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it several inconveniences, as well as to prove to the family: but how was I paper-money; for as this latter is more mortified, when the good man sent men liable to miscarry, more easily concealed, word, that he was forry to find I had carried off, or counterfeited, than buls ruined myself, and had wrote a book; lion, merchants have frequent caules to fur the parton of the parish had affured complain that the convenience of this him that authors were never worth a fort of cash is not without it's alloy of farthing, and always died in a gaol. evil; and we find, that in the use of Notwithitanding this remonftrance, I language there is so much room for de- have still perfiited in my Ruin; which at ceit and mistake, that though it does not present I cannot fay is quite compleated, render it useless, it is much to be wished as I can make two meals a day, have fome remedy could be contrived. yet a coat to my back, with a clean shirt
Men are so apt 10 use the same words for Sundays at least, and am lodged in different senies, and call the same fomewhat below a garret. However, thing by different names, that often- this prediction of my uncle has often times they cannot understand others, or led me to confider, in how many senses, be themselves understool. If one calls different from it's general acceptation, that thing black which another calls the word Ruined is frequently made ule green, or that prodigality which another of. When we hear this word applied calis generofity, they mistake each other's to another, we should'naturally imagine meaning, and can never agree till they the person is reduced to a state worte explain the words. It is to this we than he was in before, and fo low that owe so much wrangling in discourse, it is scarce possible for him to rise again : and so many volumes of controverfy on but we fall often find, instead of his almost every part of literature. I have being undone, that he has rather met known a dispute carried on with great with some extraordinary good fortune';. warmth, and when the disputants have and that those who pronounce him rutinet, come to explain what each ineant, it has either mean you mould understand it in heen discovered they were both of a fide: some other light, or else call him unlike the men in the Play, who met and done, becaufe he differs from them in? fought first, and, after each had been his way of life, or because they wife hearrily beaten, found themselves to be hiin to be in that situation. I need not friends. What should we say, if this point out the extreme cruelty, as well practice of calling things by a wrong as injustice, in the milipplication of this name was to obtain among tradesmen? term; as it may literally ruin a man, by If you was to send to your haberdasher destroying his character; according to for an hat, you might receive a pair of the old English proverb— Give a doz ftockings; or instead of a cordial julep an ill name, and hang him.' from your apothecary, be furnished with Most people are, indel, to entirely a cathartic or a chvíter.
taken op with their own narrow vignes, It would be needless to infilt upon, that, like the jaundiced eye, everything the inconveniences arising from the mifs appears to them of the fame colour. use or misapprehension of terms in all from this felih prejudice they are led verbal combats; whether they be fought to make a wrong julginent of the :noon the spot by word of mouth, or (Ike tives and actions of others: and it is no a game of Chess) maintained, even wonder that they (hould fee Ruin tarthough lands and leas interpose, by the ing every man in the face, who happens affitance of the prefs. In our ordinary not to think as they do: ! shall, thereconversation, it is notorious, that no fore, here le: down a catalogue of fome lels confufion has arisen froin the wrong of my owa acquaintance, whoin the application or perversion of the original charity and foot-nature of the worl! and most natural import of words. I have not fcrupied to pronounce abforemember, when I commence i anihor, Jutely ruined, I published a little painphlet, wlich I A young clergyman of Cambridge fattered myself had some merit, though might have had a good college-living I must confels it did not kell. Con- in about thirty years time, or have been scious of my growing fame, I refrired at the head of the house : but he choic to send the first fruits of it to an uncle to quit his fellowship for a finall cure in the country, that my relations might in town with a view of recommending judge of the great honour I was likely himself by his preaching Ruined.
A fellow pf another college in the same friend of mine once heard this word used university refused to quit his books and in company. by a girl of the town. The his retirement, to live as chaplain with young creature, being all life and spirits, a smoking, drinking, swearing, fox- engroiled all the conversation to hertelf; hunting country Iquire, who would have and herself indeed was the fubject of all provided for him
Ruined. the conversation; but what moit surDr. Classic, a young physician from prized hiin, was the manner in which Oxford, might have had more practice she used this word Ruined; which octhan Radcliffe or Mead: but having curred frequently in her discourse, though ftudied Aristotle's Poetics, and read never intended by her to convey the the Greek Tragedies, a well as Galen meaning generally affixed to it. It served
nd Hippocrates, he was tempted to her sometimes as an æra to determine write a play, which was universailv ap: the date of every occurrence - She plauded, and the author was Ruined. bought such a gown, just after the was
A Student of the Temple might have ruined-The first time the law Garrick made fure of a Judge's Robes, or the, in Ranger, she was in doubt whether it Chancellor's Seals; but being tired of was bore or after she was ruined. fauntering in Weltminiter Hall without Having occasion to mention a young even getting half a guinea for a motion, gentleman, the burst into captures-o he has accepted of a commissiɔn in one of 7 he is a dear creaturel-He it was that the new-raised regimeats, and is Ruined. ruined me- he is a dear soul!--He
A younger brother of a good family carried me to an inn ten miles from threw himself away upon an obscure my father's house in the country, where widow with a jointure, of sool. per ann. "he ruined me. If he had not ruined by which he is
Ruined. me, I should have been as miserable Another, a man of fortune, fell in and as moping as my faiters. But the love with, and married a genteel girl • dear soul was forced to go abroad without a farthing; and though she upon his travels, and I was obliged makes him an excellent wife, he is uni- to come upon the town three weeks Versally allowed to have Ruined himself. ' after I was ruined no, not so much as
Before I conclude, I cannot but take " three weeks after I was ruined-yes, ie potice of the Itrange sense, in which a was full three weeks after I wasruirede?
VOLUME THE FOURTH.
No CV. THURSDAY, JANUARY 29, 1756.
GAUDET EQUIS, CANIBUSQUE, É T ABRICI GRAMINE CAMPI.
IN REV'REND SPORTSMEN, IS RIGHT ORTHODOX.
had not heard for fome time, has rough draught of him, with some acLately fenų me an account of a Country count of my visit, will not be unenterParjon; which I dare say will prove ena taining to your readers, tertaining to my town readers, who can Jack, hearing that I was in this part have no other idea of our Clergy than of the world, sent me a very hearty leto what they have collected from the spruce ter, informing me that he had been and genteel figures which they have doublē japanned (as he called it) about Been used to contemplate here in doc- a year ago, and was the present incuintors scarfs, pudding-fleeves, staréhed bent of ; where, if I would favour bands, and feather-top grizzles. It will him with my company, he would give be found from my cousin's description, me a cup of the best Yorkshire Stingo, that these reverend enligns of orthodoxy and would engage to thew me a noble are not so necessary to be difplayed among day's sport; as he was in a fine open ruftics; and that, when they are out of country with plenty of foxes. I rethe pulpit or furplice, the good pastors joiced to hear he was so comfortably may, without cerisüre; put on the man. settled, and set out immediately for his bers as well as dress of a groom of living. When I arrived within the whipper-in.
gate, my ears were alarmed with such a
loud chorus of « No mortals on earth DONCASTER, J'AŃ. 14,, 1756. are fo jovial as we;' that I began to DEAR COUSIN,
think I had made a mistake; but it's I
Am just arrived herë, after having close neighbourhood to the church soon
paid a vibe to our old acquaintance convinced me that this could be no other Jack Quickset, who is now become thë than the Parsonage-house. On my enReverend Mr. Quickset, rector of trance, my friend (whom I found in parish in the North-Riding of this coun- the midst of a room-ful of fox hunters ty, a living worth upwards of three in boots and bob wigs) got up to welhundred pounds per ann. As the ce-' come me to and embracing me, remonies of ordination have occasioned gave me the full flavour of his Singo no alteration in Jack's morals or be by belching in my face, as he did me haviour, the figure he makes in the the honour of faluting me. He then church is somewhat remarkable : but as introduced me to his friends; and plac. there are many other incumbents' of ing me at the right-hand of his own country livings, whose clerical charac- elbow-chair, assured them that I was a ters will be found to tally with his, pere very bonefit Cock, and loved a chace of
five and twenty miles an end as well as the most heinous crime in the two ta.! any of them: to preierve the credit of bles; nor does the care of souls appear which character, I was obliged to com- to hinı half lo important a duty as the ply with an injunction to tofs off a pint prefervation of the game. bumver of Port, with the foot of the Sunday, you may fuppose, is as dull fux dipped and queezed into it to give and tedious to this ordained sportsman, a zelt to the liquor.
as to any fine lady in town: not that he The whole economy of Jack's life makes the duties of his function any is very different from that of his bre- fatigue to him, but as this day is necefthren. Inhead of having a wide and an sarily a day of rest from the usual coils house-full of children, (the most com- of thooting and the chace. It happened, mon family of a country clergyınan) be that the first Sunday after I was with is fingle; unless we credit fome idle him, he had engaged to take care of a whispers in the parilh, that he is mar- church, which was about twenty miles ried to his houtekeeper. The calm off, in the absence of a neighbouring amusements of piquet, chess, and back clergyman. He asked me to accompany gammon, have no charms for Jack, who him; and the more to encourage me, Tees his 'dearelt action in the field,' and he afured me that we should ride over bcasts that he has a brace of as good as fine a champaign open country as any hunters in his fable as ever leg was in the North. Accordingly I was rouzed laid over. Hunting and shooting are by him in the morning before day break, the only business of his life; fox hounds by a loud hallooing of · Hark to Merand pointers lay about in every parlour; • riman!' and tire repeated Imacks of and he is himtell, like Pistol, always in his half-hunter; and after we had forboots. The estimation in which he tified our stomachs with several flices of holds his friends is rated according to hung beef, and a horn or two of Stingo, their excellence as (portlinen; and to be we Jallied forth. Jack was mounted able to make a good shot, or hunt a upon an hunter, which he affured me pack of hounds well, are most recom- was never, yet thrown out: and as we mending qualities. His parishioners rode along, he could not help lamenting often earn a hilling and a cup of ale at that fo fine a soft morning should be his house, by coming to acquaint him thrown away upon a Sunday; at the that they have found an hare fitting, or farne tine seina king, that the dog? a fox in cover. One day, while I was might run breast high. alone with my friend, the servant came Though we made the best of our way in to tell him that the clerk wanted to over herige and ditch, and took every speak with him. lie was ordered in; thing, we were often delayed by trying but I could not help imiling, when if we could prick a hare, or by leaving (instead of giving notice of a buiying, the road to examine a piece of cover ; chrittening, or fume other church busi- and he frequently made ine stop while ness, as I expected) I found the honest he pointed out the particular course that clerk came only to acquaint his reverend Reynard took, or the spot where he had fuperior, that there was a covey of par. earth'd. At length we arrived on full tridges, of a dozen brace at leaft, not gallop at the church, where we found above three fields from the house. the congregation waiting for us; but as
Jack's elder brother, Sir Thomas Jack had nothing to do but to alight, Quicklet, who gave him the benefice, is pull his band out of the sermon-case, lord of the manor; so that Jack has full give his brown scratch bob a shake, and power to beat up the game unmolested. clap on the surplice, he was presently He goes out three times a week with equipped for the service. In mort, he his brother's hounds, whether Sir Tho. behaved himself both in the desk and mas hunts or not; and has besides a pulpit to the entire satisfaction of all deputation from him as lord of the the parish, as well as the fquire of it, manor, configning the game to his care, who, after thanking Jack for his exceland empowering him to take away all lent discourse, very cordially took us guns, nets, and dogs, froin persons not home to dinner with him. July qualified. Jack is more proud of I shall not trouble you with an achis ofice, than many other country cler- count of our entertainment at the fquire's; gymen are of being in the commission who, being himself as keen a sportsman of the peace. Poaching is, in his eye, as ever followed a pack of dogs, was
Bugely delighted with Jack's conversa- ' at his own house, to be in readineis to
No CVI. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 5; 1756.
NON HÆC SOLENNIA NOBIS
THESE SOLEMN RITES NOR'SUPERSTITION VAIN,
IT is not easy for the mind of man to
Swifi, in his Voyage to Laputa, has a
panic which has once leized it: for which tenders to frience, that I shall beg leave, reason we cannot be surprised, that many to transcribe it. well-meaning people, who have not yet " These people,' says he, are under taken off the apprchenfionis occasioned . continual disquietudes, hever enjoy: by the late dreadful earthquakes, should 'ing a minute's peace of mind; and be led to conjure up new terrors, and their disturbances proceed from causes alarm themselves with imaginary dan- (which very little affeet the rest of morgers. Their fears interpret every com. tals. Their apprehensions arise from mon incident, and even the change of ' several changes they diead in the ceweather, as signs of approaching de- leftial bodies. For intance, that the Aruction: if the ray be calm and ferene, earth, by the continual approaches of such, they say, to the usual forerunner " the fun towards it, mult in course of of a shock; or, if the night prove teme time be absorbed, or swallowed apa. pestuous, they can hardly perfuade them.'! That the face of the sun will by deselves that it is only the wind which rocks
be encrusted with it's own efflutheir houses. With this propensity to via, and give no more light to the entertain any unreasonable dread about ( world. That the earth very narrowfuture events, it is no wonder that weakly escaped a brun from the last comet, minds should be worked upon by little which would have infall.bly reduced it dabblers in philosophy, who, having 'to alhes; and that the next, which gleaned a few barren scraps from the they have calculated for one and thirty Magazines, presume even to foretel the years lience, will probably defroy us. dissolution of the world by the Comet for, if in it's perihelion it should apwhich is expected to appear in 1758. proach within a certain degree of the