« PredošláPokračovať »
The present edition of the Douay version of the Old and New Testament, published by Dunigan, New York, having been revised by our direction, we have great pleasure in rec ing it to get ithfoeto bragh Yith that reverence and respect which are due to the God, and with that humility of heart and docility which the Church enjoins upon all w read the Holy Scriptures with advantage to their souls.
* JOHN HUGHES, Bishop of New Given at the Episoopal residence, this 27th of January, 1844.
THE NAMES AND ORDER OF ALL THE BOOKS
OLD AND NEW TESTAMENT, WITH THE NUMBER OF THEIR CHAP
BOOKS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT.
14 Daniel Exodus 40 Judith
16 Osee Leviticus 27 Esther
16 Joel Numbers 36 Job
42 Amos Deuteronomy 34 Psalms
150 Ps. Abdias Josue 24 Proverbs
31 Jonas Judges 21|Ecclesiastes
12 Micheas Ruth 4 Canticle of Canticles
8 Nahum 1. Kings 31 Wisdom
19 Habacuc Il Kings 24 Ecclesiasticus
51 Sophonias . III Kings 22 Isaias
64 Aggeus. IV. Kings 25 Jeremias
52 Zacharias I. Paralipomenon 29 Lamentations .
5 Malachias II. Paralipomenon 36 Baruch
6 I. Machabees . I. Esdras 10 Ezechiel
48 II. Machabeeg II. Esdras, alias Nehemias 131
BOOKS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT.
6 Hebrews St. Mark 16 Philippians
4 St. James St. Luke 24 Colossians
4 I. Peter. St. John 21 1. Thessalonians
5 II. Peter The Acts of the Apostles. 28 11. Thessalonians
3 I. John St. Paul to the Romans 16 1. Timothy
6 II. John. 1. Corinthians 16. II. Timothy
4 III. John II. Corinthians 13 Titus
3 St. Jude Galatians 6 Philemon
i The Apocalypse.
A Short Sketch of the principal Epochs, which have a Relation to Scriptural H
as they are set down by the best Chronologers. The variation of sentiments will show, that we cannot decide with absolute certainty on any points of Chro
before the Christian Æra.
YEARS OF THE WORLD FROM THE CREATION.
Tirin. Salien. nemine. Pezron. Usher I. AGE.- lasts till the Deluge
1655 1655 1655 2256 1656 Death of Joseph, in
2399 2399 3021 3809 2369 II. AGE.—887 Years to Exodus, or the delivery of the Hebrews . 2543 2344 3357 3953 2513 Josua governs
2600 2600 3110 4020 2570 David made king
2979 2979 3832 4672 2949 III. AGE.-480 Years till the Temple of Solomon
3023 3023 3876 4915 2993 Israel revolts from Roboam
3060 3060 3914 4992 3029 First Olympiad (Iphitus)
5088 Rome Built, 21st April
5217 32:6 IV. AGE.—452 Years till the Temple is destroyed
3445 3447 3304 5386 3406 V. AGE.-525 Years till Cyrus and the Jew's Liberty
3475 3517 43546 5436 3468 Macedonian Empire
3675 3724 1560 5641 Roman Empire, from the Battle of Actium
3975 4023 4860 5941 CI, AGE.--Til: the last Day
4000 4032 4897 5967 4000or40 CHRIST is crucified
4034 4086 4921
4099 Tirin places the birth of Christ in the 36th year of Herod, the 40th of Augustus, the 28th from the B:
Actium, the 749th of Rome, and the 4th of the 193rd Olympiad.
NOTE, that A. M. signifies Anno Mundi, that is, in the Year of the World.-A. C. Ante Christum, before Christ.-A. D. Anno Domini, in the Year of our Lord. - Supra, i. e. abore, denotes, that the Chapel
The Scriptures, in which are contained the revealed mysteries of divine truth, are undoubtedly the most excellent of all writings: they were written by men dividely inspired, and are not the word of mer., but the word of God, which can save our souls, 1 Thess. 11. 13, and James i. 21; but then they ought to be read, even by the learned, with the spirit of humility, and with a fear of mistaking the true sense, as many have done. This we learn from the Scripture itself; where St. Peter says, that in the epistles of St. Paul, there are some things hard to be understood, which the unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, to their oron perdition. 2 Peter in. 17.
To prevent and remedy this abuse, and to guard against error, it was judged necessary to forbid the reading of the Scriptures in the vulgar languages, without the advice and permission of the pastors and spiritual guides whom God has appointed to gorern his church, Acts xx. 28. Christ himself declared, “he that will not hear the church, let him be to thee as the heathen and the publican.” Matt
. xviii. 17. Nor is this due submission to the Catholic Church, (the pillar and ground of truth, 1 Tim. iii. 15.) to be understood of the ignorant and unlearned only, but also of men accomplished in all kind of learning. The ignorant fall into errors for want of knowledge, and the learned through pride and self-sufficiency. Therefore let every reader of the sacred writings, who pretends to be a competent judge of the sense
, and of the truths revealed in them, reflect on the words which he finds in Isaias, chap. lv. 8, 9. My thoughts are not as your thoughts, neither are your ways as my ways, saith the Lord; for as the heavens are exalted above the earth, even so are my ways exalted abore your ways, and my thoughts above your thoughts. How then shall any one by his private reason, pretend to judge, to know, to demonstrate, the incomprehensible and unsearchable
says of God?
The following Letter of his Holiness Pius the Sixth, to the most Rev. Anthony Martini, nowo Archbishop of Florence, on his translation of the Holy Bible into Italian, shews the benefit which the faithful may reap from their having the Holy Scriptures in the rulgar tongue.
POPE PIUS THE SIXTH. Beloved Sox: Health and apostolical benediction. At a time that a vast number of bad books, which most grossly attack the Catholic religion, are circulated even among the unlearned, to the great destruction of souls you judge exceedingly well, that the faithful should be excited to the reading of the Holy Scriptures: for these are the most abundant sources which ought to be left open to every one, to draw from them purity of morals and of doctrine, to eradicate the errors which are widely disseminated in these corrupt times: This you have Beasonably effected, as you declare, by publishing the sacred writings in the language of your country, suitable to every one's capacity, especially when you shew and set forth, that you have added explanatory notes, which, being extracted from the holy fathers, preclude every possible danger of abuse : Thus you have not swerved either from the laws of the Congregation of the Index, or from the constitution published on this subject by Benedict XIV, that immortal Pope, our predecessor in the pontificate, and formerly, when we held a place near his person, our excellent master in ecclesiastical learning, circumstances which we mention as honourable to us. We therefore applaud your eminent learning, joined with your extraordinary piety, and we return you our due acknowledgments for the books which you have transmitted to us, and which, when convenient, we will read over. In the mean time, as a token of our pontifical henevolence, receive our apostolical benediction, which to you, beloved son, we very affectionately impart. Given at Rome, on the calends of April, 1778, the fourth year of our pontificate.
PHILIP BUONAMICI, LATIN SECRETARY. To our beloved Son, Anthony Martini, at Turin.
(A translation from the Latin original.)
LET US PRAY:
A PRAYER BEFORE THE READING OF ANY PART OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURE.
, fill the hearts and minds of thy faithful servants, and inflame them with the fire of thy divine love.
O God, who by the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, didst instruct the hearts of thy faithful servants; grant us, in the same Spirit
, to discern what is right, and enjoy his comfort for ever: Through our Lord Jesus Christ, who liveth and reigneth one God, with thee and the same Spirit, world without end. Amen. A TRANSLATION OF THE DECREE OF THE COUNCIL OF TRENT,
THE CANONICAL SCRIPTURES. Sess. IV. April 8, 1546-Signed by 255 Prelates, Dec. 4, 1563; and confirmed by Pius IV. Jan. 26, 1564. The holy Oecumenic and general Council of Trent in the Holy Ghost lawfully assembled, the three aforesaid Legates of the Apostolic See presiding therein, having always this in view, that all errors being taken away, the purity of the Gospel should be preserved in the Church; that Gospel * before promised by the Prophets in the Holy Scriptures, our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, first promulgated with his own month; and afterwards commanded his Apostles to preach the same to all t nations as the source of every saving Truth, and moral discipline : and the Synod clearly seeing that this Truth and discipline is contained in the Written Word, and in the unwritten Traditions, which the Apostles received from the mouth of Christ himself, or from the Apostles # themselves
, being the dictate of the Holy Ghost to them, and delivered as it were from hand to hand, came down to us: following the examples of the Orthodox Fathers, with due veneration and piety receiving all the books as well of the Old as of the New Testament, seeing that God is the immediate author of both, and also receiving these Traditions, appertaining to Faith and Morals, as coming from the mouth of Christ, or dictated by the Holy Ghost, and held in the Catholic Church by a continued succession. The Synod therefore thought proper to annex to this decree a catalogue of the Sacred Books, lest any doubt might arise concerning those that were approved of
. They are the following: (Here occur the names of the books of the Old and New Testament as mentioned belowo.) Now, if any one, reading over these books in all their parts, as they are usually read in the Catholic Church, and being in the Latin Vulgate edition, does not hold them for Sacred and Canonical and knowing the aforesaid traditions, does industriously contemn them, let him be Anathema. The 72 booke of the Holy Bible, written by divine inspiration, by the authors whose names they bear, or by others of unquestionable authority, were composed, according to Calmet, &c. about the following years, before or after Jesus Christ, whose nativity is generally fixed about the year 4000. Absolute certainty in these matters cannot be obtained, as able chronologists vary concerning this most important epoch 3244 years. R. Nahasson advances it to 3740. K. Alphonsus, on the other hand, postpones it to the year of the world 6984. Pezron places the death of Christ A. M. 6000. . Jeremias, chap. XXIl. ver. 23. Mark, chap. xvi. ver. 15. 1 2 Thessalonians, chap. i. ver, 14.
s 31 0
1. Genesis as a Preface, by Moses
1488 37. Micheas, 50 years till? 2. Exodus, about
1486 38. Nahum, not before 3. Leviticus, perhaps
148039. Habacuc, who died 4. Numbers, perhaps
1470 | 40. Sophonias, about 5. Deuteronomy, Moses died
1448 41. Aggeus 6. Josue, by that general, who died
1430 42. Zacharias 7. Judges, probably by Samuel
1056 43. Malachy, perhaps Esdras 8. Ruth, by Samuel, who died
105344. I Macabees, J. Hyrcan. 9. L Kings or Samuel, by do, and others till 1051 45. II. Macabees, in Greek, by Jason 10. II. Kings or Samuel, by Nathan, &c. till 1016 11. IIL. Kings or I. by Addo, &c. to
889 46. S. Matthew, in Hebrew, &c. 12. IV. Kings or II. by Jehu, Esdras, &c. to 562 47. S. Mark, in Greek or Latin 13. I. Par.'or Chronicles, from 4000 to
4011 48. S. Luke, perhaps 14. II. Par. from 1010 to 532 by Esdrag
49. S. John, about 15. I. Esdras by the game, who died
450 50. Acts by S. Luke 16. II. Esdras or Nehemias, who died
420 51, S. Paul to Romans 17. Tobias 1. died 637–II. died
620 | 52. I. Corinthians 18. Judith the widow, died
614 53. II. Corinthians 19. Esther, by Mardocheus
500 54. Galatians 20. Job or Jobab, by him, &c. died
1340 55. Ephesians 21. Psalms, by David, &c. died
1010 56. Philippians 22 Proverbs, ? by Solomon,
57. Colossians 23. Ecclesiastes,
971 | 58. I. Thessalonians 24. Canticle, who died
59. II. Thessalonians 25. Wisdom, by Philo, perhaps one of the 70 under 60. 1. Timothy the name of Solomon
284 61. II. Timothy 26. Ecclesiàsticus, by Jesus
195 62. Titus 27. Isaias, from 754 to
694 63. Philemon 28. Jeremias and Lamentations
582 64. Hebrews. 29. Baruch, who died about
580 65. S. James the Less 30. Ezechiel
570 66. I. Peter, 31. Daniel, from 603 to
536 67. II. Peter 32. Osee, from 777 to
698 68. I. John 33. Joel
600 69. II. John 34. Amos
78970. III. John 35. Abdias, Jerusalem destroyed
584 71. S. Jude, perhaps 36. Jonas, between 821 and
780 / 72. Apocalypse or Revelations of S. John From the above Decree it follows that all these books are of divine and infallible authorit concerning, which some doubts were formerly entertained, such as Judith, the Epistle of Jude, &c. a those which have always been venerated by Catholics. Let all therefore who turn the Apocrypha to attend, and dread this curse !
"Moreover, the same sacred Synod, considering that no small benefit might accrue to the Church o it were stated clearly which among all the Latin editions of the sacred books now in circulation deemed authentic, she makes the following decree and declaration, that this same old and Vulgate editio has been approved by being used in the same church for so many ages, should be accounted authentic lectures, disputations, sermons and expositions, and that no one should dare or presume to reject it u pretext whatsoever.-In order likewise to restrain petulant geniuses, she enjoins that no one depending on prudence in matters of faith and morals, pertaining to the edification of Christian doctrine, twisting th Scripture to their own senses, in opposition to that sense which the holy mother the Church has en and still holds, to whom it belongs to judge of the true sense and interpretation of the Holy Scriptures, against the unanimous consent of the Fathers, should dare to interpret the same sacred Scripture, althou interpretations were never to be published. Let those who act contrary to this decrce be denounced Bishops, and suffer the legal punishment. Wishing also to set just bounds in this point to printers, w without any reserve as if they supposed that they could do lawfully whatever they pleased, print leave of the Ecclesiastical superiors the sacred books of Scripture and annotations upon them, and expos any one without discrimination, often concealing and frequently feigning the place where they keep their office; and what is worse, not specifying the name of the author; and sell such books printed elsewhere person who may ask for them, she enacts the following decree, that henceforth the sacred Scriptu particularly this same old and Vulgate edition, shall be printed with the utmost exactitude; and that non print, or cause to be printed, any books on sacred topics, without the name of the author; nor sell them in nor keep them, unless they have been first examined and approved by the Bishops.—Let the approbation authentically at the head of the book, and be given gratis, thut the things which deserve approbation approved, and the reverse condemned. Lastly, being desirous to repress that temerity by which the wo sentences of sacred Scripture are turned and twisted to profane purposes, to scurrilous, fabulous and vain to flattery, detractions, impious superstiti and diabolical incantations, divinations, lots, even lile commands and orders to take away such irreverence and contempt, that no one, in future, shall dare,, manner, to use the words of the sacred Scripture for these or similar purposes, that all such profane viola the word of God shall be repressed by such punishments as the law has specified, or the Bishops shall der
How full of wisdom are these ordinances ! how solicitous is the Church that we should have the pure God; not only the letter but also the spirit and sense, and that we should make use of it for the edification souls! Our dissenting brethren of the church of England have followed the example of the Council of T many particulars, though they unhappily refuse to be guided by her authority, and prefer choosing for them being thus condemned by their own judgment. They blame the Council for declaring the Vulgate aut and not to be rejected, though the originals and all other versions, except the Latin ones then in use, be the least depreciated by this declaration; and at the same time, they sanction various contradictory vers their own, and require the assent and consent of their people to them, as the Calvinists of France do though they acknowledge that more accurate versions might be given. Bingham, ii. 754, says, "we thereby declare it to be the best translationor absolutely withouç faults
, but only such a one as we can p use and read publicly in the church.” What more does the Council of Trent assert, when she declare Vulgate to be authentic? Let misrepresentation cease and union be restored. Let us hear, understand, and the decisions of the Church.