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mer, and his fellow-students and intimates at Middlesex Hospital were at no loss to identify the majority of the characters introduced. Mr. Smith's connection with "Punch" was not of long continuance. A severe criticism appearing subsequently in its columns, on his novel of the “ Marchioness of Brinvilliers" (published in “Bentley's Miscellany," of which journal he was then editor), he, in retaliation, made an onslaught on “ Punch" in another story, the “ Pottleton Legacy," where it figures under the title of the Cracker.

Mr. Gilbert a'Beckett, who had before been engaged in many unsuccessful periodicals, found in "Punch" ample scope for his wit and extraordinary faculty of punning. In “The Comic Blackstone," “ Political Dictionary," " Punch's Noy's Maxims," and the "Autobiography, and other papers relating to Mr. Brietless," he put his legal knowledge to a comic use. Many fugitive minor pieces have also proceeded from his pen, and he has but few equals in that grotesque form of hybrid poetry known as Macaronic. He is now a London magistrate, and par excellence, the punster of "Punch."

The Greek versions of sundry popular ballads, such as "The King of the Cannibal Islands,” were the work of Maginn. Hood's worldfamous “Song of the Shirt," first appeared in “Punch's” pages.

Thackeray has also been an industrious contributor, Commencing with “ Miss Tickletoby's Lectures” (an idea afterward carried out in a somewhat different fashion by a'Beckett in his “ Comic History of England"), he, besides miscellaneous writings, produced the "Snob Papers," " Jeames's Diary," " Punch in the East," “ Punch's Prose Novelists," "The Traveler in London," "Mr. Brown's Letters to a Young Man about Town," and "The Proser." Of the merits of these works it is unnecessary to speak. The “Book of Snobs" may rank with its author's most finished productions. “Jeames's Diary," suggested by the circumstance of a May-fair footman achieving sudden allinence by railroad speculations during the ruinously exciting period of 1846, may, however, be considered only a iurther carrying out of the original idea of “Charles Yellowplush." A ballad in it, “ The Lines to my Sister's Portrait,” is said, to use a vulgar, though expressive phrase, to have shut up Lord John Manners, who had achieved some small reputation as one of the Young England poits.” Thackeray parodied his style, and henceforth the voice of the minstrel was dumb in the land. Like Jerrold's "Caudle Lectures," of which many versions appeared at the London theaters, Jeames's adventures were dramatized. The “ Prose Novelists” contain burlesque imitations of Bulwer, D'Israeli, Lever, James, Fennimore Cooper, and Mrs. Gore. The illustrations accompanying Theckeray's publications in “ Punch,” are by his own hand, as are also many other sketches scattered throughout the volumes. They may be generally distinguished by the insertion of a pair of spectacles in

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the corner. His articles, too, frequently bear the signature “Spec." Not until the commencoment of 1855 did Thackeray relinquish his connection with "Punch." In allusion to this, from his pen, contained in an essay on the genius of Leech, and published in the " Westminster Review," was commented upon very bitterly by Jerrold, in a notice of the article which appeared in “s Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper," of which he is editor.

During the last five years, other writers, among which may be enumerated the Mayhew brothers, Mr. Tom Taylor, Angus Reach, and Shirley Brooks, have found a field for their talents in “Punch.' Only Jerrold, a'Beckett, and the editor, Mark Lemon, remain of the original contributors. Its course has been a varied, but perfectly independent one, generally, however, following the lead of the almighty Times," that glory and shame of English journalism, on political questions. In earlier days it was every way more democratic, and the continuous ridicule both of pen and pencil directed against Prince Albert, was said to have provoked so much resentment on the part of the Queen, that she proposed interference to prevent the artist Doyle supplying two frescos to the pavilion at Buckingham Palace. “Punch's" impartiality has been shown by attacks on the extremes and absurdities of all parties, and there can be little question that it has had considerable influence in producing political reform, and a large and liberal advocacy of all popular ques. tions. In behalf of that great change of national policy, the repeal of the Corn Laws, “ Punch” fought most vigorously, not, however, forgetting to bestow a few raps of his batón on the shoulders of the Premier whose wisdom or sense of expediency induced such su'lden tergiversation as to bring it abont. O'Connell's blatant and renal patriotism was held up to merited derision, which his less wary, but more honest followers in agitation, O'Brien, Meagher, and Mitchell, equally shared. Abolition (or at least modification) of the Game Laws, and of the penalty of death, found championship in “ Punch," though the latter was summarily dropped upon a change in public opinion, perhaps mainly induced by one of Carlyle's "Latter Day" pamphlets. “ Punch" has repeatedly experienced (and merited) the significant honor of being denied admission to the dominions of continental monarchs. Louis Philippe interdicted its preence in France, even (if we recollect aright) before the Spanish marriages had provoked its fiercest attacks—subsequently, however, withdrawing his royal veto. In Spain, Naples, the Papal Dominions, those of Austria, Russia, and Prussia, the hunch-backed jester has been often under ban as an unholy thing, or only tolerated in a mutilated form. Up to the commencement of the late war, strict measures of this kind were in operation upon the Russian frontier, but "Punch" now is freely accorded ingress in the Czar's dominions

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probably as a means of keeping up the feeling of antagonism toward England.

Its success has provoked innumerable rivals and imitators, from the days of " Judy," " Toby," " The Squib)," " Joe Miller," " Great Gun,” and “Puppet-Show," to those of " Diogenes" and "Falstaff.” None have achieved permanent popularity, and future attempts would most likely be attended with similar failure, as “ Punch" has a firm hold on the likings of the English people, and especially Loudoners. It fairly amounts to one of their institutions. Like all journals of merit and independence, it has had its law troubles, more than one action for libel having been commenced against it. James Silk Buckingham, the traveler and author, took this course, in consequence of the publication of articles disparaging a club of his originating, known as the “ British and Foreign Institute." A Jew clothes-man, named Hart, obtained a small sum as damages from “ Punch.” But Alfred Bunn, le see of Drury Lane Theater, libretto-scribbler, and author of certain trashy theatrical books, though most vehemently "pitched into," resorted to other modes than legal redress. IIe produced a pamphlet of a shape and appcarance closely resembling his tormentor, filled not only with quizzical, satirical, and rhyming articles directed against Lemon, a'Beckett, and Jerrold (characterizing them as Thick-head, Sleek-head, and Wrong-heal), but with caricature cuts of each. Whether in direct consequence or not, it is certain that "the puet Bunn" was unmolested in future.

Our notice would scarcely be complete without a few lines devoted to the “ Punch" artists, and more especially John Lecch. Doyle (the son of II. B., the well-known political caricaturist), whose exquisite burlesque medieval drawings illustrative of the "Manners and Customs or ye Englishe," will be remembered by all familiar with "Punch's" pages, relinquished his connection with the journal and the yearly salary of eight hundred pounds, in consequence of the Anti-papal onslaughts which followed the nomination of Cardinal Wiseman to the (Catholic) Archbishop of Westminster. The artist held the older faith, and was also a personal friend of “ His Eminence.” His place was then filled by John Tenniel, a historical painter, who had supplied a cartoon to the Palace of Westminster, and is still employed on “ Punch,” he, in conjunction with John Leech, and an occasional outsider, furnishing the entire illustrations. John Leech, himself, to whom the periodical unquestionably owes half its success, has been constant to “Punch" from an early day. He has brought caricature into the region of the fine arts, and become the very Dickens of the pencil in his portrayal of the humorous side of life. Before his advent, comic drawing was confined to very limited topics, outre drawings and ugliness of features forming the fun—such as it was. Seymour's “Cockney Sportsmen," and Cruik. shank's wider (yet not extensive) range of subjects, were then the best things extant. How stands the case now? Let “Punch's" twenty-nine volumes, with their ample store of pictorial rnirth of Leech's creating, so kindly, so honest, so pleasant and graceful, answer. Contrast their blameless wit and humor with the equiroque and foul double entendre of French drawings, and think of the difierence involuntarily suggested between the social atmospheres of Paris and London.

Leech is a good-looking fellow, approaching the age of forty, and not unlike one of his own handsomo "swells” in personal appearance. The Royal Academy Exhibition of 1855 contained his portrait, pointed by Millais, the chief of the pre-Raphaclite artists, who is said to be his friend. As may be gathered from his many sporting sketches, Leech is fond of horses, and piques himself on " kuowing the points" of a good animal. (We may mention, by-the-by, that Mr. “ Briggs" of equestrian celebrity had his original on the Stock Exchange.) He in summer travels considerably, forwarding his sketches to the “Punch" office, generally penciling the accom panying words on the wood-block. In one of the past volumes, dating some eight or ten years back, he has introduced himself in a cut designated “our artist during the hot weather," wherein he appears with his coat off, reclining upon a sofa, and informing a pretty servant-girl who enters the room, that "he is busy." Quizzical portraits of the writers of " Punch" have been introduced in its pages. In Jerrold's “

Capsicum House" (vol. XII.), the author's portrait, burlesqued into the figure of " Punch," occurs more than once. And 3 double-page cut, entitled "Mr. Punch's Fancy Ball," in the early part of the same volume, comprises sketches of the then entire corps of contributors, artistic and literary. They are drawn as forming the orchestra, Lemon conducting, Jerrold belaboring a big drum, Thackeray playing on the flute, Leech the violin, and others extract ing harmony from divers musical instruments. Again they appear at a later date, as a number of boys at play, in an illustration at the commencement of Vol. XXVII.

“Punch's" office is at 85 Fleet-street. The engraving, printing, and stereotyping is performed at Lombard-street, Whitefriars, whera its proprietors have extensive premises. See pp. 56, 57, 321, 322, 324, 325, 327, 328, 330, 331, 333, 334, 336, 338, 339, 432, 433, 434, 435, 430, 437, 438, 439, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 449, 450, 451, 453, 455, 456, 457, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 465, 466, 467, 468, 469, 470, 471, 472, 473, 474, 475, 478, 480, 485, 492, 496, 497, 498, 499, 572, 573, 574, 575, 576, 630, 631, 632, 633, 634. 635, 636, 637, 638, 640, 643, 644.

“REJECTED ADDRESSES," by James and Horace Smith, published

in London, October, 1812. The most successful jeu d' esprit of modern times, having survived the occasion that suggested it for nearly half a century, and still being highly popular. It has run through twenty editions in England, and three in America. The opening of Drury-lane theater in 1802, after having been burned and rebuilt, and the offering of a prize of fifty pounds by the manager for the best opening address, were the circumstances which suggested the production of the “Rejected Addresses.” The idea of the work was suddenly conceived, and it was executed in six weeks. In the preface to the eighteenth London edition the authors give an interesting statement of the difficulties they encountered in getting the volume published:

“Urged forward by our hurry, and trusting to chance, two very bad coadjutors in any enterprise, we at length congratulated ourselves on having completed our task in time to have it printed and published by the opening of the theater. But, alas! our difficulties, so far from being surmounted, seemed only to be beginning. Strangers to the arcana of the bookseller's trade, and unacquainted with their almost invincible objection to single volumes of low price, especially when tendered by writers who have acquired no previous name, we little anticipated that they would refuse to publish our “Rejected Addresses,' even although we asked nothing for the copyright. Such, however, proved to be the case. Our manuscript was perused and returned to us by several of the most eminent publishers. Well do we remember betaking ourselves to one of the craft in Bond-street, whom we found in a back parlor, with his gouty leg propped upon a cushion, in spite of which warning he diluted his luncheon with frequent glasses of Madeira. "What have you already written ?' was his first question, and interrogatory to which we had been subjected in almost every instance. “Nothing by which we can be known.' "Then I am afraid to undertake the publication.' Wo presumed timidly to suggest that every writer must have a beginning, and that to refuse to publish for him until he had acquired a name, was to imitate the sapient mother who cautioned her son against going into the water until he could swim. "An old joke, a regular Joel' exclaimed our companion, tossing off another bumper. "Still older than Joe Miller,' was our reply; for, if we mistake not, it is the very first anecdote in the facetiæ of Hierocles.' “Ha, sirs!' resumed the bibliopolist, 'you are learned, are you? So, hoh!-Well, leave your manuscript with me; I will look it over to-night, and give you an answer tomorrow.' Punctual as the clock we presented ourselves at his door on the following morning, when our papers were returned to us with the observation--"These trifles are really not deficient in smartness; they are well, vastly

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