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Atantly filled with Ladies-At Bartho- I have all my rural intelligence) informs lomew Fair there is always an hop for me, that upon the strictelt enquiry there the LadiesAnd if the Ladies in the is but one Wife in the town where he drawing room are employed at Whist, now lives, and that is the parson's wife, their last night's cards are made use of who is never mentioned by the country in a rubber by the Ladies in the fteward's Ladies but as a dowdy, and an oldroom; while the other Ladies of the fashioned creature. Such is the great family are staking their halfpence at privilege of matrimony, that every fePut or All-fours in the kitchen. In a male is ennobled by changing her firword, whenever there is occasion to speak name: for as every unmarried woman of the Female World, honourable men- is a Miss, every married one by the same tion is always made of them by the re- courtesy is a Lady. spectful appellation of The LADIES: The next order of dignified females as the young and the old, the black and is composed of Maiden or Young Lathe brown, the homely and the hand- dies; which terms are synonymous, and fome, are all complaisantly included are differently applied to females of the under the general title of The Fair. age of fourteen or threescore. We
Since therefore the Ladies of Great must not, therefore, be surprised to hear Britain make up fo numerous a body, I of Maiden Ladies, who are known to thould be loth to disoblige so consider have had several children, or to meet able a fifterhood, and shall devote this with Young Ladies, that look like old paper entirely to their service. I pro- dowagers. At the house of an acpofe at present to marshal them into quaintance where I lately visited, I was skeir respective ranks; and upon a re- told that we were to expect Mrs. Jackview I find that they may be juftly dif- fon and the two Miss Wrinkles. But tributed under these five divisions; viz. what was my surprise! when I saw on Murried Ladies, Maiden or Young La- their arrival a blooming female of twendies, Ladies of Quality, Fine Ladies, ty-five accosted under ihe first denomiand lastly (without affront to the good nation, and the two nymphs, as I ex. company) Ladies of Pleasure.
pected, come tottering into the room, I fhall begin with the Married Ladies, the youngest of them to all appearance as this order will be found to be far the on the verge of threescore. I could not most numerous, and includes all the help wishing on this occasion, that some married women in town or country above middle term was invented between Miss the degree of a chair-woman or the trun. and Mrs. to be adopted, at a certain dier of a wheel-barrow. The plain old age, by all females not inclined to maEnglish word Wife has long been dif- trimony. For surely nothing can be carded in our conversation, as being more ridiculous, than to hear a greyonly fit for the broad mouths of the haired lady paft her grand climacteric, vulgar. A well-bred ear is startled at mentioned in terms that convey the idea the very sound of Wife, as at a coarse of youth and beauty, and perhaps of a and indelicate expression; and I appeal bib and hanging. Sleeves. "This indifto any fashionable couple, whether they criminate appellation unavoidably creates would not be as much ashamed to be much confufion: I know an eminent mentioned together as man and wife, as tradesman, who lost a verv good customer they would be to appear together at for innocently writing Mrs. court in a fardingale and trunk - breeches. the head of her bill: and I was lately at From Hyde Park Corner to Temple Bar a ball, where trusting to a friend for a this monster of a Wife has not been partner, I was obliged to do penance heard of since the antiquated times of with an old withered beldain, who hobDame and Your Worship, and in the bled through several countıy-dances city every good house-wife is at least a with me, though she was ancient enough Lady of ibe other end of the town. In to have been my grandmother. Exthe country you might as well dispute cluding these Young Ladies of fifty and the pretensions of every foxhunter to fixty, this order of females is very nuthe title of Esquire, as of his helpmate merous; for there is scarce a girl in to that of Lady; and in every corpora- town or country, superior to a milk. tion town, whoever matches with a bur- maid or cinder-wench, but is compreacis, becomes a Lady by right of char- hended in it. The daughters are inies. My cousin Village (from whom disputably Young Ladies, though their
papas may be tradesmen or mechanics. round of visiting, gaming, dressing, and For the present race of thopkeepers, &c. intriguing. She has been bred up in have wifily provided that their gentility the notion of making a figure, and of fhall be preserved in the female part of recommending herself as a woman of the family. Thus, although the son is spirit: for which end she is always forecalled plain Jack, and perhaps bound most in the fashion, and never fails apprentice to his father, the daughter is gracing with her appearance every pubtaught to hold up her head, make tea lic assembly, and every party of pleain te little parlour behind the shop, and sure. Though lingle, she may coquet inheriis the title of Lady froin her mam- with every fine gentleman; or if mar
To make these claims to dignity ried, she may admit of gallantries withmore sure, those excellent seminaries of out reproach, and even receive visits genteel education, called Boarding from the men in her bed-chamber. To Schools, have been contrived; where, compleat the character, and to make instead of teazing a sampler, or conning her a Very Fine Lady, the should be a chapter of the Bible, the Young La- celebrated for her wit and beauty, and dies are in trusted to hold up their heais, be parted from her husband: for as mamake a curtsey, and to behave them- trimony itself is not meant as a restraint felves in every respect like pretty little upon pleasure, a separate maintenance is Ladies. Hence it happens, that we may underitood as a licence to throw off even ofren obf-rve feveral of these polite dam- the appearance of virtue. sels in the skirts of Whitechapel, and in Froin the Fine Ladies it is a very naevery petty country town; nay, it is tural transition to the Ladies of Pleacommon to meet with Young Ladies fure: and, indeed, from what has already born and bred, who have submitted to been said concerning Fine Ladies, one keep a chandler's shop, or had humility might imagine that, as they make pleaenough even to go to service.
sure their fole pursuit, they might proI proceed next to take into considera- perly be intitled Ladies of Pleasure. But tion what is generally underitood by this gay appellation is reserved for the Ladies of Quality. These in other higher rank of Prostitutes, whoseprincipal words may be more properly called La- difference from the Fine Ladies contiits dics of Fashion; for, in the modifh ac- in their openly professing
ade, which ceptation of the phrase, not so much the others carry on by smuggling. A regard is had to iheir birth or station, Lady of Fashion, who refuses no faor even to their coronet, as to their way vours but the latt, or even grants that of life. The duchess, who has not without being paid for it, is not to be taste enough to act up to the character accounted a Lady of Pleasure, but ranks of a Person of Quality, is no more re- in an order formerly celebrated under (pected in the polite world than a city the title of DEMI. REPs. It is whimknight's Lady; nor does the derive any fical enough to see the different comgreater honour from her oitle than the plexions affumed by the same vice, achump-backed woman receives from the cording to the difference of stations. vulgar. But what is more immediately The married Lady of Qulity may inexpected from a Lady of Quality, will trigue with as many as the pleases, and be feen under the next article: for, to fill remain Right Honourable; the dragtheir praile be it spoken, most of our gle-tailed Strict-Walker is a Common modern Ladies of Quality affect to be Woman, and liable to be sent to Bride. Fine Ladies.
well; but the Whore of High Life is a To describe the life of a Fine Lady Lady of Pleasure, and rolls in a gilt would be only to let down a perpetual chariot.
No XLV. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1754.
QUIDQUID AGUNT HOMINES, VOTUM, TIMOR, IRA, VOLUPTAS,
WHÁTE'ER THE BUSY BUSTLING WORLD EMPLOYS,
ing in my present character, I Orator Macklin or Orator Henley; and had some thoughts of making my pub- whether Mr. Stephen Pitts is not the lic entry in the front of one or other of best qualified to furnith gentlemen and our news papers; as I considered that ladies libraries with tea.chests in O&tavo, the domestic occurrences, which com- and close-tools in Folio. And besides pose a part of their equipage, would the public notices to persons of taste, of make no bad figure in my own retinue. every rare old japan, and most curious Some reflections on the modifh methods and inimitable Epargnes for deterts, as of gaming would receive an additional also the most rich and elegant fancied confirmation from a paragraph in the filks to be sold by auction; many other news, that " laft Tuesday a game at advices not less interesting to the Town, 'Whilt was played at White's for 1000l. are here given. We are daily put in
a corner,' or that the match between mind, that Mrs. Phillips at the Green "his Grace the Duke of * and Lord Canister ftill hopes for the favours of
was decided at Newmarket :' her former good customers as usual: and a dissertation on the luxury of the that next door to Haddock's is sold an present age would be very aptly illus- antidote against the poison imbibed at trated by an exact account of the weight that bagnio: that Dr. Rock infallibly of the Turtle, dressed a few days before cures a certain epidemical diftemper by for the gentlemen of the above-men- virtue of the King's Patent: that a tioned chocolate-house.
learned physician and surgeon will priIndeed, I have always looked upon vately accommodate any gentleman (as the works of Mr. Jenour in the Daily the Doctor modestly expreffes it in his Advertiser, as a kind of fupplement to own Latin) Pro Morbus Veneria curan. the intelligence of Mr. Town; contain- dus: and that Y. Z. a regular bred ing a more minute account of the im- furgeon and man-midwife, together por:ant transactions of that class of man- with fifty others, will accommodate kind, which has been figuratively stiled gentlewomen that are under a necesity The World. From thefe daily regi- of lying-in privately. iters, you may not only learn when any But not only the public transactions body is married or hanged, but you of auctioneers, brokers, and horse-dealhave immediate notice whenever his ers, but the most private concerns of Grace goes to Newmarket, or her Lady- pleasure and gallantry, may be also carthip lets out for Bath: and but last week, ried on by means of this paper. Alligat the same time that the gentlemen of the nations are here made, and the most selaw were told, that the Lord Chancellor cret intrigues formed, at the expence of could not fit in the Court of Chancery, two shillings. If a gerteel young body, people of fashion had the melancholy who can do all kinds of work, wants a news, that Signor Ricciarelli was not place, she will be sure to hear of a master able to sing.
by advertising: any gentleman and lady Nor is that part of Mr. Jenour's lu- of unexceptionable character may meet cubrations, which is allotted to Adver with lodgings to be lett, and no questisements, less amusing and entertain. tions asked. How often has Romeo de. ing: and many of these articles might clared in print his unspeakable passion very properly come under my cogni. for the charming Peachy! How many zance. It is here debated, whether the gentlemen bave made open profeffions
of the stricket honour and secrecy! And appeared with most success. These how many ladies, drefled in such a man- pieces of intelligence would undoubtedly ner, and seen at such a place, liave been give great satisfaction, and I am mydesired to leave a line for A. B. Before self acquainted with a very learned gen. the late Marriage-act, it was very usual tleman, who has assured me, that he for young gendemen and ladies (puffelied has been as much delighted at discoverof every qualification requilile to make ing that the Sofii were Horace's bookthe marriage state happy) to offer them- sellers, that the Hecyra of Terence was felves as a good bargain to each other; damned, and other little particulars of and men took the same measures of adver- that nature, as with an account of the tiling to get an agreeable companion for deitruction of Carthage, or the death of life, as they do for an agreeable com- Cæfar. We should also be glad to col. panion in a post.chaile. As this traffic lect from their advertisements what in matrimony is now prohibited, it has things were most in request at Athens given occasion to the opening a and Rome. Even our papers, (which branch of trade; and since husbands and perhaps are called Daily from their lastwives are hardly to be got for love or ing but a day) are, I fear, of too fu. money, several good-natured females gitive a nature to fall under the inspechave set themselves up to sale to the best tion of poiterity. To remedy, in some bidder. The Daily Advertiser is there measure, this inconvenience, I shall now fore become the universal register for conclude with a few advertisements, new faces; and every day's advertise- which, if they have not all actually been ments have been latidy crouded with of- inserted in our papers, are at least of the fers of young ladies, who would be glad fame nature with those that daily have a of the company of any elderly gentle- place there. man, to pass his leisure hours with them, and PLAY AT CARDS.
ADVERTISEMENTS. I look upon the common intelligence in our public papers, with the long train To be spoke with every Day at his House of advertisements annexed toit, as the best
in ibe Old Bailey, account of the present domestic state of England that can possibly be compiled :
BRYAN RAPAWAY, nor do I know any thing which would give posterity fo clear an idea of the talte WHO swears Oaths of all kinds and
Prices, and will procure positive and inorals of the present age, as a Evidence at a Day's Warning in all bundle of our daily papers. They sorts of Causes. He will contract with would here fee what books are most
an Attorney or Quack Doctor, to swear read, what are our chief amusements by the Quarter; and will supply Affiand diversions : and when they mould davits, &c. on the most reasonable observe the daily inquiries after eloped Terms. wives and apprentices, and the frequent * He will attend, during the Bufi. accounts of trials in Weltminster Hallness of Elections and Double Returns, in for perjury, adultery, &c. they might the Lobby of the Houle of Commons, forin a tolerable nction even of our pric and will ply next Term at Westminster vate life. Among many other reasons Hall. for lamenting that the art of printing was not more early discovered, I can
WANTED, not but regret that we have perhaps lost many accounts of this nature, which A Genteel Black or Neyroe Girl, might otherwise have been handed down very handsome; with a soft Skin,
With wisat pleasure should we good Teeth, sweet Breath, at least five have perused an Athenian Advertiser, Feet three Inches high, and not above or a Roman Gazetteer! A curious critic Eighteen. Whoever has such a Girl or antiquarian would place them on the to dispose of, may hear of a Gentleman same shelf with the Classics; and would who will give Fifty Guineas for her, by be highly pleased at discovering, what applying at the Bar of the Shakespeare's days Tully went to his Tufculum, or Head Tavern, Covent Garden. Príny to his magnificent Villa; who Note, At the same Place any genteel was the capital finger at the Græcian White Girl may hear of something to Opera, and in what characters Rosciusher Advantage.
Person that lives near Guildhall,
is a very gentle Rider, rides about This Day are published, ten Stone, chiefly for Health, and never
THE Adventures of Dick Hazard. on a Sunday but on an extraordinary
The History of Mr. Juhua TrueOccasion, would be glad of a Partner much under the same Circumstances, in The History of Will Ramble. a very genteel Mare, and very good in The History of James Ramble, Erq. her Kind.
The Travels of Drake Morris.
The History of Jasper Banks. Several Sums, from 10l. to 10,000l. Memoirs of the Shakespeare's Head. WANTED immediately, by a Per. The History of Frank Hammond.
son in a large and profitable Bu- The Marriage- Act, a Novel. finess—Wanted directly, by a Person whose Character will bear the strictelt
And speedily will be published, Enquiry — Wanted for a week only, The History of Sir Humphry Herald or as long as the Lender chuses Upon and Sir Edward Haunch.-Memcini undeniable Security - The Borrower
of Lady Vainlove.-The Card. will give his Bond and Judgment, make Adventures of Tom Doughty, Jack over his Stock in Trade, ensure his Life,
Careless, Frank Ealy, Dick Dam&c.-A handsome Gratuity will be
nable, Molly Peirlon, &c. &c. given-Interest paid punctually
&c. Strictest Honour and Secrecy may be depended on.-None but Principals Being a compleat Collection of NOVELS wil be treated with.
for the Ainulement of the present Direct for A. B. L. M. S. T. X. Y. Winter. &c. &c. &c.
N° XLVI. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1754.
FACIES NON OMNIBUS UNA,
WHERE BORROW'D TINTS BESTOW A LIFEI ESS GRACE,
TO MR. TOWN.
York; and that this perpetual bloom
was enot native, but imported from $12,
abroad. Not content with that red and T
takes that we country gentlemen are are reduced (as they pretend) to the led into at our first coming to town. necessity of supplying the fluth of health We are induced to think, and indeed with the rouge of vermillion, and givtruly, that your fine ladies are com- ing us Spanith wool for English beauty. posed of different materials from our The very realon alledged for this rural ones; fince, though they neep all fashionable practice is such, as (if they day and rake all night, they itill remain seriously considered it) the ladies would as fresh and ruddy as a parton's daugh- be ashamed to mention. The late ter or a farmer's wife. 'Ar other times • hours they are obliged to keep, render we are api to wonder, that such delicate them such perfect frights, that they creatures as they appear, should yet be would be as loth to appear abur ad so much proof against cold, that they 'without paint as without cloaths.' look as rosy in January as in June, and This, it mult be acknowledged, is tco even in the sharpelt weather are very un- true : but would they luffer their fathers willing to approach the fire. I was at or their buibands to wheel them down a loss how to account for this unalterable for one month to the old Manfion house, hue of their complexions : but I foon `they would foon be fenfible of the found, that beauty was not more pecu- change, and soon perceive how much liar to the air of St. James's than of the early walk exceeds the late affembly.