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well-exlucited, cherish this ill-placed a match even for the natives of Eflex or pride of being, as it is called, the head Chellire ; and he is frequently engaged of the company. A person of this hun)in the Artillery Ground with Faulknes ble anbition will be very well content and Dingate at cricket, and is hiinlelf to pay the reckoning, for the honour of esteemed as good at Bat as either of the being distinguithed by the title of The Bennets. Another of Toby's favouGentlemian : while he is unwilling to rite amulements is, to attend the exe. associate with men of fashion, left they cutions at Tyburn; and it once hap. should be his superiors in rark or for- pened, that one of his familiar intimates tune; or with men of parts, leit they was unfortunately brought thither ; fhould excel hini in abilities. Somů.. when Toby carried liis regard to his detimes, indeed, it happens, that a person cealed friend so far, as to get himself of genius and learning will stoop to re- knocked down in endeavouring to rescue ceive the incense of mean and illiterate the body from the surgeons. Faitere's in a porter-house or cy«ier-cel- As Toby afects to mimic, in every Jar; and I remember to have heard of a particular, the air and manners of the poet, who was once caught in a brothel vulgar, he never fails to enrich his conin the very tal, of reading his verses versation with their emphatic oaths, and to the good old mother and a circle of expresiive diale&t; which recommend her daughters.
him as a man of excellent humour and There are some few who have been high fun, among the Choice Spirits at led into Low Company, merely from Comus's Court, or at the meetings of an affe&tation of Humour; and, from a the Sons of Sound Sense and Satisfac. desire of seeing the droller scenes of life, tion. He is also particularly famous have descended to allociate with the for linging those cant fongs, drawn up meanest of the mob, and picked their in the barbarons dialect of Tharpers and cronics from lanes and alleys. The pick-pockets; the humour of which he molt itriking instance I know of this often heighters, by tcrewing up his low pallion for drollery is Toby Bum- mouth, and rolling about a large quid per, a young fellow of family and for- of tobacco between his jaws. These, tune, and not without talents, who has and other like accomplishinents, fretaken more than ordinary pains to de- quently promote him to the chair in thete grade himself; and is now become al. faceticus Sociсties. doft as low a character as any of thote Toby bas indulged the same notions whom he has chosen for his companions. of Humour even in his amours; and is Toby will drink puil in a morning, well known to every street-walker besimple his pipe in a night-ceilar, dive tween Charing Cross and Cheaplide. for a dinner, or eat black-puddings at This lias given several shocks to his conBartholomew Fair, for the humour of ftitution, and often invoked himn in une the thing. He has also studied, and lucky scrapes. He has been frequently practises, all the plebeian arts and ex- bruiled, beaten and kicked, by the bul ercises, under the best masters; and has lies of Wapping and Fieet Ditch; and disgraced himself with every impolite was once soundly drubbed by a foldier, accomplifhment. He has had many a for engaging with his trull in St. James's fet-to with Buckhorfe; and has now Park. The last time I saw him, he and then had the honour of receiving a was laid up with two black eyes and a fall froin the great Broughton himlelf. broken pate, which he got in a mida Nobody is better known among the night skirmish, about a mistress, in a hackney-coachmen, as a brother-whip: night cellar. at the noble game of prison-bars, he is
No CXXXIII. THURSDAY, AUGUST 12, 1756.
SEX HORAS SOMNO, TOTIDEM DIS LEGIBUS AQUIS;
QUATUOR OR ABIS, DES EPULISQUE DUAS.
TO MR. TOWN,
public diversions ; not to mention, that
nobody but a methodiit would ever SIR,
MIDDLE TEMPLE. think of praying four bours; and that F we look into the several inns of it would be impossible, though we were
law compose a very numerous body: day at Betty's, to dilpatch even dinner but if we afterwards turn our eyes on in two. How then thall we reconcile those few wlio are employed in exercil. these precepts, scarce practicable by an ing their talents in Westminfter Hall, hermit, to the life of a young gentlethis prodigious army of lawyers shrinks man, who keeps the best company; or to a very thin and incontiderable corps. how can these rules for severe applicaThousands, it seems, are disguited with tion be niade confiftent with the practice the unpleasing drynefs of the study, as of those, who divide their whole time it is now managed, and conceive an un- between eating, drinking, sleeping, and conquerable avertion to the white leaves amulements > Well knowing that the and the old black letter. This early volatile dispositions of the young gentledillike to legal inquiries certainly pro- men of the present age can never tubmit ceeds from the facal mistakes in the plan the ordering of their lives to any preof ftudy hitherto recommended. Ac- scribed rules, I have endeavoured te cording to all systems now extant, it is square my precepts to their lives; and abfolutely impossible to be at once a have to contrived the matter, that amidst lawyer and a fine gentleman. Seeing the keenelt pursuit of their pleasures, with concern the many evils arising from they shall be engaged in the most imtikele erroneous principles, I have at proving course of the law. length devised a method to remedy all As laws are chief's nothing else these inconveniencies; a method now but rules of action, what can be more very successfully practifed by several cruel and ablurid, than to coup up a young gentlemen. Wherefore I must brick young man, to learn, in his climbeg leave to submit my thoughts to the bers, what he can so much better teach public by means of your paper, and to himielt hy going abroad into the world? chalk out the outlines of a tretrise, now I propose to dole gentlemen with study, ready for the press, intituled, The Com- as Di. Rock does with phyfic, to be pleat Barrister ; or, a New Institute of taken at home or abroad, without loss the Laws of England.
of time ar hindrance of business. This, My Lord Coke prescribes to our ft1- I am convinced, is not only the best dent to follow the advice given in the method, but also the only scheme which ancient 'verses prehixed to this letter, for several inhabitants of the inns of court the good spending of the day: “Six would ever fellow. I hall not at pre' hours to sleep, fix to the ftudy of the tent forestall the contents of my treatise, • law, four to prayer, two to meals, by presenting you with a dry abitract of • and the rest to the Muses.' But what it; but rather endeavour to give you an an abfurd and unfashionable distribu- idea of the spirit and manner in which tion of the four-and-twenty hours! I it is written, by delineating the plan will venture a thousand pounds to a diligently pursued by one of Milling, that not one Itudent in the rite pupils: and I cannot but congratukingdom divides his time in this man- late the bar, that so many young men, ner. Here is not a single word of Vaux- instead of blinding their eyes and hewila ball, Ranelagh, the theatres, or other · dering their understandings with Coke, • See the tranlation in the body of the paper,
Plowden, Saikeld,, &c. have sense justice; hy which means he has attained enough to follow the same course of as full a knowledge of certain parts of ftudy.
the duty of a constable and justice of Tom Rint, the principal ornament peace, as could be collected from Dale of my class of Aude is, was sent to the ton, Blackerhy, ker Burn. Certain imTemple, not with any intention that he pertinences of his taylor and other trader. thould becoine a great lawyer, but mere- men have given him a clear notion of the ly because, for a few years, his father laws of arrett, and been of as much terdid not know how to dispose of him vice to him as the best treatises on bail otherwise: but so unwearied has been and mainprize. Besides which, the fehis application to the new method that veral sums of money which he has taken bis father and the rest of his friends up at different simnes, payable on his fawill, I doubt not, be surprized at his ther's death, have opened to him fome wonderful proficiency. As nothing is difficult points in conveyancing, by of more consequence to those gentle. teaching him the nature of honds, deeds, men, who intend to harangue at the &c. and have at the same time shewn bar, than the acquiring a ready elocum him what Lord Coke calls 'the amiable tion, and an eally habit of delivering ' and admirable secrets of the common their thoughts in public, to this I pay law,' by unravelling to him the intri. particular attention. For this purpose, cate doctrines of revertion and remainÍ adviled him to a diligent attendance der, as well as the general nature of on the theaties; and I allure you, Mr. estates. Thus he is continually imTown, he never fails to take notes at a proving; and whenever he shall happen new play, and seldom or mever milles to cominit a rape or a genteel murder, appearing at one house or the other, in it will serve him for matter of instructhe green boxes. He has also gathered tion, as well as any biltory of the pleas many beautiful flowers of rhetoric, un- of the crown, and give him an innght blown upon by all other orators an- into the nature of the practice and excient or modern, from the Robin Hood tent of the jurisdiction of our courts of Society; and at the same place he has justice. collected the Brongest arguments on By this plan of study no time is loft;, every subject, and habituated himself to so that, while other Itudents are idling modes of reasoning never hitherto in- away their vacation in the country, my troduced into courts of justice. But pupil is claily improving there. As ba what has been of more than ordinary is a member of the association, he is service to him, and is particularly re- very convers3nt in all the laws enacted commended by Lord Coke himlelf, who for the preservation of the game; and he calls conference the life of study,' is picks up all the learning of the circut, his fo frequent attendance at George's, by dancing at the balls at the assizes. and the other coffee houses about the As his father has a place, he is em. Temple, where every fudent has to ployed in canvasling for votes at the many opportunities of benefiting him- time of an election, which initructs him self by daily conversation with couri- in all the points of law touching those fellors, attornies, clerks to attornies, matters. He was principally concerned and other sages of the law.
in discovering the Cuttoinary Tenants, The law is intended to take cogni- that new species of freeholders unknown zance of all our actions; wherefore my to Littleton, Coke, and all the lawyers pupil, who is fond of exerting his fa- of antiquity: and he is to intimately culties in polite life, has already digested acquainted with all the do&trine conalmost all the grand leading points of tained in the several clauses of the the law into a journal of his transac. bribery act, that I propote publiling in tions, which I Mall lay before my read. the body of my treaiife, 'Les Read. ers at large in my treatise, as the best 'ings del Mun Seignor Riot Sur method for a common-place book. Thus, • L'Eliarute de 2 Geu. II. &c.' for initance, having been frequently By this time, Mr. Town, you must employed, after leaving the Sliakespeare, perceive, that ibe ground of my scheme in what is called bearing the rounds, it is, in short, no more than this, viz. has liappened to him to be taken into that the itudent should regard his life as custody by the magistrate of the night, a kind of cominentary on the law, as and carried the next morning before a it is recommended to the clergy to he
come examples of the doctrine they delightful, easy, and without any heavy teach. Or, to bring my illustration burthen, than Institutes of this nature? more home to these gentlemen, let them I have indeed often looked with concern learn the law by being occasionally in. upon those unhappy, gentlemen, who terested in different parts of it; as they have impaired their health by the old become in fome measure doctors of method of ttudy, and considered them physic from frequent need of it, and can as martyrs to huge volumes of reports cure themselves in certain cafes, as well and statutes at large: my pupils will be as Rock himself. Inttead of poring over in no danger of these misfortunes. It books, a gentleman need only observe, is recorded of an eminent counsellor, of how far the law and his actions tally the North family, (who, being one of with each other; and as it is said by Lord the ablest practitioners at the bar, was Coke, that the knowledge of the law overloaded with business,) that some¢ is like a deep well, out of which each times chusing to retire a while from
man draweth according to the strength hurry and perplexity, he would say to • of his understanding; so, in pursu. his clerk Tell the people I do not ance of my plan, the Atudent will im- practise this term. This proper reprove according to the eagerness with laxation I always recommend to my puwhich he engages in his pleasures: and pils, and have some reason to think they this, no doubt, was intended by Lord are prudent enough to embrace it; for, Coke, as it is the most obvious inter- as I am acquainted with leveral students pretation of his words, when he con. on the new plan, and do not remember cludes the comparison by saying, that to have seen them doing any business in ( when the professor of the law can dive the courts for some time, I suppose they • into the depth, it is delightful, easy, and had given notice to their clerks' to tell
without any beavy burthen, fo long the people that they did not practise • as he keeps himself in his own proper • in those terms.' I am, Sir, your hum6 element.'
ble fervant, What plan, Mr. Town, can be more
N® CXXXIV. THURSDAY, AUGUST 19, 1756.
THE TOT T'RING TOW'R AND MOULD'RING WALLS REPAIR,
country churches, and the behaviour of MR. VILLAGE TO MR. TOWN.
their congregations. DEAR COUSIN,
The ruinous condition of some of HE country at present, no less these edifices gave me great offence;
I not with politicians of every kind, I begun honest vicar, instead of indulging his to despair of picking up aný intelligence genius for improvements, by inclosing that might posibly be entertaining to his gooseberry-bushes within a Chinese your readers. However, I have lately rail, and converting half an acre of his visited some of the most distant parts of glebe-land into a bowling-green, would the kingdom with a clergyman of my have applied part of his income to the acquaintance: I shall not trouble you more laudable purpose of sheltering his with an account of the improvements parishioners from the weather, during that have been made in the seats we saw their attendance on divine service. It according to the modern taste, but pro- is no uncommon thing to see the parceed to give you some reflections, which sonage-house well thatched, and in exoccurred to us on observing several ceeding good repair, while the church
perhaps has scarce any other roof than' upon the younger part of the congrega. the ivy tat grows over it. The noise tion, to teach them that making polies of owis, bats, and 'magpies, makes the in fummer time, and cracking nuts in principal part of the church-music in autumn, is no part of the religious cemany of these ancient edifices; and the remony. walls, like a large map, seem to be por- The good old practice of psalm-singtioned out into capes, ses, and pro- ing is, indeed, wonderfully improved montories, by the various colours hy in many country churches since the days wirich the damps have Itained them. of Sternhold and Hopkins; and there is Sometiines, the foundation being too scarce a parish clerk, who has so little weak to fupport the steeple any longer, taite as not to pick his ttaves out of the it has been expedient to pull down that New Version. This has occasioned great part of the building, and to hang the complaints in fome places, where the bells under a wooden shed on the ground clerk has been forced to bawl by him. beside it. This is the cate in a parish self, because the rest of the congregation in Norfolk, through which I lately pass cannot find the psalm at the end of their fed, and where the clerk and the fexton, prayer-books; while others are highly like the two figures at St. Dunian's, dilguste:1 at the innovation, and stick as serve the bells in capacity of clappers, obtinately to the Old Version as to by itriking them alternately with an the Oid Stile. The tunes themselves hammer.
have also been new-set to jiggith mei. In other churches I have observed, sures; and the lober drawl, which used that nothing unleemly or ruinous is to to accompany the two first staves of the be found, except in the clergyman, and hundredth płalın, with the gloria patri, the appendages of his perfon. The is now split into as many quavers as an squire of the parish, or his ancestors per- Italian air. For this purpose there is in haps, to testify their devotion, and leave every county an itinerant band of vocal a laiting monument of their magnifi. muticians, who make it their business to cence, have adorned the altar-piece with goround to all the churches in their turas, the richest crimion velvet, embroidered and, after a prelude with the pitch-pipe, with vine-leaves and ears of wheat; and astonish the audience with hymns fet to have dressed up the pulpit with the saine the new Winchester meature, and ansplendor and expence; while the gen- theins of their own composing. As there tieman, who fills it, is exalted, in the new-fa Mioned psalmodists are necessari. niidt of all this tinery, with, a surplice ly made up of young men and maids, as dirty as a farmer's frock, and a pe- we may naturally suppose, that there is riwig that fueins to have transferred it's a perfect concord and lymphony between faculty of curling to the band, which them: and, indeed, I have known it appears in full buckle beneath it.
happen, that these sweet singers have But if I was concerned to see leveral more than once been brought into dir. distressed pastors, as well as many of grace, by too close an unison between our country churches in a tottering con- the thorough- bass and the treble. dition, I was more offended with the It is a difficult matter to decide, which indecency of worship in others. I could is looked upon as the greatest man in a with that the clergy would inform their country church, the parton or bis clerk. congregations, that there is no occafion The laiter is molt certainly held in higher to scream themselves hoarte in making veneration, where the former happens the responses; that the town-crier is not to be only a poor curate, who rides post the only person qualified to pray with every Sabbath from village to viilage, due devo ion; and that he who bawls and mounts and dismounts at the the loudest may, nevertheless, be the church-door. The clerk's office is not wickedett fellow in the parish. The old only to tag the prayers with an Amen, women too in the aile might be told, or uther in the fermon with a ftave; but that their time would be better employ- he is allo the universal father to give ed in attending :o the serion, than in away the brides, and the standing god. fumbling over their tattered teftaments father to all the new-born banuings. till they have found the text; by which But in many places there is a still greattime the discourse is near drawing to a er ian belonging to the church, than conciution: while a word or two of in- either the parton or the clerk hinseif. bruction might not be thrown away The person I mean is the Squire; who,