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that has not been put in practice. No which they have no title. There is Fine Gentleman ever aimed at acquiring fomething very admirable and ingenuous any excellence: and if any natural per- in this disposition among our young feétions might give some little occasion people, who not only candidly discover for pride, the greatest pains have been all their frailties, but accuse themselves taken to destroy them. Good parts have of faults which they never intended to been often drowned in drunkenness, and commit. I know a young fellow who a strong constitution sweated away in is almost every morning complaining of bagnios: and in the mean time learning the head-ache, and curling the lat night's has been totally negle&ted, left improve- Champagne at the St. Alban's, when I ment should bring on pedantry and li. am well assured he passed his evening terary pride. The most thing parts very soberly with his maiden aunts in in the character of a Fine Gentleman Cheapħide.' I am also acquainted with are, that he drinks deep, dresses genteel. another gentleman who is very fond of ly, rides well, tan hoe his own horse, confeffing his intrigues, and often moand is posesed of some other qualifi- destly takes fame to himfelf for the cations which nobody can ever suspect great miłchief he does among the wothat a mind the least given to ambition men; though I well know, he is too bathwould ever labour to acquire. For my ful even to make love to his laundress. part, I am so far from agreeing with our He fometimes laments publicly the unSatirik, that the love of fame is the uni- lucky consequences of an amcur, and verfal paffion, that when I observe the has more than once been discovered to behaviour of our Fine Gentlemen, I am fend pill-boxes and gallipots directed apt to think it proceeds from the lowest for himself, to be left at the bar of neighand huinbleit turn of mind. Indeed, bouring coffee houses. The same hum. their fingular Modesty appears to me ble turn of mind induces the frugal to the only means of accounting for their appear extravagant; and makes many a actions, which commonly tend to place religious young fellow den y his princithem in the meaneat and inolt contempti- ples, brave his conscience, and affect ble light.

the character and conversation of an Nothing but this invincible Modesty, atheist. To say the truth, the generality and fear of seeming to aim at excellence, of the gay warld are arrant hypocrites in could ever give rise to certain habits, their vices, and appear to be worse than not only ridiculous, but ungraceful they really are. Many of our pretended Good eyes, for instance, are universally Bloods are, in fact, no more drunkards, ack nowledged to give luttre to the whorematters, or infidels, than a bully whole countenance ; yet famion and hu- is a man of courage; and are as little mility have blinded the whole town. fincere in their boasts of vice, as fateln The beau draws his eyes out of his men or beauties in their mutual profes, pocket, and the heauties kill us through lions of friend hipspying glatles. It has been known to That part of the female world which be the vogue for perions of fashion to compoles the order of Fine Ladies, have lose the use of their legs, and limp along as much humility as their counterparts, as if they were crippled. This practice I the Fine Gentlemen. · There is fomedaily expect to be revived: for I take thing so charming in the fair sex, that it for granted, that the tall staves now we ihould almost adore them, if they carrieid about must naturally dwindle did not lay aside all the pride of reputa into crutches. An inarticulate lisp evention, and by some good-natured faini, now infects the delivery in polite con- liarities reduce themselves to an equality versation. It is not at all unfashionable with us. It is, indeed, wonderful to to pretend derfreis; and unless the law obferve with what diligence our polite dies object to it, I do not despair of lee- ladies pare off the excellencies from their ng the tinae when the whole mouth characters. When we see them almost world thall affect to be dumb.“

as naked as the Glaces, it is natural to : This humble way of thinking has been suppose them as warmly devoted to Ve. carried so far, that it has even introduced nus; and when we hear them talk loolea new species of hypocrily. Fine Gen- ly, and encourage double meanings in tleinen, ferring leit their good qualities conversation, we are apt to imagine their should in their own despite wre balance potions of honou not very friet or fem their baet ones, clain several vices, to vere. But after all, this is frequently


mere hypocrisy, and the effect of humi- says, ' They were sneaking dogs, and lity, Miny a lady, very wanton in • afraid of being damned in thotë days; appearance, is in reality very modelt; but we are better inforneul, and fear and many a caquet has lost her reputa: nothing but the appearance of too much tion without losing her virtue. I nake virtue. To secure the mobility, gentry) no doubt but that several ladies of sutpi. and others, from to shocking an impus cious characters are not so bad as they tation, a friend of mine will lpeedily pres, feem, and that there are honourable per sent the world with a curious piece comfons among tlie gayest of our women of piled from the practice and principles quality.

of the preient times, entitled, A NEW To return whence I set out, the ex; • Treatise on Ethics; or, a System of traordinary Modesty of the Moderns, lo Immoral Philofop!ıx.' In this work averse to the arrogant pride of the An, he has treated at large of Modern Mcients claiming all virtues and good qua- desty, Thewn the excellence and utility lities whatsoever, is the only key to their of Immorality, and contiered Drinkbehaviour. Vice, or at least the jap- ing, Whoring, Fighting, and Gaining, pearance of vice, becomes absolutely re- as the four Cardinal Vices, or, in other quisite to pass through the world with words, the principal confiituents of tolerable decency, and the character of Bucks, Bloods, and Fine Gentleiner. 3 man of spirit. As Sir hn Brute 0






VOOD-Nature is to the midd what Coventry can be otlerwife than beautia agreeable disposition creates a love and even of those who are naturally endowed elteem for us in the rest of mankind, as ! with the soft parts of conversation,' to. an handsome person recommends us to be careful not to deprave or abute them. the good graces of the fair fex. It may They must not rely too confidently on be further observed, that any little de- their native sweetness of dilpolition: for feet in point of figure is sooner over- we should no more esteem a man who looked, than a fourness in the temper; discovered a negligence of plealing, than and we conceive a more lasting disgult we should admire a beauty who was an at a morose churlishness of manners, intolerabie 11atteri). Nor, on the other than at an hump-back or a pair of bane hand, should they let their Good-nature dy legs. Good-nature is, indeed, so run to an excess of compliment and ex., amiable a qualification, that every man travagant civility: for an engaging temwould be thought to poffers it: and the perhas been as often spoiled by this trous ladies themielves would no more like to blelome politeness, as a fine hape has be accused of a perverse turn of mind, been squeezed into frightful diftortions than of an unbappy cait of features. by tight stays, and a fine complexion enHence it proceeds, that those unfortunate cirely ruine by paint. Aale virgins, usually called Old Maids, But if this care is requisite, even in have both these heavy censures thrown those few who are blefied with this native upon them; and are at once condemned complacency and good-humour, bow ás ugly and ill-patured.

necessary is it for the generality of man. Some persons are (according to the kind to labour at rectifying the irregu. trict import of the phrase itself) born larities in their temper? For this pura Gool-natured. These fortunate peo- pole it would be fully fufficient if they ple are easy in themselves, and agreeable would employ half the art to cultivate to all about them. They are, as it were, their minds that is daily used to fet of conftitutionally pleafing; and can no their persons. To this important end, more fail of being affable and engaging not only the fimale delicacies of paint in conversation, iban an Hamilton or a and olitice are called in as auxiliaries


to the embroidered suits and French ledge is a greater ornament to the head peruques, but this anxiety to supply than a bag or a smart cocked hat; that any personal defect has set the invention anger sets like a blood- shot in the eyes, of artificers to work with so much ear: while Good-nature lights them up with neftness, that there is (carce any exter. smiles, and makes every feature in the nal blemith which may not be removed face charming and agreeable. or concealed: and however unkindly The difficulty of being convinced that nature may have dealt with you, you we want this social turn, is the grand may by their aslistance be made a model reason that fo little pains are taken to for a statuary, or a pattern for a painter acquire and perfect it. Would a man to study. If you want an inch in height, once be persuaded of any irregularity in your hoe maker can supplyit; and your his temper, he would find the blemishes hofier can furnith you with a pair of of the mind more easily corrected and calves that may put an Irishman to the amended than the defects and deformi. blush. An irregularity in your Mape ties of the body: but, alas ! every man cáo be made invisible by your taylor, is in his own opinion sensible and good. or at least by the artist near the Hay, humoured. It is, indeed, possible to market, who daily gives notice that he convince us that we have a bad commakes steel stays for all those who are plexion or an aukward deportment, INCLINED to be crooked. There are which we endeavour to amend by washes various beautifying lotions and cosme- and a dancing- malter ; but when the tics, that will cure spots and freckles in mind is accused, self-adulation, the most the complexion; and combs and un- fatal species of flattery, makes us cajole guents, that will change red hair to the ourselves into a belief, that the fault is tinest brown. Do you want an eye? not in our own disposition, but in that Taylor will fill the vacant focket with of our companions, as the mad inhaas bright a piercer as the family of the bitants of Moorfields conclude all whe Pentwerzles' can boast. Or is your come to visit them out of their senses. mouth deficient for want of teeth? Paul This foolish flattery it is that makes us Jullion (to use his own phrase) will think ourselves in flexibly in the right, reftify your head, and will fix a fet in while we are obftinately wrong, and preyour gums as even and as white as ever vents our receiving or communicating adorned the mouth of a chimney-fweeper. any pleasure in fociety. A whimsical These, and many other inventions no person complains of the fickteness of his less curious and extraordinary, have been acquaintance, and constantly accuses deviled; and there are no operations, thein of fancy and caprice; and there however painful, which have not been never was an initance of a pofitive unfubmitted to with patience to conquer toward man, that did not continually personal deformities. I know a gentle- rail at the perverseness and obftinacy of man who went through the agony of the rest of the world. A modern Buck having his leg broken a fecond time, damns you for a fullen fellow, if yout because it had been set awry; and I re- refuse a pint bumper; and looks upon member a lady who died of a cancer in you as a sneaking scoundrel, if you deher breat, occafioned by the applica- cline entering into any of his wild pranks, tion of repelling plaifters to keep back and do not chuse to lay all night in the ber milk, that the beauty of her neck roundhouse. Theuntractable humousift, might not be destroyed. I most hear while he disgufts all that are about him, tily with the fame resolution was dif- conceives himself to be the person afcovered in improving the disposition. fronted, and laments that there is no Tully, in that part of his Offices where harmony in the conversation, though he he peaks of Grace, tells us that it is de- is himself the only one that plays out of ttroyed by any violent perturbations It is true, indeed, that the eye either of the body or mind. It is a pity' fees not itself : but when this blind that mankind cannot be reconciled to partiality is carried so far, as to induce this opinion; fince it is likely they would us to believe those guilty of the folly foare no pains in cultivating their minds, who make us fenfible of it, it is surely if it tended to adorn their persons. Yet as ablurd as to imagine that the hare hip it is certain, that a man makes a worfe or carbuncled nose a man fees in the figure with an igrörant pare, than an glafs, belongs to the figure in the mir opowdered peruque: and that know. rour, and not to his own face.



Perfection is no more to be expected and the habit worn in the days of Queen in the minds of men than in their per- Elizabeth; and while he ftrutted about fons : natural defects and irregularities in this antiquate l garb, to accuse all the in both muft bę overlooked and excused. rest of the world of being out of the faBut then equal attention should be paid fhion? to both; and we Mould not be anxious I cannot conclude better than with a to clothe the person, and at the fame passage from Swift's Tale of a Tub, time let the mind go naked. We should where the ftriat analogy between the be equally assiduous to obtain knowledge cloathing of the mind and the body is and virtue, as to put on lace and velvet; humouroully pointed out. “Man,' says and when our minds are compleatly he, is a Micro-Coat. As to his body dressed, we should take care that Good- there can be no doubt; but examine nature and complacency influence and even the acquirements of his mind, direct the whole; which will throw the you will find them all contribute in same grace over our virtues and good • their order towards furnishing out an qualities, as fine cloaths receive from 6 exact dress. To instance no more; being cut according to the fashion. In ' is not Religion a Cloak, Honesty a pair order to acquire these good qualities, we • of Shoes worn out in the dirt, Selfshould examine ourselves impartially, love a Surtout, Vanity a Shirt, and and not eredt ourselves into judges, and Conscience a pair of Breeches, which, treat all the rest of mankind likę crimi- I though a cover for lewdness as well nals. Would it not be highly ridicu- as naitiness, is easily flipt down for lous in a person of quality to go to court the service of both?" in a ruff, a cloak, a pair of trunk hose,


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THE British Lion, who has for a the same fea, that rolled it's canvass bil.

couchant beast, or at most been heard to the season to carry Harlequin to China, growl and grumble, now begins to roar was again put in motion to transport again. His tremendous voice has rouled our failors to North America. At preme whole nation, and the meaneft of fent the Itreets ring with the martial the people breathe nothing but war and trains of our ballad-fingers, who are revenge. The encroachments of the endeavouring, like Tyriæus of old, to French on our colonies are the general rouse their fellow countryinen to battle; topic of conversation, and the popular while all the polite world are hurrying ery now runs New England for ever!' to Portsmouth to fee mock-fights, and Peace or war has been the fubject of be regaled with pickled pork and seabets at White's, as well as the debates biscuit on board the Admiral. at the Robin Hood; and a fleet roast. This posture of affairs has occasioned •ing, new world's new dress, the colo- politics, which have been long neglect.

nies in a rope,' &c. were, laft Sunday, ert, as ttudies useless and impertinent, 10 the subjects of a prayer and lecture at becoine once more fashionable. Relin the Oratory in Clare Market. The gion and politics, though they naturally theatres alsó, before they closed the sea- demand our conftant attention, are only fon, entertained us with several warlike cultivated in England by fits. Chril. dramas: the Prets-ging was exhibited tianity fleeps among us, vnless rouled at Covent Garden; and at Drury Lane by the apprehenfions of a plague, an



carthquake, or a Jew Bill: and we are found of the post-horn, when the mail alarmed for a while at the fudden news brings him the London Evening Post, of an invalion or a rebellion; but, as and a long letter of news from his nefoon as the danger is over, the English- phew at the Temple. Thele Sir Poliman, like the foldier recovered fiom his tic hiinself reads after dinner to me, the fright occasioned by Queen Mab's drum- curate of the parish, and the town-apoming in his ear, 'twears a prayer or thecary, whoin lie indulges with the run

two, and thieps again.' To preach of his table for their deep insight into up public spirit is at some leafons only the proceedings of the government. He blowing a dead coal; but at others, an makes many threwd remarks on every accidental blast kiudies the embers, and paragraph, and frequently takes the opithey mount into fame in an instant. nion of the two Doctors (for he honours The reign of politics seems at present to both the curate and apothecary with that be re-commencing. Our news-papers title) on the afterisks, dalhes, and itacontain dark hints and threwd conjec- lics. Nothing at first puzzled the honest tures from the Hague, Paris, and Ma- baronet, and his privy council, so much drid; and the lye of the day is artfully as the new seat of war. They very well contrived to influence the rise and fall knew the situation of Brussels, Ghent, of the money-barometer in Change Al. Antwerp, and other scenes of action in lev. This is the present itate of politics Flanders; but Virginia, the Ohio, or within the bills of mortality; of which wego, &c. (to use a common phrase) I shall now take no further notice, but were quite out of their latitude. But Submit to the perusal of my readers the this difficulty is at length furmounted following letter from my Cousin Village by the Templar's having tranimitted to on the same important subject.

his uncle one of D'Anville's maps; by

the help of which the baronet sometimes *, JUNE 30, 1755. delincates the progress of the French up DEAR COUSIN!

the Ohio, in ineanders of port winding AR, though it has not laid our along the table, and sometimes demo

fields waste or made our cities de- lines the forts lately raised by the ene. folate, engrolles almoft all the attention my in different parts, of our colonies. of this place. Every farm-house swarms At present writing I am but juft withwith politicians, who lay their wise heads drawn from the taking of Crown Point, together for the good of the nation; and represented by a cork, and stormed by at every petty chaadier's top in town, Sir Politic at the head of an arıny of while the half quarterns of tea are cherry-Itones. - weighed out, the balance of Europe is Sir Politic has, indeed, studied Monadjusted. The preparations now mak- sieur D'Anville thoroughly: he has alfo ing by sea and land are as popular fub. byen very much taken up of late with jects as the price of corn or the Broad- the peruial of the History of the Six Na. wheel-act. Success to our noble ad. tions ; fo that he has scarce one idea in mirals, and a speedy War, are alfo as his head, that does not bear some relacommon toasts over a mug of ale as God tion to the West Indies. We had some speed the plougb, or a good harveft: boiled beef the other day for dinner, though it inult be owned, that some fel. when the good knight observed, that he tith country squires, who have not an should be glad to partake of a buttock, equal thare of public spirit and love of boiled in the War-kettle; and he had no their country with their fellow ruftics, fooner lighted his pipe, than the first we lovewhat apprehensive of the in- puff of the tobacco threw him into some fluence which a war may have upon the reflections on the danger of Virginia, Laid-iax.

. By the bye,' said the Baronet, I ain ton at present on a visit to Sir Politic' a great admirer of the Indian oratory; Hearty, who is one of those country and I dare say old Hendrick the gergleinen, who fo much prefer the pub. ¢ Sachem would have made a good lic writare to their own private interest, figure in the House of Coinmons. that they are more anxious about the af. "There is something very elegant in the fairs of the nation than the care of their ? Covenant-Belt; but pray what a pox own ettates. Sir Politic is milerable " are thole danned Strings of Wampum? three days in the week for want of in- I cannot find any account of them in telligence; but his ipirips revive at the Chambers's Dictionary. He then


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