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of the strictest honour and secrecy! And how many ladies, dreffed in fuch a manner, and seen at fuch a place, have been defired to leave a line for A. B. Before the late Marriage-act, it was very ufual for young gentlemen and ladies (poffeffed of every qualification requifite to make the marriage ftate happy) to offer themfelves as a good bargain to each other; and men took the fame measures of advertiling to get an agreeable companion for life, as they do for an agreeable companion in a poft-chaife. As this traffic in matrimony is now prohibited, it has given occafion to the opening a new branch of trade; and fince hufbands and wives are hardly to be got for love or money, feveral good-natured females have fet themselves up to fale to the best bidder. The Daily Advertiser is therefore become the univerfal regifter for new faces; and every day's advertifements have been lately crouded with of fers of young ladies, who would be glad of the company of any elderly gentleman, to pass his leifure hours with them, and PLAY AT CARDS.
appeared with most fuccefs. Thefe pieces of intelligence would undoubtedly give great fatisfaction; and I am myfelf acquainted with a very learned gentleman, who has affured me, that he has been as much delighted at difcovering that the Sofii were Horace's bookfellers, that the Hecyra of Terence was damned, and other little particulars of that nature, as with an account of the deftruction of Carthage, or the death of Cæfar. We fhould alfo be glad to collect from their advertisements what things were moft in request at Athens and Rome. Even our papers, (which perhaps are called Daily from their lasting but a day) are, I fear, of too fugitive a nature to fall under the infpection of pofterity. To remedy, in fome measure, this inconvenience, I shall now conclude with a few advertisements, which, if they have not all actually been inferted in our papers, are at least of the fame nature with thofe that daily have a place there.
in the Old Bailey,
I look upon the common intelligence in our public papers, with the long train To be spoke with every Day at his Houfe of advertisements annexed to it, as the best account of the prefent domeftic state of England that can poffibly be compiled: nor do I know any thing which would give pofterity fo clear an idea of the talte and morals of the prefent age, as a bundle of our daily papers. They would here fee what books are most
read, what are our chief amufements and diverfions: and when they fhould obferve the daily inquiries after eloped wives and apprentices, and the frequent accounts of trials in Weltminster Hall for perjury, adultery, &c. they might form a tolerable nction even of our private life. Among many other reafons for lamenting that the art of printing was not more early difcovered, I cannot but regret that we have perhaps loft many accounts of this nature, which
might otherwife have been handed down With what pleafure fhould we have perufed an Athenian Advertiser, or a Roman Gazetteer! A curious critic or antiquarian would place them on the fame shelf with the Claffics; and would be highly pleafed at difcovering, what days Tully went to his Tufculum, or Pliny to his magnificent Villa; who was the capital finger at the Grecian Opera, and in what characters Rofcius
WHO fwears Oaths of all Kinds and
Prices, and will procure pofitive Evidence at a Day's Warning in all Sorts of Causes. He will contract with an Attorney or Quack Doctor, to swear by the Quarter; and will fupply Affidavits, &c. on the most reasonable Terms.
*He will attend, during the Bufnefs of Elections and Double Returns, in the Lobby of the House of Commons, and will ply next Term at Westminster Hall.
Several Sums, from 10l. to 10,000l. WANTED immediately, by a Perfon in a large and profitable Bufinefs Wanted directly, by a Perfon whofe Character will bear the strictest Enquiry Wanted for a Week only, or as long as the Lender chufes-Upon undeniable Security-The Borrower will give his Bond and Judgment, make over his Stock in Trade, enfure his Life, &c.-A hand fome Gratuity will be given Intereft paid punctuallyStricteft Honour and Secrecy may be depended on.None but Principals will be treated with.
Direct for A. B. L. M. S. T. X. Y. &c. &c. &c.
This Day are published,
THE Adventures of Dick Hazard. The Hiftory of Mr. Johua True
The History of Will Ramble.
And speedily will be published, The Hiftory of Sir Humphry Herald and Sir Edward Haunch.--Memoirs of Lady Vainlove.-The Card. Adventures of Tom Doughty, Jack Careless, Frank Ealy, Dick Damnable, Molly Peirfon, &c. &c. &c.
Being a compleat Collection of NOVELS for the Ainufement of the prefent Winter.
N° XLVI. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1754.
FACIES NON OMNIBUS UNA,
NEC DIVERSA TAMEN
WHERE BORROW'D TINTS BESTOW A LIFELESS GRACE,
TO MR. TOWN.
T is whimfical to obferve the miftakes that we country gentlemen are led into at our first coming to town. We are induced to think, and indeed truly, that your fine ladies are compofed of different materials from our rural ones; fince, though they fleep all day and rake all night, they (till remain as fresh and ruddy as a parton's daughter or a farmer's wife. At other times we are apt to wonder, that fuch delicate creatures as they appear, fhould yet be fo much proof against cold, that they look as rofy in January as in June, and even in the harpeft weather are very unwilling to approach the fire. I was at a lofs how to account for this unalterable hue of their complexions: but I foon found, that beauty was not more pecular to the air of St. James's than of
York; and that this perpetual bloom was not native, but imported from abroad. Not content with that red and white which nature gave, your belles are reduced (as they pretend) to the neceffity of fupplying the flush of health with the rouge of vermillion, and giving us Spanish wool for English beauty.
The very reafon alledged for this fashionable practice is fuch, as (if they feriously confidered it) the ladies would be afhamed to mention. 'The late hours they are obliged to keep, render them fuch perfect frights, that they would be as loth to appear abroad without paint as without cloaths.' This, it must be acknowledged, is too true: but would they fuffer their fathers or their hutbands to wheel them down for one month to the old Manfion house, they would foon be fenfible of the change, and foon perceive how much the early walk exceeds the late affembly.
The vigils of the card-table have fpoiled many a good face; and I have known a beauty tick to the midnight rubbers till fhe has grown as homely as the Queen of Spades. There is nothing more certain in all Hoyle's Cafes, than that Whit and late hours will ruin the finest fet of features: but if the ladics would give up their routs for the healthy amufements of the country, I will venture to fay, their carmine would be then as ufelefs as their artificial nolegays.
thought fit to drefs their faces, as well
When haughty Gallia's dames, that fpread -
A moralift might talk to them of the heinoufness of the practice; fince all deceit is criminal, and painting is no better than looking a lye. And thould they urge that nobody is deceived by it, he might add, that the plea for admit-pared ting it then is at an end; fince few are yet arrived at that height of French politeness, as to drefs the r cheeks in p blic, and to profefs wearing vermillion as openly as powder. But I hall content myfelf with using an argument more likely to prevail: and fuch, I truft, will be the affurance, that this practice is highly difagreeable to the men. What must be the mortification, and what the dif guft of the lover, who goes to bed to a bride as blooming as an angel, and finds her in the morning as w and yellow as a corpfe? For marriage foon takes off the maik; and all the refources of art, all the mysteries of the toilet, are then at an end. He that is thus wedded to a cloud inftead of a Juno, may well be allowed to complain, but he cannot even hope for relief; fince this is a cultom, which, once admitted, fo tarnishes the fkin, that it is next to impoffible, ever to retrieve it. Let me, therefore, caution thofe young beginners, who are not yet difcoloured past redemption, to leave it off in time, and endeavour to procure and preferve by early hours, that unaffected bloom, which art cannot give, and which only age or ficknefs can take
I think, Mr. Town, you might easily prevail on your fair readers to leave off this unnatural practice, if you could once thoroughly convince them, that it impairs their beauty instead of improv ing it. A lady's face, like the coats in the Tale of a Tub, if left to itself, will wear weil; but if you offer to load it with foreign ornaments, you destroy the original ground.
Among other matter of wonder on' my firt coming to town, I was much furpr.fed at the general appearance of youth among the ladies. At prefent there is no diftinction in their complexions between a beauty in her teens and a lady in her grand climacteric: yet, at the fame time, I could not but take notice of the wonderful variety in the face or the fame lady. I have known an olive beauty on Monday grow very ruddy and blooming on Tuelday; turn pale on Wedne/day; come round to the olive hue again on Thurfday; and, in a word, change her complexion as often as her gown. I was amazed to find no old aunts in this town, except a few unfamhionable people, whom nobody knows;
the rest still continuing in the zenith of their youth and health, and falling off, like timely fruit, without any previous decay. All this was a mystery that I could not unriddle, till on being introduced to fome ladies, I unluckily improved the hue of my lips at the expence of a fair one, who had unthinkingly turned her cheek; and found that my kiffes were given, (as is obferved in the epigram) like thofe of Pyramus, through a wall. I then difcovered, that this furprifing youth and beauty was all counterfeit; and that (as Hamlet fays) God had given them one face, and they had 'made themselves another."
I have mentioned the accident of my carrying off half a lady's face by a falute, that your courtly dames may learn to put on their faces a little tighter; but as for my own daughters, while fuch fashions prevail, they fhall ftill remain in Yorkshire. There, I think, they are pretty fafe; for this unnatural fafhion will hardly make it's way into the country, as this vamped complexion would not stand against the rays of the fun, and would inevitably melt away in a country dance. The ladies have, indeed, been always the greatest enemies
to their own beauty, and feem to have a defign against their own faces. At one time the whole countenance was eclipfed in a black velvet mafk; at another it was blotted with patches; and at prefent it is crufted over with plaifter of Paris. In thofe battered belles, who ftill aim at conqueft, this practice is in fome fort excufable; but it is furely as ridiculous in a young lady to give up beauty for paint, as it would be to draw a good fet of teeth, merely to fill their places with a row of ivory.
Yet, fo common is his fashion grown among the young as well as the old, that when I am in a group of beauties, I confider them as fo many pretty pictures; looking about me with as little emotion as I do at Hudfon's: and if any thing fills me with admiration, it is the judicious arrangement of the tints, and the delicate touches of the painter. Art very often seems almost to vie_with_nature: but my attention is too frequently diverted by confidering the texture and hue of the skin beneath; and the picture fails to charm, while my thoughts are engroffed by the wood and canvas. I am, Sir, your humble fervant,
N° XLVII. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1754.
HIC MECUM LICET, HIC, JUVENCE, QUICQUID
IN BUCCAM TIEI VENERIT, LOQUARIS.
HERE, WITLINGS, HERE WITH MACKLIN TALK YOUR FILL,
T has hitherto been imagined, that
palled, the ancients in other liberal arts, we have not yet been able to arrive at that height of eloquence, which was poffeffed in fo amazing a manner by the Græcian and Roman orators. Whether this has been owing to any peculiar organization of our tongues, or whether it has proceeded from our national love of taciturnity, I fhall not take upon me to determine: but I will now venture to affirm, that the present times might furnish us with a more furprifing number of Fine Speakers, than have been fet down by Tully in his treatise De Claris Oratoribus. Foreigners can no longer object to us, that the northern coldness of our climate has (as it were) purfed
up our lips, and that we are afraid to
diffolved; and our people, who before affected the gravity and filence of the Spaniards, have adopted and naturalized the volubility of speech, as well as the gay manners, of the French.
This change has been brought about by the public-fpirited attempts of thofe elevated geniules, who have instituted certain fchools for the cultivation of eloquence in all it's branches. Hence it is, that inftead of languid difcourfes from the pulpit, feveral tabernacles and meeting-houses have been fet up, where lay-preachers may difplay all their powers of oratory in fighs and groans, and emu late a Whitefield or a Wefley in all the figures of rhetoric. And not only the
enthufiaft has his conventicles, but even the free-thinker boafts his focieties, where he may hold forth against religion in tropes, metaphors, and fimilies. The declamations weekly thundered out at Clare Market, and the subtle argumentations at the Robin Hood, I have formerly celebrated: it now remains to pay my respects to the Martin Luther of the age, (as he frequently calls himself) the great Orator MACKLIN; who, by declaiming himself, and opening a fchool for the difputations of others, has join ed both the above plans together, and formed the BRITISH INQUISITION. Here, whatever concerns the world of tafte and literature is debated: our rakes and bloods, who had been used to frequent Covent Garden merely for the fake of whoring and drinking, now refort thither for reafon and argument; and the Piazza begins to vie with the ancient Portico, where Socrates difputed.
But what pleafes me moft in Mr. Macklin's inftitution is, that he has allowed the tongues of my fair countrywomen full play. Their natural talents for oratory are fo excellent and nume. rous, that it seems more owing to the envy than prudence of the other fex, that they should be denied the opportunity of exerting them. The remarkable tendency in our politeft ladies to talk, though they have nothing to fay,' and the torrent of eloquence that pours (on the most trivial occafions) from the lips of thofe females called Scolds, give abundant proofs of that command of words, and flow of eloquence, which fo few men have been able to attain. Again, if action is the life and foul of an oration, how many advantages have the ladies in this particular? The waying of a fnowy arin, aftfully fhaded with the enchanting flope of a double ruffle, would have twenty times the force of the ftiff fee-faw of a male orator: and when they come to the moft animated parts of the oration, which demand uncommon warmth and agitation, we should be vanquished by the heaving breast, and all thofe other charms which the modern drefs is fo well calculated to difplay.
Since the ladies are thus undeniably endued with theie and many other accomplishments for oratory, that no place fhould yet have been opened for their exerting them, is almoft unaccountable.
The lower order of females have, indeed, long ago inftituted an academy of this kind at the other end of the town, where oyfters and eloquence are in equal perfection: but the politer part of the female world have hitherto had no further opportunity of exercising their abi lities, than the common occafions which a new cap or petenlair, the tea or cardtable, have afforded them. I am therefore heartily glad, that a plan is at length put in execution, which will encourage their propenfity to talking, and enlarge their topics of converfation: but I would more particularly recommend it to all ladies of a clamorous difpofition, to attend at Macklin's; that the impetuous ftream of eloquence, which, for want of another vent, has long been poured on their fervants or hutbands, may now be carried off by another more agreeable channel.
I could not have thought it poffible, that this undertaking would have subfifted two nights, without fetting all the female tongues from St. James's to Temple Bar in motion. But the ladies have hitherto been dumb: and female eloquence feems as unlikely to difplay itself in public as ever. Whether their modefty will not permit them to open their mouths in the unhallowed air of Covent Garden, I know not: but I am rather inclined to think, that the queftions propofed have not been fufficiently calculated for the female part of the affembly. They might perhaps be tempted to debate, Whether Fanny Murray or Lady
the propereft to lead the fashion?To what lengths a lady might proceed without the lofs of her reputation?"
Whether the Beautifying Lotion or the Royal Wathball were the most ex. cellent cofmetics. It might also be expected in complaifance to the fair fex, that the Inquifitor fhould now and then read a differtation on Natural and Artificial Beauty; in which he might (with that foftnefs and delicacy peculiar to himfelf) analyfe a lady's face, and give examples of the ogle, the fimper, the fimile, the languish, the dimple, &c. with a word or two on the ufe and beneft of paint.
But thefe points I fhall leave to Mt. Macklin's confideration: in the mean
time, as it is not in my power to oblige the public with a lady's fpeech, I fhall fill up the remainder of my paper with