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honeft citizen, whofe wife and two daughters had, I found, prevailed on him to carry them to the Garden. As I thought there was fomething curious in their behaviour, I went into the next box to them, where I had an opportunity of feeing and over-hearing every thing that paft.

After fome talk- Come, come,' faid the old Don, it is high time, I think, to go to fupper. To this the ladies readily affented; and one of the miffes faid Do let us have a chick, papa. Zounds,' faid the father, they are half a crown a-piece, and no ⚫ bigger than a fparrow.' Here the old lady took him up You are so ftingy,

Mr. Rofe, there is no bearing you. 'When one is out upon pleasure, I love to appear like fomebody: and what 'fignifies a few fhillings once and away, when a body is about it?' This reproof fo effectually filenced the old gentleman, that the youngest mifs had the courage to put in a word for fome ham likewife. Accordingly the waiter was called, and difpatched by the old lady with an order for a chicken and a plate of ham. When it was brought, our honeft cit twirled the dish about three or four times, and furveyed it with a very fettled countenance; then taking up the flice of ham, and dangling it to and fro on the end of his fork, afked the waiter, how much there was of it. A fhilling's worth, 'Sir,' faid the fellow. 'Prithee,' faid the Don, how much doft think it weighs? An ounce?-A fhilling an ounce! that is fixteen fhillings per 'pound!-A reasonable profit truly! -Let me fee-fuppofe now the whole 'ham weighs thirty pounds:-At fhilling per ounce, that is, fixteen hillings per pound, why your mafter makes exactly twenty-four pounds of every ham; and if he buys them at the beft hand, and falts them and cures them himself, they don't ftand him in ten fhillings a-piece. The old lady bade him hold his nonfenfe, declared hertelf ashamed for him, and asked him if people must not live: then taking a coloured handkerchief from her own neck, the tucked it into his fhirt-collar, (whence it hung like a bib) and helped him to a leg of the chicken. The old gentleman, at every bit he put into his mouth, amused himsel, wat saying There goes two-pencethere goes three-pence there gosa groat.


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Zounds! a man at these places fhould not have a fwallow fo wide as a tom• tit.'

This fcanty repaft, we may imagine, was foon difpatched; and it was with much difficulty our citizen was prevailed on to fuffer a plate of beef to be ordered. This too was no lefs admired, and underwent the fame comments with the ham. At length when only a very fmall bit was left, as they fay, for manners in the dish, our Don took a piece of an old news-paper out of his pocket, and gravely wrapping up the meat in it, placed it carefully in his letter-cafe. I'll keep thee as a curiofity to my dying-day; and I'll thew thee to my 'neighbour Horfeman, and ask him if he can make as much of his fteaks." Then rubbing his hands, and fhrugging up his fhoulders Why now,' fays he, to-morrow night I may eat as much

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cold beef as I can ftuff, in any tavern in London, and pay nothing for it.' A difh of tarts, cheese-cakes, and custards, next made their appearance at the requeft of the young ladies, who paid no fort of regard to the father's remon trance, that they were four times as dear as at the pastry-cooks."

Supper being ended, Madam put her fpoufe in mind to call for wine. We must have fome wine, my dear, or we 'fhail not be looked upon, you know.' —' Well, well,' fays the Don, that's right enough. But do they fell their liquor too by the ounce? Here, drawer, what wine have you got?' The fellow, who by this time began to smoke his guests, answered-' We have 'exceeding good French wine of all forts, and please your honour. Would your honour have a bottle of Champagne, or Burgundy, or Claret, or—' No, no, none of your withy-wathy outlandish rot-gut for me,' interrupted the citizen. A tankard of the Alderman beats all the red Claret wine in the French king's cellar. But come, bring us a bottle of found old. Port: and d'ye hear? let it be good.'

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While the waiter was gone, the good man moft fadly lamented, that he could not have his pipe; which the wife would by no means allow, becaufe, she said, it was ungenteel to fmoke where any ladies were in company. When the wine came, our citizen gravely took up the bottle, and holding it above his head — Aye, aye,' faid he, the bottom


has had a good kick. And mind how confoundedly it is pinched on the fides.-Not above five gills, I warrant. An old foldier at the Jerufalem would beat two of them.-But let us fee how it is brewed.' He then poured out a glafs; and after holding it up before the candle, fmelling to it, fipping it twice or thrice, and finacking his lips, drank it off: but declaring that fecond thoughts were beft, he filed an other bumper; and tofling that off, after fome paufe, with a very important air, ventured to pronounce it drinkable. The ladies having alfo drank a glafs round, affirmed it was very good, and felt warm in the ftomach: and even the old gentleman relaxed into fuch good humour by the time the bottle was emptied, that out of his own free will and motion he most generously called for another pint, but charged the waiter to pick out an honeft one.'

While the glafs was thus circulating, the family amufed themfelves with making obfervations on the Garden. The citizen expreffed his wonder at the number of lamps, and faid it muft coft a great deal of money every night to light Them all: the eldeít mifs declared, that for her part he liked the Dark Walk beft of all, because it was jolentary: little mifs thought the laft fong nighty pretty, and faid he would buy it, if he could but carry home the tune: and the old lady obferved, that there was a great deal of good company indeed; but the gentlemen were fo rude, that they perfectly put her out of countenance by ftaring at her through their py-glaffes. In a word, the tarts, the cheele cakes, the beef, the chicken, the ounce of ham, and every thing, feemed to have been quite forgot, until the difmal moment approached when the reckoning was caled for. As this folemn bufinefs concerns only the gentlemen, the ladies kept a profound filence; and when the terrible account was brought, they left the paymaker ut difturbed, to enjoy the mifery by himicif: only the old lady had the hardinets to quint at the fum total, and declared it was pretty reasonable confidering.

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Our citizen bore his misfortunes with a tolerable degree of patience. He tho k his head as he run over every article, and fwore he would never buy meat by the ounce again. At length, when he

had carefully fummed up every figure, he bade the drawer bring change for fixpence: then pulling out a leathern purfe from a fnug pocket, in the infide of his waistcoat, he drew out flowly, piece by piece, thirteen fhillings; which he regularly placed in two rows upon the table. When the change was brought, after counting it very carefully, he laid down four halfpence in the fame exact order; then calling the waiter-There,' fays he, 'there's your damage-thirteen and two-pence-And hearkye, there's

thres-pence over for yourself. The remaining penny he put into his coatpocket; and chinking it-' This,' fays he, will ferve me to-morrow to buy a paper of tobacco.'

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The family now prepared themselves for going; and as there was fome flight drops of rain, Madam buttoned up the old gentleman's coat, that he might not poil his laced waistcoat; and made him flap his hat, over which he tied his pocket handkerchief, to fave his wig: and as the coat itfelf (the faid) had never been worn but three Sundays, the even parted with her own cardinal, and spread it the wrong fide out over his fhoulders. In thefe accoutrements he fallied forth, accompanied by his wife, with her upper petticoat thrown over her head, and his daughters with the fkirts of their gowns turned up, and their heads muffled up in coloured handkerchiefs. I followed them quite out of the Garden: and as they were waiting for their hack to draw up, the youngest mifs afked- When thail come again, papa? Come again?' faid he, What a pox would you ruin me? Once in one's life is enough; and I think I have done very handiome. Why it would not have coft me above four-pence half-penny to have fpent my evening at Sot's Hole; and what with the curfed coachhire, and all together, here's almost a pound gone, and nothing to fhew for it. Fye, Mr. Rofe, I am quite afhamed for you,' replies the old lady. You are always grudging me and your girls the leaft bit of pleature; and you 'cannot help grumbling, if we do but go to Little Hornfey to drink tea. I am fure, now they are women grown up, they ought to fee a little of the world-and they ball. The old Don was not willing to purfue the argument any further; and the coach coming up,

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he was glad to put an end to the difpute by faying, Come, come, let us make hafte, wife; or we fhall not get home

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time enough to have my belt wig combed out again-and to-morrow, you know, is Sunday.'

N° LXIX. THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1755.



Na vifit which I paid the other day to a lady of great fenfe and talte, I was agreeably furprised by having two little volumes put into my hands, which have been lately published under the title of Poems by Eminent Ladies.' Thefe volumes are, indeed, (as the author of the preface has remarked) the 'moft folid compliment that can poffibly be paid to the fair fex. I never imagined that our nation could boaft fo many excellent Poeteffes, (whofe works are an honour to their country) as were here collected together: and it is with the higheft fatisfaction I can affure my female readers in particular, that I have found a great number of very elegant pieces among the compofitions of thefe ladies, which cannot be furpaffed (I had almoft faid, equalled) by the most celebrated of our male-writers.

I was



poetry, and especially in love affairs, Apollo could no longer relift the importunity of the Mufes in favour of their own fex. He therefore decreed, that all thofe females, who thought themfelves able to manage Pegatus, fhould immediately fhew their fkill and dexterity in riding him.

Pegafus was accordingly brought out of the ftable, and the Mufes furnished him with a fide-faddle. All the ladies, who had courage enough to venture on his back, were prepared to mount: but as a great difpute arofe among fome of the competitors about precedency, (each of them claiming a right to ride firft) it was at length agreed that they fhould get into the faddle according to fe niority.

Upon this a lady advanced; who, though he had fomething rather extravagant in her air and deportment, yet had a noble prefence, that commanded at once awe and admiration. She was dreffed in an old-fashioned habit, very fantastic, and trimmed with bugles and points; fuch as was worn in the time of King Charles the First. This lady, I was informed, was the Duchefs of Newcaftle. When he came to mount, the fprung into the faddle with furprising agility; and giving an entire loose to the reins, Pegafus direaly fet up a gallop, and ran away with her quite out of fight. However, it was acknowledged, that the kept a firm feat, even when the horfe went at his deepest rate; and that the wanted nothing but to ride with a curbbridle.

The pleafure which I received from reading these poems, made fuch an impreffion on my mind, that at night, as foon as I fell afleep, my fancy prefented to me the following dream. tranfported, I know not how, to the regions of Parnaffus; and found myfelf in the Court of Apollo, furrounded by a great number of our most eminent poets. A caufe of the utmost importance was then depending, and the debate was, whether the English ladies, who had distinguished themfelves in poetry, fhould be allowed to hold the fame rank, and have the fame honours paid them, with the men. As the moderns were not permitted to plead in their own fuit, Juvenal was retained on When the came to difmount, the fide of the male poets, and Sappho Shakespeare and Milton very kindly undertook the defence of the other fex. offered their hand to help her down, The Roman Satirift, in his fpeech at the which the accepted. Then Euterpe came bar, inveighed bitterly against women up to her with a finile, and begged her in general, and particularly exclaimed to repeat thofe beautiful lines against against their dabbling in literature: but Melancholy, which, the faid, were fo exwhen Sappho came to let forth the pre-tremely picturesque. The Duchefs, with tenfions which the ladies juftly had to a most pleafing air, immediately began

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All the while that thefe lines were repeating, Milton feemed very attentive; and it was whispered by fome, that he was obliged for many of the thoughts in his L'Allegro and Il Penferofo to this lady's Dialogue between Mirth and Melancholy.

The celebrated Orinda, Mrs. Catherine Philips, was next placed in the faddle, amid the fhouts and applaufes of the Lords Rofcommon and Orrery, Cowley, and other famous wits of her time. Her drefs was fimple, though of a very elegant make: it had no profufe ornaments, and approached very nearly to the cut and fashion of the present age. Though the never ventured beyond a canter or a hand-gailop, the made Pegafus do his paces with fo much ease and exactness, that Waller himfelf own ed he could never bring him under fo much command. After her, Mrs. Kil ligrew, affitted by Dryden, and several other ladies of that age, took their turns to ride and every one agreed, that (making fome allowance for their fex) they could not be excelled by the moit experienced riders among the men.

A bold mafculine figure now pufhed forward, in a thin, airy, gay habit, which hung fo loose about her, that the appeared to be half undreft. When the came up to Pegafus, the clapped her hand upon the fide-faddle, and with a

fpring leaped across it, faying that the
would never ride him but aftride. She
made the poor beaft frifk, and caper,
and curvet, and play a thousand tricks;
while the herself was quite unconcerned,
though the fhewed her legs at every mo-
tion of the horse, and many of the Muses
turned their heads afide blufhing. Tha-
lia, indeed, was a good deal pleafed with
her frolics; and Erato declared, that
next to her favourite Sappho the fhould
always prefer this lady. Upon enquir
ing her name, I found her to be the free-
fpirited Mrs. Behn. When the was to
difinount, Lord Rochester came up and
caught her in his arms: and repeating
part of her Ode to Defire-

-To a myrtle bower
He led her, nothing loth.-


I had now the pleafure to fee many ladies of our own times, whofe names I was very well acquainted with, advance towards Pegafus. Among the reft, I could not but wonder at the aftonishing. dexterity with which the admired Mrs. Leapor of Brackley guided the horse, though he had not the least affistance from any body. Mrs. Barber of Ireland was affifted in getting upon the faddle by Swift himself, who even condefcended to hold the ftirrup while the mounted. Under the Dean's direction he made the horse to pace and amble very prettily: notwithstanding which, fome declared, that the was not equal to her friend and countrywoman, Mrs. Grierfon.

Another lady, a native of the fame
kingdom, then brifkly stepped up to
Pegatus; and defpiling the weak efforts
of her husband to prevent her, she bold-
ly jumped into the faddle, and whipping
and cutting, rode away furiously helter
fkelter over hedge and ditch, and tramp-
led on every body who came in her road.
She took particular delight in driving
the poor horfe, who kicked and winced
all the while, into the most filthy places;
where the made him fling about the dirt
and mire, with which the bespattered al-
most every one that came near her. Some-
times, however, fhe would put a stop to
this mad career; and then the plainly

*Poems by Eminent Ladies, Vol. II. Page 200.
Ditto, Page 199. N. B. This lady, it is fuppofed, wrote before Milton.
t, Ditte, Vol. I. Page 167.


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convinced us, that the knew as well how to manage Pegafus as any of the females who had tried before her. Being told that this lady was no other than the celebrated biographer of her own actions, Mrs. Pilkington, I had the curiofity to take a nearer view of her; when step


ping up towards her, and offering my afiiftance to help her down, methought the returned my civility with fuch an uncourteous dap on the face, that (though I awaked at the inftant) I could not help fancying for fome time that I felt my cheek tingle with the biow.

N° LXX. THURSDAY, MAY 29, 1755.



Y publisher having acquainted me, that he intends to clofe the volume with this number, I fhall take the opportunity to throw together feveral letters which I have received in the course of this work, and to balance with all my correfpondents: at the fame time affuring them, that I fhall be very glad to open a fresh account with them in my next volume.

In the infancy of this undertaking, I was honoured with the following very kind billet from a brother of the quill; the terms of which I am forry it was not in my power to comply with.

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fupport to this pecuniary intercourfe. Meat and drink, and the other conveniencies of life, are as neceffary to an author, as pen, ink, and paper: and I remember to have feen, in the poffeffion of Mr. Tonion, a curious manufcript of the great Dryden himfelf, wherein he petitions his bookfeller to advance a fum of money to his taylor.

The next letter comes likewife from an author, who complains of an evil, which does not, indeed, often affect many of our fraternity; I mean the cuftom of giving money to fervants.



Have been happy all this winter in having the run of a nobleman's table, who was pleased to patronize a work of mine, and to which he allowed me the honour of prefixing his name in a dedication. We geniufes have a fpirit, you know, far beyond our pockets: and (befides the extraordinary expence of new cloaths to appear decent) I affure you I have laid out every farthing that I ever received from his lordship's bounty, in tips to his fervants. After every dinner I was forced to run the gantlope through a long line of powdered pickpockets: and I could not but look upon it as a very ridiculous circumftance, that I fhould be obliged to give money to a fellow who was dieffed much finer than myfelf. In fuch a cafe, I am apt to confider the fhowy waittcoat of a foppish footman, or butler out of livery, as laced down with the fhillings and half-crowns of the guests.

I would therefore beg of you, Mr. Town, to recommend the poor author's


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