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the purchase of St. Thomas in 1867. The go in for subsidies!), were charged with explanation. It is due to the prevailing price to be paid was $7,500,000. “It is a putting through a secret and monopolis- superstition that it is not patriotic, or at worthless island,” says Mr. Pierce, “re- tic contract. The company was to have all events is not good manners, to draw markable for hurricanes, earthquakes, exclusive rights for twenty years, and gold from the Treasury with which to pay and droughts, destitute of productions, to be given, as one Government organ for the forthcoming issue of the United and iababited by a miserable population.” complained, "the whip hand in making States bonds. For this reason people will No wonder Denmark was eager to clutch terms with Australia, Japan, or any go to bullion dealers and offer them onethat sum of money for a possession that other country of the Pacific.” How- half per cent. or some other premium for she would not accept as a free gift if it ever, as the $40,000 a year subsidy from gold, and then the bullion dealers will buy belonged to anybody else. When the Hawaii was contingent upon getting six sterling exchange and import the yellow treaty of purchase came before the Senate times as much from the United States, it metal. Those who sell sterling have to committee on foreign relations, it was re- was thought safe to put the act through export gold to make their balances good jected unanimously. The committee con- even with the onerous conditions. In on the other side, and this they must obsisted of Sumner, Fessenden, Cameron, other words, Hawaii gave the company tain from the Treasury. This explains Harlan, Morton, Patterson, and Casserly. a sort of crowbar with which to break the phenomenon witnessed last week of Not one of them would consent to it, nor into the United States Treasury. But gold imports and exports passing each would anybody else in Washington ex- Senator Hale was of course, equal to way on the ocean-all in obedience to the cept Seward. The House of Representa- turning this corner with grace and skill. prevailing superstition. The premium on tives, by a two-thirds vote, passed a reso- Objection to a subsidy to a monopoly? He gold in the Street is simply the cost of lution against any further purchases of hoped Senators would understand that if cartage and shipping. It would be much territory.
this country abandoned the project, the easier and more rational, and likewise de
British would at once rush in and fairly void of expense, if the buyers of bonds President Grant, when he came into of
cover the Pacific with their devilish mili-would wait till the time comes to pay for fice, in March, 1869, threw the treaty out tary cables. To this there could be no them, and then go to the Treasury with of the window at once, so far as the exe
answer, and the bill “went to the calen- any legal-tender money they have and pass
dar." cutive department was concerned. Soon
It ought to go to the Greek it in. If the Treasury officers say they Kalends.
must have “coin” for the bonds, it is after its rejection the island was shaken by an earthquake, which nearly demolish
only necessary for the bond-buyer to de
mand coin for his greenbacks, and when ed the town of St. Thomas and the ships
It appears, from a circular issued last which happened to be in the harbor. week by Mr. J. Pierpont Morgan, that
it is given to him pass it back in payment
for his bonds. One of the effects of this earthquake was the suggestion for a public subscription to transfer the centre of West Indian com- in place of the syndicate subscription merce to Barbados, where it has remained
was communicated by him to the Presi- The idea prevailing in Congress, and in ever since. Those of our statesmen who dent in a letter dated January 4—that is, the country to some extent, that the want to acquire the island now, want it two days before Secretary Carlisle's cir- shrinkage of the gold reserve is due to a for war purposes solely. In this way it cular was issued. In this letter Mr. Mor- ! shrinkage of revenue or an excess of diswould possess many advantages. Being an
gan held the opinion that less distur- bursements over receipts, is a mistake. It outlying possession, it would enable us to bance of the money market would result overlooks two facts. One is, that the get into war more easily than we can now. from a loan made through and by the Treasury actually has an enormous surBeing easily exposed to blockade and syndicate, but, in view of the legislation plus on hand, more than $100,000,000. In bombardment, it would require expensive proposed and the dicussions that had al- the matter we are now considering, the fortification and the presence of a con- ready taken place in Congress, if the source of this surplus is quite immaterial, siderable fleet. Large naval appropria. President should think best to call for a whether from bond sales, or internal tions would be called for expressly on ac- public loan, he would cheerfully co- taxes, or customs duties, or what not. count of St. Thomas. Much stress is laid operate to that end. He urged his fellow- The money is there, and it is applicable on its advantages as a coaling station, but members to join in it, and dissolved the under existing law to all ordinary governit should not be overlooked that we can syndicate in order that they might be free mental uses. The other forgotten fact is, get all the coal we want at St. Thomas in
to do so, and he has pledged his firm to that between July, 1890, and October, time of peace by paying a fair price for join others in taking whatever portion of 1893, the Government forced into circulait, whereas if we were engaged in a war,
the loan may be left over after the sub- tion $156,000,000 of Treasury notes, beSt. Thomas would belong to us only on scriptions close. It is fair to presume that sides 36,000,000 silver dollars, or a total of condition that we had a stronger naval | the Secretary of the Treasury would not nearly $200,000,000 of currency, for the force than the Power we were fighting have issued the call so promptly (although greater part of which there was no busiwith.
he might have done so eventually) without ness demand or requirement. That there
the assurances conveyed in Mr. Morgan's was no such demand is evidenced by the Senator Halo called up his Hawaiian letter, since it would have been a serious fact that we exported $141,000,000 of gold cable bill on Thursday, for the purpose of responsibility to give a bird in the hand during the time that we were putting out making a speech upon it. The present for one in the bush-to reject the offer of this new lot of fiat money. The panic of scheme is to drop the Government build responsible parties for all the gold ho 1893 had its origin here, and not in any ing and control of the cable--for which, wanted, on the chance of getting a small- deficiency of revenue. Senator Sherman in the last Congress, Senators Hale and
er but indefinite amount from some other naturally prefers to look in some other Lodge were for some days willing to die unknown source. Indeed, the coöpera- quarter of the heavens for the cause of in their tracks—and to fall back on the tion of the syndicate was the essential that financial crash. The fatal act of good old plan of a subsidy of $250,000 a prerequisite of the success of the loan, 1890 bears his name. That he is not year to a private corporation. We do and it is that coöperation which makes it wholly unmindful of the truth, however, not know how fully Senator Hale ex- a success to-day.
is made plain by the terms of his recent plained the contract already made by
resolution and speech in the Senate, in this corporation with the Hawaiian
which he proposes to imprison all the Government. At the time, it caused The small premium on gold existing at greenbacks and Treasury notes that are no small outcry in Honolulu. The con- the present time in conjunction with an sent in for redemption, and not to pay cessionaire, Mr. Spalding, ex-United open Treasury and daily redemption of them out except in exchange for gold. States Consul, and his counsel, ex-Min- the Government's legal-tender notes in This would not be a bad idea in itself, beister Thurston (how naturally these exes 'gold, is a phenomenon which needs some cause it would amount to a retirement of
greenbacks pro tanto. It would curtail by becoming a chronic objector, and claring that their delegates “should fatho banking functions of the Government blocking all legislation which does not vorably consider the name of Pennsylvato some extent. It moves the St. Paul seek an outlet for expenditures in his own nia's representative Republican for the Pioneer Press to the sarcastic remark district. But it requires a higher order Presidency, Hon. Matthew Stanley Quay,” that Senator Sherman's affection for the of courage to defy malicious misrepre. and instructing them to vote for him if greenbacks, as the best paper currency sentation and vulgar personal abuse from his name shall be presented to the convenever invented, moves him to take them one's own colleagues, by taking a stand tion. Of more significance was the resoout of harm's way by putting them be- alone against an army of time-servers lution adopted in another convention yond the reach of a rude, unfeeling bent on holding the soldier vote at any which was ruo by one of Quay's lieuteworld.
cost. There was not a point made by nants, “recognizing the splendid abilities,
Mr. Bartlett during the debate to which the masterful leadership, the wise and The venerable ex-Speaker Grow made every honest citizen will not assent. The safe statesmanship, and the distinguished last week a vigorous assertion of the pre
blatherskites, on his own side of the public record of the Hon. Thomas B. Reed rogatives of the House against the dan-House as well as on the other, had to ap- of Maine,” declaring him “the best expogerous encroachments of the Executive. peal to the lowest instincts of the mob be- nentof our party in council and in action,” It was an awful thing to have a financial hind them in order to find material for and instructing the delegates to "earnestbill laid before members known as “the their speeches in response. The deserv- ly labor and consistently vote for the nomiSecretary of the Treasury's bill.” Lib-ing veterans have a better champion in a nation of that matchless man of the people erty was on its last legs when a letter Representative who tries to protect their as the standard-bearer of our patriotic from the President could be read in the reputations against the taint of fraud, party.” Philadelphia is the first city in House just before a vote was to be had on than in one who is willing to rob the the country to elect and instruct delegates, a tariff bill. The ex-Speaker was eloquent Treasury for the sake of shielding himself and the Speaker of the House is thus enon the duty of the House to itself in the from a false charge of disloyalty.
tered in the race ahead of all rivals. This matter of making the President keep his
fact illustrates one advantage of being the place. But the question arises, Where
favorite of a party boss—but there are was Mr. Grow on December 18 last? Had The choice of Chicago as the place, and also disadvantages in enjoying such favor. the House no prerogatives then? Was he the 7th of July as the time, for the meetsitting by, frightened and dumb like the ing of the Democratic national convenrest, when a President practically usurped tion is significant and encouraging be
There has been a good deal of talk about the power of Congress to declare war, and cause the free-coinage element in the com
the exact nature of the control of Great not a voice was raised to assert the privi- mittee desired St. Louis, as a headquar- Britain over the foreign relations of the leges and dignity of the House ? The ex. ters of silver sentiment, and a date a
Transvaal, and the general impression has Speaker had a glorious chance then to month earlier, because they thought they been that the Boers could hold no interassert the constitutional rights of the would be stronger, the shorter the preli
course with foreign Powers except through House; and his argument would not thon minary discussion.
the British Government. But this con
Precedent dictates have seemed to assert, as it does now, the holding of its convention by the party
tention does not seem to be sustained by that it is usurpation to ask Congress to in control of the Administration before
the text of the treaty of 1884. This treaty
was a sort of revision of the Sand River pay the country's debts or reform taxa that of the Opposition, but the Demotion, but strict constitutional patriotiem crats are
Convention of 1852, which first guaran.
now in a minority in each and propriety to urge it blindfold into branch of Congress six months before
teed the independence of the Boers. Here war.
Presidential nominations are to be made, is the article which is supposed to cut for the first time since 1872, and they feel them off from foreign intercourse except
through the British Foreign Office: Bill Chandler is quite as zoalous a sup- little like taking the initiative. A more. porter of Speaker Reed for the Presidency striking sign of party demoralization is “The South African Republic will conclude
no treaty or engagement with any state or naas is Matt Quay, and the New Hampshire the almost complete absence of any se
tion other than the Orange Free State, nor Senator has taken to writing articles in rious discussion of candidates, or of any with any native tribe to the eastward or west
ward of the republic, until the sanie has been favor of the Speaker's nomination. The organized movement for the nomination
approved by her Majesty the Queen. Such apmost novel feature of Chandler's argu
of any man. It is quite without prece- proval shall be considered to have been grantments is that he presents the former dent that the party which elected the ed if her Majesty's Government shall not.
within six months after receiviog a copy of "czar" in the light of a compromise can
President at the last election should enter such treaty (which shall be delivered to them didate, who is neither out-and-out for a Presidential year without any general immediately upon its completion), have noti
fied that the conclusion of such treaty is in sound money nor bitterly opposed to soft expression of opinion in favor of any can
conflict with the interests of Great Britain, or money. It may be that Eastern Republi-didate for the next term, and, indeed, of any of her Majesty's possessions in South
Africa." cans, who believe in the gold standard, and without evidence that anybody is very silver-State Republicans, who believe in a anxious to secure the nomination. This Under this, treaties have been concluded 50-cent dollar, will rally with enthusiasm extraordinary situation only reflects a ge- with both Portugal and Holland, with to the support of a man who stands on neral feeling ten months before the elec- British approval. But this plainly does such a platform; but it is hard to rocog. tion that the Republican candidate is sure not prohibit anything except the conclunize in this " wobbling" candidate for a of success. Yet so sudden and great have sion of treaties with foreign powers withPresidential nomination the man whose been the revolutions in public sentiment out British sanction. Treaties must be friends used to boast of his courage and
of late years in the United States that it negotiated, and negotiation means a great positiveness.
is foolish to regard the result of the vot deal of intercourse, which must be in the ing next November as already settled. main friendly, and may include various
sorts of friendly expressions. A governIt is not wonderful that the victory
ment which might negotiate a treaty with which Representative Bartlett won last Philadelphia Republicans always elect Germany must surely be allowed to reweek, single-handed, over the whole their delegates to the national convention ceive congratulations from Germany on school of pension sharks gathered in the very early, and the custom was maintained any piece of good fortune, including the House of Representatives and its lobby, this year by conventions in the five Con-repulse of a party of filibusters. In fact, has attracted wide attention. The pub-gressional districts last week. A touch of it does not appear that Oom Paul is cut lic Treasury can always supply itself with humor was lent to the occasion by the off from any sort of correspondence with watch-dogs of the Holman variety in Con. adoption, in a convention controlled by any power which is not openly unfriendly gress; any member can win cheap fame the Senator's friends, of a resolution de.' to Great Britain.
THE ROOT OF THE TROUBLE.
and in the failure of the attempt to get a de- out caring what follows. It was no Mug.
cent municipal government. Republican gov. The finances and currency of a great and ernment has often been a curse. The ballot
wump who said, two thousand years ago, very rich nation are and have been for ten
has no virtue, and under certain circumstances “What king, as he goeth to encounter it is a source of great corruption."
another king in war, will not sit down first years in such disorder that the Govern. ment is borrowing money, with immense
Now, if this be not true, what is the and take counsel whether he is able with hubbub, overy. three or four months to matter with us? Why are we in this ten thousand to meet him that cometh koop its own paper at par in a time of wretched condition ? If these men at against him with twenty thousand ? Or profound peace. In the midst of this Washington are competent, why do they else, while the other is yot a great way hubbub all branches of the Government not get us out of our present slough? off, he sendeth an ambassage, and asketh
conditions of peace.” have agreed with wild acclamation, al. Why did they ever let us get into it? though possessing neither army nor navy, Why do we have to borrow money to
Therefore, we think it may fairly be said to challenge the greatest maritime power keep our paper at par? Why do we all to the young men of the country that they in the world to an armed conflict concern- wear the “shackles of the money power" will study in vain sociology, and econoing a boundary dispute on foreign soil be- Why has not something been done long mics, and statecraft, and vainly get their tween this maritime power and a small ago to break “the power of Wall Street”! patriotism on the boil for war, unless they
can put a better order of men, more raand semi-barbarous community consisting Why are foreigners able to annoy us by mainly of Indians and negroes. When selling their own property at fifty cents tional, more instructed, and more upright, this act of folly has shaken the whole on the dollar ? Why have we so many
in charge of our public affairs. We canedifice of national and private credit,
tons of silver stored at Washington ? not go on very long out of all intellectual nearly all the public men of the nation in Why is it not made to circulate freely relations with the rest of Christendom, question have thrown the blame on the among an impoverished people? Why is calling wise what they call foolish, wrong persons most interested in national pros- Spanish America, over which we claim what they call right, and treating as maleperity, the bankers and brokers, and de dominion, left in such a condition of factors the men whom they treat as benenounced them as public enemies, while ignorance and barbarism ? Why are the factors. There has been no special creasome have rejoiced in the prospect of bulk of our intelligent classes, who do tion either of men or things for the benehaving the leading commercial cities laid the principal work of our civilization, 80
fit of America. Human reason and human in ashes by a foreign fleet. Others have discontented and anxious ? If they are experience work here in just the same way gone still further, and accused foreigners mistaken, why are they such dreadful as elsewhere. Two straight lines cannot of selling their own property cheap for fools ? Prof. Wheeler answers all these enclose a space in any part of this conti
nent. It caonot be true bere, any more the purpose of annoying their enemies. questions, and many more which we do In the meantime neither branch of the
not ask. The cause of all our troubles is than elsewhere, that people whom no wise National Legislature shows the smallest the rapid deterioration of our public man would think of consulting about any capacity to pass bills concerning domestic
When a ship runs on a mudbank private affair are fit to regulate the affairs affairs, while one of them is principally in broad daylight, with the charts un- of a nation of 70,000,000 in peace or war. occupied in drafting defiances to peaceful rolled and the instruments of navigation Behind the currency question, and the neighbors, and in proposing schemes of in good order, the cause is not the ship tariff question, and the Monroe question, taxation and finance which the rest of herself, nor the passengers, nor the mud and every other question which agitates the civilized world looks on as insane.
bank, nor the daylight, but the captain this community to-day, lies the question Along with this state of things at the or the pilot.
of more honest and competent national capital, all the large cities and many of
An anti-war sermon delivered in Phila- and State legislators. the large States are given over to the gov. delphia during "the scare" by the Rov. ernment of bosses, who control all legisla. Joseph May, Dr. Furness's successor,
THE NEW "AMERICAN” DOCTRINE. tion by means of money derived from contains one tremendous passage, which blackmail levied un corporations as the we quote in full:
SENATOR SEWELL of New Jersey introducprice of exemption from confiscatory at
ed resolutions on Thursday affirming that
“I have lived through two generations. I tacks. In this way the attempts made recall vividly the shameless bodies which sat
the Monroe Doctrine was originally proby persons of acknowledged intelligence the North, the principles of our government,
in our congressional balls and laid the spirit of pounded as a warning to the allied Powers and integrity to improve social conditions the safety of the Union, prostrate before tbe
of Europe not to attempt to subdue the are invariably frustrated, and the com
slaveholding oligarchy. But I know of no Con revolting colonies of Spain ; that the
gress that ever sat before in which there was ments of these persons on public affairs
true ground on which it is based is our not at least one righteous map to raise bis voice treated with hilarity. In fact, in what against national folly and national danger ; | interests, and our interests only; that ever direction we look, we see the classes against the usurpation of the executive and is neither by the Monroe Doctrine nor any
warping of the perils to which clumsy diplowhich civilized men have hitherto agreed macy, acute technicality, and rash and parti- official declaration have we ever come unto consider bad because venal, or danger- that we have allowed such a class to take pos- this continent that binds us to act merely
san speech were exposing our people. Alas, der any pledge to any Power or estate on ous because ignorant and inexperienced, session of our affairs, that when the most danin full control of affairs. If the public gerous word of this century was recklessly for their protection against invasion or men are wise and skilled and pure, then
spoken, not one man had the virility, the pa- encroachment by any other Power; and
triotism, tbe mere practical wisdom to rise in the experience of the human race touch- his place in stern rebuke, in solemn warning!
that when a case arises in which a Euroing statesmanship and morals is not worth
We have little hope from our politicians of pean Power proposes to acquire territory
anything good, or wise, or patriotic.” a farthing rushlight.
by invasion or conquest, it is then for us The name of this country is the United This refers to the wild vote of approval to determine whether our safety and our States of America. What is the cause of given to the President's sudden declara- | integrity demand that we shall resist such all these troubles ? It was given last week
tion of war by both houses of Congress, action by armed force if necessary. in terse language by Prof. Wheeler of for it was, we think, the first time since These affirmations are not left by Mr. Yale College in a lecture on the Monroe
man invented the bow and arrow that a Sewell to stand as mere abstractions. He Doctrine. Said he:
nation declared for war without delibera- goes on to connect them with the imme“We say that the message was called out by
tion. There is no African tribe so low in diate crisis by affirming: the danger to our institutions. Wby don't we civilization as not to deliberate or hold "That the Executive has pressed the Monroe take tbem in out of tbe wet and not let them remain out over night? Our danger does not some kind of council before putting the Doctrine beyond what was contemplated at the
time of its announcement, and that the resul. lie in Venezuela, nor in the land south of the community in peril through a challenge frost line. It lies not in contact with England, to a powerful enemy. We care not wbat
tant sequence of the positions thus taken
seems to be a committal of this Government whosa institutions are as free as our own. The the cause may be, it is human to delibe
to a protectorate over Mexico and the Central liberties of our fatbers are in peril. The dan.
and South American States. That this would ger lies in tbe degeneracy of our public men, rate before fighting, bestial to bite with. be most unwise and dangerous, and would vio
late the sound and well-established policy that see fit to do so, and a prohibition to we should apply to the resolutions of one we should avoid all entangliog alliances with Great Britain to dispute any such claim of D. s’s or Sovereign's assemblies. We foreign Powers, whether they be Europeap or American. That this action was premature, on pain of war with the United States. must not consider them as acts of governlooking to the history of the controversy, and It overrules the position taken in this ment or expressions of national policy. inopportuno in view of the business and finan. matter by successive Secretaries of State We must examine them as agencies for cial condition of the country.
"That neither Congress nor the country during twenty years of controversy, and the delusion of home voters--as part, in can be, nor has been, committed by the action or position of the Executive Department in also that taken and solemnly promulgat. fact, of the general humbug of campaigns. reference to the Venezuelan boundary contro-ed by the President within the last two Each party just now, within six months versy, as to the course to be pursued when the months in a message which, as it stood, of the Presidential nomination, cannot timne shall have arrived for a final determination. It will then be our province and our was considered sufficiently warlike. It bear to let this dispute with England pass duty to adopt such a line of policy and to take overrules, also, Monroe's admission of the away without getting some capital out of such action as may be then demanded by our sense of duty to the country, and by a due legitimacy of the European colonies al-it. A peaceful settlement at this moment regard for its bonor and dignity, the welfare ready existing on this continent at the would leave all the profits of the escapade and safety of our people, and the integrity of time he compounded his doctrine-for a with Cleveland and Olney. Something our institutions."
notice to a colony that it must not dis-bas, therefore, to be done to extract from If Senator Sewell's resolutions had been pute any territorial claim which any it a reasonable usufruct for the Republiintroduced a year ago, when there was no
Spanish-American neighbor may make, cans. So they are “going him one betparticular excitement on hand, they would is virtually notice to quit. It makes that ter." Mr. Gresham said: “You will probably have been adopted without do- colony's existence illegitimate for all prac- surely arbitrate this matter.” Mr. Olney bate, or, if objected to at all, would have tical purposes.
said: “You must arbitrate or you will be been opposed on the ground of being a
This notice, too, which, if addressed to killed.” Mr. Cleveland said: “The responneedless affirmation of the undisputed po
us, would be considered an insult of the sibility of this is awful, but I can bear it." licy of the Government. In the absence most flagrant character, that would range Now, Lodge & Co. say: “ You must get of any particular stirring of the war spirit,
even the most peaceable of us on the side out of this continent before the convenfounded upon misinformation, everybody
of war in spite of want of preparation, is tion meets." This is the precise way in who paid any attention to the matter (ex: addressed to one of the strongest Powers which Debs approaches great questions, cept, perhaps, the Manoa Company) would in the world, certainly also one of the They have no difficulties for him. bave said that Mr. Sewell was right in his
proudest and most warlike, and most All we have to say about it to-day is to interpretation of the Monroe Doctrine, famed for tenacity and resources, which ask patriotic Americans whether they bebut that its reaffirmation was perbaps is already in a state of irritation over this lieve that it is possible for free govern. needless and a waste of time. His resolutions derive their chief significance from
very question; and it is addressed by a ment, if carried on by such men on such
nation which is borrowing money quarter. lines, to be permanent or peaceable. This the change of public opinion that has
is the question of the hour. It is, we ventaken place since the President's mes.ly to keep its demand notes at par, has no
army at all and only a very small navy; ture to assert, present to the mind of sage was sent in. They would have found and it is addressed in defiance of the pro- every thinking man and woman in the no place in the Senate's proceedings un less there had been abundant popular sup-ber-minded, and religious persons of all tests of the great body of intelligent, so
country. The late chairman of the com
mittee on foreign affairs of the Senate, and port for them. How many recruits Mr. callings, who may be considered the mind
a present member of the committee, was Sewell may find among bis Republican and conscience of " this our nation.” We present at a public dinner in this city colleagues it is impossible to predict. can recall no case in history in which any
within a month, intoxicated, and delivered Probably most of them would come to his support if they had not made such a dis government, big or little, has submitted himself of an incoherent speech, part oral,
to such terms except after complete de- part written, which lasted one hour and graceful exhibition when they allowed feat in a bloody conflict. They might have fifty minutes, and was hiccoughod out to themselves to be stampeded by the President. They will naturally seek refuge in only after Sedan and the capture of Paris. been presented to Thiers by Bismarck, but a deriding, hooting, and insulting audi
ence. Yet this man is one of those who the other resolution reported on Monday
We do not need to comment on them at have charge of the “national honor "at by the committee on foreign relations, which reads as follows:
any length, or indeed to comment on them Washington to-day, and was sent abroad
at all, as far as the readers of the Nation in 1892 as our representative to sit with " Resolved, That the United States of Ameare concerned. Upon Jingoes any com
gentlemen and scholars in a great interrica reaffirms and confirms the doctrine and principles promulgated by President Monroe ment or argument would be wasted. We national tribunal! in his message of December 2, 1823, and de- have for the past two months read the reclares that it will assert and maintain tbat doctripe and those principles, and will regard any
marks of a large number of their papers infringement thereof, and particularly any at- on this Venezuelan dispute and the Pre
DANGER SIGNALS IN MOVELS. tempt by any European Power to take or ac sident's message, and have never found | Mr. Tunggas Hardy's latest povel has quire any new territory on the American continent, or any island adjacent thereto, or in one of them any ratiocinative defence been condemned, on moral grounds, by aby right of sovereignty or dominion in the either of the Monroe Doctrine or of the critics on both sides of the Atlantic with same, in any case or instance as to which the United States shall deem such attempt to be Cleveland Doctrine. All objections to it
a unanimity quite unparalleled in the case dangerous to its peace or safety, by or through made by sober-minded people are generally of a writer of his deserved repute. As to force, purchase, cession, occupation, pledge, colonization, protectorate, or by control of the met, by a Jingo, with loud yolls, and pro- the justice of the strictures made on his easement in canal or any other means of fuse vituperation, and invitations to quit Jude the Obscure' we will not here extransit across the American isthmus, whether the country if you do not like it. “Do press an opinion; but the defence which under unfounded pretension of right, in cases of alleged boundary disputes, or under any other you not see,” you say to him, " that such he sets up, or which his friends, at any unfounded pretensions, as the manifestation of and such consequences will follow your rate, set up, is worth examining. Oban unfriendly disposition towards the United States, and as an interposition which it would attempt to put your Doctrine in force as jectors to the propriety of many things in be impossible, in any form, for the United you understand it p" "I don't care a the novel are referred to the preface of States to regard with indifference."
rap,” he replies, “about consequences; the unexpurgated edition. There it is As there is no boundary in certain ro- that's the way I feel. Huroo, buroo !" distinctly stated that the book is "a gions between Great Britain and Vene- and then he jumps about like a maniac, novel addressed by a man to men and zuela, and as the boundary is disputed in and tries to stand on his head.
women of full age,” and that, this being other places, this is virtually an invita- We need hardly remark that most of remembered, the author is “not aware tion to Venezuela to claim any line she the emanations from Congress touching that there is anything in the handling to pleases, even the whole of British Guiana, foreign policy just now are to be judged which exception can be taken." In other if the Dictator for the time being should I by much the same rules of interpretation I words, the inference is that by openly repudiating the obligations of a writer vir. Every one knows, also, how such warnings with that of a British colony, in a question of ginibus puerisque, you successfully es- fail to work, or in a little whilo lose all international politics, may sound like the coucape them.
their terror, in the case of suspicious for-pling of Alexander the Great with Alexander An obvious difficulty with this infer- eign novels. “French novels" may have the Coppersmith. All the same is it a fact
that the most friendly relations have for many ence, at the start, is tbat the repudiation been for a time a red flag to make a Saxon
years past subsisted betwen the citizens of the is not open epough. It appears in a pre-reader reverse and put on the brakes. We
United States and the colonists of British face. But the majority of povel-readers say nothing about the difficulties of a for
Guiana. This good understanding is the result are as impatient as Bacon of “prefaces eign tongue as helping on the temporary of a long-continued trade between the two and passages and excusations.” Many taboo, for, of course, we know that every countries, to their mutual advantage. That young women invariably begin reading body except ourselves is perfectly at home trade was at first carried on between Dutch their novel at the last chapter; some be- in French. But it was not long before the colonists in what was in those days a part of gin in the middle and read both ways; age of the translator dawned, and now
Dutch Guiana, and British colonists in what but who ever heard of one reading a pre- the masterpieces of French and Russian
afterwards became the United States of Ameface? The danger-signal, to be truly ef- fiction are found everywhere, their inde
rica. With Portland (Me.), Boston, New York, fective, should have been placed conspicu.cencies covered with nothing except a
Philadelphia, and Baltimore, and with Fernanously on the cover, Parents should have garb of unintelligible English. In fact, ish Guiana has for years had commercial trans
dina (Fla.) and other ports in the South, Britbeen warned in large type to keep the danger signals of this sort are very like actions, exchanging its sugars for cargoes of book under lock and key; or dealers re- those which the sagacious McKinley bad breadstuffs, lumber, tobacco, ire and iced proquired to demand a certificate from all put upon foreign-made goods. He was visions, mules and other animals, hardware, purchasers that they were “ of full age.' convinced that patriotic and virtuous notions, and thiogs in general. The tariff of With such precautions, no awkward mis- shoppers, seeing the legend “Made in the colony does not impose any discriminating takes would bave been possible. The France” stamped upon otherwise seduc-duties upon American goods, wbich enter the apothecaries do these things better. On tive articles, would turn away in horror colonial market on the same terms as do Brittheir poisonous prescriptions they put a and call loudly for American products at ish goods. Money matters between the comsuggestive skull and cross-bones, or take twice the price. But it did not work that
mercial men of the two countries are liqui.
dated with hardly a reference to a court of pains to sell their carbolic acid only in a way; and the student of books should justice. Should the American citizen need to roughened bottle, so that a man reaching learn from this profound student of mar- assert his rights by legal process, he would find out in the dark for a sedative dose will kets that to stamp goods or books" haute equal justice meted out to him in the courts of not get one far too effective.
nouveauté de Paris" is not to deter but the colony; and so would a Venezuelan. In But a more serious objection is that any to incite buyers.
colonial society, the American is welcomed as warning of the kind, however emphatic
We cannot but think that it is a serious
a kinsman. He may travel from one end of and plain-spoken, cannot fail to be, under loss with which the English novel is British Guiana to the other and find himself, a system of perfectly free buying and sell-threatened in going over to French fash- everywhere, at least as safe as if he were in
the United States; and so might a Venezuelan, ing, provocative and alluring rather than ions. In France, novels and series are
and he would find even more safety and freepreventive. For every parent put on his stamped “pour les jeunes filles," and no
dom than in his own country. Among those guard, for every ingenuous youth turned one thinks anytbing of it, because every
who have taken a share in the infantile gold away, ten buyers and readers will be at body understands that all povels not so
industry of the colony, are some American tracted who might have let the book en marked are distinctly not for "les jeunes citizens and one or two Venezuelans. Not a tirely alone but for the hint that it was no
filles." Such discriminations have not single soldier is stationed in British Guiana; better than it should be.
The way in
been necessary in English fiction until and yet in no South American republic does which human nature, being what it is- lately. The English novel began in in
order reign so peacefully as in this quiet colony.
The people of British Guiana have gone on especially youthful human nature, being decency, because it began in an age of what it is reacts under such hinted pro- loose manners and speech, and also be developing (very slowly, it is true) the re
sources of their land; living at peace with hibitions and obscure intimations of cause it was understood to be written for
their neighbors-the Dutch on the one hand, danger, is perfectly well known. The men and clubs, not for women and girls.
and the Venezuelans on the other. Although warning is always read as a challenge.
The Rev. Laurence Sterne had no satis- they bave been from time to time subjected to Old experience may wag its head as sage
factory answer to give when, asking a insult from the Venezuelaps, no difference was ly as it pleases, and advise hot blood to lady if she had read his • Tristram Shan- shown in the treatment of persons of the latter wait till it is cooled before doing or read.dy,' he was told, “I have not, Mr. Sterne, nationality living in the colony or coming
there to do business with its inhabitants. The ing certain things; but it is of the nature and, to be plain with you, I am informed of hot blood to want to do and read things it is not proper for female perusal.” Few British colonists have taken no part in sup. immediately, the sooner the more risky. novels at that time were considered fit porting the ever-recurring revolutions of that To prescribe the reading of books is a for female perusal. But the important unsettled republic. On the contrary, for many
years a provision bas appeared in the colonial much more certain way of insuring their English fiction of this century has been,
customs-duties law that duty shall be paid neglect, with a kind of settled repugnance, until within a decade, of a kind that
upon gunpowder upon its landing in the colothan to forbid their reading.
might safely be left to free publishingny, and that no drawback of duty upon gunThe futility of such warnings in other
and reading without the intervention of powder should be allowed. This special profields of literature than fiction has often censorship, either governmental or paren. vision originated in the wish of the Governbeen demonstrated. Take a theological
tal. We neither affirm por deny that this ment of British Guiana to discourage the exbook like "The Kernel and the Husk.' bas resulted in a limited, a truncated Eng- portation of gunpowder to Venezuela during
the troublous times that so often befall that The author, Dr. E. A. Abbott, in his lish fiction, as compared with foreign preface, warns away all those not troubled work in the same field. We leave it an
state. This is not urged as any very virtuous by doubts about the supernatural. He open question whether a change from the act, but it is certainly not an unfriendly one.
Then, the Venezuelan State of Guiana, which would disturb no one's faith. But how is
old custom may not signify a gain for art; adjoins the British colody, bas often been in such a notice certain to operate? As
but we are certain that it means a loss to revolt against the authority of the President suredly by making many a careless turner
our comfort, to our traditions, to our for the time being of the central Government; of the leaves say to himself, “Why should
but no British Sam Houston has appeared upon there be any doubts about the superna
the scene to repeat the precedent of Texas, al. tural? If some people have them, why
though British subjects have for years been shouldn't I? Let's see what this man has
A BRITISH GUIANA COLONIST UPON numerous in that State, numbers of persons to say.” Thus the book gets a wider
THE VENEZUELAN BOUNDARY QUES- having gone thither from the West Indian
Islands to work at the rich gold fields in that hearing through the very fact of profess
GEORGETOWN, January 6, 1896.
country. ing to be addressed only to a narrow circle. To associate the name of the Great Republic The British colonists have suddenly bad their