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The vigils of the card-table have spoiled thought fit to dress their faces, as well many a good face; and I have known as their heads, à la mode de Paris. I a beauty stick to the midnight rubbers am told, that when an English lady is till she has grown as homely as the at Paris, she is so surrounded with false Queen of Spades. There is nothing faces, that she is hertelt obliged (if the more certain in all Hoyle's Cafes, than would not appear fingular) to put on that Whiit and late hours will ruin the the mask. But who would exchange finest fet of features : but if the ladies the brilliancy of the diamond for the would give up their routs for the healthy faint lustre of French paste? And for amusements of the country, I will ven- my part, I would as foon expect that ture to say, t'eir carmine would be then an Englih beauty at Morocco would as useless as th'r artificial nolegays.
japan her face with lamb-black, in comA moralist might talk to them of the plaisance to the table beauties of that heinousness of the practice; fince all de- country. Let the French ladies white, ceit is criminal, and painting is no bet- wash and plaifter their fronts, and lay ter than looking a lye. And thoud on their colours with a trowel; but there they urge that nobody is deceived by it, dautings of ait are no more to be comhe might add, that the plea for admis- pared to the genuine glow of a Britih ting it then is it an end; since few are check, than the coarte strokes of the yei arrived at that height of French po- pamer's brush can resemble the native liteness, as to dress the r cheeks inp :blic,
veins of the marble. This contralt is and io profess wearing vermillion as open- placed in a proper light in Mr. Addi1 ly as powder. But I Thall content myself ion's fine ep gramon Lady Manchester;
with uling an argument more likely to which may ferve to convince us of the prevail: and such, I trust, will be the force of undiffembled beauty. aflurance, that this practice is highly
When hu hty Gallia's dames, that spread disagreeable to the men. What must
O'er their pale cheeks a lifeless red, be the mortification, and what the dir.
Beheld this beauteous stranger there, gult of the lover, who gres to hed to a In native charms divindly fair, bride as bloummg as an angel, and finds Contition in their looks they hew'd, her in the morning as we
and yellow And with unborrow'd blushes glow d. as a corpse? For marriage Toon takes off the mask; and all the retources of art, I think, Mr. Town, you might easily all the mysteries of the toilet, are then prevail on your fair reiders to leave oft at an end. He that is thus wedded to this unnatural practice, if yon
could a cloud instead of a Juno, may well be once thoroughly convince them, that it allowed to complain, but he cannot even impaur's their beauty instead of improve hope for relief; force this is a cuítom, ing it. A lady's face, like the coats in which, once admitted, so tarnishes the the Tale of a sub, if left to itself, will fkin, that it is next to inposlihle over wear weil; but if you offer to load it to retrieve it. Let'me, therefore, cau- with foreign ornaments, you deft. oy the tion those young beginners, who are not original ground. yet discoloured pait redemption, to leave Among other matter of wonder on it off in time, and endeavour to procure my futt coming to town, I was much an I preferve by early hours, that unaf- furposed at the general appearance of facted bloom, which art cannot give, youth among the ladies. At present and which only age or licknels can take there is no distinction in their complex
ions between a beauty in her teens and Our beauties were formerly above a lady in her grand climacleric: yet, at making use of lo poor an artifice: they the time time, I could not but take no. truited to the lively colouring of nature, tice of the wonderful variety in the face which was heightened by temperance of the same lady. I have known an and exercise; but our modern belles are olive beauty on Monday grow very obliged to re-touch their cheeks every ruddy and blooming on Tuesday; turn day, to keep them in repair. We were pale un Wedne!day; come round to the theo as superior to the French in the af- olive hue again on Thuhay; and, in a fenibly, as in the field: but since a irip wuial, Cischer complexion as often to France has been thought a requifite in
I was amazed to find na the education of our ladies as well as old aunts in this town, except a few unge.tlemen, our polite fernales bave fashionable cople, whom nobody knows;
as her gown.
the rest still continuing in the zenith of to their own beauty, and seem to have a their youth and health, and falling off, design against their own faces. At one like timely fruit, without any previous time the whole countenance was eclipled decay. All this was a mystery that I in' a black velvet mask; at another it could not unriddle, till on being intro- was blotted with patches; and at preduced to some ladies, I unluckily im- sent it is crusted over with plaister of proved the hue of my lips at the expence Paris. In those battered belles, who of a fair one, who had unthinkingly ftill aim at conquest, this practice is in turned her cheek; and found that my some sort excusable; but it is surely as kisses were given, (as is observed in the ridiculous in a young lady to give up epigram) like those of Pyramus, through beauty for paint, as it would be to draw a wall. I then discovered, that this sur- a good set of teeth, merely to fill their prising youth and beauty was all coun. places with a row of ivory. zerfeit; and that (as Hamlet says) 'God Yet, fo common is: his fashion growři
had given them one face, and they had among the young as well as the old, that * made themselves another.'
when I am in a group of beauties, I I have mentioned the accident of my consider them as fo inany pretty pictures; carrying off half a lady's face by a fa- looking about me with as little emotion lute, that your courtly dames may learn as I do at Hudson's: and if any thing to put on their faces a little tighter; but fills me with admiration, it
the judia as for my own daughters, while such cious arrangement of the tints, and the fafhions prevail, they shall fill remain delicate touches of the painter. Art in Yorkshire. There, I think, they very often seems almost to vie with naare pretty safe; for this unnatural fa- ture : but my attention is too frequently thion will hardly make it's way into the diverted by considering the texture and country, as this vamped complexion hue of the skin beneath ; and the picture would not stand againit the rays of the fails to charm, while my thoughts are fun, and would inevitably melt away in engrossed by the wood and canvas. I a country dance. The ladies have, in- am, Sir, your humble servant, deed, been always the greatest enemies
No XLVII. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 19; 1754
HIC MECUM LICET, HIC, JÚVENCE, QUICQUID
HERE, WITLINGS, HERE WITH MACKLIN TALK YOUR TILL,
has hithertó been imagined, that up our lips, and that we are afraid to pafled, the ancients in other liberal arts, diffolved; and our people, who before we have not yet been able to arrive at affected the gravity and filence of the that height of eloquence, which was Spaniards, have adopted and naturalized poffeffed in so amazing a manner by the the volubility of speech, as well as the Grecian and Roman orators. Whether gay manners, of the Frenchi. this has been owing to any peculiar or- This change has been brouglit about ganization of our tongues, or whether by the public-spirited attempts of those it has proceeded from our national love elevated geniuses, who have instituted of taciturnity, I shall not take upon me certain schools for the cultivation of eloto determine : but I will now venture to quence in all it's branches. Hence it affirm, that the present times might fur- is, that instead of languid discourses bish us with a more surprising number from the pulpit, several tabernacles and of Fine Speakers, than have been set meeting-houses have been set up, where down by Tully in his treatise De Claris lav-preachers may display all their powers Oratoribus. Foreigners can no longer of oratory in sighs and groans, and emu object to us, that the northern coldness late a Whitefield or a Wesley in all the of our climate has (as it were) purfed figures of rhetoric. And not only the enthusiast has his conventicles, but even The lower order of females have, inthe free-thinker boasts his societies, deed, long ago instituted an academy of where he may hold forth against religion this kind at the other end of the town, in tropes, métaphors, and limilies. The where oysters and eloquence are in equal declamations weekly thundered out at perfection : but the politer part of the Clare Market, and the subtle argumen- female world have hitherto had no fur. tations at the Robin Hood, I have for
ther opportunity of exercising their abimerly celebrated: it now remains pay lities, than the common occafions which my respects to the Martin Luther of the
a new cap or petenlair, the tea or card. age, (as he frequently calls himself) table, have afforded them. I am there. the great Orator MACKLIN; who, by fore heartily glad, that a plan is at length declaiming himtelf, and opening a fchool put in execution, which will encourage for the disputations of others, has joina their propensity to talking, and enlarge ed both the above plans together, and their topics of conversation : but I would formed the British INQUISITION. more particularly recommend it to all Here, whatever concerns the world of ladies of a clamorous disposition, to at. taste and literature is debated: our rakes tend at Macklin's; that the impetuous and blools, who had been used to fre stream of eloquence, which, for want quent Covent Garden merely for the of another vent, has long been poured fake of whoring and drinking, now re- on their servants or husbands, may now fort thither for reason and argument; be carried off by another more agreeable and the Piazza begins to vie with the channel. ancient Portico; where Socrates dil- I could not have thought it possible, puted.
that this undertaking would have fubBut what pleases me molt in Mr. fiited two nights, without setting all the Macklin's institution is, that he has female tongues from St. James's to allowed the tongues of my fair country- Temple Bar in motion. But the ladies women fall play. Their natural talents have hitherto been dumb: and feinale for oratory are so excellent and nume- eloquence feems as unlikely to display rous, that it seems more owing to the self in public as ever. Whether their envy than prudence of the other fex, that modesty will not permit them to open they should be denied the opportunity of their mouths in the unhallowed air of exerting them. The reinarkable ten- Covent Garden, I know not: but I dency in our politest ladies' to talk, am rather inclined to think, that the
though they have nothing to say,' and questions proposed have not been sufthe torrent of eloquence that pours (on ficiently calculated for the female part the most trivial occasions) from the lips of the aflimbly. They might perof those females called Scolds, give haps be tempted to debate, . Whether abundant proofs of that command of • Panny Murray or Lady words, and fow of eloquence, which 'the properest to lead the fashion? fo' few men have been able to attain. • To what lengths a lady might proceed Again, if action is the life and foul of 'withou the loss of her reputation?"an oration, low inny advantages have or. Whether the Benutitying Lotion or the ladies in this particular? The way. 'the Royal Walıbzall were the mou ex. ing of a filowy arin, atıfully shaded with ceilent cosmetics,' It might also be the enchanting lkope of a double ruffle, expected in complailance to the fair sex, would have twenty times the force of that the Inquisitor Mould now and then the stiff lee-law of a male orator; and road ariflertation on Natural and Arti. when they come to the most animated ficial Beauty; in wbich he might (with parts of the oration, which demand un- that loftnels and delicacy peculiar to common warmth and agitation, we himfell) analyse a lady's face, and give thould be vanquished by the hearing cxamples of the ogle, the fimper, the breast, and all those other charms which fimile, the languish, the dimple, &c. with the modern dreis is to wcl calculaied to a word or two on the use and benefit of dilplay.
paint. Since the ladies are thus undeniably But these points I fall leave to Mt. endued with tkie and many other ac- Macklin's confideration: in the mean complishments for oratory, that no place time, as it is not in my power to oblige should yet have been opened for their the public with a lady's speech, i fha!! exerting them, is almoni unaccountable. 'till up the remainder of ny paper with
an oration, which my correspondent is here, that the Necromancer and the Sor. delirous should appear in print, though cerer, after having played many' unhe had not sufficient confidence to deliver christian pranks upon the stage, are at it at the Inquisition.
last fairly sent to the devil. I would
therefore recommend it to our pantoQUESTION.
mime-writers, that instead of the Pane
theon, or lewd comedies, they would betber the Stage might not be made take their subjects from some old gar
more conducive to Virtue and Mora. land, moral ballad, or penny history lity?
book. Suppose, for example, they were
to give us the story of Patient Grizzle MR. INQUISITOR,
in dumb Mew; setting forth, aš how a THE ancient drama had, we know, noble lord fell in love with her, as he
a religious as well as political view; was hunting ;-and there you might and was designed to inspire the audience have the scene of the Spinning Wheel, with a reverence to the gods and a love and the song of the Early Horn; to their country. Our own itage, upon and as how, after many trials of her particular occalions, has been made to patience, which they might represent by answer the same ends. Thus we may inachinery, this lord at last married her; remember, during the last rebellion, be- band then you may have a grand temkdes the loyalty of the fiddles in the Ore ple and a dance. The other house have cheftra, we were inspired with a detefta- already revived the good old story of tion of the Pope an.1 Pretender by the Fortunatus's Wishing-cap; and as they Nonjuror, the Jesuit Caught, Perkin are fond of introducing little children Warbeck, or the Popish Impostor, and in their entertainments, suppose they fuch other politico-religious dramas. were to exhibit a pantomime of the
But there is a species of the drama, Three Children in the Wood; twould which has not yet been mentioned by be vastly pretty to see the paste-board any of the gentlemen who have spoke robin-red-breaits let down by wires to the question, and which is very de- upon the itage to cover the poor innoficient in point of moral: I mean, Pan- cent babes with paper leaves. But if tomimes. Mr. Law has been very fe- they must have Fairies and Genii, I vere on the impiety of representing hea. would advise them to take their stories than gods and goddesses before a truly out of that pretty little book called the Christian audience: and to this we may Fairy Tales. I am sure, instead of add, that Harlequin is but a wicked fort oftriches, dogs, horses, lions, monkeys, of fellow, and is always running after &c. we should be full as well pleased to the girls. For my part, I have often see the Wolf and Little Red Riding bluhed to see this impudent rake endea. Hood; and we should laugh valtly at the vouring to creep up Columbine's petri. adventures of Puss in Boots. I need not Coats, and at other times patting her point out the excellent moral, which neck, and laying his legs upon her lap. would be inculcated by representations Nobody will say, indeed, that there is of this kind; and I ani confident they much virtue or morality in these enter- would meet with the deserved applause tainments: though it must be confessed of all the old women and children in to the honour of our neighbouring house both galleries.
No XLVIII. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1754.
COML, LET US, LIKE OUR JOVIAL SIRES OF OLD,
A Telys Seaforu of flae year in this cater tude to their benefactors; while fome of part of the world to express their gratis clothe their thoughts in a kind of holi
day dress, and once in the year rise into tial to Christmas, as pancakes to Shrove poets. Thus the bellman bids good Tuesday, tanfy to Easter, furmity to night to all his masters and miítresses in Midlent Sunday, or goose to Michael. couplets; the news-carrier hawks his nas Day. And they think it no wonown verses; and the very lamp-lighter der, that our finical gentry should be so addresses his worthy customers in rhyme. loose in their principles, as well as weak As a servant to the public, I should be in their bodies, when the solid fubftan, wanting in due respect to my readers, tial Protestant mince-pie has given place if I also did not take this earlieft opporamong them to the Roman Catholic tunity of paying them the compliments Amulets, and the light, puffy, heterodox of the reason, and (in the phrase of their Pets de Religieuses. barbers, taylors, Moemakers, and other As this leafon used formerly to be tradesmen) with them a merry Christmas welcomed in with more than usual joland a happy New Year.
lity in the country, it is probable that Those old-fashioned mortals, who the Christmas remeinbrances, with which have been accustomed to look upon this the waggons and stage-coaches are at season with extraordinary devotion, I this time loaded, first took their rise leave to con over the explanation of it from the laudable custom of diftributing in Nelson: it shall at present be my bu- provisions at this fevere quarter of the siness to thew the diffe rent methods of year to the poor. But thele presents are celebrating it in these kingdoms. With now feldom sent to those who are really the generality, Christmas is looked upon in want of them, but are deligned as as a festival in the most literal fente, and compliments to the great from their infeheld sacred by good eating and drink- riors, and come chiefly from the tenant ing. These, indeed, are the most di- to his rich landlord, or from the rector ftinguishing marks of Christmas: the of a fat living, as a kind of rythe to his revenue from the inalt-tax and the duty patron. Nor is the old hospitable Engupon wines, &c. on account of these lish custom, of keeping open houle for twelve days, has always been found to the poor neighbourhood, any longer re. increase considerably: and it is impof- garded. We might as soon expect to lible to conceive the naughter that is fee plum-porridge fill a terrene at the ormade
among the poultry and the hogs in dinary at White's, as that the lord of different parts of the country, to furnith the manor should assemble his poor tethe prodigious numbers of turkeys and nants to make merry at the great house. chines, and collars of brawn, that tra. The servants now (will the Christmas vel up, as presents, to the metropolis ale by themselves in the hall, while the on this occafion. The jolly cit looks squire gets drunk, with his brother upon this joyous time of featting with fox-hunters, in the smoking.room. as much pleature as on the treat of a There is no rank of people so heartily new-elected alderman, or a lord-mayor's rejoiced at the arrival of this joyful feaday. Nor can'the country farmer rail ton, as the order of servants, journeymore againıt the Game-act, than many men, apprentices, and the lower fort of worthy citizens, who have ever fince people in general. No master or mife been debarred of their annual hare; while trels is to rigid, as to refuse them an their ladies can never enough regret their holiday; and, hy remarkable good luck, loss of the opportunity of displaying the same circumstance which gives them their skill, in inaking a most excellent an opportunity of diverting themselves, pudding in the belly. But these notable procures them money to support it by house-wives have still the confolation of the tax which culton has imposed upon hearing their guests commend the mince- us in the article of Christmas Boxes. pies without meat, which we are allured The butcher and the baker send their were made at home, and not like the journeymen and apprentices to levy conordinary heavy things from the paitry- tributions on their customers, which are cooks.' These good people would, in- paid back again in the usual fees to Mr. deed, look upon the abtence of mince- John and Mrs. Mary. This ferves the pies as the highest violation of Christ. tradesman as a pretence to lengthen out mas; and have remarked with concern his bill, and the malter and mistress to the diregard that has been shewn of lower the wages on account of the vails. late ycar's to that Old English repait: The Christmas Box was formerly the for this excellent British Olio is as effen. bounty of well.difpoled.. people, who