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ly marked style of their own. They have mous sop, Sir John Herschel, now dead near. time by Miss Clerke with some approach to nothing of the flavor of eclecticism. Nor can ly a quarter of a century, has thus far experi. suitable fulness. The wider sympathies of the we admit that any hypothesis of the Two enced a like fate. Miss Clerke's The Herschels son make his life of greater general interest Treatises' is so precisely accordant with that and Modern Astronomy' is almost the sole at- than his father's, and not a single phase of his of the ‘Principia' that it is necessary to attri- tempt to acquaint the lay reader with these beautiful character escapes that careful touch bute them to one author. Digby, by the way, great names. Sir William's sister, Caroline, which marks the perfect biographer. is a better psychologist than physicist. He hes been more fortunate, and her accurate Astronomy, before the Herschels, had been treats of the association of ideas, and even pro. 'Journals and Recollections' form the chief mostly dry formulæ and drier figures, and the poses a physical hypothesis to account for it. authority for her brother's eminent life. In- irresistible momentum imparted to modern
We tind it very difficult to let this interest. deed, he often referred to her for the dates of physical astronomy by the elder Herschel reing work go without saying anything more events in his earlier years. Collateral infor.ceived a marked accession of impulse from the about it. An excellent present for a scientifi- mation about him is meagre; but in the case life and work of his brilliant son. Before their cally minded young person would be Motte. of Sir John Herschel there is this important day, astronomers had mainly been content lay's translation of Gilbert on the Magnet difference, that his long and intimate friend. with inquiry as to precisely where the hea(Wiley) and Benjamin's 'Intellectual Rise' ship witb Sir William Rowan Hamilton led venly bodies had been and would be; anything (Appleton).
his conscientious biographer, the late Dean beyond the crudest speculation as to what
Graves, to make ample inclusions of Herschel's these orbs might themselves be, rarely ocThe Herschels and Modern Astronomy. By
letters. Still, his life, as Miss Clerke modest-curred. Not only has the older astronomy not Agnes M. Clerke. [The Century Science | ly says, has yet to be written; and, as we are been neglected, but the now astronomy of the Series.] Macmillan. 1895.
at liberty to judge from her excellent success nineteenth century has made uninterrupted
with the little volume now before us, no one LITTLE could Dr. (afterwards Sir William)
progress with every decade; and this broad could tell the fascinating story of that life movement, begun by the Herschels in England, Watson, as he strolled through Walcot Turn.
more entertainingly than Miss Clerke herself. was ably promoted by Arago in France, nor pike, Bath, late in an evening about Christmas
Her evident sympathy with the breadth of bas America failed to lend a hand. Not only time, 1779, bave thought that his stopping in
his aims in physical investigation, ber accu- was a “knowledge of the construction of the the street to look through the telescope of a
rate knowledge of methods, and her singular heavens” the ultimate object of the elder Her“moon-struck musician" was to lead the way felicity of expression all fit her wortbily for
schel's observations, but his conception of the to the immediate inception of one of the most this poble task.
sun, as ruler, fire, light, and life of our planeremarkable careers in the history of astrono
But to return to Sir William. Miss Clerketary system, was more than a half century in my. Such, however, was the fact. Frederick
has admirably told the authentic anecdote of advance of his time, and no less propbetic. William Herschel, born at Hanover, Novem
the odd old German orgau-builder, Scbnetzler, ber 15, 1738, into a family possessed of an ir. who, exasperated at the staccato performance
As early as 1801 he wrote: "The influence of
this eminent body on the globe we inhabit is resistible instinct and aptitude for music, bav- of Herschel's rival, became wild with delight so great, and so widely diffused, that it being landed as a lad at Dover with but a
when, on ascending to the loft, Herschel took comes almost a duty to study the operations French crown-piece in his pocket, drifted
from his pocket two leaden weights with which which are carried on upon the solar surface." through a series of ably filled engagements be held down an octave, all the while impro. In our day many great observatories are charg: as a professional musician until, 1776, he had become Director of the public concerts at
vising a majestic counterpoint. “I vil luf dised with almost the sole duty of that study. Bath. But while all this time a musician in pipes time for to shpeak.” And here is her nomy merely a matter of right ascension and
man," cried Schnetzler, “because he gif my Neither to the younger Herschel was astrobody, he was an astronomer in spirit, at no
crisp description of the very beginnings of declination; of poising, clamping, and reading time losing sight of the vision of the skies; and
Herschel's building of his own telescopes (page off'; of cataloguing and correcting—a mere it was in the latter capacity that he had the
"inventory of God's property,” as Thoreau good fortune to attract an able and willing pa. tron, whose friendship provided precisely that “In June, 1773, when fine folk had mostly de
has aptly said. “It was his peculiar privi. serted Bath for summer resorts, work was
lege,” remarked Dean Stanley in his funeral opportunity which was needed for full de
begun in earnest. The house was turned sermon, "to combine with those more special velopment of his powers. All the while that,
topsy-turvy; the two brothers attacked the studies such a width of view and such a power in his official capacity, he had “to engage per- novel enterprise with boyish glee. Alexander, formers, to appease discontents, to supply a born mechanician, set up a huge lathe in one
of expression as to make him an interpreter, a casual failures, to write glees and catches ex.
of the bed rooms; a cabinet-maker was in- poet of science, even beyond his immediate
stalled in the drawing-room; Caroline, in sphere." pressly adapted to the voices of his executants, spite of secret dismay at such upruly proceed
Unintentionally we have left little space for and frequently to come forward himself as a ings, lent a hand, and kept meals going; Wilsoloist on the hautboy or the barpsichord,” he of a man who had staked his life on the issue. liam directed, inspired, toiled, with the ardor
Miss Clerke's chapter on Caroline Herschel
probably the best of all the brief treatments was absorbingly occupied with a self-imposed Meanwhile, music could not be neglected. of her life extant. Traits of modest simplicity task of minutely reviewing all the beavenly Practising and choir training went on; novel and singular self-effacement were preëminentbodies and every spot of the celestial vault. During the progress of this unprecedented compositions written and parts copied. Then !bers, and the story of her self denial for task it was that the above incident happened; and performances, while all the time mirrors Clerke's welcome book is one which no philoso
the winter brought the usual round of tuitions her brother's sake will never grow old. Miss for young Herschel, then engaged in a series were being ground and polished, tried and reof observations on the lunar mountains, had jected, without intermission. At last, after phic student of modern astronomy can pass
two hundred failures, a tolerable reflecting over, and its importance as pure biography brought his seven-foot reflector into the street telescope was produced, about five inches in places it in the first rank among the lives in front of his house, and was gazing diligent. aperture ;
but those two hundred ly when Dr. Watson chanced to pass by. failures made the Octagon Chapel organist an
of famous pioneers in science. Fortunately he did not rest with merely ex
expert, unapproached and unapproachable, in
the construction of specula." pressing great satisfaction at the view of the
The Oxford Church Movement: Sketches and moon courteously afforded by the young Ger- It was with this new instrument that, in the
Recollections. By the late G. Wakeling. man; he called the next morning to make his following Marcb, Herschel began his astro
With an Introduction by Earl Nelson. Lon. further acquaintance. Instantly this led to nomical work by an observation of the great
don: Swan Sonnenschein & Co.; New York: an introduction to a local philosophical so. nebula in Orion, the record of which is still
Macmillan, 1895. ciéty, then to the Royal Society of London, preserved by the Royal Society.
In the great variety of books that have grown and in little more than two years to an au- Herschel married at fifty Mary Baldwin, only up about the Oxford Movement there have dience with his Majesty George III. Thence- daughter of a London merchant, and widow of been many degrees of interest. Mr. Wakeforward the great Herschel's life and work are Mr. John Pitt. Her jointure, we are told, re- ling's place is near the bottom of the scale. It the common knowledge of every astronomer- lieved him from pecuniary care, and her sweet- comes very near to being a lucus a non lucendo, and it is a little singular that a century should ness of disposition secured his domestic happi- there is so little in it about the Oxford Movehave elapsed with no thoroughly competent Miss Burney records in her diary a tea ment, speaking carefully. Dean Church, in history of that life and work, and no repub- at Mr. De Luc's, adding, of the newly married his admirable history of the Movement, dates lication of Herschel's unsurpassed volume of wife, “She was rich, too! And astronomers its conclusion from the condemnation of Ward technical papers, which have still to be sought are as able as other men to discern that gold in 1845. Certainly its influence upon the in the original editions of the ' Philosophical can glitter as well as stars." Their only child church for good or ill went on for a long time Transactions.
was John Frederick William, born 1792, and after that, but, though nearly related to the No less astonishing is it that his equally for his biography is here presented for the first Ritualististic Movement, it was quite a differ
ent thing. To read Pusey's Life and Corre increase than to diminish under the new dis. first venture in early manhood, after graduaspopdence' is to learn that he did not know pensation. "Mr. Keble mentions a sagiog of tion from Union College, was as a school. the alphabet of that language of ceremonial Justice Coleridge, 'If you want to propagate teacher in Georgia. After a year of pedagogy observance wbich bas too frequently been your opinions you should lend your sermons: he decided to enter the ministry, and went to called "Pusey ism." The spirit of Newman the clergy would then preach them and adopt study in Princeton Seminary. He married and Keble and Pusey in the early days of the your opinions,' and this has really been the Miss Helen S. Coan (who survives him as Movement bad its best representative after effect of the Plain and other Sermons. It biographer), and, after a six months' voyage, 1845 in Dean Churcb, and his indifference to seems a pity that the price of the volumes was reached Ningpo in 1854, where Dr. D. Be. the Ritualistic Movement is a striking feature so high.” “What a boon these sermons must thune McCartee had come as pioneer. In of his beautiful biography. But it is of the have been to hard-working parish priests who Ningpo, as a well-equipped speaker and writer Ritualistic Movement that Mr. Wakeling certainly could not secure the leisure to write of Chinese, he was finely prepared for bis writes almost exclusively.
more than one good sermon a week!” This main life work in the province of Confucius. One of his earliest recollections as a bov was sermon-stealing sometimes led to paioful situa. He died at his post and in his own home, in of some mention of the Tractarians in 1840. It | tions, and a sickly gleam of humor plays for a presence of his wife and among bis books, after follows that he was still a bɔy when the Move-moment across Mr. Wakeling's solemn page only a few hours of illness. His grave is at ment collapsed five years later, and conse- when he tells of a few sermons, printed with a Chefoo. He visited Korea once and Japan -quently all we bave here concerning the Trac-memoir, wbich the subject of the memoir had several times. One is not surprised to have tarians proper must be a matter of reading or not written. Mr. Wakeling has not exagge- Mrs. Nevius write: mere hearsay. This fact is much disguised, rated the triumph of ritualism in the English
“As to the people of Japan, the opinion we we trust not wilfully, by the manner in which church. Ward was condemned and disgraced formed of them so long ago (1860) has never the matter of the book is presented. Every- because, in his 'Ideal Church,' he insisted on
changed. There is a certain shrewdness and thing in the arrangement is helter-skelter, and the right of the Anglican to the free use of the which they undoubtedly are superior to the
vivacity and readiness to learn of others, in we pass back and forth across the line which entire
Roman ritual and doctrine. That was Chinese; but in most respects I think the individes the writer's personal knowledge from just fifty years ago. Now there are hundreds habitants of the Middle Kingdom' are fully his second-band material without a bint of the of Anglicans making good his claim, with no their equals.” transition. Matters which occurred before one to molest or make them afraid. The Rather above the average of missionary bio. his birth are produced as if he bad sketebed Church of England has given the Church of graphy in piquancy of style, liveliness of parthem on the spot. There is very little, how. Rome an effectual check in England by the en- rative, and quality of details, this literary picever, about the Tractarians that we have not couragement of home manufactures as pearly ture of an American gentleman who so grandhad before in better shape. The real interest as may be resembling those of the Eternal ly combined the ideal and the practical, deand value of the book, so far as it has any, lies City.
serves the study of young men as it will comin its exbibition of the development of Ritual.
mand the delighted attention of Dr. Nevius's ism. Even here, so wide is the field from wbich the facts are grubbed, only a small part can The Life of John Livingston Nerius. By Helen old friends. There are illustrations, a map,
and a good portrait, but po index. go to justify the “Recollections" of the title
S. Coan Nevius. Fleming H. Revell Co. page, and the whole is like the primitive chaos, It sometimes happens that the best works acwithout form and void. Only occasionally complished by a man during his life are left side Talks with Girls. By Ruth Ashmore. does a date emerge for us to cling to in the out of his posthumous biography. We are not Charles Scribner's Sons. wide inundation of incidents and names. sure but that something like this has bappened | Miss ASHMORE speaks to girls with the wisdom
The names are generally so unfamiliar that in the present instance. Dr. Nevius was for of experience. This is just the sort of wisdom they go far to justify the complaint which has nearly forty years a missionary in China, and which, unless displayed with much discretion, been made of the lack of conspicuous personali. the story of his life as told by his wife is one girls are little disposed to profit by. The book ty in the Ritualistic Movement. The incidents of great moral aod spiritual beauty. He en is very discreet, the author putting herself are trivial only to the unritualized mind, tered Shan Tung, the holy land of the Chinese, easily on terms of equality with her audience, and there is something very entertaining in the birthplace and tomb of Confucius, when imparting advice tactfully, and, in every tbe naire enthusiasm with wbich, page after the people banded back the tracts and books of way, doing her best not to excite that rebelpage, such tbings are set down as these: “The the missionaries, saying, “We neither ap- lious spirit which prompts the daughters of choir were not in surplices till Advent, 1846." prove por desire them.” He died after having, each generation to think themselves wiser * The altar was the only part that there was a with his colleagues, planted Christian churches than their mothers. The most valuable chapbope of making decent, and tbis, with the aid throughout the peninsula. This biography ters (for they discuss matters beyond the ex. of dorsel and flowers at festivals, cross and pictures him as busband, friend, teacher, perience of many mothers) are those addressed candlesticks, was all that for some years was author, and preacher. Yet, unless the re- to girls who leave comfortable homes in order attempted.” Many are the congratulations on viewer mistake the impression left on his own to seek fortune in large cities. The descripthe splendor of the later vestments, decora- mind by the Chinese themselves and by non- tions of the life of the average actress, artist, tions, and observances, in comparison with clerical and non-professional English-speaking and shop-girl are unexaggerated statement of the weak beginnings. Every change in this people in China, Dr. Nevius was equally pow. fact. Any error is in understatement of the direction is recorded with the enthusiasm of erful and influential in other ways. His prac-hardsbip and discouragement which the homeone reporting moral victories. Here and tical common sense, bis knowledge of manual | less working-girl must face, and of the demothere the triviality verges upon silliness, and, expedients, his power and willingness to aid ralization which frequently ensues. For the to make it more conspicuous, it is frequently the Chinese in applying the arts and sciences girl whom actual necessity drives to scramble injected into the body of a paragraph with of the West, his willingness to meet them on for a living as best she may, there are useful which it has little or no connection, as if to their own ground and to respect their tradi. hints and suggestions of employment pot leadgood to lose. How incidents of such slight im. tions and their sensibilities, were not least ing to glory or fortune, but fairly remuneraportance could have been remembered by any among the secrets of bis power. These made tive and quite compatible with preservation of body of good sound intelligence, it is difficult bim everybody's friend, and kept his influence bodily health and personal decency. to conceive.
ever potent. Without belittling “the power In her comments the author emphasizes the There is abundant evidence of improvement of the Gospel" or the ordinary means used to joy of being a good girl at home, rather ignor. in the taste and decency of religious services. spread it, it is none the less true that the ing the sometimes besetting temptations to be The parish clerk does not inform the rector quality of manhood in the messenger is, at a bad one. Fathers, mothers, and occasionally nowadays between the prayers that the bear first, even more potent than the message. brothers, are not always compact of good for the bear.baiting bas arrived and that be is Among the hundreds sent out as missionaries temper, justice, and love; if they were, Miss a fine animal. Daily service and weekly com- to China there is still much room where Dr. | Ashmore's talks would be largely superfluous, munion are the rule, and we should seek in Nevius dwelt when on earth-at the top. and the “Advanced Woman” whom she vain for "the old country rector who, with- John Nevius was born in the beautiful re. scourges might possibly never have come into out the least conscious profanity, at the month- gion of the "finger lakes” in central New existence. ly celebration would consecrate nearly half a York, spending his boyhood between those loal, giving it at the end of the service to the named Seneca and Cayuga. The name Ne
BOOKS OF THE WEEK. poorer communicants who flocked to the altar vius, from the French Neve but Latinized, Almanach de Gotha, 1896. Gotha: Justus Perthes; rails." The heinousness of this, of course, de proves, along with well-supported traditional
Chambers, R. W. The Red Republic: A Romance of pends somewhat upon the point of view. One and documentary evidence, that the ancestral ' habit, not distinctly moral, seemed rather to 'stock was Huguenot and Netherlandish. His
New York: Westermann
Channing, Grace E. The sister of a Saint, and Other Stories. Chicago : Stone & Kimball.
the Commune. Putnams. $1.25.
Chittenden, Capt. H. M. The Yellowstone National
Park. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke Co.
Inglés. New York: R. D. Cortina.
stowe, Harriet R. Uncle Tom's Cabin. Boston: Hough-
ton, Mifflin & Co. 60c.
SOME BOOKS PUBLISHED IN 1895
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NEW YORK, THURSDAY, JANUARY 9, 1896.
It was undoubtedly an apprehension in associated bankers, and that gold has the President's mind that the Elkins re- been offered to it by a friendly power
solution would pass Congress that led to a (which is officially denied), as though it The Week.
change in the plan of the new $100,000,000 were tottering on the verge of bankruptcy.
gold loan. That resolution provides that To avoid this humiliation it is only necesOne effect of the Venezuelan business no bonds of the United States shall be sold sary to increase the taxes, and meanwhile has been to open the way for a short ses- by private contract, but that all shall be to borrow what you need from the people sion of Congress. Before the end of the advertised and sold to the highest bidder. of the United States; Mr. Morgan and the first month the House had passed both a A Sepate resolution does not possess the associated bankers being, in Mr. Sherrevenue bill and a bond bill, each of force of law, yet if it should alarm capi. man's view, foreigners. wbich measures, in the natural course of talists and break up the bond syndicate, things, would have taken some weeks. it would have all the effect of a law. Un.
There are indeed many humiliating The Senate, of course, may use up a great doubtedly it would drive all foreign parti: things nowadays. Among them must be deal of time over the two bills, but at any cipants out of the field and scare away all
counted a speech from an ex-Secretary of rate the upper branch has them in hand but the most intrepid of our financiers.
the Treasury abounding in such nonmonths before anybody expected it would Hence the change of plan announced in
sense as this. But we have not come to when Congress met. The House can now Mr. Carlisle's circular is forced upon the
the end of it, or anywhere near it; for devote itself to the appropriation bills, Administration. They could not take a
Mr. Sherman make a new suggestion and should easily be able to dispose of all step which might be interrupted at any
for protecting the Treasury gold, and the routine business before the end of time by a joint resolution of Congress.
that is to require the national banks to spring. It seems to be taken for granted The new gold loan has now been advertis- keep their reserves in legal-tender notes that no other tariff bill will be brought | ed, and we shall see the result. If the exclusively. In other words, they should forward in the House, even if the one re public come forward and take the bonds
not be allowed to count their gold as a cently passed should go through the Se- and furnish the gold without first with part of their legal reserve. These banks, nate and be vetoed by the President. drawing it from the Treasury, so much he says, are the creation and instruments This alone would mean a great saving of the better. But how will the public get of the Government, and they should not time, and Speaker Reed can be trusted to the gold to pay for them? There is no be allowed to discredit the greenbacks by do all in his power to get Congress off his law to prevent subscribers for the new showing a preference for gold. Nor should hands before the Republican national
bonds from drawing the gold to pay for the Government itself pay out gold for convention meets. He understands that them out of the Treasury itself. The syn-current expenses, because that tends to he could not do a more popular thing dicate could prevent that operation by weaken the confidence of the people in than to secure adjournment before the agreement among themselves : it
the greenbacks. Immediate action should opening of But he cannot only necessary to send notice to all con
be taken by Congress to prevent this, he "run" the Senate, and the old rules, un- cerned that no subscriptions would be re
exclaims. A bill to embody these ideas der which time can be wasted by whole- ceived which were to be paid with gold would provide that no national bank sale, still govern the upper branch.
drawn from the Treasury. “The public ” shall be allowed to hold gold or to cannot be controlled.
draw gold from the Treasury, and that The House bond bill for the relief of
the Treasury shall not be allowed to pay the Treasury was a very inadequate mea- Senator Sherman, by his speech on Fri- gold to anybody but exporters. A more sure. It was not at all adapted to the day, added as much confusion to the na.
efficient and intelligible measure, we subsituation, since it provided only for the tional finances as it was possible for one
mit, would be an act to fix the gold reissue of bopds at a lower rate of in- man to do. Most of his old misrepresen serve at $100,000,000, and then prohibit terest than could be sold under present tations were repeated. These it is not all public officers from paying any out, and conditions—that is, with a threat of war necessary to notice again. He has fur: all private persons from drawing or athanging over the country--and provided nished some new ones, however, that pos- tempting to draw any, under pain of inthat these should be sold only by what is
stant death. In this way the reserve sess a curious kind of interest. For extermed a "popular loan”-a method that ample, he chides the Administration for would be kept intact. Mr. Sherman is has no existence in this country. Worse not withholding all appropriations not reported to bave said lately that the root than this, the House bill provided that no made mandatory by Congress. “All ap those eight far Western States whose en
of the political and financial trouble is in future bond sales, under any law or laws, propriations which are not provided to should be made except on the “popular" carry into effect existing laws,” he says,
tire population and wealth does not equal plan. This bad bill was not nearly bad
that of New York, because in the Senate
are permissive, but not mandatory." enough for the Senate. Yet the imagina- Mr. Sherman holds that if the Secretary What a vast improvement would follow if
they cast sixteen votes to New York's two. tion of man could hardly have conceived of the Treasury had refused to pay any the kind of substitute that body is about appropriations that were not mandatory these sixteen Senators were all like Mr.
Sherman ! to offer, namely, the free coinage of sil. in form, “ there would have been no diffver. To call this a substitute for a bond culty about the gold reserve." This will bill is clownish in the extreme. It would be an invaluable guide for future Secreta- Nobody at Washington expects the be dangerous but for the fact that it will ries, until Congress impeaches one of them wool tax to become law, and the general not be accepted by the House and cannot for following it. Mr. Sherman's next dis- opinion of the trade seems to be that it will possibly become a law. The majority covery is that although there is an actual fail either in the Senate or in the White there, though not composed of sound finan. surplus in the Treasury of $178,000,000, House. To get it through the Senate unciers, is at least anti-silver. Whatever the deficiency of revenue is the cause of amended is sure to be a hard job, if for no happens in the Senate, and whether the the decline of the gold reserve, and that all other reason, on account of the desire of Speaker interferes or not, the chances that is needed to bring it up to its normal so many Senators to make friends of the are all against a free-coinage bill going figure is to increase the revenues by a mammon of protection in their own to the President by a vote of the House. tariff on wool and some other things. It States by at least offering amendments To that extent the public mind may feel is humiliating, he says, to read that the and discoursing loudly upon the needs of more composed now than six years ago. Government is negotiating for money with their constituents. The most serious
difficulty of all is reported by the Wash- States. As an index to a good deal of The Evening Post of Thursday printed ington correspondent of the Dry Goods public feeling, this letter is worth sum- two despatches which appeared in the Economist. He says that Senator Bur- marizing. The correspondent urges that San Francisco Chronicle of April last, rows is fully persuaded that the bill as it such a war “would unite all Americans and which throw a flood of light on the passed the House is absolutely unworka- and do away with all party feeling,” and use which Venezuela expects to make of ble, as it leaves rates conflicting in va- "would unite all South and North Ameri- the territory over which she is disputing rious schedules. So firmly convinced is ca, and make of them one of the greatest with Great Britain. It explains, too, in he "that it would be impossible to nations on the earth"; that the American part, the prodigious Jingo racket about administer the Dingley bill” that he people want a war, because “they all | Venezuela which began early last year, says its form must surely be changed, know that the wealth of the world has and to which we unceasingly called the even if its aim and substance are left un- got into the hands of a few and that there attention of the American public, as well touched. As all depends, in tariff bills, is no relief for the masses,” because "busi- as the “hollering" for a more "vigorous upon their being susceptible of "adminis- ness is at a standstill and will remain so foreign policy” which the Tribune's old tering,” Senator Burrows's objection is until something happens,” and because pensioner in Washington emitted three or certainly fatal. But it does show what a "war is our only salvation," since “we four times a week. The speculators, as genius and superior capacity for legisla- are at the mercy of England as far as our we see, expected a more vigorous foreign tion the Republicans possess, as they finances go, and that is our only way out"; policy about this time. We have reason to themselves admit. and, finally, because
believe that some of them, including United “War would be a good thing in many ways.
States Senators who are to sit on these It would set every idle man to work, either in questions of peace or war, waited on SecreNaval authorities-especially naval contractors and naval Congressmen-agree
would give men a chance to become famous tary Gresham, not long before his death, that more ships are likely to be voted by
who are unknown to-day. Too much peace to urge this policy on him; but, being a brings strikes, idleness, and all kinds of crimes.
clear-headed man of peace, he not only this Congress than have been authorized Give the American people a chance, and they in some years. The Venezuelan war is
will drive the British flag into the sea, capture declined their proposals, but took the
Canada and all England's possessions, and liberty of pointing out to them the improgood for large appropriations, they think, if for nothing else. The Chilian war scare Then for another generation business will boom priety of their having anything to do with and confidence will be restored."
an affair which was likely to become a was thought to have frightened two extra ships out of a reluctant Congress, and the
matter of international controversy. We Venezuelan business ought to mean at There could be no surer indication of made any similar application to Mr. Oloey,
are far from insinuating that they ever least half-a-dozen. Very likely it may. the scatter-brained condition of the Jin- but he certainly did just what they want. But it must be remembered that building goes as regards the Venezuelan contro-ed. The Jingo poison prepares a man's a modern navy is one of the slowest jobs versy than the vast amount of comfort known to man. It is considered little they extract out of the London Chroni- weakens his sense of propriety. It clouds
system for the speculative bacillus. It short of a marvel that the two latest battle- cle's Washington despatches. That pa. his understanding and destroys his foreships to be added to the British fleet were per's correspondent is engaged in reading sight, as we see in the havoc which Mr. turned out in two years' time. This means the published documents, apparently for Cleveland played with his own financial a vast change since the day when Pitt the first time, and his discoveries are so
plans. could demand the creation of a fleec in novel and startling to himself that he at ricans fifty years old as thoughtless and
In short, it often makes Amethree months' time, and threaten to im- once cables them as momentous to the rash and unreflecting as lads of twelve. peach the First Lord of the Admiralty if civilized world. Then they are cabled Mr. Cleveland's discovery that patriotism he did not produce it on the day fixed. back as evidence that England is at last could not be made to take the place of But the two years necessary to build a new “getting at the facts." Mr. Norman has ship is often enough to antiquate two al. now pushed his studies up to the time of
a sound currency shows the awful effects, ready in commission, and thus leave the the removal of the posts set up by Schom
even on strong characters, of this painful
malady. fleet where it was before. Often, in fact, burgk, and wags his head gravely at findas in the case of our own Texas, just ing no evidence for Salisbury's assertion through with her trial trip, it is found that, when the posts were removed, “the
Even stranger “developments" of the that a ship is no sooner off the ways than concession was made on the distinct un
Monroe Doctrine than those with which her turrets "work badly," it takes her derstanding that Great Britain did not Mr. Olney has astonished us may yet be two hours to discharge a gua, her bottom
As far back as 1826 and thereby in any way abandon her claim.'s brought out. is "shaky," and she must at once go out This may comfort the Jingoes and fool the
the Panama Congress, the Southern Senaof commission for “extensive repairs.” Chronicle, but it will not deceive the tors were invoking the Doctrine as a bul
Senator Berrien of Venezuelans. They know that what Salis-wark for slavery. The further one goes west from the At
bury said is strictly true, for in their own Georgia said that it was all very well to lantic seaboard, the greater is the readi- the letter of Lord Aberdeen, dated March statement of their case they summarize brave the wrath of European Powers, but
that " we must hold a language equally ness for war with England over the Vene
decisive to the South American states. 30, 1844, as follows: zuelan boundary. An excellent authority
We cannot allow their principle of univerin Indiana informs us that public senti
“ He says, in the first place, that the Govern- sal emancipation to be called into acti
ment of her Majesty, in consenting to the rement in that State is substantially unani- moval of the marks, did not cede any of the vity in a situation where its contagion, mous in support of President Cleveland's rights which it might consider itself authorized from our neighborhood, would be danposition. Still further towards the Pa
to claim in the future, and that it bad been
moved solely by friendly deference to the re. gerous to our quiet and safety'. ... cific the feeling appears to be even stronger quests of the Government of Venezuela.” Will he [the President] quail before the in favor of a fight. The Portland Orego- Moreover, in Senate Document No. 226, new republics of the south when a dearer nian, which recently pointed out that any dated July 26, 1888, containing “the cor- interest is at stake?” This shows how backwardness in supporting extreme respondence relating to the pending dis- easy it is to get queer things out of the measures on the Atlantic Coast should pute between the Government of Vene- Monroe Doctrine when you let your logi. count for nothing because this section zuela and the Government of Great cal faculty run riot without regard to the was equally unpatriotic in the last war Britain concerning the boundaries between facts. We may yet see the Doctrine called with England, gives prominence to a let- British Guiana and Venezuela” (this cor- | into play to prevent the incursions of the ter from “ American,” who argues at respondence begins in 1876 and runs on to gold standard in South America, or to delength that a war with England would be 1888), there are no fewer than twenty-two mand the abandonment of the Catholic a good thing and would benefit the United references to the matter.
religion, the adoption of an eight-hours'