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Whose ruffle, as it lank depends,
Shall then such wretches Bards commence,
And thews how beauty strikes the soul,
No CXXVI. THURSDAY, JUNE 24, 1756. '
the court end of the town, who was ger of throwing himself out of the pulpit. generally accounted a very fine preacher, but I was at a lo!s how to account for that used to aim at delivering himself in the glowing itile of his discourtes; til; the most bold and animated itile of ora- happening to turn over the works of a tory. The tone of his voice was nicely celebrated French preacher, I found that accommodated to the different branches the oratorical performances of my friend of his discourse, and every thing was were no other than the faithful trantlapronounced with uncommon energy and tions of them. emphasis: he also indulged himself in This fort of pulpit plagiarism may. equal freedom of action, and abounde perlaps be more adapted to the taste of ed in various extraordinary gesticula. fome of our fashionable declaiiners, than tions: his sermons themselves were fown the more hackneved method of tranthick with tropes, metaphors, and fimi- scribing a page from Barrow, Tillotlies, and every-where" enriched with son, or Atterbury. But, although such apostropbe and prosopopeia.
practices may be less liable to detection, As I knew that this reverend gentle: it is certainly more orthodox to rifle the man had been abroad with a young works of our own Divinee, than to rannobleman in the capacity of a travelling fack the treasures of Romiih priests; tutor, I did not wonder at the violent and their enflained orations are undoubte exertion of his voice, and the vehemence edly less adapted to the genius of our of bis 1&tion, this affected air being a people, than the foher reasonings of our piece of clerical foppery, which an iti- own preachers. Voltaire. in his Essay nerant clergyman is apt ro adopt, while on Epic Poetry, has touched this point his pupil is gleaning all the other follies with his ufual vivacity, and given a of Paris : at which place it is very com- very juif description of the different fpes mon to see a capuching fo heated with cies of Polpit Eloquence that obtain in
France and England. The whole par- fected gestures, used by the clergy of fage is as follows. • Discourses, aim- his own nation. A sober divine thould
ing at the pathetic, pronounced with not afcend the pulpit with the fame paf
vehemence, and accompanied with vio. fions that a public orator mounts the • lent geftores, would excite laughter in roftrum: much lets should he allume
an English congregation. For as they the voice, geiture, and deportment of ' are fond of bloated language and the a'player, and the language of the the. moit impassionerl elcquence on the He should preferve a temperance • Stage, to in the Polpit they affcct the in the most earnest parts of his discourse,
moit unarnainented' aplicity. A and go through the whole of it in fuch | Sermon in France is a long Diclama. a manner, as best agrees with the solemn tion, fcrupulously divided into three place in which it is uttered. Pompous
parts, and delivered with enthusiasm. nonrente, bellowed out with a thunder• In England, a Sermon is a solid, but ing accent, comes with a worse grace
Soinetimes dry, Differtation, which a from the pulpit, than hombait and fufman reads to the people, without gera tian : judiciously ranted forth by a tuie, and without any particular ex- periwig-pated fellow' on the stage. I
altation of the voice. In Italy,' he cannot better illustrate the ablurdity and adus, a Sermon is a Spiritual Come- indecency of this manner, than by a • dy:' or rather Farce, he might bave familiar, though lametal, initance of faid, since the Preachers in that coun- it. Whoever has occasionally joined try harangue their audience, running with the butchers in making up the au. to and fro on a fort of railed itage, like dience of the Clare Market Diasor, will a inoun tebank. It must be owned, agree with me, that the impropriety of however, that fome of our clergy are his Itile and the extravagance of his greatly wanting in that life and spirit, action become ftill more thocking and which would render their instructions intolerable by the day which they pro. more affecting, as well as inore pleasing. fane, and the ecclesiastic appearance of Their sermons are frequently drawled the place in which the declaimer haout in one dull tone, without any vari- rangues. Thus, while those who thunation of voice or gesture : so that it is der out damnation from parish pulpits, vo wonder if some of the congregation may, from alíuming the manners of the Nould be caught napping, when the theatre, be resembled to ranting players; preacher himself hardly seems to be the Clare Market Orator, while he rorns awake. But though this drowly de religion into farce, must be confidered livery is not to be commended, yet a as exhibiting thews and interludes of serious car neliness is most likely to en- an inferior nature, and himself regardgage the attention, and convince the ed as a Jack-puduing in a gown and
This inanner, as it is molt de- catlock. cent in ittelf, is beit suited to an Englili A bloated itile is perhaps of bil others audience: though it is no wonder that least to be commended. It is more frea different strain of oratory should pre- quently made a shelter for nonsense, than vail in France; since a Frenchman ac. a vehicle of truth: but, though improcompanies almost every word in orria per on all occafions, it more especially many conversation with fome fantaltic deviates from the chalte plainneis and gelture; and even erquires concerning fimplicity of Pulpit Eloquence. Not your healing and talks of the weather, ain I lefs displealed with those who are with a wousand shrugs and grimaces. admired by fome as pretty preachers; as
But though I do not like to see a I think a clergyınan may be a coxcomb, preacher Jazly lolling on the cushion. in bis itile and manner, as well as a or dozing over his lemon-cafe, and prig in his appearance.
Flowers of harangeing his audience with an un- rhetoric, injudiciouíly fcallered over 3 christian z pathy; yet even this unani. fermon, are as disgusting in his dif mated slelivery is perhaps iets offentive, course, as the smug wig and scented than to vpler ve a ciergynan not fo alii wivite handkerchief in his drets. The duous to intruét his audience, as to be pretty preacher aims also at politeneis admired by them: not to mention, that and good-breeding, takes the ladies to Gyen Veitaire himfelt teems to think our task in a genteel vein of raillery, and manner of preachig preierable; on the handles their modini foibles with the whole, to the declamatory kile and ato fame air that he gallants their fause but
if ke has a mind to put his abilities to forth their extempore rhapsodies in a the stretch, and indulge himself in a torrent of enthusiaitical oratory. An more than ordinary flow of rhetoric, he inspired cobler will thunder out anathe. fricters away the folemnity of fome mas, with the tone and getture of St. fcriptural subject, and I have heard a Paul, from a joint-itool; and an enlighttourishing declaimer of this calt take offened bricklayer will work himself up to from the awful idea of the Passion, by such a pitch of vehemence, as thall make dwelling principaily on the gracefulness his audience quake again. I am forry of perion, sweetness of voice, and ele- to see our regular divines rather copying, gance of deportment, in the Divine Suf- than reforming this hot and extravagant ferer; and at another time, in speaking manner of preaching: an. have with of the Fall, I have known him enter pain been witness to a wild intemperate into a picturelque description of the delivery in our parish-churches, which wools, groves, and rivulets, pansies, I Mould only have expected at the chapel pinks, and violets, that threw a perpe. in Long Acre, or at the Foundery and fual gaiety over the face of nature in the Tabernacle in Moorfields. garden of Eden.
As a serious earneitners in the deli. Affected oratory and an extravagant very, and a nervous fimplicity in the delivery were first practised by those who itile of a discourse, are ihe most be. vary from the eftablished church: nor is coming ornaments of the pulpit, fo an there any manner so unbecoming and affectation of eloquence is no where lo indecent, which has not, at one time or offensive. The delivery of a preacher, another, been accounted truly spiritual as well as his diction, should, like his and graceful. Snuffling through the dress, be plain and decent. Inflamed nose, with an harmonious twang, has eloquence and wild gestures are unsuita been regarded as a kind of church-mu- able to the place and his function; and liç bett caiculared to raise devotion, and though such vehement heat may perhaps a piteous chorus of tighs and groans has kindle the zeal of a few enthusiastic old been thought the moit effectual call to beldams in the aile, it has a very dif, repentance. Irregular tremblings of the ferent effect on the more rational part voice, and contortions of the perion, of the congregation. I would therefore have long been the eloquence of Quakers recominend it to our fashionable divines, and Preibyterians: and are now the fa. to aim at being Preachers rather than vourite mode of preaching practised by Orators or Actors, and to endeavour thoie self-ordained teachers, wino itrike to make their discouries appear like Sera out new lights in religion, and pour mons rather than Orations,
N° CXXVII. THURSDAY, JULY 1, 1756.
FERVENS DIFFICILI BILE TUMET JÉCUR.
RAGE IN HER EYES, DISTRACTION IN HER MIEN,
Wepare told, that in Spain it is
TO MR, Towy.
Chief Eunuch, is of the Grand Signior's
favourite Sultana : and whether the be. SIR,
lieves that I am in love with every woE are told, that in Spain it is man, or that every woman is in love
the custom for husbands never with me, she will never trust me cut of to let their wives go abroad without a her fight; but sticks as close to me, as if watchful old woman to attend them; the really was, without a figure, bone and in Turkey it is the fashion to lock of my bone, and flesh of my felh. I up their miltrelles under the guard of a am never suffered to stir abroad without trusty eunuch : but I never knew, that her, left I should go astray; and at home in any country the men were put under fhe follows me up and down the house, the same restrictions. Alas! Sir, my like a child in leading Itrings: nay, if wife is to me a very Duenna: the is as I do but itep down itairs on any ordicareful of me, as the Keiller Art, or nary occasion, he is fo afraid I thould
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