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out culling particular letters, and string. thongs; to roughen the verse and make ing them on his lines; as he is sure that it roar again with reiteration of the his verses are just measure, without scan. . letter R; to set it biffing with femi. ning them on his fingers.

vowels; to make it pant and breathe There are almost daily published cer. Tort with an hundred heavy aspirates; or tain Lilliputian volumes entitled, ' Pretty clog it up with the thickest double con. • Books for Children.' A friend of fonants and monotyllables: with a pare inine, who considers the little rhymers of ticular table of Alliteration, containing the age as only children of a larger the choicest epithets, disposed into ale • growth,' that amuse themselves with phabetical order; so that any subitantive rhymes instead of rattles, proposes to may be readily paired with a word be. publith a small pocket voluine for the ginning with the same letter, which, use of our poetatters. It will be a Trea- (though a mere expletive) thall seem to tise on the Art of Poetry adapted to the carry more force and sentiment in it, meaneft capacities, for which tubscrip: than any other of a more relative means tions will be taken, and specimens may ing, but more diftant sound. The whole be feen, at George's and the Bedford to be illustrated with examples from the coffee-houses. It will contain full di- modern poets. This elaborate work sections how to modulate the numbers will be published about the middle of on every occafion, and will instruct the the winter, under the title of " The young scribbler in all the modern arts of Rhymer's Play- Thing; or, Poetaster's versification. He will bere meet with Horn-Book;' since there is nothing ne. infallible rules, how to soften a line and cessary to form such a poet, except Jull us to fleep with liquids and diph- teaching him his letters.



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weather foplings, many of wliom may TO MR:

be met with in the three regiments of SIR,

guards, is usually flat and infipid, that OU obliged the world some time of our fea officers iš turbulent and

ago with a few reflections on the boisterous: and as a trip to Paris bas Gentlemen of the Army: at the present perhaps over-refined the coxcomb in red, juncture, a word or two on our Sea- à voyage round the globe frequently Officers would not be unfeasonable. I brutalizes the seaman, who comes home do not mean, that you Mould presume fo rough and unpolished, that one would to direct them how to behave in their imagine he had not sihted any nation in feveral stations, but rather to remaikon the world, excepi the Savages, or the their conduct and conversation in private Hottentots. The many advantages he life, as far as they are influenced by their has received from having seen the curmaritime characters. There is a cer ain toms and manners of so many different unfashionable dye, which their manners people, it is natural to suppole, would often take from the salt-water, that render his conversation very defireabie, tinctures their whole behaviour on shore, as being in itself particularly initructive If you could affilt in blotting out there and entertaining; but this roughness, ftains, and give a new colour to their which clings to the seaman's behaviour condu&, you would add grace and po- like tar to his trowsers, makes him unfit liteneis to their ordinary conversation, for all civil and polne society. He beaod would be of as much service to our haves at an affembly as if he was upon naval commanders in this point, as he deck; and his whole deportment maniwas to navigation in general, who first festly betrays, that he is, according to invented the compass.

the cominon phrase, quite out of his eleAs the conyer fasion of those fair. Nor can you collect any more from him concerning the several nations In the same manner fome, roughness he has visited, than if he had been during may perhaps be necessary to keep the the whole time confined to his cabin : crew in ordere but it is absurd for an and he seems to know as little of them, officer to retain his harshness in polite as the fine gentleman of his travels after company; and is in a manner tying his the polite tour, when he has, for the friends up to the yard-arm, and difcifake of improvement, rid post through plining his acquaintance with the catall Europe.



of-nine-tails. That our ordinary seamen, who are But the worst part of this maritime many of them draughted from the very character is a certain invincible conloweit of the populace, Mould be thus tempt, which they often contract for all uncivilized, is no wonder. The common mankind, except their fellow-Seamen. sailor's education in Tottenham Court, They look on the rest of the world as a or at Hockley in the Hole, has not qua.. let of freth-water wretches, who could lined him to improve by just reflections

be of no service in a ftorin or an engageon what he sees during his voyage; and ment; and from an unaccountable obitje going on hoard a man of war is a kind nacy, are particularly deaf to any proof university education, suitably adapt. polais of new improvements in navigaed to the principles imbibed in the polite tion, though experience daily teaches feminaries which he came from. A them the great use of the discoveries al., common failor too is full as polite as a ready made, and how much room there common soldier; and behaves as gen- is for more. They have no notion how teelly to a Wapping landlady, as the gen- ftudious men can lit at home, and devise tleman foldier at a futtling house. But charts and instruments to direct thein in Surely there ought to be as much dif. their courle; they despite those ingenious ference in the behaviour of the com. pertons, who would affitt them in their minder and his crew, as there is in their undertakings; while they consider them fituation : and it is beneath the dignity with the utmost contempt, as going of the British Flag to have an Admiral round the world in their closets, and behave as rudely as a Swahber, or a failing a: sea in their elbow.chairs. It Commodore as foul-inouthed as a Boat. is no less shameful than true, that the fwain.,

Ventilator, one of the most beneficial. It may perhaps be alledged in excuse, inventions that ever was devised, was that the being placed arnong such a

first offered to the service of our men of boisterous ler of people as our common war, and rejected. It was first used in failors, must unavoidably wear off all foreign fhips, then by our merchantpoliteness and good manners: as it is men, and lait of all among our men of remarkable, that all those who are em- war, to whole use it was first recomployed in the care of horses, grow as mended. This is a strong proof of that mere brutes as the animals they attend; fatal obstinacy, which our sea.comand as we may often observe those juf- manders are too apt to contract; and as tices, whose chief business is the exami- a further instance of it, I have been told Dation of highwayınen, houfe-breakers, of an Adoniral's indignation on this and ftreet-walkers, become as vulgar subject veriting itself in the following and foul-mouthed as a pick-pocket. As manner: 'A pack of blockheads,' said there may be some truth in this, the he, 'fit poring, and pretend to make commander fhould therefore he still more improvements for our use. They tell on his guard to pefarve ilie gentleman," you, that they discover this,and discover in his behaviour; and like the sea itself, that; but I tell you they are all tools. when the storm is over, grow smooth . -For instance now, they say the and calm. It is accounted a piece of 'world is round; every one of them humour on the Thames to abuse the " says the world is round;-but I have other passengers on the water; and there • been all round the world, and it is as are certain set terms of abuse, which "flat as this table.' fily to and fro from one boat to another The unpolished behaviour of our sea. on this occafion. A wag might perhaps officers is in a great measure owing to amuse himself with this water-language their being often fent to sea very young, in his voyage to Vauxhall, but must be with little or no education beyond what a very filly fellow indeed, to think of they have received at the acadenıy of carrying the joke on thore with him. Woolwich or Portsmouth. A lad of


good family, but untoward parts, or to launch forth with a genteel and liberal mischievous disposition, who has been education, not to suffer every trace of Aogged for a while at the grammar- it to be washed away, like words writSchool, or snubbed by his parents and ten on the fands: but that, when they friends at home, is frequentùy clap- return from sea, they may be fit to be ped on board a Mhip in order to same adinitted at St. James's, as well as at him, and to teach him better manners. Wapping or Rotherhithe. Here perhaps he at first mesles with Before I conclude, I must beg leave to the lowest of the seamen; and all that say a word or two concerning our Seathe young gentleman can learn from Chaplains. The common Tailors are his jolly mess-mates in the course of two known to have, when on board, a very or three voyages, is to drink flip, fing serious regard for religion; and their dea bawdy catch, and dance an horn-pipe. cent behaviour at prayers, and fedate These genteel accomplishinents he is attention to the sermon upon quartersure to retain, as he grows old in the deck, might shame a more polite audiservice; and if he has the good fortune ence at St. James's Church. For this to rise to a command, he is as Turly and reason a truly religious Chaplain, of brutal when advanced to the cabin, as good morals and sober conversation, will when he was tugging before the malt. necessarily have as much influence on

After all, it is but justice to confess, their behaviour as a mild and prudent that there are many among our sea-of- Commander. Nor can a clergyman be ficers, who deservedly hear the character too circumspect on this point; înce, if of Gentlemen and Scholars; and it is he does not act in every respect conformcasy to perceive, with how much better able to his function, his place might be grace they appear in the world than the as well supplied by any one of the unbereft of their brethren, who, when laid ncficed Doctors of the Flect. In a word, up and taken out of service, are as mere if a Chaplain will, so far divelt himself, logs as the main-malt. An officer, who of his lacred character, as to drink, has any relish for reading, will employ swear, and behave in cvery respect like the many vacant hours, in which he is a common sailor, he should be obliged relieved from duty, much more to his to work in the gangway all the rest of improvemert and satisfaction, than in the week, and on Sundays be invested fauntering between the decks, or mude with a jacket and trowlers in tead of his dling over a bowl of punch. I would, canonicals. I am, Sir, your humble therefore, seriously recommend it to those servant, young failors who have the happiness o







(the reader perhaps may not re- readers, that after several repeated trials meinber) I made mention of a Female and improvements, we have at length Thermometer, conitructed by my in- brought the instrument to fo great a degenious friend Mr. James Ayscough, gree of perfection, that any common by. optician, on Ludgate Hill; and I then ftander may, by a proper application of informed the public, that 'the liquor it, know the exact temperature of a lady's • contained within the tube was a che passions. The liquor, among other le

mical mixiure, which being acted cret ingredients, is distilled fecundum

upon by the circulation of the blood artem from the herbs lady's-love and « and animal fpiriis, would rise and fall maiden-hair, the wax, of virgin-bees, o according to the delires and affections and the five greater hot and cold feeds: • of the wearer.' But I have now the and the properties of it are lo subtle and


penetrating, that immediately on it's so that it has often happened, that with coming within the atmosphere of a lady's some subjects, at the opening of the affe&tions, it is actuated by them in the play, the liquor has struggled a while, same manner as the spirits are by the and rose and funk about the degrees jult impulse of the air in the common Ther- above Modesty; before the third as it mometer.

has stood suspended at the middle point It was not without fome difficulty between Modesty and Impudence; in that we could settle the different degrees the fourth act it has advanced as far as of heat and cold in a lady's defires, Loose Behaviour; and at the conclusion which it would be proper to delineate on of the play, it has settled at downright our Thermometer : but at last we found, Impudence. At public concerts, and that the whole scale of female characters the opera especially, we observed that might be reduced to one or other of the the Thermometer constantly kept time following, viz.

(if I may so fay) with the music and

singing; and both at the opera and the ABANDONED IMPUDENCE. play-house, it always regulated it's moGALLANTRY.

tions by'the dancer's heels. We have Loose BEHAVIOUR. frequently made trials of our instrument Innocent FREEDOMS. at the masquerades in the Hay Market ;

INDISCRETIONS. but the temperature of that climate a!. INVIOLABLE MODESTY.

ways proved so exceeding hot, that on

the moment of our coming into the From these degrees, which we have room, the liquor has boiled up with a accurately marked on the fide of the surprising effervescence to Abandoned tube, we have been able to judge of the Impudence. characters of several ladies, on whom During the summer season, we have: we have made the experiment. In some not failed to make our observations on of these we have found the gradations the company at the public gardens. Herc very sudden; and that the liquor has we found, indeed, that with some raw rifen very falt from the lowest point to the unpolished females, who came only to highest.' We could likewise discover, eat cheese-cakes and see the cascade and that it was differently affected accordo fire-works, the liquor did not ftir beyond ing to the different station and quality Modesty; with many it has crept up to of the subject; fo that the same actions, Indiscretions; and with some it has ad. which in a lady of fashion scarce raised vanced to Loose Behaviour. We had the liquor beyond Indiscretions, in ano- no opportunity to try our Thermometer ther caused it to mount almost to Impue in the dark walks: but with some fuba dence. Much also depended upon the jects we have plainly perceived the liair and temperature of the place, where quor hastening up towards Innocent we made our trials : and even the dress Freedams, as they were retiring to these had some influence on our Thermome- walks from the rest of the company; ter: as we frequently obferved, that the while with others, who have gone the rise and fall of the liquor in the tube same way, it has continued to point, (as bore an exact proportion to the rise and it did at the beginning of our observafall of the stays and petticoat,

tions) at Gallantry. One young lady I Mall now proceed to give a fuccinct in particular we could not help remarks account of the many repeated experi: ing, whom we followed into Vauxhall, ments which we have made on different gallanted by an officer. We were glad subjects in different places. During the to see, at her first going in, that the lia winter season we had frequent opportu. quor, though it now and then faintly nities of trying the effects which the alpired towards Indiscretions, Atill graplay-house, the opera, and other places vitated back again to Modesty: after of diversion, might have on the Thermo: they had taken a turn or two in the meter. At the play-house we always walks, we perceived it fluctuating befound the liquor rise in proportion as tween Innocent Freedoms and Loofe the drama was more or leis indecent or Behaviour: after this we loft fight of immoral: at some comedies, and partie them for some time; and at the conclus sularly the Chances, it's elevation kept fion of the entertainment (as we follows pace exactly with the lusciousness of the ed them out) we could not without con, cialogue and the ripening of the plot; cern observe, that the liquor was haftily

bubbling bubbling up to a degree next to Impu. SICK ladies who go thither for the be. dence.

nefit of the waters. Besides the experiments on those la- Having thus fufficiently proved the dies who frequent the public places of perfection of our Thermometer, it only diversion, we have been no less careful remains to acquaint my readers, that in making remarks at several private Mr. Ayscough will be ready to supply routs and assemblies. We were here at the public with thefe ufeful inftruments fiift very much furprised at the extreme as soon as the town fills. In the mean degree of cold which our Thermometer time I would advise those ladies who seemed to indicate in several ladies who have the least regard for their characters, were seated round the card.tables; as to reflect that the gradations, as marked we found not the least alteration in it on our Thermometer, naturally lead to either froin the young or old: but we each other; that the transitions from the at last concluded that this was owing to lowest to the highest are quick and ob. their love of play, which had totally vious; and that though it is very easy absorbed all their other passions. We to advance, it is impossible to recede. have, indeed, more than onco perceived, Let them, therefore, be careful to regu. that when a lady has risen from cards late their paslions in such manner, as after so much ill luck as to have in- that their conduet may be always convolved herself in a debt of honour to a fiftent with decency and honour, and (as gentleman, the Thermometer has been Shakespeare says) not stepping o'er the lurprisingly affected; and as she has been 'bounds of Modesty. I all conclude handed to her chair, we have known the with observing, that these Thermometers liquor, which before was quite stagnant, are designed only for the ladies : for

instantaneously to the degree of though we imagined at first that they Gallantry. We have also been at the might serve equally for the men, we trouble to try it's efficacy in the long have found reason to alter our opinion; rooms at Bath, Tunbridge, Chelten- fince, in the course of several fruitless ham, &c. and we have found that these experiments on our own sex, there has places have brought about surprising scarce appeared any medium in them changes in the constitutions of those between Modesty and Impudence.


run up







' uttereth her words, and no man reSIR,

gardeth her.' Every lane teems with T has been generally imagined that instruction, and every alley is big with closet, by turning over a great number rious passer-by puts his eyes again it of pages: for which reason men have that universal volume of arts and sciences been afliduous to heap together a parcel which constantly lies open before him in of dusty volumes, and our youth have the highways and bye-places; like the been sent to ftudy at the univerlities : as laws of the Romans, which were hung if knowledge was Mut up in a library, up in the public streets. and chained to the shelves together with You must know, Mr. Town, that I the folios. This prejudice has made am a very hard student; and have pers every one overlook the most obvious and haps gleaned more knowledge from my ready means of coming at literature; reading than any of your poring fellows while, as the Wise Man has remarked, of colleges, though I was never poffeffed • Wisdom crieth without; the uttereth of fo much as an horn-book. In thie • her voice in the streets; the crieth in course of my ftudies I have followed the • the chief place of concourse, in the example of the ancient Peripatetics, who opening of the gates: in the city the uted to study walking: and as I had


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