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celebrated foreign universities, in which what authors are now pleased to call a alone an Englishman can be grounded comedy of two acts. This I finished in the principles of religion and liberty: with a great deal of pains, and very but I may lay without vanity, that I much to my owa satisfaction : but not gleaned some useful knowledge from being able to get it on the stage, as one every place I visited. My propensity house was entirely taken up with panto writing followed me wherever I went; tomimes, and the manager of the other and were I to meet with encouragement had so many farces of his own, I geneby a large subscription, I could publish roudly made a present of it to an actor several volumes of curious remarks, for his benefit when to my great surwhich I made in my tour. I had, in- prize it was damned. deed, like to have got into some un I have at last resolved to bend all my lucky scrapes, by turning author in attention, and dedicate all my powers, places, where the liberty of the prefs to the carrying on this my present elawas never so much as heard of. At borate undertaking. I am sorry to own, Paris I narrowly escaped being put into that the success has not at all answered the Baitile for a little Chanson à boire, my expectations: I Aattered myself with reflecting on the mistress of the Grand being universally known, read, and ad. Monarque; and I was obliged to quit mired; but I find quite the contrary, Rome a week sooner than I intended, I went into a coffee-house the other day for fixing on Pasquin a prayer for the by Whitechapel Mount, where on alks Pope's Toe, which was then laid up with ing for the Connoisseur, the woman the gout.
ftared at me, and said she did not know It was not till my return from abroad, what I meant. I dined last week at a that I formaily commenced a professed foreign ambassador's; and not a word critic, for which I now thought myself about me or my works passed at table. thoroughly qualified. I could draw I wrote to a relation at Caermarthen, parallels between Marseilles and De- defiring to know what reputation my noyer, compare the behaviour of the paper has in Wales; but he tells me, French parterre with the English pit; that nothing in the literary way comes and have lately made a figure by affect-, down there but the King's Speech and ing an indifference about the present' the London Evening Poit. I have enburlentas, as I took care to let every quired into the sale of my first number, body know, that I had often seen them my second, my third, my fourth, and in Flanders. My knowledge in thea the last: yet I cannot assure my readers, trical affairs naturally led me to write a that I have fold three thousand of any great number of occasional pamphlets one of them. In short, I give this pubon those topics, such as Examens of lic notice once for all, that if I do not · New Plays, Letters to the Managers, find myself taken in all over England,
&c.' Not content with this, I had a by the time I have published two or three ftrong inclination to :hine in the drama. hundred papersmlet them look to itme I often pleased myself with computing let them look to it-I'll bid adieu ta — Three benefit nights—let me fee my ungrateful country, go directly ta • fix hundred pounds at least-an hun. Berlin, and (as Voltaire is discarded) • dred more for the copy besides a per- employ my pen in the service of that
petual freedom of the house.' Thele encourager of literary merit the King of were temptations not to be refifted, I Prussia.
Q sat down therefore to a tragedy; but before I got through the firit act, de ... As several correspondents, fince fpairing to make it sufficiently pathetic the firft publication of this number, for the modern taste, I changed my have desired to know, from what Itaschere, and began a comedy; then again lian author the fable at the beginning of reflecting, that moft of our comedies this paper is borowed: we think it newere in reality nothing but over-growa cessary to acquaint them, that the fiệtior farces, contented myself with writing, is entirely our own,
NO VII. THURSDAY, MARCH 14, 1754.
PÆNITET HOSPITII, CVM ME SPECTANTI LACERTOS
IMPONIT COLLO RUSTICUS ILLE TUO.
I LOATH'D THE DINNER, WHILE BEFORE MY FACE
TO MR. TOWN,
Nothing is more common than to see SIR,
a new-married couple, setting out with Shall make no apology for recom
a splendor in their equipage, furniture, I
mending to your notice, as Cenfore' and manner of living, which they have Géneral, a fault that is too common
been afterwards obliged to retrench. among the married people; I mean the Thus it happens, when they have made absurd tric of Fondling before com. themselves remarkable by a thew of ex. pany. Love is, indeed, a very rare in.
cessive love. They begin with great gredient in modern wedlock ; nor can eclat, are lavish of their fondness at first, the parties entertain too much affection
but their whole stock is soon wafted; for each other : but an open display of and their poverty is the more unsupport. it on all occasions render's then ridicu. able, as their former profusion has made lous.
it more conspicuous. I have remarked A few days ago I was introduced to the ill consequence of this indiscretion a young couple, who were but lately in both cases: one couple has at lait had married, and are reckoned by all their separate beds, while the other have been acquaintance to be exceeding happy in carried to the opera in hackney chairs. each pther. I had scarce faluted the
Two people, who are to pass their bride, when the husband caught her whole lives together, may surely find cagerly in his arms, and almost devour. time enough for dalliance without play-, ad her with kisses. When we were leat. ing over their pretty tricks in public. ed, they took care to place themselves How ridiculous would it appear, if in a close to each other; and during our large assembly every one should seleçt his conversation he was constantly piddling mate, and the whole company should with her fingers, tapping her cheek, or
fall into couples, like the birds on Va. playing with her hair. At dinner, they
lentine's day! And it is furely no less were mutually employed in pressing each absurd, to see a man and his wife eterother to taste of every dina; and the nally trifling and toying together fond appellations of My dear, my Still amorous, and fond, and billing, • love,' &c. were continually bandied Like Philip and Mary on a shilling. across the table. Soon after the cloth
HUDIBRAS. was removed, the lady made a motion to retire; but the husband prevented I have often been reduced to a kind of the compliments of the rest of the com. aukward distress on these occasions ; not pany by saying— We should be un- knowing which way to look, or what
happy without her.' As the bottle to say. I consider them as playing a weni round, he joined her health to every game, in which the stander-by is not toast; and could not help now and then at all interested; and would therefore riúng froin his chair to press her hand, recommend it to every third person in and manifest the warmth of his passion these circumstances, to take it as an hịnt, by the ardour of his caresses. This pre that the parties have a mind to be alone, cious fooling, though it highly enter and leave the room without further cetained them, gave me great disguft: remony. therefore, as my company might very A friend of mine happened to be enwell be spared, I took my leave as soon gaged in a visit to one of these loving as possible.
couples. He fat ftill for fome time,
without interrupting the little endear which his wife's love induces her to take
Before I conclude, I cannot but take This behaviour, though at all times notice of those luscious love-scenes, that improper, may in some fort be excused, have fo great a share in our modern where perhaps the match had been hud- plays; which are rendered itill more dled up by the parents, and the young fulsome by the officiousness of the player, people are such new acquaintance, that who takes every opportunity of heightthey scarce ever saw each other till their ening the expression by kisses and emmarriage. A pair of loving turtles may braces. In a comedy, nothing is more be indulged in a little amorous billing relished by the audience than a loud at their first coining together : yet this smack, which echoes through the whole licence mould expire with the honey house; and in the most passionate icenes moon, and even in that period be used of a tragedy, the hero and heroine are but sparingly.
continually flying into each other's arms. But if this conduct is blameable in For my part, I am never present at a young people, how very absurd is it in scene of this kind, which produces a those advanced in years! Who can he!p conscious fimper from the boxes, and laughing, when he fees a worn-out an hearty chuckle of applause from the beau and belle, practising at threescore pit and galleries, but I am ready to exthe very follies that are ridiculous at claim with old Renault ' I like not fixteen I could wish that such a pair "thele huggers.' of antiquated lovers were delineated by I would recommend it to all married the pencil of an Hogarth. How humo- people, but especially to the l' dies, not rouly would he represent two emaciated to be so sweet upon their dears before wrinkled figures, with eyes funk into company: but I would not be undertheir heads, lank cheeks, and toothless stood to countenance that coldness and gums, affecting to leer, smile, and indifference, which is so fashionable in languith at each other! But this affec- the polite world. Nothing is accounted tation is still more remarkable, when a more ungenteel, than for a husband and liquorith old fool is continually fond- wife to be seen together in public places ; ling a young wife: though perhaps the and if they should ever accidentally meet, fight is not to disgusting to a franger, they take no more notice of each other, who may reasonably suppose it to be the than if they were absolute strangers. overflowings of a father's tenderness for The gentleman may lavish as much galhis daughter.
lantry as he pleases on other women, l: f metimes happens, that one of the and the lady give encouragement to parties perceives the folly of this beha- twenty pretty fellows, without censure : viour. 'I have seen a sensible man quite but they would either of them blush at uneasy at the indiscreet marks of kind- being surprised, in Mewing the least nefs shown by his lady. I know a cler- marks of a regard for each other. 'I byman in the country, who is often put am, Sir, your humble servant, &c. to the blush by the Atrange fainiliarities T
NO VIII. THURSDAY, MARCH 21, 1754.
Ó QUANTA SPECIES CEREBRUM NON HABET!
IN OUTWARD SHEW SO SPLENDID AND SO VAIN,
Must acknowledge the receipt of strange blunders and misapplications. I
many letters containing very lavish have seen a Sermon ushered in with the encomiuins on my works. Among the representation of a fhepherd and theprelt a correspondent, whom I take to herdess sporting on a bank of flowers, be a bookseller, is pleased to compli- with two little Cupids smiling over ment me on the goodness of my print, head; while perhaps an Epithalamium, and paper; but tells me, that he is very or an Ode for a Birth-day, has been insorry not to see something expressive of troduced with deatla's heads and crossmy undertaking, in the little cut that I marrow. bones. carry in front. It is true, indeed, that The inhabitants of Grub Street are my printer and publisher held several generally very Itudious of propriety in consultations on this subject; and I am this point. Before the halfpenny acalhamed to confess, that they had once count of an horse-race, we see the jockeys prevailed on me to suffer a profile of my whipping, spurring, joftling, and the face to be prefixed to each number. But horses (training within light of the post. when it was finished, I was quite mor- The last dying speech, character, and tified to see what a scurvy figure ! made behaviour of the malefactors, presents us in wood : nor could I fubmit to be hung with a prospect of the place of execuout, like Broughton, at my own door, tion; and the history of the London or let my face serve like the canvas be. Prentice exhibits the figure of a lad fore a booth, to call people in to the standing between two lions, and ram. thew.
ming his hands down their throats. A I hope it will not be imputed to envy due regard has been paid to this article, or malevolence, that I here remark on in the several elegies from that quarter this part of the production of Mr. Fitz- on the death of Mr. Pelham. They Adam. When he gave his paper the are encompassed with disinal black lines, title of The World, I suppose he meant and all the lable emblems of death : '
nor to intimate his design of describing that can we doubt, but that an author, who part of it, who are known to account all takes such care to express a decent forother persons Nobody, and are there- row on the outside of his work, has infore emphatically called The World. fused a great deal of the pathetic into If this was to be pictured out in the the piece itself. head-piece, a lady at her toilette, a party Thele little embellishments were ori. at whist, or the jovial member of the ginally deligned to please the eye of the Dilettanti tapping the World for Cham- reader; as we tempt children to learn pagne, had been the most natural and their letters by disposing the alphabet obvious hieroglyphics. But when we into pi&tures. But, in our modern comsee the portrait of a philosopher poring positions, they are not only ornamental, on the globey instead of obfervations on but useful. An angel or a flower-pot, modern life, we might more naturally at the beginning and end of every chapexpect a fyítem of geography, or an ter or section, enables the bookseller to attempt towards a discovery of the lon- fpin out a novel, without plot or incigitude.
dent, to a great number of volumes ; The reader will finile perhaps at a and by the help of these decorations, criticism of this kind; yet certainly even properly difpofed, I have known a little here propriety should be observed, or at piece swell into a duodecimo, which had Jeait all absurdities avoided. But this scarce matter enough for a fix-penny marter being usually left to the printer pairphler. or bookseller, it is often attended with In this place. I might also take notice
of the several new improvements in the This indeed is to proper, that the febusiness of Typography. Though it verelt critics on'the drama cannot be is reckoned ungenteel to write a good offended at this piece of theatrical juf hand, yet every one is proud of appear. tice. ing in a beautiful princ; and the
There is lately sprung up among us a ductions of a man of quality come from new species of writers, who are most of the press in a very neat letter, though per: them persons of the firit rank and fahaps the manuscript is hardly legible. In- fhion. At this period the whole house deed, our modern writers seem to be more of commons are turned authors: and solicitous about outward elegance, than we cannot fufficiently admire the prothe intrinsic merit of their compositions; priety of ftile and sentiment in those eleand on this account it is thought no 'gant addresses, by which they humbly mean recommendation of their works, offer themselves as candidates, and beg to advertise that they are beautifully the favour of your votes and intereft. • printed on a fine paper, and entire These gentlemen avail themselves great
new letter.' Nor are they only in. ly of the arts of printing above-men.. debted to the press for the beauty of the tioned; whether they would raise the type, but often call in it's assistance to merits of their own cause, or throw out explain and enforce the sentiment. When invectives on the opposite party. The an author is in doubt whether the reader courtier fets before your eyes in large will be able to comprehend his meaning, letters his steady attachment to King or indeed whether he has any meaning GEORGE, while his opponent displays at all, he takes care to sprinkle the sen. in the same manner his zeal for LÍ. tence with Italics; but when he would BERTY and the CONSTITUTION. surprise us with any thing more striking This muft undoubtedly have a wonderthan ordinary, he distinguishes the em- ful effect on the electors: and I could phatical words by large faring CAPI. almost allure any patriot certain success, TALS, which overtop the rest of their who should manifest his regard for DIÓ fellows, and are intended, like the gre- England by printing his addresses in nadiers caps, to give us an idea of fome. the Did Englifi Character. thing grand and uncommon. There But, in the whole republic of letters, are designed as so many hints to let the there are none perhaps who are more reader know where he is to be particu- obliged to the printer, than the writers larly affected; and answer the same pur- of periodical essays. The SPECTATORS, polé with the marginal directions in indeed, came into the world without any plays, which inform the actor when he of the advantages we are possessed of. is to laugh or cry. This practice is They were originally published in a moft remarkable in pieces of modern very bad print and paper, and were so wit and humour: and it may be observ. entirely destitute of all outward ornaed, that where there is the leart of these ments, that, like Terence's Virginlively qualities, the author is molt defirous of fubftituting these arts in their
-Ni vis boni room; imagining, that by a judicious In ipsá ineffet forma, bæc formam extinguerenie diftribution of these enlivening strokes Unless the foul of beauty had breathed in different parts of it, his work, how through the compofitions themselve, there ever dull in itself, will become smart and disadvantages would have suppressed the brilliant.
least appearances of it. And here I cannot but take notice, that these arts have been employed to As it requires no genius to supply a very great advantage in the service of the defect of this nature, our modern essays theatres. The writer of the play-bills as much excel the SpecTATORS in ele. deals out his Capitals in fo juft'a pro- gance of foron, as perhaps they may be portion, that you may tell the salary of thought to fall fort of them in every each actor by the line of the letter in other respect. But they have this adwhich his name is printed. When the ditional advantage, that by the fineness present manager of Drury Lane first of their paper they are rescued from serve came upon the stage, a new set of types ing many mean and ignoble purposes, two inches long were cast on purpose to to which they might otherwile be apdo honour to his extraordinary merit. plied. They also form themselves more