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ORDINL GENTIS
MORES, IT STUDIA, ET POPULOS, ET PRÆLIA DICAM.

VIRG

TİLIR STUDIES AND PURSUITS IN ORDER SHEWN,
'TIS MINE TO MARK THE MANNERS OF THE TOWN.

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CENSOR-GENÈRAL, I shall fol- rious passions excited by a love of gain, low the example of the old Roman Cen· strongly pictured in the faces of those sor; the first part of whose duty was to who came to buy; but I remarked withi review the people, and distribute them no less delight, the many little artifices into their several divisions. I shall there. made use of to allure adventurers, as fore enter upon my office, by taking a well as the visible alterations in the looks cursory survey of what is vsually called of the sellers, according as the demand The Town. In this I shall not confine for tickets gave occasion to raise or lower myself to the exact method of a geo- their price. So deeply were the couna grapher, but carry the reader from one tenances of these bubble-brokers im. quarter to another, as it may suit my pressed with an attention to the main convenience, or best contribute to his chance, and their minds seemed so dead entertaininent.

to all other sensations, that one might When a comedian, celebrated for his almolt doubt, where money is out of excellence in the part of Shylock, first the case, whether a Jew has eyes, undertook that character, he made däily hands, organs, dimensions, senses, visits to the centre of business, the ' affections, passions.' 'Change and the adjacent coffee-houses; From Garraway's it is but a short step that by a frequent intercourse and con. to a gloomy class of mortals, not lefs tersation with the unforeskinn'd race,' intent on gain than the stock -jobber : I ke might habituate himself to their air mean the dispensers of life and death, and deportment. A like desire of pe- who flock together, like hirds of prey netrating into the most secret springs of watching for carcases, at Batson's. I 'action in these people has often led Me never enter this place, but it serves as a there ; but I was never more diverted memento mori to me. What a formal than at Garraway's a few days before assemblage of fable luits, and trementhe drawing of the lottery, i' not only dous perukes! I have often met bere a

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molt intimate acquaintance, whom I sermon, and after seeming to peruse it have scarce known again ; a sprightly for some time with great attention, he young fellow, with whoin I have spent declared,' it was very good English.' many a jolly hour; but being just dub- The reader will judge whether, was bed a graduate in phyfic, he has gained most surprised or diverted, when I dirluch an entire conqueit over the ritible covered, that he was not commending muscles, that he hardly vouchsafes at the purity and elegance of the diction, any time to smile. I have heard him but the beauty of the type; which, it harangue, with all the oracular import. seems, is known among the printers by ance of a veteran, on the possibility of that appellation. We must not, howCanning's subfiiting for a whole month ever, think the members of the CONGER on a few bits of bread; and he is now ftrangers to the deeper parts of literapreparing a treatise, in which will be ture; for as carpenters, smiths, masons, fet forth a new and infallible method to and all mechanics, smell of the trade they prevent the spreading of the plague from labour at, booksellers take a peculiar France into England. Batson's has turn from their connections with books been reckoned the seat of folemn ftu- and authors. The character of the pidity: yet is it not totally devoid bookseller is commonly formed on the of taste and common sense. They have writers in his service. Thus one is a among them physicians, who can cope 'politician or a deist; another affects with the most eminent lawyers or di- humour, or aims at turns of wit and vines; and critics, who can relish the repartee; while a third perhaps is grave, sal volatile of a witty composition, or moral, and fententious. determine how much fire is requisite to The Temple is the barrier that difublimate a tragedy fecundùm artem. vides the city and suburbs; and the

Emerging from these dismal regions, gentlemen who reside there, seem influI am glad to breathe the pure air in St. enced by the situation of the place they Paul's Coffee-houie :. where (as I pro- inhabit. Templars are, in general, a kind fess the higheit veneration for our clergy) of citizen-courtiers. They aim at the I cannot contemplate the magnificence air and mien of the drawing-room; but of the cathedral without reflecting on the holiday smartness of a prentice, the abject condition of those ' tatter'd heightened with some additional touches

crapes, who are said to ply here for of the rake or coxcomb, betrays itself an occasional burial or sermon, with the in every thing they do. The Temple, fame regularity as the happier drudges, however, is stocked with it's peculiar who falute us with the cry of — Coach, beaux, wits, poets, critics, and every . Sir,' or Chair, your honour.' character in the gay world: and it is a

And here my publisher would not thousand pities, that fo.pretty a society forgive me, was I to leave the neigh. should be disgraced with a few dull felbourhood without taking notice of the lows, who can subunit to puzzle themChapter Coffee-house, which is free felves with cales and reports, and have quented by these encouragers of litera- not taste enough to follow the genteel ture, and (as they are itiled by an emi. method of studying the law. nent critic) not the worst judges of I Mall now, like a true student of the • merit, the booksellers.' The con- Temple, hurry from thence to Covent versation here naturally turns upon the Garden, the acknowledged region of newest publications; but their crisicisms gallantry, wit, and criticism ; and hope arc fomewhat fingular. When they say to be excused for not stopping at George's a good book, they do not mean to praile in my way, as the Bedford affords a the Itile or sentiment, but the quick and greater variety of nearly the same chraextensive sale of it. That book, in the racters. This coffee-house is every night phrase of the CONGER, is best, which crouded with men of parts. Almost fells inolt: and if the demand for Quarles every one you meet is a polite scholar fhould be greater than for Pope, he and a wit. Jokes and bon mots are would have the bighest place on the echoed from box to box; every branch rubric-port. There are also many parts of literature is critically examined, and of every work liable to their remarks, the merit of every production of the which fall not within the notice of less press, or performance at the theatres, accurate observers. A few nights ago weighed and determinel. This school I faw one of these gentlemen take up a (to which I ain myself indebted for a great part of my education, and in man. At the Robin Hood I am a powhich, though unworthy, I am now litician, a logician, a geometrician, a arrived at the honour of being a public physician, a metaphysician, a casuist, lecturer) has bred up many authors, to a moralift, a theologist, a mythologist, the amazing entertainment and instruc- or any thing but an Atheist. Wheretion of their readers. Button's, the ever the World is, I ain. You will grand archetype of the Bedford, was therefore hear of me sometimes at the frequented by Addison, Steele, Pope, theatres, sometimes perhaps at the opera: and the rest of that celebrated set, who nor shall I think the exhibitions of Sad. flourished at the beginning of this cen- ler's Wells, or the Little Theatre in the tury; and was regarded with just defe- Haymarket beneath my notice; but rence on account of the real geniuses may one day or other give a dissertation who frequented it. But we can now upon Tumbling, or (if they should boaft men of superior abilities; men, again become popular) a critique on who without any one acquired excel. Dogs and Monkeys. lence, by the mere dint of an happy al- Though the Town is the walk I dali surance, can exact the same tribute of generally appear in, let it not be imaveneration, and receive it as due to the gined, that vice and folly will shoot up illuitrious characters, the scribblers, unnoticed in the country. My cousin players, fiddlers, gamblers, that make VILLAGE has undertaken that province, lo large a part of the company at the and will send me the freshelt advices of Bedford.

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every fault or foible that takes root there, I thall now take leave of Covent Gar. But as it is my chief ambition to please den, and desire the reader's company to and instruct the ladies, I Mall embrace White's. Here (as Vanbrugh says of every opportunity of devoting my laLocket's) he may have a dis no bours to their service: and I may with • bigger than a saucer, that shall cost justice congratulate myself upon the

hiin fifty shillings.' The great peo- happiness of living in an age, when the ple, who frequent this place, do not in- female part of the world are lo studious terrupt their politer amusements, like to find employment for a Cenfor. the wretches at Garraway's, with busi. The character of Mr. Town is, I ness, any farther than to go down to flatter myself, too well known to need Westminster one sessions to vote for a

an explanation. How far, and in what bill, and the next to repeal it. Nor do sense, I propose to be a CONNOISSEUR, they trouble themselves with literary de- the reader will gather from my general bates, as at the Bedford. Learning is motto beneath the notice of a man of quality. They employ themselves more fashion

-Non de villis domibusve alienis, ably at whift for the trifle of a thousand Nec malè necne Lepos faltet; jed quod magis pounds the rubber, or by making betts on the lye of the day.

Pertinet, et nefiire malum eft, agitamus.

Hor. From this very genteel place the reader must not be surprised, if I Mould con- Who better knows to build, and who to dance, vey him to a cellar, or a common porter- Or this from Italy, or that from France, house. For as it is my province to de- Our Connoisseur will ne'er pretend to scan, lineate and reinark on mankind in ge. But point the follies of mankind to mar. neral, whoever becomes my disciple must Th'important knowledge ofourselves explain, not refuse to follow me from the Star Which not to know all knowledge is but vain. and Garter to the Goole and Gridiron, and be content to climb after me up to As Critic and Censor: General, I Mall an author's garret, or give me leave to take the liberty to aniinadvert on every introduce him to a route. In my pre- thing that appears to me vicious or rifent cursory view of The Town, I have diculous; always endeavouring '10 indeed confined myself principally to ' hold, as it were, the mirrour up to Nacoffee-houses; though I constantly visit ture, to thew Virtue her own feature, all places, that afford any matter for • Scorn her own image, and the very speculation. I am a Scotchman at Tor. • Age and body of the Time his forin reft's, a Frenchman at Slaughter's, and and preslure, at the Cocoa-Tree I am an English

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N° II. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1754.

COMMISSA QUOD AUCTIO VENDIT
STANTIBUS, OENOPHORUM, TRIPODES, ARMARIA, CISTAS.

Juv.
MAIM'D STATUES, RUSTY MEDALS, MARBLES OLD,
BY SLOANE COLLECTED, OR BY LANGFORD SOLD.

I TRALRER: P: V.O.S. MAX

several Virtuosi, expressing their *** TREB. P. P. C.; and astonishment and concern at my disap- how inerveillous, molt courteous and pointing the warm hopes they had con- tpghte worthye reader, would the barceived of my undertaking from the title barous infcription of some ancient moof my paper. They tell me, that by nument appear to thee, and how pleadeserting the paths of Virtù, I at once faunt to thyne epne wybeall, thus preneglect the public interest and my own; served in it's obsolete spelling, and orithat by supporting the character of Con- ginal Black Charader! To this branch noisseur in it's usual sense, I might have of Taste, I am more particularly pressed. obtained very considerable salaries from A correspondent desires to know, whether the principal auction-rooms, toy-thops, I was of the party, that lately took a and repositories; and might besides very survey of Palmyra in the Defart; anplausibly have recommended myself as other, if I have traversed the Holy Land, the properest person in the world to be or visited Mount Calvary. I shall not keeper of Sir Hans Sloane's Museum. speak tpo proudly of my travels: but as

I cannot be insensible of the import. my predeceffor the SPECTATOR has reance of this capital business of Taite, commended himself by having made a and how much reputation as well as trip to Grand Cairo to take measure of a profit would accrue to my labours, by pyramid, I assure my reader that I have confining them to the minutest researches climbed Mount Vesuvio in the midit of into nature and art, and poring over the it's eruptions, and dug fome time underrust of antiquity. I very well know that ground in the ruins of Herculaneum. the discovery of a new zoophyte, or spe. I Mall always be solicitous to procure cies of the Polype, would be as valuable the esteem of so respectable a body as as that of the Longitude. The cabinets the Connoisseurs; since I cannot but be of the curious would furnish out matter sensible, could I any way merit it by for my essays, more instructing than all my labours, how much more important the learned lumber of a Vatican. Of the name of Mr. Town would appear, what consequence would it be, to point dignified with the addition of F. R. S. out the distinctions of originals from or Member of the Society of Antiquacopies fo precisely, that the paltry rians. I therefore take this early opScratchings of a modern may never here- portunity of obliging the curious with after be palmed on a Connoisseur for à letter from a very eminent personage, the labours of a Rembrandt! I should who, as well as myself, is lately become coinmand applause from the adorers of a Connoisseur, and is known to have antiquity, were I to demonstrate, that gone abroad for no other purpose than merit never existed but in the schools of

to buy pictures. the old painters, never flourished but in the warm climate of Italy: and how

TO MR. should I rise in the esteem of my countrymen, by chastiting the arrogance of an Englishman in presuming to deter- THE hurry in which I left England mine the Analysis of Beauty!

must have convinced you how At other times I might take occasion much I was in earnest, when I talked of to fhew my fagacity in conjectures on making a valuable collection of pictures. rusty coins and illegible marbles. What By my frequent attendance on fales, I profound erudition is contained in an already know almost as much of paint. balf-obliterated antique piece of copper! ing, as I do of the funds; and can talk

DEAR SIR,

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