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The tenaciousiefs of an Hanger on as a band of decayed gentlemen, the sois so very tłrong, that whoever is drawn nourable penfioners of those ihey follow. into their snares, is fo firmly limed that The great men among the Romans had he can hardly ever loose himself from a number of these Hangers-on, who 31them. For as nothing but the lowest tended them wherever they went, and meanness of fpirit couid ever prevail on were emphatically called Umbre, or a man to submit to tuch dependance on Shadows; and, indeed, this appellation another, it is in vain to think of getting convevs a very full idea of the nature rid of such abject wretches hy treating of these humble retainers to the wealthy, thein with contempt.
They will take fince they not only follow them like as much beating, provided you will their fhadows, but like a shadow allow them an equal degree of fami- prove
the substance true :' for when. liarity, as a svaniei. They will also ever you observe one or more of these fubinit to do any little offices, and are Umbræ perperually at the heels of any glad to make themselves uteful when. gentleman, you may fairly conclude him ever they have an opportunity. They to be a man of fortune. will go among the brokers to borrow These faithful friends are so careful of money for you, pimp for you, or fub- every thing that concerns you, that they mit to any other such gentleman-like always enquire with the greatest exactemployment to ferre their friend. nels irito your affairs, and know almost
It must here be noted, that every as well as your iteward the income of Hanger-on is a person of Arict honour your eitate.' They are allo so fond of and a gentleman; for though his for- your company, and so desirous of pretune is, to be fure, somewhat inferior ferving your good opinion, that an to your's, and he submits to make him- Hanger on will take as inuch pains to self convenient on several occasions, yet keep you entirely to himseit, and to preon that account you are in lebted to his vent a rival in your affections, as a mirinfinite good-nature; and all his endean tress: and as a convenient female is a vours to terve you proceed t:om his very necessary part of the equipage of a great regard for you!. I remember one person of fashion, these male companions of these fr endly gentlemen, who carried must be a very agreeable part of the rehis eteem fo tar, that in a quarrel with tinue of those high-spirited young genhis rich companion, in which he was tlemen, who are fond of being the heail favoured with several tweaks by the of their company. It is only a more nose, and kicks on the breech, he re- refined taste in expences to pay a man ceiv :d all these injuries with patience, for laughing at your wit and indulging and only fairl, with tears in his eyes- your humour, and who will either drink • Dear Jack, I never expe ted this usage his bottle with vou at the tavern, or run
You know I don't mind to the end of the town for you on an er' fighting; but I should never have a rand. 'monent's peace, if I was to do you I might also take notice of an humbler
the least injury. Come, Jack, let us sort of Hangers-on, who fix themselves
bu's and be friends. Their gentility to no one in particular, but falten upon is unquestionable; for they are feldom all their friends in their turns. Their of any trade, though they are sometimes views, indeed, are seldum extended be. (being younger brothers per aps) of a yond a prefent fubsistence; and their utprofeffion. I know one who is a no. mott aim perhaps is to get a dinner. For minal lawyer; but though his friend this purpose they keep a register of the has often feed him, our Cuuntellor could hours of dining of alltheir acquaintance; never with any propriety conliler him and though they contrive to call in upon as a client. And I know another, who you just as you are fitting down to table, (like Gibet in the piav) is called Cap- ihey are always with much difficulty tain, whose elegant manner of living prevailed on to take a chair. It you mutt be fupported by his being on tult dine abroad, or are gone into the coun. pay with his patron, since he does not try, they will eat with your family, to receive even the cominon foldier's groat prevent their being melancholy on aca day froin his commission. However, count of your abfence; or if your famiconsidering at one view the gentility of. lv is out, they will breakfast, dine, and their profeflion, and the shortness of fup with you out of charity, because you their finances, I often look upon them Divuld not be alone. Every honfe is
haunted Called at our door. At last, however,
6 from you.
haunted with these disturbers of our They are, indeerd, known perhaps to be meals: and perhaps the best way to get cousins to the squire, but do not appear rid of them, would be to put thein, with in a more creditable light than his ferthe rest of your servants, upon board. vants out of livery; and sometimes ac. wages. ,
tually submit to as mean offices of drud. But besides these danglers after men gery as the groom or whipper-in. The of fortune, and intruder's on your table whole fraternity of Hangers-01., whether in town, the country breeds a race of in town or country, or under whatever lowly retainers, which may properly be denomination, are the sons of idieness: ranked among the same species. Al for it will be found upon examination, moft every family supports a poor kinf- that whenever a man, whose bread deman; who, happening to be no way re- pends on his industry, gives himíelf up lated to the estate, was too proud of his to indolence, he becomes capable of any blood to apply himself in bis youth to meanne's whatever; and if they cannot any profethion, and rather chole to be dig, yet, like our Hangers-on, to bez lupported in laziness at the family-feat. they are not ashamed.
No XCVIII. THURSDAY, DECEMBER II, 1755.
UT ID OSTENDER EM, QUÒD TEISTI FACILEM PUTANT,
WHAT SHALL WE CALL IT? FOLLY, OR GOOD-NATURE ?
TO MR. TOWN,
Generosity is the daughter of Good
She is very fair and lovely,
when ur.der the tuition of Judgment and I
Have been some years married to one Reafo.; but when the escapes from her
of the best women in the world. She tutors, and acts indiscriminately, acpoteffes all the virtues that can be nam- cording as her fancy allures her, the ed: but, ajas! she posesies foine of subjects herself, Ike her mother, to them to excess. Those which I with to fneer, ridicule, and disdain. particularize, and which are infinitely To illustrate these assertions by some pernicious to me and my furtunes, are examples from among the many milher fuper abundant Good-nature, and haps, losses, and embarrafimenis, which her bountlets Generofity.
have accrued to us in the course of our It is a little dinicult perhaps to ascer- domestic affairs, give me leave to tell tain what are, or ought to be, the ex- you, that some years ago we had a footad bounds of Good-nature; which, of boy, who acted as butler, and had the all virtues, leems to me most necessary cuítody of the little plate which our to be confined, or at least initigated in finall fortune could afford us. The telsuch a manner as to hinder it from de- low was aukward, and unfit for the ita. ttroying it's own excellence and utility. tion; but iny wife very good - naturedly On the one hand, if it is reitrained too was determined to keep him in our ferclole, the world will say, that it muit vice, because he intended to marry the entirely lose it's elence: buł, on the nursery-mail, and would undoubtedly oiher hand, fatal experience has con- make an excellent husband. The raícal vinced me, that if it is permitted to en. was a thiet: but as it is ill. natured to joy a rullunumired iway, this amiable futpeet people before we have full proof vite bucoms a ridiculous vice; and of their knavery, leveral of his tricks hringe wiin is, as in my wife's cate, and petiy larcenits were attributed to fruitless expence's, ill-judged concef the itinerant Jews and higlers, (weiben rions, and a kind of blinci tolly, that is living at Newington) who frequentiy alva;s liable to contempt,
after several rogueries, too evident to ed to take care of the poor helpless offall, except the blinilly-good natured, springs, that have been begotten under bie went off with my wife's gold repeat- her oww roof; fo that I afure you, Sir, ing-watch, and a pair of our best filver my house is fo well filled with children, candlesticks, with which he v. luntarily that it would put you immediately in transported humtelf, as we have been
mind of the Foundling Hospital; with fince told, to the West Indies ; leaving this difference, however, that in miny his mistress the nursery-maid big with Hospital not only the children are prochild, and thereby giving great licence vided for, whether bastards or legiti. to the neighbourhood to animadvert mate, bu: also the fathers and mothers. upon my wife's amazing prescience in Your office, Mr. Censor, requires foreseeing his excellencies as a husband. and leads you to hear domestic occur
You must know, Sir, that my dear rences; otherwise I shouid fcarce have confurt, in the full glow of her good. troubled you with the records of a pri. ness, is never contented unless her ser- vate family, almoft ruined by excres vants marry each other. All I can urge cencies of virtue. The faine overflow: againit fo impolitic a custom has been to ing humanity runs through the whole no purpose: marriage, she says, pre- conduct of the dear woman whom I vents vice, and saves fouls from de- have mentioned. Even in triftes she is struction. Perhaps it may: but are no fuil of works of supererogation. Our uninarried servants to be found in Mr. doors are perpetually turrounded with Fielding's Register-office, or elsewhere, beggars, where the halt, the maimed, but what are vicious ? At least, I am and the blind, assemble in as great numfure that this piece of fanétity is very bers, as at the door of the Roman Ca. expentive in it's effects, and is attended tholic Chapel in Lincoln's Inn Fields. with many inconveniencies. One of her She not only gives them moner, but maids, about two years ago, was dit: fends them out great quantities of bread, covered to be very intimate with my beer, and cold victuals; and the has footman:
: my wife, to prevent ill con- her different penfioners (as the herself fequences, haftened to have them mar- calls them) for every day in the week. ried, and was present herself at the ce- But the expence attending these outremony.
She admired the modesty of door petitioners, many of whom have the woman, and the fuber gravity of the from time to time been discovered to be man, during the holy rites; and was impostors, is nothing in comparison to entirely convinced that no harm could the lums that are alınost daily drawn have happered from so decent a couple. from her by begging letters. It is imin a short space after the marriage, Party possible to imagine a calamity, hy whicla brought forth a swinging girl; but as she has not been a sufferer, in relieving it was born almoft fix months before it's those who have extorted money from her time, my wife advifeil them to keep it by pretended misfortunes. The poor the remaining half year in cotton. She lady ha: been much hurt by loftes in did this purely from a motive of good. tracle, fittained great damages by fire, mature, to shield, if poffible, the new
undergone many bardhips from ficksnarried woman's reputation ; but find. nets, and other uforeleen accidents; ing our neighhours fieer at the inci- and it was but yesterday that she paid a dent, and smile contemptuously at the long apothecary's hill, brought on by a prescription of cotton, the contented her- violent fever. Thus, Sir, though my felf in believing Patty's own account, wife keeps but little company, and the that in truth she had been married eight family expences are to all apptarance months before by a Fleet parfon, but very imali, :ct this dear woman's lu. was afraid to own it.
perabundant Good-nature is fuchr a perIf :ny wife's indulging her domeftics petual drawback on her ceconomy, that in matrimony was productive of no other
we run out considerably. This extraill consequence than merely their being vagant and ill-judged Generosity renmarried, it might, indeed, sometimes ders all her numerous excellencies of prove a benefit : but the chalter and none eff:ft: and I have often known more fober they have been before mar- her almost deitirute of cloths, hecause riage, the greater number of children the had diitributed her whole wardrobe zire produced in matrimony; anel my among iyars, fycophants, and hypowileivoks upon hortelf as in duty oblig- crites.
Thus, Sir, as briefly as I can, I have In my tender hours of speculation I fet before you my unhappy cafe. I am would willingly impute my wife's faults perilhing by degrees ; not by any real to our climate, and the natural difpofiextravagance, any designed ruin, or any tion of our natives. When the Englifh indulzence of luxury and riot, in the are good-natured, they are generaily so person who deftroys me.
On the con
to excess: and as I have not seen this trary, no woman can excel my wife in particular character delineated in any of the simplicity of her dress, the humility your papers, I have endeavoured to of her defires, or the contented easiness paint it myself; and shall draw to the of her nature. What name, Sir, shall concluson of my letter by one piece of I give to my misfortunes? They pro- advice, . Not to be GENEROUS overceed not from vice, nor even from fölly: “much.' The highest acts of Generothey proceed from too tender a heart; a fity are feldom repaid in any other coin heart that hurries away, or absorbs all but baseness and ingratitude: and we judgment or reflection. To call thefe ought ever to remember, that, out of 'errors the fruits of Good-nature, is too ten lepers cleansed, one only came back mild a definition: and yet, to give them to rerurn thanks; the reit were made an harsher appellation, is unkind. Let' whole, and went their way.' me suffer what I will, I must kiss the I am, Sir, your inost humble servant, dear hand that ruins me.
TIMON OF LONDON.
No XCIX. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1755.
DLA VENIAM, SERVIRE TUIS QUOD NOLO CALENDIS.
THY WORKS, O WING, O PARTRIDGE, I DESPISE,
TO MR. TOWN.
rect the vulgar tradesman and mechanic SIR,
when to open shop or go to work : but T this season of the year, while the persons of fation, whole hours are not
ftreets resound with the cry of marked by the course of that luminary, New Almanacks,' and every fall is are indifferent about it's motions; and, covered with News from the Stars, Dia. like those who live under the Equinoctial ries, Predictions, Compleat Epheme. Line, have their days and nights of in rides, &c. drawn up by Partridge, Par- equal degree of length all the year round. ket, Vincent Wing, and the reit of the The Red-letter-days, pointed out in our fagacious body of Philomaths and Attro- common Almanacks, may perhaps be logers, give me leave to acquaint you of observed by some formal ladies, who my intentions of appearing annually in regulate their going to church by them : a like capacity. You must know, Sir, but people of quality perceive no diffethat having observed, that among the rence between the Moveable or Immove. great variety of Almanacks now pub- able Feasts and Faits, and know no use of lithed, there is not one contrived for the Sunday, but as it serves to call them to ule of people of fashion, I have redolved the card-table. What advantage can a to remedy' this defect by publishing one beau reap from Rider's Lift of the Fairs, every year under the title of the Court which can only be of service to his Calendar, calculated for the Meridian groom? Or what use can any gentleman of St. James's.
or lady make of those Diaries now inThe plan which has been hitherto fol. scribed to them, which are filled with lowed by our Almanack-makers, can Algebra and the Mathematics? In a be of no use whatever to the police world, word, the present uncouth way of divid. who are as widely separated, in their ing the months into Saints Days, Sundays, manner of living, from the common and the like, is no more adapted to the herd of people, as the inhabitants of the present modes of polite life, than the Antipodes. To know the exact Rising Roman division into Ides, Nones, and and Setting of the Sun, may ferve to die Caiends.
Loftead The pro
Instead of supposing with the vulgar that persons of fashion pay as little attrihe of Attronoiners, that the day be. tention to the Apofiles and Evangelists, gins at Sunrise, my day, which will as to St. Mildred, St. Bridget, or Si. coinmence at the time that it viually Winifred. Indeed, I retain the old bicaks into fashionable apartinents, will name of St. Jolin, becaute I am sure be determined by the Riing of people that people of quality will not think of of quality. Tous the morir.g dawns any body's being designed under that with early risers between eleven and tile, except the late Lord Bolingbroke. twelve; and noon co'n mences at four, Having thus discharged the Saints, peo. when, at this time of the year, the din- ple whom nobody knows, I have taken ner and wax-lights come in together, care to introduce my readers into the For want of a thorough knowledge of best company: for the Red-letters in the diftribution of the day, all who have my Calendar will serve to distinguish any connection with the polite world those days op which ladies of the first might be guilty of many mistakes; and fashion keep their routs and visitingwhen an honest man from Cormbill in- days; a work of infinite use, as well to tended a nobleman a vilit after dinner, the perfons of diftinction themteives, as he would perhaps find him sipping his to all those who have any intercourse biorning chocolate. The inconvenien- with the polite world. That leason of cies of the Old Stile in our manner or the year, commonly diftinguished by the reckoning the days were so manifest, appellation of Lent, which implies a that it was thought proper to amend time of fatting, I hall consider, accordthem by Act of Parliament. I am re- ing to it's real signification in the beau folve!, in like manner, to introduce the monde, as a yearly festival; and shall, New Stile of dividing the Hour's into therefore, mention it under the denomimy Almanack: for cair any thing be nation of The Carnival. more ablurd dan to fix the name of priety of this will be evident at 'frit morning, noon, and evening, at pre. fight; since nothing is so plain, as chat, fent at the same hours, which bore those at this feaion, all kinds of diversion and appellations in the reign of Queen Eli- jollity are at their height in this metrozabeth ? A Duchess is to far from din. polis. Initead of the Man in the Alma. ing at eleven, that it often happens, that nack, I at titt intended (in imitation Her Grace has not then opened her eves of Mr. Dodíley's Memorancium Beok) on the tea-table; and a Maid of Ho. to delineate the figure of a Fine Gente. nour would no mere rite at hve or fix in man, dreiled à la mode: but I was at the morning, as it was called by the length determined, by the advice of some early dames of Queen Bele's court, than ingenious friends, to tufter the old picThe would, in imitation of those daines, ture to remain inere; lince, as it appears breakfait upon trong beer and bcet. to be run through the body in several iteaks. Indeed, in those houses where places, it may not in properly represent the hours of quality are observed by one that fathionable character, a Duellit. part of the family, the impolite irregu- In the place which is allotted in other Sarity of the other, in adhering to the Almanacks for the Change of Weather, Old Stile, occasions great dilturbance; (as hail, froit, low, cloudy, and the for, as Lady Townly says ' Such a like) I hell fet down the Change of 6 house is worse than an inn with ten Drels, appropriated to diferent fisions, • Itage-coaches. What between the and ranged under the titles of Hats,
impertinent people of business in a Capuchins, Curlinals, Sacks, Negli. ' morning, and the intolerable thick gees, Ganze ilanikerchiefs, Ermine • shoes of footinen at noon, one has not Tippers, mutis, &c. and in a paraliel • a wink of fleup all night.'
column (according to the custom of The reformation which I have also other Almanacks) I shall point out the made in respect to the Red-letter-days several parts of the body attected by thele is no less contiderable. I have not only changes; such as lead, neck, breali, wiped away that immense catalogue of shouldeis, face, banuis, fett, legs, &c. Saints which crcuú the Popith Caleudar, And as Mr. Rider accompanies every but have also blotted out all the other month with leator zble Cautions about Saints that itill retain their places in our fowing turnips, raining cabbages, bloodcominon Almanacks: well knowing, letting, and the like in portant articles,