Handbook of the American Academy of Political and Social Science

Predný obal
American Academy of Political and Social Science., 1896

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Personal freedom Unlawful arrest forbidden
7
Right to lawful trial
8
Illegal penalties forbidden
9
Freedom from search
10
Inviolability of property
11
Confiscation forbidden
12
Civil death forbidden
13
Religious freedom and freedom of speech
14
OFFICERS 19
19
Hereditary royal senators
58
Necessity for the senate to sit at the same time as the house
59
SKETCH OF THE ACADEMY
No compulsory observance of religion
15
Freedom from state interference with clerical appointments Civil marriage
16
Freedom of opinion in teaching Regulation of public in struction
17
Freedom of the press
18
Right of assembly Restrictions on open air meetings
19
Right of association
20
Right to petition
21
Inviolability of the mails
22
Languages in Belgium
23
Actions against public officials
24
Source and manner of exercise of all powers
25
Legislative power vested in the king and two chambers
26
Interpretation of the laws
28
Executive power vested in the king
29
Exercise of judicial power
30
Regulation of communal and provincial affairs
31
National representation
32
Actions involving questions of civil rights
92
Actions involving questions of political rights
93
Establishment of illegal or extraordinary tribunals and com missions forbidden
94
THE KING AND THE MINISTERS Section I THE KING
32
3
36
46
46
Succession to the crown Forfeiture of succession by marriage without consent Relief from such forfeiture
60
The naming of a successor when necessary
61
Consent of chambers necessary to the kings being the head of another state
62
Inviolability of the kings person Responsibility of his ministers
63
Signature of a minister necessary to all decrees
64
Appointment and dismissal of ministers
65
Appointment of army officers administrative diplomatic and other governmental officials
66
Royal duty to issue regulations and decrees for execution of laws
67
Military powers Right to declare war and make treaties Approval of the chambers to commercial treaties Cession exchange or increase of territory
68
Promulgation of laws
69
Date of assembly of chambers Length of session Closing and extra sessions
70
Dissolution of the chambers New election
71
Royal adjournment of the chambers Length and renewal of such adjournment
72
Right to pardon or reduce penalties
73
Right to coin money
74
Right to confer titles of nobility
75
Right to confer military orders
76
Civil list
77
Limitation of the kings powers
78
Court of cassation
95
Public sessions of tribunals especially in trials of political and presslaw offences
96
Public judgment with a statement of reason
97
Right of trial by jury
98
Royal appointment of judiciary Limitations on this power in the cases of the higher courts Election of officers by the courts
99
Term of judges Change of jurisdiction
100
Royal appointment of state officials connected with courts
101
Salary of judges
102
Restrictions on judges holding other salaried governmental positions
103
Courts of appeal
104
Military and commercial tribunals
105
Decision of conflicts of jurisdiction
106
State payment of salaries and pensions of the clergy
117
Recruiting the army Promotion rights and duties of soldiers
118
Annual voting of army contingent
119
Organization and duties of constabulary
120
Foreign troops prohibited from state service and from occupy ing or crossing Belgian territory
121
Organization of a militia Election of its officers
122
Duties of militia
123
Military deprivation of grades honors or pensions
124
Belgian colors coat of arms and motto
125
Brussels the capital
126
Oaths
127
Protection of foreigners
128
Publication of laws necessary
129
Impossibility of suspending the constitution
130
Declaration of a revision by the legislative powers Dissolu tion of old and election of new chambers to follow such a declaration New chambers to act...
131
to 139 No longer in effect
132
William P Wilson Philadelphia
158
Discussion
177
This Outline of Contents has been prepared by the Editors of the ANNALS
1
Public sessions Secret committees
33
Judge as to elections and qualifications of members
34
No person to be a member of both chambers
35
Loss of seat by appointment to another office except that of minister
36
Election of officers
37
Need for an absolute majority Effect of ties A majority
38
REGULATION OF COST AND QUALITY OF SERVICE AS ILLUS
63
The Honorable William Lindsay United States Senator from
77
Assembly of the chambers at the kings death Temporary exercise by the ministers of the kings powers
79
Majority of the king His oath
80
Appointment of a regent in case of a minority succession
81
Appointment in case of kings incapacity
82
A single regent His oath
83
No constitutional change during a regency
84
Temporary regency
85
COMBINATION OF CAPITAL AS A FACTOR
105
THE EVOLUTION OF MERCANTILE BUSINESS Honorable John
115
THE INTEREST OF LABOR IN THE ECONOMIES OF RAILROAD
137
144
144
THE INDUSTRIAL ASCENDENCY OF THE UNITED STATES
153
154
158
177
177
184
184
REPORT OF THE ACADEMY COMMITTEE ON MEETINGS 203
203
INTRODUCTORY ADDRESSES OF THE PRESIDENT PROFES
quorum
28
Modes of voting
39
Right of inquiry into public affairs
40
Voting to be article by article
41
Right of amending
42
Personal presentation of petitions forbidden Forwarding peti tions to ministers
43
Immunity of debate
44
Suspension of criminal proceedings against members Freedom from arrest
45
Rules of the chambers
46
Election of representatives and qualifications of electors Allot ment of additional votes
47
Constitution of electoral colleges Compulsory voting
48
Number of representatives
49
Qualifications of representatives
50
Term of representatives New election in case of dissolution
51
Salary of representatives Free transportation
52
Two classes of senators
53
Number of senators elected by direct vote
54
Term of senators New election in case of dissolution
55
Qualifications of senators
56
No salary or emoluments for senators
57
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Strana 26 - These Courts, then, are not constitutional Courts in which the judicial power conferred by the Constitution on the general government can be deposited. They are incapable of receiving it. They are legislative Courts, created in virtue of the general right of sovereignty which exists in the government, or in 86 virtue of that clause which enables Congress to make all needful rules and regulations respecting the territory belonging to the United States.
Strana 51 - ... they will not be subject, in respect of their persons or property, or in respect of their commerce or industry, to any taxes, whether general or local, other than those which are or may be imposed upon citizens of the said Republic.
Strana 177 - The great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is, in extending our commercial relations to have with them as little political connection as possible.
Strana 6 - Republic ; (6) they will be entitled to hire or possess houses, manufactories, warehouses, shops, and premises ; (c) they may carry on their commerce either in person or by any agents whom they may think fit to employ ; (d) they will not be subject, in respect of their persons or property, or in respect of...
Strana 29 - The inhabitants of the said territory shall always be entitled to the benefits of the writ of habeas corpus, and of the trial by jury; of a proportionate representation of the people in the legislature, and of judicial proceedings according to the course of the common law.
Strana 29 - ' doubtless Congress in legislating for the territories would be subject to those fundamental limitations in favor of personal rights which are formulated in the constitution and its amendments; but these limitations would exist rather by inference and the general spirit of the constitution, from which Congress derives all its powers, than by any express and direct applications of its provisions.
Strana 38 - The personal and civil rights of the inhabitants of the Territories are secured to them, as to other citizens, by the principles of constitutional liberty which restrain all the agencies of government, state and national; their political rights are franchises which they hold as privileges in the legislative discretion of the Congress of the United States.
Strana 2 - The South African Republic will conclude no treaty or engagement with any State or nation other than the Orange Free State, nor with any native tribe to the eastward or westward of the Republic, until the same has been approved by Her Majesty the Queen.
Strana 171 - I have heard that in Ch'u there- is a sacred tortoise which has been dead now some three thousand years. And that the prince keeps this tortoise carefully enclosed in a chest on the altar of his ancestral temple. Now would this tortoise rather be dead and have its remains venerated, or be alive and wagging its tail in the mud?
Strana 5 - Convention, no other or higher duties shall be imposed on the importation into the South African Republic of any article coming from any part of her Majesty's dominions than are or may be imposed on the like article coming from any other place or country...

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