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Q. Are we never overcome but by our own default ? * A. Never ; according to that answer which was given to St. Paul, desiring to be freed from a temptation, “My grace is suficient for thee."
Q. What other proof havo you?
A. Out of St. Paul, 1 Cor. x. 13. Who says, “ And God is faithful who will not suffer you to be tempied above that which you are able, but will make also with temptation issue (that is a way to escape) that you may be able to bear it.” Also St. James iv. 7, “Resist the Devil and he will flee from
Q. Who are they that say this petition ill ?
A. Such as seck after occasion of sin, and wilfully expose themselves unto templations.
Q. What are tlie best remedies against temptations ?
A. To have recourse by humble prayer to God and to his saints, and to such especially as have undergone temptations of the same kind; to resist them valiantly at the first entrance, and to remember often the four last things, death, judginent, hell, and heaven.
The Seventh Petition.
A. That God would deliver us from all evils, both spiritual and temporal, especially from the evils of sin past, present, and to come.
Q. Who is the author of the evil of sin?
A. Out of Wisdom xiv, 3. “ Hateful to God is the impious man and his impiety."
Q. Who say ibis petition ill?
A. They who commit their evils before God, and multiply their sins without remorse.
CHAP. VI. TheHail Mary, or Angelical Salutation expounded. Q. WHAT is the Hail Mary?
A. It is a most honourable salutation to the blessed Virgin Mary, and prayer to her.
Q. How do you prove it lawful to honour her?
A. Out of Śt. Luke i. 48. Where (by inspiration from God) she prophesied, saying, “ All generations shall call me blessed."
Q. How many parts hath the Hail Mary?
A. The Holy Ghost, though it was delivered by the angel Gabriel. St. Luke i. 28.
Q. What signifies the word Hail ?
A. Because it renews the memory of her conception of her blessed Son, which is an infinite cause of joy to her and to the whole court of Heaven.
Q. What signifies the word Mary ? * A. It signifies star of the sea ; as also lady. Q. Why is she properly called the star of the sea ?
A. Because she shines on us by her exemplary virtue in this sea of miseries, like a most glorious star.
Q. What mean you by the words, full of grace?
A. I mean that the Blessed Virgin hath a special fullness and privilege of grace for the conception of her Son.
Q. What means, The Lord is with thee?
A. It means that the whole 'Trinity was with her at the time in a particular manner.
Q. Are they also now with her?
The second part of the Hail Mary.
A. Blessed art thou among women, blessed is the fruit of thy womb, JESUS.
Q. Who made this part ?
A. These words, Blessed art thou among women, were first delivered by the angel; and after, with the rest, uttered by St. Elizabeth, being inspired by the Holy Ghost. Sti Luke i. 28, 42.
Q. What understand you by Blessed art thou among women?
A. I understand, she alone was chosen out amongst all women to be the Mother of God,' and therefore ought to be blessed and praised above and by all women.
Q. Why by married women ?
A. Because their children are made the Sons of God by the nativity and merits of her Son, of whom she daily also begs blessings for them.
Q. Why by virgins ?
A. Because she is their queen and chiefest patroness, and obtains for them of her Son Jesus, the gift of chastity.
Q. Why by widows ?
A. Because she is their best example, and advocate to their Spouse, her Son.
Q. What means Blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus ?
A. It means, that Jesus is her true and natural Son, and to be blessed both by men and angels.
Q. Why are Catholics such great honourers of the name of Jesiis?
A. Because it is a name above all names, as you have heard in the creed : and as St. Paul exhorts, saying, all whatsoever you do in word or work, do all in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, giving thanks to God the Father by him. Colos. iii. 17.
· The third part of the Hail Mary.
Q. WHAT is the third part of the Hail Mary?
A. Holy Mary, Mother of God, pray for us sinners, now, and in the hour of our death. Amen.
Q. Vho made this part?
A. The holy Catholic Church in the Council of Ephesus, in the year of our Lord 431, (Pope Celestine presiding.) against Nestorius, an heretic who denied our blessed Lady to be the Mother of God, and would ouly have her called the Mother of Christ. See Baronius, tom. 5. An. 4. 31.
Q. What means, Pray for us sinners now?
A. It meaneth that we then especially shall need the aid of blessed Mary, and her Son Jesus, and therefore do daily beg it. The word Amen signifies, let it be done, or be it so.
Charity Expounded. Q. WIAT is charity ?
A. It is the gift of God, or a supernatural quality infused by God into the soul of man, by which we love God above all things, and our neighbour as ourselves, for God's sake.
Q. Why is it called supernatural ? .
A. Because it is not in the power of nature to obtain it; but is a special grace and gift of God, given to us by him for the sake of Christ.
Q. Is charity imputed as Protestants would have it, or is it a quality truly inherent in the soul ?
A. It is truly inherent in the soul, as wisdom is inherent in a soul that is wise, and love in a soul that loveth. ,
Q. How prove you that ?
A. First out of Rom. v. 5. The charity of God is poured forth in our hearts, by the Holy Ghost, who is given to us.
Secondly, out of Dan, vi. 22. Before him (i. é. God) justice hath been found in me.
Thirdly, out of Ephes. iii. 17, 18, where St. Paul prays for his brethren, that Christ may dwell in their hearts by faith, that being rooted and founded in charity, &c.
Q. What is it to love God above all things ?
A. To be willing to lose all things, rather than the grace or love of God hy morial sin.
Q. Who has this love ?
A. They who keep the commandments of God, according to that, « This is the charity of God, that we keep his commandments, and his commandments are not heavy." 1 St. John v. 3.
Q. Hath not he charity then, that breaks any of the commandments?
A. He hath not; for, He that saith be knoweth God, and doth not keep his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him. I John ii. 4.
Q. What is it to love our neighbours as ourselves ?
A. To wish him as much good as we wish ourselves, and to do him no wrong.
Q. Who is our neighbour ?
A. All men, women, and children, even those who injure us or differ from us in religion, but especially Catholics.
Q. Why so ?
A. Because they are the images of God, and redeemed with the blood of Christ.
Q. Why especially Catholics?
A. Because they are all members of the mystical body a Christ, which is the church.
Q. Whence ariseth the obligations of loving our neigte bour?
A. Because God hath commanded it: and if one shall say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar. 1 St. John iv. 20.
Q. Are we not also bound to love our enemies ?
A. We are, according to that, It was said of old, thou shalt not kill : but I say unto you, love your enemies. St. Mult. v. 43, 44.
Q. What kind of love are we bound to show to our eneniies?
A. We are bound to use a civil behaviour towards them, to pray for them in general, and to be disposed to do any charitable office for them when their necessity require it.
Q. What is the highest act of charity ?
A. To give our life for God's honour, and the salvation of our neighbour.
Q. Why is charity the greatest and most excellent of virtues ?
A. Because it is the life of all the rest, even Faith, unless it worketh through Charity, will not save a man.
Q. What state of life do we conceive to be of greatest perfection ? | A. That which of its own nature and proper institution obligeth to the highest and greatest charity, for charity is perfection, and such is the state not only of bishops, but also (as many probably think) of pastors who have charge of souls.
Q. How prove you that?
A. Out of St. John :v. 13. Greater charity than this no man hath, that a man lay down his life for his friends," which is the proper obligation of every pastor, according to that, “ The good pastor giveth his life for his sheep." St. John x.
Q. How prove you the necessity of charity?
A. Out of St. John iv. 16. He that remains in charity, remains in God, and God in him. And chap. vi. 14. lle that loves not, remains in death.