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of manbood as always to be peering and un. beauty, admirable criticisms upon men and ravelling contrivance may be to the simplicity books, verbal fel cities of surprising force and of the affections and the grandeur and unity

charm. He is vexed that “ he must admire, of the imagination."

ay, greatly admire, Richardson. His mind The occasion of this comment was “a most is so very vile a mind, so oozy, bypocritical, unpleasant dispute with Wordsworth and praise-mad, canting, envious, concupiscent." Hazlitt” on teleology. Hazlitt is punished He contemplates a poem on bells and sets down even

more severely than Wordsworth for several hints for it, but with no word about speaking “so irreverently, so malignantly of Schiller's “Song of the Bell," of which he the Divine Wisdom.” But for the capitals we probably knew and was unconsciously remimight tbiuk Coleridge's wisdom was intended. niscent. The attempts at humor are duller “Hazlitt, how easily raised to rage and

than the leaden bell which Froude imagined batred self-projected ! but who shall find the that he heard in Browning's verse. The reliforce that can drag him out of the depths in-gious parts are generally impressive so long to one expression of kindness, into the showing

as they are predominantly ethical. When they of one gleam of the light of love on his countenance "

are merely speculative they are filmy and in.

tangible, but will undoubtedly commend them. There is more of this and worse, but the next selves to those who thrill to an idea in proporday we find him sitting to Hazlitt for his portion to its incomprehensibility. There is a trait, whicb, let us trust, was more flattering noble passage upon immortality (pp. 170, 171), tban his portrait of Hazlitt. His own be in the course of which occurs a remarkable sketches many times, and there is a strange anticipation of the idea that was central to mingling in this self-portraiture of abject bu- Prof. Huxley's anti-supernaturalist position: mility and unconscious pride. But sometimes “If a miracle merely means an event before the note of self-esteem is as frank as possible. inexperienced, it proves only itself and the inThus

experience of mankind.” Huxley's statement “There are two sorts of talkative fellows

of the matter was that a day-fly had more reawhom it would be injurious to confound. The son to think a thunder-storm supernatural first sort is those who use five bundred more

than we to think so the most exceptional thing words than needs to express an idea. That is not my case. Few men, I will be bold to say,

we can imagine. put more into their words than 1, or choose them more deliberately and discriminately."

BOOKS OF THE WEEK. His own trouble is that he has five hundred

Alden's Living Topics Cyclopedia. Abb-Boy. J. B. times too many ideas for his words. There is

Alden.

Allen, Charles. Papier Miche. Edward Arnold. much insistence on bis need of the sympathy and

Andrews, J. De W. The Works of James Wilson.

vols. Chicago: Callaghan & Co. support of others, and this without miscalcula. Bergen, J. Y. Elements of Botany. Boston : Ginn &

Co. $1.20. tion. His evil habit is barely touched upon, Betz, L. P. Pierre Bayle und die "Nouvelles de la Ré. but there are passages that seem to indicate its

publique des Lettres." Zürich: Albert Müller.

Beynon, Lieut. W. G. L. With Kelly to Chitral. sway. We find him studious of his dreams ward Arnold.

Bing, S. La Culture Artistique en Amérique. Paris. and of the half-light between sleep and wak- New York : Dyrsen & Pfeiffer.

Bishop, J. R. ing. The essence of his character is nowhere

Selections from Vergil's Georgics for

Sight Reading. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke Co. 250. more apparent than in a passage where he

Bisbop, W. H. 1896, and the Five Redemption Years.

Toledo, O.: Crusader Publishing Co. 50c. makes God in his own image: “Something Black, H.C. Handbook on the Construction and In

terpretation of the Laws. St. Paul : West Publishing inherently mean in action! Even the creation Co. $3.75.

Christian, Sydney. Persis Yorke. Macmillan. $1.25. of the universe disturbs my idea of the Al.

Davis, R. H. Three Gringos in Venezuela and Central mighty's greatness-would do so but that I

America. Harpers.

D'Esterre-Keeling, Elsa. Old Maids and Young. perceive that thought with him creates." "A sell. 50c.

Doyle, A. C. The Exploits of Brigadier Gerard. ADtime will come when passiveness will attain pletons. $1.50. the dignity of worthy activity,” when men

Drinkwater, J. M. Paul French's Way. Boston: A. I.

Bradley & Co. 81 25. will be proud of having remained in a state Ewing, Emma P. The Art of Cookery. Meadville, Pa.:

Flood & Vincent. $1.75. of deep, tranquil emotion.”

Forman, H. B. The Letters of John Keats. Complete

revised ed. London : Reeves & Turner; New York: There are many incidental touches of great Scribners. 83.20.

Foster, Prof. G C , and Atkinson, Prof. E. Elementary
Treatise on Klectricity and Magnetism. Longmaus,

Green & Co. $2.25.
Frith, Walter. In Search of Qulet: A Country Journal.

Harpers.
Gollaucz, Israel. Coriolanus and Troilus and Cressida.

(Temple Shekspere] London: Dent; New York:

Macmillan. Each 45c.
Gumplowicz. Prof. Louis. Précis de Sociologie. Paris :

Léon Chailley.
Halsey, J. L., and E. D. Thomas Halsey of Hertford.
shire, England, and Southampton, Long Island, 1591-
1679, wito his American Descendants to the Eighth
and Ninth Generations. Morristown, N. J.: The
Jerseyman.
Hardy, Thomas. The Trumpet-Major. Harpers. 81.50,
Hardy, Thomas. The Woodlanders. Harpers. $1.50.
Helly, N. P. A Complete manual of the Pitman Syg-

tem of Phonography. American Book Co. $1.25.
Hornaday, W. T. The Man Who Became a Savage.

Buffalo: Peter Paul Book Co. 81.50,
Hornbrook, A. R. Concrete Geometry for Beginners.

American Book Co. 750.
Hornung. E. W. Irralie's Bushranger. Scribners. 75c.
Howard, F. E. The Child Voice in singing. E. S. Wer-

ner. $1.
Howells, W. D. The Day of their Wedding. Harpers.

$1.25.
Hunter, P. H. James Inwick, Ploughman and Elder.

Harpers.
Johnson, Prof. Franklin. The Quotations of the New

Testament from the Old. American Baptist Publica.
tion Society. $2.
Kenyon, J. B. An Oaten Pipe. J. Selwin Tait & Sons.
Lindley, Dr. Walter, and widney, Dr. J. P. California

of the South. Third edition, rewritten. Appletons. Macgibbon, David, and Ross, Thomas. The Ecclesiasti. cal Architecture of Scotland. Vol. I. Edinburgb :

David Douglas.
Mackinnon, James. The Union of England and Scot-

land: A Study of International History, Longmaas,

Green & Co. $5.
Macnie, John. Elements of Plane Geometry. Ameri-

can Book Co. 750.
McNulty, Edward. Misther O'Ryan. New ed. Edward

Arnold.
Mitchell. Rev. E. C. The Critical Handbook of the

Greek New Testament. Harpers.
Monahan, Michael. Youth: A Poem of Soul and Sense,

and Other Poems. Albany: Albany Publisbing Co. Moncrieff, Hon. Frederick. The x Jewel: A Scottish

Romance of the Days of James VI. Harpers. $1.25. Mortimer, Rev. A. G. The Seven Last Words Our

Most Holy Redeemer. Longmans, Green & Co. 81.
Moulton, Prof. R. G. The Literary Study of the Bible.

Boston : D. C. Heath & Co. $2.
Ottolengul, Rodrigues. The Crime of the Century.

Putnams. 50c.
Paget, Rev. E.C. Silence, with Other Sermons. $1.50.
Prescott, E. L. The Apotheosis of Mr. Tyrawley. Har.

pers.
Quain's Elements of Anatomy. 10th ed. Vol. III, Part

2. Longmans, Green & Co.
Remsen, D. S. Intestate Succession in the State of New

York. 3d edition. Baker, Voorhis & Co. $1.25.
Ridge, W.P. A Clever Wire. Harpers. $1.25.
Roberts, W. Rare Books and their Prices. With

Chapters on Pictures, Pottery, Porcelain, and Postage

Stamps. Longmans, Green & Co 81.50.
Robinson's New Higher Arithmetic. American Book

Co. $1.
Saintsbury, Prof. George. A Bistory of Nineteenth

Century Literature (1780-1895). Macmillan. $1.50.
Schuyler, Rev. Hamilton. Studies in English Courch

History. New York : Crothers & Korth. $1. Shattuck, Harriette R. The Woman's Manual of Parlia

mentary Law. 6th ed. Boston: Lee & Shepard. 750. Sheedy, Rev. M. M. Christian Unity. Catholic Book

Exchange. 50c.
Straip, E. H. A Man's Foes. M. J. Ivers & Co. 250.
Tyler, Prof. J. M. Toe Whence and the Whither of

Man. Scribners. 81.75.
White, Mary. The Book of a Hundred Games. Scrib-

ners. $1.
Wright, Prof. G. F., and Upham, Warren. Greenland

Icetlelds and Life in the North Atlantic. Appletons.
$2.
Wylie, J. H History of England under Henry the

Fourth. Vol. III. 1407-1410. Longmans, Green &
Co. $5.

2

Ed.

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NEW YORK, THURSDAY, MARCH 6, 1896. and the points of the coast at which for understand now how we feel, and what a

eign Powers can communicate with them, big country this is, and they won't forget

the nature of their Government, and their it soon either." The Week.

armament on land and sea. These are the

facts which constitute belligerency. Of ONE has only to read the debate in the these facts Mr. Hitt had not a particle of

The difficulty of hammering even eleSenate of February 27 to see how abso-proof. What he said was that belligerency mentary notions of international law into was proved "poc by the newspaper reports well illustrated in the debate on the Senate

the heads of some of the inland eages was lutely in the dark the whole blundering belligerency work was done. Senator Sher alone, but by the reports of the United resolution in recognition of Cuban belman gravely introduced as his first eviStates consuls." Nothing of the sort has

ligerency between Senator Gray and Senadence a pamphlet written by a representa- appeared in any published conaular report tor Vest of Missouri. Senator Gray was tive of the Cuban insurgents. This ex

or in any newspaper. Cuban belligerency, parte document "seems to be fairly and in the sense in which the term is used in contending for the elementary proposition

"that recognition of the independence of frankly written,” said Mr. Sherman, and diplomacy, is an invention of his own. hence the Senate could implicitly accept He fortified himself by alleging on his

a people is the recognition of a fact." own authority that Spaniards held only for thinking she is not is that the Cubans

Is Cuba independent or not? The reason all its statements. But even these state

one-third of the island, that 125,000 troops ments, thus guaranteed, had nothing to

have no porte, no fixed territorial area, no say about the actual situation of the in- had been sent to Cuba, that the Captain.

regular government, no organized army. surrection, or whether the fact of belli General bad, issued two long proclama; What difference does that make said Mr.

tions which “had been read with horror," gerency existed. Senator Morgan here in

Vest. “Will the Senator from Delaware ter posed to strengthen the case by read

tbat guerilla warfare had proved too much ing a letter just received from a gentle for the French in Spain, under Napoleon, permit me to ask him whether the cause

of the American colonies was not more of which the Spaniards are very proud, man with whom I have no acquaintance and that the belligerency of the Confede desperate than that of Cuba to-day when whatever." The writer was ready to make oath that "57,000 Cubans bit the dust"

racy had been recognized by Spain three France recognized our independence ?" in the last insurrection, and what other months after the war broke out, as if When the French recognized the indeevidence could be demanded, Senator belligerency were a question of time and pendence of the United States, the rebels Morgan would like to know, that the innot of circumstances.

had had through the whole contest thir

teen regularly organized colonial governsurgents in the present insurrection bad

ments. They had had the leading port of all the recognized marks of belligerents?

We presume no American who is proud the Union in their possession for two years Senator Sherman went on to refer to a

of his country, and has any acquaintance before the French recognition. Boston mysterious book in Spanish. He was

with the part she has played in building was surrendered to Washington March 17, sorry he had not had time to get it from

up the code of international morals which 1776. French recognition came on Februthe Library to awe the Senate with,

now prevails in Christendom, has read the ary 6, 1778. But what is more important but perhaps it did not matter, as he could

debate which ensued, without a good deal than all is that the leading British army not read Spanish anyhow. Luckily, ex

of humiliation, or without, under all the in the field, that of Gen. Burgoyne, sur. tracts from it had been translated by circumstances, much gratitude to the rendered to the rebels October 17, 1777, one of the great journals,” and those he gentlemen, Messrs. Turner, Boutelle, Mc

which was really the determining cause of would read. They showed a horrible Call

, and Tucker, who treated the House

the French alliance. state of things in 1870, and who could

to a few doses of law and common sense. doubt that conditions were even worse in From most of the supporters of the reso1896? To make the case absolutely com

The discussion of the silver question in lutions nobody expected anything but plete, Lodge interposed read the last what they supplied. Talking interna

the Senate on Wednesday week served still proclamation of Gen. Weyler." What

further to clear the air. For many years tional law or usage to them would be like he really read was a newspaper guess at talking it to a chamber of Anarchists. But

the managers of the Republican party what a proclamation was going to be—so Mr. Hitt is a graduate of Yale College Colorado rightly styled a "buoco game"

have been playing what Mr. Teller of stated on its face, and a guess promptly and has been Assistant Secretary of State. belied, at that. There has been no such Of neither experience was there the slight

on the silver States. This policy was in. proclamation. Lodge must have known est trace in his speech. For all that ap- chairman of the committee on resolutions

augurated in 1888, when Mr. McKinley, as this at the time, but it would be a poor peared in that effort, he might have been sort of Massachusetts Senator who would bred in some vast wilderness, where ru

in the Republican national convention, ronot stretch the truth a little in order to more of successful or unsuccessful war

ported the now famous plank "condemn. help bring on a glorious war for the im- reached him only through primers. The ing the Democratic Administration for its provement of our decaying morals. With

most striking thing in his speech was the efforts to demonetize silver.” What the no eurer facts to go upon than this colassurance he gathered from the Spanish

Democratic Administration had done in lection of guesses and irrelevancies, the Minister's apology for the Barcelona mob, this matter from 1885 to 1888 was simply Senate rushed blindfold on to what might that his own resolutions would cause no

to urge the same policy that its Republi. be war. trouble. This brings out what is really

can predecessor had urged from 1881 to the most alarming trait in Jingo perform 1885. We place side by side the final roNo better was the performance of the ances. It will have been observed that commendation on this subject of PresiHouse on Monday. In the spoech by whenever Jingoes indulge in violent lan dent Arthur in 1884 and the first recom

mendation of President Cleveland in 1885: which Mr. Hitt (the chairman of the guage which imperils peaceful relations, House committee on foreign relations, be and the Power to which it is addressed

I concur with the I recommend the

Secretary of the Trea- suspension of the com. it remembered) introduced the resolu- answers with astonished politeness, and sury in recommending pulsory coinage of sil. tions, we look in vain for evidence of in. shows anxiety to avoid a quarrel, the Jingo the immediate suspen ver dollars directed by

sion of the coiuage of the law parsed in Feb. Burgent belligerency in the shape of offi- always sete it down to fear, turns calmly

silver dollars and of the ruary, 1878. – Presi. cial reports, or other testimony equally to his followers, and says: “You see; I issuance of silver cer. dent Cleveland, Degood, showing what territory the insur told you there would be no war. That is tificates. Presidentcember 8, 1895.

Arthur, December 1, gents hold, the seat of their Government, 'the way to talk to these suckers. They 1884.

66

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re

:

we

The McKinley resolution was intended in his party, is highly inopportune, as he of imports of $61,018,579—the equivalent to mean, and could mean, only that the has before philosophized a great deal ad valorem being 46 per cent. This shows Republican party, if restored to power, about such matters. In his Old Orchard that with the rate of duty reduced more would turn its back upon its consistent speech of August 25, 1894, he explained than one-half, the revenue was reduced record up to 1885, and show more favor how the Democratic party was destined only 23 per cent. It is an impudent deto the silverites. This pledge was to fail because, unlike the Republican mand to ask Congress to reimpose the deemed by the taking at the first oppor- party, it "had no underlying principle on high duties on raw wools to gain a revetunity of that “long step towards free which it was united from one end of the nue of six or seven millions of dollars, and coinage,” as the Indiana Republicans country to the other.” The present de- to increase to an even greater degree the styled the silver-purchase act of 1890-an lightful harmony of the Republicans on duties on manufactures of wool for a simi. act urged by Mr. McKinley, as leader of the currency, from one end of the country lar sum. At the end of February the dethe House, on the ground that "it does to the other, would be most profitable for ficit in the national account was only what the present law has not done: it reproof and instruction if commented up $900,000 more than it was at the end of takes every dollar of silver bullion that is op by such a philosopher. While about November. The Government is, thereproduced in the United States and places it, he could also discourse solidly on the fore, very nearly paying its expenses out it at the disposal of the people as way in which his own aphorisms upon of current revenue, and there is no reamoney"; and that “we cannot have free another matter have come home to roost. 'sonable ground for tinkering with the coinage now except in the manner as pro- He said that the Democrats could keep tariff, and least of all in the direction of vided in the bill.” The attempt to play up a semblance of being a party when in higher duties on raw wools and manuthe bunco game was continued in the na- opposition, but that when " they endeavor factures of wool, where the consumer loses tional platform of 1892, with its declara. to combine and to take positive action two dollars every time the Government tion in favor of “bimetallism,” which themeelves,”

at once see

"the gains one. Mr. Teller and Mr. Jones of Nevada were tremendous diversity of opinion which assured meant what the silverites want- was masked under seeming unanimity." ed. Mr. Carter, Mr. Teller, and the Would the Speaker admit that Republi.

A meeting was held at Cooper Institute other Republican Senators from the sil. can Hamlet and Laertes have since ex

on Friday evening, under the call of the ver States who stand with them, are ren changed rapiers ?

Central Labor Union, to protest against dering a national service in exposing this

the introduction of militarism as a gov. whole policy of deception upon which the

rping force in this country. The meetRepublican managers entered in 1888, and

The public debt statement for Marching was a great success in point of num. in ipsisting that no more of these Mc- shows the receipts and expenditures for bers and enthusiasm. The speeches were Kinley games shall be played. For an eight months of the fiscal year. The de- made by plain-talking men, who knew exorganization that used to pride itself ficit was only $17,500,000. During the actly what they wanted, and the resoluupon being the party of moral ideas, the

same period of the previous year it was tions were of the most decisive character, record of the Republicans on the silver $36,300,000, showing a gain of nearly declaring that the participants would vote question during the last eight years bas | $19,000,000. At this rate of progress it against every man, in either house of Con. been most contemptible. McKinley him- is a reasonable anticipation that in the gress, who should support the pending self is apparently ready to continue the next fiscal year, begioning July, 1896, the bills to add to the permanent military policy of evasion and deception, but Car receipts will equal the expenditures.force of the nation by fortifications or ter, Teller, and their associates have ren- The only thing that can prevent this is otherwise. The Tribune, in its mendadered this impossible. the continual beating of war-drums at

cious account of this meeting, suppresses Washington. If Congress would adjourn, all the ideas presented by the speakers The multiplying signs that free silver is or would take up its proper business and except one. It suppresses the resolutions going to cut through both parties and stop meddling with foreign affairs and also. The one idea which it allows to go make itself the controlling issue in the getting us into unnecessary broils, there before its readers is that the proposed fornext Presidential election, will give gene would be a period of renewed prosperity tifications and the increased army are inral satisfaction-they certainly will to the in all parts of the country, the effects of tended to put down strikes rather than to friends of sound money. The great peril which would be immediately perceptible fight foreign enemies. The truth is that now is, two-faced platforms and doughface in the public revenues. The maintenance the meoting was a protest against war and candidates. The silver Republicans are of the gold standard is now assured, not all its belongings, the facilities for dealapparently prepared to fight, and the only by the accumulation of that metaling with domestic insurrection being one bound-money Democrats are also stripping in the Treasury, but still more by the pur- of several reasons for opposing this new for the contest-none too soon. Secretary pose shown by the public in the recent development of “Americanism." The Carlisle boldly said last week that the bond sale to furnish all that may be need idea oftenest put forward by the speakers conflict was now an irrepressible one, and ed for that purpose hereafter. The only was that war means bloodshed and pen ury the issue of a kind that could not be cloud upon the business horizon is that for the laboring classes, the glory and the avoided even by trimmers, and would not which has been wantonly created by reck profits being monopolized by a few officers be by men of character. A silver party, less politicians.

and contractors. Is not this true of all pure and simple, is by all means to be de

wars? Another idea prominently presired. If all the 16-to-1 men and the

sented was that the taxes to pay for this international agreement

men and the

Attention should be called to the figures military equipment must be paid chiefly straddlers and dodgers in either party issued by the Bureau of Statistics for the by laboring men, which is true also. could be forced to go off with the Popu: calendar years 1891 to 1895 on the subject lists, where they belong, the country would of wool. The period covered is practically first rise up and call them blessed, and four years under the tariff act of 1890 and The ordering of ships to Corinto by Secthen rise up and smite them hip and one year under that of 1894. In 1892, retary Olpey, to protect Americans while thigh. It seems almost too much to hope which was the year of largest imports of the usual revolution is going on, will puzfor such a result, but we may, for the woollen manufactures under the McKin- zle the international lawyers a good deal. present, hope for it with fear and trem ley tariff, the amount of duties collected They were told by Mr. Olney last July bling.

was $36,560,539 on a valuation of imports that "our fiat is law" on this continent.

of $37,557,037. This was equivalent to an This they of course believed, for they Speaker Reed's obstinate silence, in the ad valorem of 97.36 per cent. In 1895 the didn't want their heads blown off for face of a threatened and probable split 'duty collected was $28,102,648 on a value 'doubting it.

But how much mystified

a

It pro

they will be now to see men-of-war resorted country, might, when confined to a single American fiction that the simultaneousto when a simple "fiat” could do the State, be disastrous by its effect in driv. publication and American - manufacture business so easily. Your true “ fiat" ising out capital. The offering of such a clauses of the copyright law were going self-executing. When the Creator said, reason may be accepted as evidence that especially to protect and develop glorious"Fiat lux," there was no need of casting even the Populists are learning not only ly, it looks as if Mr. M. D. Conway bad about lor some means of producing light, that capital is very useful, but also that some ground for asserting that, from a but immediately “there was light.” This its rights must be given some considera- fipancial point of view, the act of 1891 was is the way Secretary Olney should have tion. When a Legislature whose members the most disastrous thing that ever befell proceeded. He, too, shou'd have shown applaud Tillman's tirade takes this posi- American authors. We, of course, have that he could speak and it was done, be tion on tbe income tax, that proposal may no patience with those cynica who main. could command and it stood fast. Instead be considered to be as dead as Dingley's tain that the fault is not in our copyright of a war-ship, a cablegram should have tariff bill,

stars, but in our fiction itself, that it is an been sufficient. Addressed to “Dagoes,

underling. Corinto, via Galveston," it would have needed only to say, “My fiat is peace. The verdict of the jury in South Carolina Olney.” Instantly the machetes would acquitting of murder last we the lynchers Measured on a scale of the scornful have been beaten into ploughsbares, and of an old colored woman is symptom laughter which reference to them in Para vast and lucrative trade have been built atic of a lower stage of humanity tban liament produces, bimetallism, protection, up with this country. But cumbrous prevailed in the old slavery days. A the Tory social programme, and the Poet ships and guns instead of this swift King. Charleston correspondent of the Ere. Laureate would rank in about the order Canute method! Fie on that kind of a ning Post, in a recent letter relating damed. Rosebery in the Lords vied with fiat!

the outrage for which these men were Harcourt in the Commons in jests about tried, pointed out that, even before the “the favorite remedy of the First Lord of

war, white men were sentenced to death in the Treasury, which that right honorable Mr. Sanger has introduced in the New

that State for killing negroes when the gentleman, as First Lord of the Treasury, York Assembly what seems to be a de

negroes were nothing but chattels in the finds himself precluded from applyingsirable measure supplementary to our in

eye of the law. The lynchers just acquit bimetallism," and Olympian laughter foladequate corrupt-practice law.

ted dragged a negro, his wife, and mother lowed in either house. A similar tribute vides for the filing, within ten days after from their house at night, and beat them was paid to every mention of protection ; election, of itemized accounts of a! re

so terribly that the man and his mother and when Lord Rosebery alluded to the ceipts and expenditures by candidates,

were found dead the next morning. One way the Duke of Devonshire had gone committees, agents, corporatione, associa of these lynchers was a prominent physi- round during the recess “as a universal tions, and everybody else who has paid, cian of the neighborhoorl. The defence re- refrigerator," to turn an icy spray upon or advanced, or promised to pay money to lied almost entirely on the evidence of a every bud or blossom of hope of social leaid in an election. We wish we could say doctor wbo testified that the old woman gislation by the Tories, the Lords had to that there is hope of this or some similar (for whose murder this trial was held) died look to their waistcoat buttons. Poor Mr. measure becoming a law. The Republi- from aspbyxiation—that is, was drowned Austin must have thought his laurel had cans were pledged in favor of it when they in water not a foot deep, and not from the been inadvertently taken from a thorncame into power, an 1 Gov. Morton svught effects of the beating received. The pro-tree. His eulogistic verse on the Jameson to hold them to their pledge in his first secution seems to have been in earnest to raid convinced Lord Rosebery that the message. The last Legislature refused to

secure the conviction, and this "medical laureateship was not only, as he always pay any attention either to him or to the testimony" was torn all to pieces on cross- thought, an obsolete office, but also a danpledge, and this year he neglected to say examination; but the modern South Cagerous one. Hard hitting Sir William anything whatever on the subject. Or rolina jury seems incapable of punishing Harcourt, when referring to the attitude course the rigid enforcement of such a

a white man when a negro is his victim. which sober-minded Eoglishmen should law would be the destruction of Platt, for The accused are still to be tried for the observe towards lawless compromisers of it would expose his entire system of ma

murder of the negro man, and it is encou- the English name, like Jameson, remarkchine control by revealing the sources of raging to hear that the Judge, after their ed with huge disdain : "I am not speakhis income and the uses which he made acquittal, refused to admit them to bail. ing of music-halls or of poets laureate." of it. Not only would the amount of each

The cheers and roars of laughter that folcorporation's contribution be revealed,

lowed were enough to suggest that the but the share each candidate received to

The literary output of 1895, as footed up next official poem should begin : “Who aid him in his election, or the price for in the Publishers' Weekly, shows a total would not be joered at for England ?” which he sold himself to the boss, would

of 5,469 new books and new editions (368 also be exposed. This would be an ap- of the latter), as against 4,484 in 1894. palling catastrophe to the boss system, The greatest increase was in fiction (385), As anti-Semitism goes down in Berlin and we look for a very chilling legislative with lesser gains in law, theology, educa- it goes up in Vienna. That pious Jewreception to Mr. Sanger's proposal.

tion, and nearly every category except baiter, Dr. Stöcker, is in disgrace, repolitical and social science; as to the fall.pudiated by his erstwhile enthusiastic

ing off in the latter department, theorists admirer, the Emperor, and reduced to Echoes of the income-tax agitation are may well be excused for waiting for prac a practical nullity politically. But in growing fainter in the South. The action tice to catch up. Some light is thrown Vienna the new Municipal Council is of the Kentucky Legislature in adopting by the statistics on the working of the more sweepingly anti Semite than the a resolution looking towards a constitu- copyright law. It appears that there were last one, which the Emperor had to distional amendment under which such a 3,396 books by American authors manu- solve in November. It will doubtless elect tax could be assessed is more tban offset factured in the United States, as its chosen agitator, Dr. Lueger, Burgoby the rejection in the South Carolina pared with 847 books by English and master again, and bring on a fresh conHouse of a specific income-tax bill, which other foreign authors, while 1,226 books test with the Crown. Stormy times are commanded the votes of only about one were imported, in sheets or bound. The presaged for Austrian politics, not only third of the Representatives. Many who American novelist shows up badly. He by this insensate race prejudice, but by voted in opposition were influenced by produced but 287 volumes to 589 by pau. the socialistic and labor agitation as well, the argument that an income tax, while a per foreign authors, manufactured in this which is already leading to scenes of ungood thing when applied to the whole 'country, and 238 imported. As it was precedented violence in the Diet.

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9

MILITARISM IN A REPUBLIC. tion or to become aggressors. But we can- which gave her peace in exchange for THE embroilment with Spain has come

not do this without changing our charac- liberty. The military republic which grow upon the commercial world, as the Presi- ter and entering the lists with other mili- out of the French Revolution ran nearly dent's Venezuela message did, like thun-tary nations.

the same course, except that the monarch der out of a clear sky. The former is one

What we shall become in the course of took away the nation's liberty without of the indirect consequences of the latter. another hundred years after we have got giving her peace. Congress was 80 dumfounded and de ourselves in readiness “ to meet the world We are told, as though it were somemoralized by the tone of that message in arms," as the blatherskites are always thing important, that there is no intenthat it has had no steadiness or stamina saying, we may dimly infer from the an- tion to use these new implements for any since. It was panic-stricken with the idea tics of the present Congress. This collec. other purpose than self-defence. The inthat Mr. Cleveland and his party would tion of demagogues, the most dangerous tention of the promoters is of no consegain an advantage by being greater Jin

we have had since the civil war, and ra- quence. What Senator Lodge is looking goes than the Republicans. The latter, pidly becoming the most odious, has been for is the votes of unreflecting persons and through their leading politicians and news.

in session three months, and during that the applause of other Jingoes like himself. papers, had been demanding a vigorous time has put itself in fighting attitude The question is not what is intended by foreign policy," and when Mr. Cleveland three times. Although we have no army, these preparations, but what they are gave them rather more of it than they no navy, no fortifications, although we adapted for. They will stay after Mr. wanted or expected, they felt compelled to

have a Treasury deficit and have been Lodge is gone. He will disappear like an "stand behind him." This was a situa. near to suspension and the silver stan- ignis fatuus in due time. The Roman tion they had never contemplated. They dard, this Congress has “stood behind legions were not recruited and drilled to have ever since been trying to get in front.

Cleveland” in his unnecessary quarrel butcher their own citizens, but they were They first tried to rally under the banner with Great Britain, has threatened Tur- found well suited to that purpose when of Armenia, and for this purpose they key and denounced Europe for not dis- they had no foreign foe to exercise their passed a resolution lecturing the Powers membering her, and is now threatening weapons upon. We do not apprehend of Europe for not carrying out the Treaty Spain about a matter which does not con- anything of that kind here. We dread of Berlin-a treaty to wbich we were not cern us, under pretence of a regard for

the reflex influence of militarism upon a party. This was rather ridiculous, be- humanity. If all this is done in the green the national character, the transformasides which Armenia was too far away.

tree, what shall be done in the dry | Ittion of a peace-loving people into a nation The rebellion in Cuba was near at hand, this is the measure of our common sense of swaggerers ever ready to take offence, and was the only other thing that offered when we have neither soldiers, ships, prone to create difficulties, eager to shed a chance of getting in front of Cleveland forts, nor money, what will happen when blood, and taking all sorts of occasions instead of bringing up the rear. This is we have all of them ?

to bring the Christian religion to shame the reason why the business world was

Of one thing we may be sure-militar. under pretence of vindicating the rights plunged into fresh trouble last Friday, and ism, if we adopt it, will have a profound

of humanity in some other country. Dewhy it is to be harassed for an indefinite influence on the national character, and

pend upon it, this means putting the time to come. This is the reason why an the effect will be less wholesome than it is

United States on a now pathway and excitable people on the other side of the among the military nations of the old altering the national character for the water are mobbing American consulates World, where each is under the restraints

Three months ago, nobody could in their chief cities, and why the Ameri- imposed by strong neighbors. The bal

have imagined such an outlook, and if can Minister is protected against insult or ance of power exists expressly to prevent anybody bad predicted it, he would have perbaps violence only by a strong police any one of them from playing the part of

been considered mad. force at Madrid.

a bully toward the others. We have no All these doings are wicked, and they strong neighbors, and accordingly we are point to a reign of militarism the end of under the temptation to drop good man

GOOD AMERICAN SALVATION. which no man can foresee. They will give pers in our dealings with other countries.

MR. DEPEW, who has a remarkable gift rise to a new demand for forts, battle- We have had some recent specimens of for putting the gist of a complicated subships, big guns, war material, and all the such insolence which lead us to appre- ject into a few terse, graphic words, says things that go to make a hell upon earth. hond more. Unfortunately we can say of the troubles in the Salvation Army: Because we sbake our fists at Spain, and things as a nation which, if said by one a mob in consequence pulls down our flag European Power to another, would cause

"Americans want to get their salvation by

way of Bunker Hill and Faneuil Hall and the at Barcelona, it is made plausible to say armies to be mobilized. This is a misfor

old gun at Lexington, instead of by way of that our seacoast is defenceless, and that tune to us because it deteriorates the na:

London. If they can't get it that way, they'd any third-rate Power can come into our tional character, multiplies bad manners

just run their chances of getting to heaven." harbors and lay our cities under contribu | in private circles, and creates lawlessness It is well that this should be said "right tion. A great many catchwords can be at home, of which we already have an here" before the controversy over Ballingconstructed out of such rotten material, over-supply. It is impossible to say what ton Booth's withdrawal from the Army yet the whole argument for forts and would be the course of the national life it goes any further, for it brings our thinkbattle-ships rests upon the false assump- we were once armed as strongly as we ers face to face with the question, “Do tion that foreign Powers (third-rate Pow. might be, but it would be something dif. we want English salvation or American ers, forsooth) are going to attack us with. ferent from its present course. We know salvation ?" That is the fundamental out provocation. Such a wild, nonsensical | what happened to the Roman republic issue in the controversy. Certain persona, assumption does not deceive any human when it became all-powerful. Rome was who are prone to take an un-American being who stops to think. The United forced to be a military republic in the first view of every international complication States of America unarmed is, for all pur. instance. That was the condition of her which arises between us and Great Bri. poses of self-defence, the strongest Power life; for in ancient times, says Mommsen, tain, have been trying to shift the issue by in the world to-day-strong in resources, it was necessary to be either the bammer saying that the real question is whether strong in intelligence, strong in distance or the apvil. So long as Rome had strong or not Ballington Booth is guilty of in. from other Powers, and strongest of all in rivals, she kept ber ancient discipline and subordination in refusing to relinquish moral greatness if it chooses to exercise preserved the boon of liberty regulated by command of the American branch of the its strength that way. No nation will law. When she no longer had rivals to Salvation Army and return to England for ever attack us unless first provoked by us. engage her strength, ber militarism en orders. It is not worth while to pay much The object and purpose of forts and battle.gulfed her. One civil war followed an- attention to persons of this calibre. Apyships is to enable us to give such provoca- 'other, until she found relief in a monarchy body who will hold that discipline is of

worse.

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