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fun, (as by their calculations they their mistaken piety could be better res • have reasons to dread) it will receive gulated. But there is another set of • a degree of heat ten thousand times men of a different turn, more numerous, 1 more intense than that of red - hot glow- and much more dangerous to the com • ing iron; and, in it's absence from munity, who treat every aĉt of religion • the sun, carry a blazing tail ten bun. as a jest, and hold it's most facred ordi

dred thousand and fourteen miles long; nances in contempt. Set forms and cew • through which if the earth should pass remonies, though they have no effential

at the distance of one hundred thou- virtue in themselves, are yet indifpenfa. • fand miles from the nucleus, or main bly requisite to keep alive in us a quick

body of the comet, it must in it's par- sense of our duty. It must be allowed, sage' be set on fire, and redaced to indeed, that if a man could conftar.tly

afes. That the fun, daily spending employ his mind in holy meditations, • it's rays without any nutriment to exercise his virtues, and believe the mys

fupply them, will at last be wholly teries of our religion, he would be a true con'uned and annibilated; which Christian, though he never complied must be attended with the destruction with any outward forms, or repeated so of this earth, and of all the planets that much as a single prayer. But it is mareceive their light from it.

nifelt from experience, that those who They are lo perpetually alarmed neglect the ordinances, neglect also the with the apprehenfions of these and the duties of a Christian ; and the least re• like impending dangers, that they can flection on the human mind will con • neither sleep quietly in their beds, nor vince us, that some external rites are ne• have any relish for the common plea- cessary to settle the wandering ideas, and

sures or amusements of life. When to fix the attention on it's proper object. they meet an acquaintance in the The fervent repetition of a prayer in. morning, the first question is about spires us with love and gratitude towards the sun's health, how he looked at his the Deity, and kindles the fparks of dem setting and rising, and what hopes votion within us : and it is easy to conthey have to avoid the stroke of an ap- ceive, that, if the celebration of public

proaching comet. This conversation worship was neglected ainong us only • they are apt to run into with the same for one year, it would be a more fatal

temper that boys discover to hear ter- blow to religion than all the weak at rible stories of spirits and hobgoblins, tacks of infidels and free-thinkers. which they greedily listen to, and dare But though forms may be faid to com. • not go to bed for fear.'

pose the body, a good life is the foul of Let Us, however, banish from our religion, without which the rest is but a thoughts all such vain notions, and let dead mass. The most rigid compliance us fortify our minds with a true sense of with every ordinance of the church, if: religion, which will teach us to rely on it has no influence on our conduct, is the protection of that Providence which rather a solemn mockery, than an atone. has hitherto preserved us. It is with ment for our offences: as they who regreat pleasure that I remark the unani- ceive the bread and wine without a firmi mous concurrence of almost all ranks of resolution to lead a new life, are said to people, in allowing the propriety of the eat and drink their own damnation. present folemn Falt, as a necessary at Wherefore, a strict observance of this. of humiliation, to avert the wrath and or that particular day is not a sufficient vengeance of Heaven, and call down it's discharge of our duty, except it serve to mercies upon us. It is true, indeed, rouže us from the lethargy of fin, to that no persons do more prejudice to the awaken in us a desire of becoming wor. cause of religions than they who cloud thy the protection of the Almighty, by it's genuine chearfulness with the gloon animating our faith, amending our lives, of fuperftition, and are apt to consider and working in us a repentance of our every common accident that befalls us transgressions. Thus the Lord's Day as a judgment. They clothe religion is not merely set apart for devotion, in the most terrifying habit, and (as it with an unlimited licence to wickedness were) dress it up in all the horrors of all the rest of the week ; but our being the Inquisition. These people are much particularly exercised in acts of piety for to be pitied; and it is to be wilhed that one day, is calculated to ttrengthen our

virtue,

virtue, and give a tincture of religion as feasting than fafting, if (as is often to our whole conduct through the other the cale) it should happen to be a dish fix.

they are remarkably fond of. All these On the present solemn occafion, I methods of keeping a Fast without abdoubt not but every persuasive, tending stinence, mortification, or self-denial, to make this temporary Fait a lasting are mere quibhles to evade the performbenefit, will be urged by the Clergy: I ance of our duty, and entirely frustrate fhall therefore content myself with touch the design of appointing this solemnity, ing on some laxities in the ufual manner. There is something of this nature very of keeping a Faft; which, though they commonly practised in France; where are not of fufficient dignity to be taken there are many families who keep the potice of from the pulpit, hould yet whole Lent with great ftri&tness, but the be pointed out, as the violation of the last night of it invite a great deal of com, Fast in these particulars is almost uni. pany to lupper. The moment the clock verfal.

Atrikes twelve, a magnificent entertainThe very name of a Falt implies a day ment, consisting of all sorts of rich fare, of abstinence, of mortification and self. is served up, and these moft

. Christian denial: which has always been enjoined debauchees sit down to indulge in luxas a neceffary means of subduing irre- ury, without fivning against the Canon. gular desires, and fitting us for holy I cannot conclude without an earnest meditations. For this reason, in former with, that the observation of the present days, when people of quality rose ear, Fast may awaken in us a serious atten, jier than even mechanics now open their tion to our duty hereafter; that we may shops, when the court itself dined at not seem to bave barely complied with eleven, that meal was deferred till four a ttated form, or to have been affected o clock, in compliance with this reli- with the short-lived piety of a single gious exercise, which was in those times day. As to those who require conftant, a real abstinence, a true piece of morti- ly to be frightened into their duty, I will fication and self-denial. "But if the ob. for once venture to commence prophet : kervance of a Fast consists in not dining and let them be assured that my predice till fous o'clock, our persons of fashion tions will infallibly come to pass. There may be said to fast every day of their is a danger more certain than an Earth Jives. In truth, the several hours of the quake or a Comet, which will inevitably day are adapted to such very different overwhelm us; a danger, from which employments to what they were former. we cannot pofsibly guard ourselves, and ly, that our four o'clock stands in the which perhaps is even now at our doors. place of their eleven : and nothing can This danger I cannot better set forth, be more absurd, (to use no liarsher term) than in the alarming words of a celea than to adhere to the form in the perbrated French preacher. I know a formance of a religious act, when by 'man, (and I will point him out prethe alteration of circumstances that form 'sently) who is now in this church; a

fatly contradi&ts the very meaning of man, in perfect health ; a man, in the it's original institution. I would also ! flower of his age: and yet this man,

ask those rigid devotees, who observe perhaps, before next Sunday, perhaps this day in all the Atrictness of the letter, • by 10-morrow, will be in his grave. and would be thocked at the light of a This man, my dear brethren, is MyJeg of mutton or beef-steak on their • felf who speak to you, it is You who tables, whether the dining upon salt or hear me,' other fih may not be confidered rather

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NO

NO CVII. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1756.

CEDUNT GRAMMATICI YINCUNTUR RHETORIS.

Juv.

TULL IN THE MIDST OF EUCLID DIP AT ONCE,
AND PETRITY A GENIUS TO A DUNCE.

POTE.

TO MR. TOWN.

these, are quite overlooked and negle&.

ed: the folid learning of Greece and COLLEGE, CAMBRIDGE; Rome is a trilling acquistion; and much

JAN. 30, 1756. more fo, every poiite accompliment: S7ky

in thort, if you will not get ail Euclid I

dred more, taken the first degree over Saunderfon till you are as blind as which this University confers on her he was himself, they will say of you, as fons; and begin to consider within my. in the molto to one of yonr late papers feif, in what manner we have spent our - A ciuin ejil ilice!! perifii! Tis time for dele four years past, and what "all over with you! you are ruined! profit we are likely to receive hereafter • undone! Not that I would depreciate from our academical Audies, But upon this kind of learning; it is ceriainly a retrospection I find that, instead of hav- mol noble science, and redes the greating laid op a store of learning which ett honour onlauman wit and invention; miglat have been of service to us in our all that I complain of, is the unreason. future conneciions and intercourse with able ftress that is laid upon it; nay, even mankind, we have been confounding the most abftrufe parts of it; which is our heads with a miscellaneous heap of frill more abfurd, as there are fo very wonsense, which mott of us, I am cer- few heads able to perceive and retain the tain, are endeavouring to unlearn as faft nice chain of reatening and deduction, as we possibly can: inftead of having which must neceffarily be inade use of acqwred such a share of common sense, and as a small number of mathematical as miglit have been of tervice to'ourfelves geniuses' would be tusicient for the ferand acquaintance, we mult entirely fell vice of his Majesty's dominions. off our odd ftock, and hurip she world I take it for granted, that your fagas of literature anew. This reflection can- city has by this time discovered; that not be very pleafint to those, who, I you have been addresied by a young mult say, have fquandered away so viry man, wione too over-weening conceit of precious a time of life; a time of lite, limtelf his perhaps induced liin to ima." wlien, though judgment perhaps is not gine, that the University has not fufficome to malarity, yet imagination and ciently rewarded his deferts : if so, you invention, those noble offsprings of a are not deceived. But though this dirpromising mind, are in the very Aower' appointment inay at prefent fit a liede and bloom of perfection.

uneasy upon me, yet I think I can fore. This seat of learning, for it undoubt-' lee, that it will be the most fortunate adly deserves that naine, has drawn and mortification that could possibly have kept us together for some years : our befallen me. For, in the firtt place, it iñanners, conversation, and studies, bear has sufficiently abated that upstart pride, a great fimilitude; but now either chance which most young men are apt to take or choice is going to disperse us over the in their own abilities; than which nowhole kingdom; and our places of abode thing can be more isklome to all their will searce be more widely different than acquaintance, or a greater impediment our schemes of life. Notwithitanding to their own real improvement. A pert this, the same plan of Rudy has been scholar, whenever he enters a room of imposed on all; whether agreeable or company, immediately affuines a fupe. contrary to the bent of inclination, has riority in discourse, and thinks himlelf never been regarded. Mathematics is obliged to correct all improprieties in the standard to which all merit is refer- thought or expression. You must speak 1x; and all other excellences, without by the card,' as Hamlet says, or ex

pect

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243 peat the cenfure of this fuperficial cox- contrary; but by inuring our persons to comb. If, according to the common the vicissitudes of the seasons, and using form of speech, you say, that there is Other proper methods, we shall feel no either heat in fire, or coldness in ice, he very sensible inconvenience from them. will inform you, that you

deliver

your- In like manner, all our skill and art
self very inaccurately, as Mr. Locke cannot prevent or elude the rubs and
has fully demonftrated; he will tell you, difatters to which we are liable: but if
you cannot prove, that two and two by degrees, and early in life, we are
make four, or that you are alive your- hardened and accustomed to them, and
Self. These, and a thousand other ob- if by the help of reason and sound phi-
servations equally impertinent, he is losophy, we arın and fortify ourselves
continually making, to the no small against them, they may fill perhaps
uneasiness and perplexity of the ladies reach us, but their locks will be quite
and honest country gentlemen. weak and languid ; and we may say of

What is still a greater misfortune, is, the darts of Fortune, as Virgil says of
that a man of this cast is never likely to Priam, when he hurled a javelin at
know any better : for, having raked Pyrrhus
together a few metaphylical distinctions
and scholastic refinements, he thinks he

Telum imbelle fine iEx'
has laid up a fufficient fund of know. Conjecit.-
ledge for his whole life: he despises all
common sense (which is the belt sense) The feeble diaft falls hurtless in the grounds

Short of it's aim, and impotent to wound,
through an ambition of appearing par-
çicular: and as for the advice or opinion
of others, those he thinks himself indir-

Thus you fee, Mr. Town, that out
pensably bound to disregard ; inasmuch of a seeming evil

, I have dilcovered a as such submiffion implies some inferia real good: and I am certain, if this meority, which he would by no means be thod of reasoning could be made univer. thought to labour under. Such a dif- fal, we should find much fewer mur. pofition as this I take to be the sure and murers againit the present diftribution infallible token of confirmed ignorance :

and order of things. a melancholy instance of the depravity of

I am, Sir, yours, &c.

B. A.
human nature, that the less we know,
the more we presume; and the fewer
advances we have made towards true

MR. TOWN,
knowledge, the less occasion we think I Am fo great an admirer of the fair-
we have of any further improvement. sex, that I never let a title of their

In the second place, if I may be al vendible writings escape me. I bought
lowed to judge of what I cannot possibly this year the Lady's Diary, merely be.
have experienced, I take it to be of the cause it was advertised as the Woman's
greatest benefit to a young person to Almanack, which I construed, the Al-
meet with early disappointments in life: manack composed by a Woman; but I
for fooner or later every one must have find I have been mistaken in my suppo-
his share of them; and the sooner we fition. It is not the work of a female.
meet with some of them the better. By The Christian name of the author, I
this means the mind is easily made fami. have reason to believe, is Marmaduke;
liar with crosses and vexations, and is unless I misunderitood a molt curious
not thrown off it's balance by every copy of verses, describing a nioft superb
thwarting and wayward accident; by entertainment of fish, fein, pies, and
this means we submit to ills and troubles, tarts, exhibited upon New Year's Day
as the necessary attendants on mankind; 1755. His Sirname remains as great
as on a rainy day we make ourselves an ænigma as any in his book. His
quiet and contented, but hope for fun- coadjutors, contributors, or assistants, are
thine on the morrow. And, indeed, Melis. Walter Trott, Timothy Nabb,
there seems to be a ftrong analogy bes Patrick Ocavannah, John Honey, Hen.
tween the inclemency of the weather at- ry Season, and others. I honour there
tacking our bodies, and the storm of af. gentlemen, and their works: but I own
dictions which batter our minds. The my chief delight is reading over the
rain will beat, and the wind will roar, Riddles and Ünriddles, the Questions
let us ufs our utmost endeavours to the and the Answers of Miss Sally West,

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Cælia,

Cælia, Mifs Nancy Evelyn, Miss E.S. "Ridole, invented with much pains and Miss Atkinson, Enira, and other choice thought by inyfelf, to the folution of lietie feminine spirits of the age. Rid. thote three ingenious Spinfters, Miss dies are so becoming, and appear so Polly Walker, Miss Grace Tetlow, pretty, when dandied about by ladies, and Miss Ann Rickaby, to appear in that they may be compared to foft, the Lady's Diary of 1757, and to reInooth, paintet, waxen babies, dressed ceive upon appearance, as a prensium, up in a proper manner for Mifles to one coinpleat let of the Connoisseur in play with, from eighteen to fourscore. Pocket Volumes, to be the property of But above all, I must take this opportu- one or more of these three ladies who nity of congratulating dear Miss Fanny shall explain my Ænigma. Huris, who, I find, has given an ele• gant Solution to a Prize Problem, by Fire and Water mix'd together, a Fluxionary Calculus founded on the

Add to this some Salt and Tin; • Properties of Tangents,' and by that

Teli me, Ladies, tell me whether

In this Mixture there is Sin? means has run away with no less than twelve Dirries for this important year 1756. As this young lady is juitly

The Solution itself, if not truly ex. called the honour of her sex,' and plained by the Three Graces, to whom deals entirely in the Properties of Tar. Í now address it, shall appear, by your gents, I fear she will never descend so permission, in the firft Connoisseur after low as Riddleme Riddlemeree; and there- next New Year's Day. fore I must humbly offer, by the vehicle I ain, Sir, your humble servant, of your paper, Mr. Town, a small

MICHAEL KRAWBIDGE.

N° CVIFT. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1756.

TER CENTUM TONAT ORE DEOS, ER EBUMQUE, CHAOSQUE,
TERGEMINAMQUE HECATIN, TRIA VIRGINIS ORA DIANA.

VIRG.

PIRE EXECRATIONS SPLIT YOUR TARS ASUNDER,
DEATN! AND DAMNATION! FURIES! BLOOD! AND THUNDER!

As

S there are some vices which the bluntly bolted out from the broad mouth from the great; so there are others which I İhall purposely wave making any the great have condescended to borrow reflections on the impiery of this praefrom the vulgar. Among these I can- tice, as I am fatisfied they would have not but let down the shocking practice but little weight either with the brou. of Curling and Swearing: a practice, monde or the canaille. The Swearts of which (to say nothing at present of it's either station devotes himself piece. meal, impiety and profaneners) is low and as it were, to destruction ; pours out indelicate, and places the man of qua- anathemas againit his eyes, his heart, lity on the same level with the chairman his foul, and every part of his body i at his door. A gentleman would for- nor does he fcruple to extend the fame feit all prefenfions to that title, who goo I wishes to the limbs and joints of thould chule to embellish his discourse his friends and acquaintance. This with the oratory of Billingigaie, and they hoth do with the same fearless una converse in the style of an oyiter-wonan: concern; but with this only difference, but it is accounted no dilgrade to him, to that the Gentleman-fwearer damns himute the same conrle expreflions of Curs. delf and others with the greateit civility ing and Swearing with the meaneit of and good-breeding imaginable. the mob. For my own part, I cannot · My predecessor, the Tatler, gives us fee the difference between a “By Gad,' an account of a certain humourilt, who or a . Gad dem-me,' minced and foft- got together a party of noted Swearers ened by a genteel pronunciation from o dinner with him, and ordered their well bullips, and ihe same expresion discourse to be taken down in thort

hand;

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