiana ; and Clarence McLeod, of
Michigan. The youngest Representative is just under thirty and the oldest in the group just over
coalition, the Republicans would stilling out of the otangle of European inter- aliens, the Secretary of State, without have a majority of twenty-eight or national politics is nothing new; it is mentioning the Saklatvala and Karolyi twenty-nine, enough for all ordinary pur- based on long experience and has been cases, quoted from the laws which make poses. There might be occasionally an followed consistently from the founda- his legal position impregnable. He has unusual situation-one of those situa- tion of the Republic. America has never exercised his discretion in matters which tions in which regular party men, as made military alliances of the sort that have been left to his discretion by Conindividuals, cannot conscientiously go has dominated Europe. She has uni
She has uni- gress. Whether he has done so wisely along with the organization in which formly kept herself free to act on her has been a matter of dispute. He cited the Republicans could not muster a ma- own judgment of events. This has not with satisfaction the support which his jority.
meant .any failure on her part to co- course has received from the American But there can be no such thing in this operate with other nations in the interest Federation of Labor. Secretary Kellogg Congress as a consistent coalition be- of justice and good will.
defended his policy and decisions with tween insurgents and Democrats. De- Similarly with regard to China our great vigor. Unfortunately, he has not mocracy, as an organization, divorced
felt free to give the facts, a knowledge of itself from this strange alliance at the
which might modify the judgment of end of the last session. There are still
those who, including The Outlook, have Democratic Representatives who, as in
thought his course in one case at least dividuals, will consort with the radicals,
inexpedient. Of his right to act as he but they are not numerous. Representa
has done there seems to be no reason to tive Garrett, the Democratic floor leader,
doubt. is more genuinely the leader of his party in this Congress than he was in the last,
The Coal Talk Continues and Garrett has always regarded the in
'HE middle of December saw no surgents as a set of sore-toes and has
hopeful signs of a settlement of the always believed that Democracy has
coal strike. Congress or the Pennsylvanothing to gain from association with
nia Legislature may do something for the them.
future, but the coal user had better make In the Senate the insurgent situation
up his mind that he can and must use is not serious. There are a few hold
some other form of fuel than anthracite over Senators who have long been off the
when his hard-coal bin is empty. Anreservation and on the rampage, but they
thracite is not an absolute necessity; are definitely located and most of them
millions of people get on without it. are effectively surrounded. There is only
Governor Pinchot in calling a special one new one of consequence, Robert M.
session of the Pennsylvania Legislature La Follette, Jr., and his importance as
names the strike condition as only one of an insurgent is mainly the inherited im
critical days has been praised.
eight subjects which require immediate portance of his father. The Committee
the Ways and Means Committee of the House attention. The two most important of
of Representatives has framed a non-partisan on Committees, at first deadlocked on
tax bill to the joy of the country and with these other abuses that must be taken in the question of his status, at last put him
the commendation of the President
hand with vigor and without delay are on three committees as a Republican. attitude of friendliness is traditional. what he calls roundly the stealing of He is likely to be heard from very little
China's tariff and the exterritorial courts votes, against which he calls for certain at this session. If the Republican or
in China were established in China's in- election law reforms, and prohibition enganization in the Senate has difficulty
terest as well as in the interest of other forcement, which he regards as of "funanywhere along the line of Administra
Powers. Now that China wants to damental moral importance." tion measures, it will be on the point of
change them, America is ready to do As to the coal question, Governor Pinadherence to the World Court. And in
anything she legitimately can to aid her chot asks that hard-coal mining (which surgency there will be something wholly in the accomplishment of her purpose. is confined in this country to Pennsyldifferent from the old familiar brand of
Much depends upon China's internal vania) be made a public utility in the what might now be called regular in- affairs, and with those China herself State and that it be regulated by State surgency. must deal.
law and through compacts with other
Secretary Kellogg pointed out that in States. It will be remembered that the The Secretary of State Outlines
advising against certain foreign loans by last National Coal Commission advised American Foreign Policy
American bankers the Government did Congress to enact legislation to be ena speech in New York last week be- not, by implication or otherwise, set its forced through the Inter-State Commerce
fore the Council on Foreign Rela- seal of approval on loans it did not op- Commission, since a large part of the tions Secretary Kellogg explained some pose. In many cases those might be business is inter-State commerce. Govpoints in American foreign policy which made that were contrary to the interest ernor Pinchot's suggestion as to interare not clear to all Americans.
of the Nation, as in some instances for State compacts is at best a makeshift in He pointed out the fact that America's the provision of munitions of war. But the absence of Federal control. foreign policy is not the product of any a loan might be not incompatible with President Coolidge has asked ConAdministration; it is the growth of the the public interest and yet inadvisable. gress, not only to give the Government years. For example, the policy of keep- As to the exclusion of undesirable power to act in such an emergency as