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THE

CONNOISSEUR.

VOLUME THE FIRST.

No I. THURSDAY, JANUARY 31; 1754.

ORDINL GENTIS
MORES, LT STUDIA, ET POPULOS, ET PRÆLIA DICAM.

VIRG.

THEIR STUDIES AND PURSUITS IN ORDER SHEWN,
'TIS MINE TO MARK THE MANNERS OF THE TOWN.

CENSOR-GENERAL, I Mall fol- rious passions excited by a love of gain, low the example of the old Roman Cene strongly pictured in the faces of those for; the first part of whose duty was to who caine to buy; but I remarked with review the people, and distribute them no less delight, the many little artifices into their several divisions. I shall there. made use of to allure adventurers, as fore enter upon my office, by taking a well as the visible alterations in the looks cursory survey of what is usually called of the sellers, according as the demand The Town.' In this I shall not confine for tickets gave occasion to raise or lower myself to the exact method of a geo. their price. So deeply were the couna grapher, but carry the reader from one tenances of these bubble-brokers im. quarter to another, as it may fuit my pressed with an attention to the main convenience, or best contribute to his chance, and their minds seemed so dead entertaininent.

to all other sensations, that one might When a comedian, celebrated for his almof doubt, where money is out of excellence in the part of Shylock, first the case, whether a Jew undertook that character, he made daily bands, organs, dimensions, senses, visits to the centre of business, the • affections, passions.' 'Change and the adjacent coffee-houses; From Garraway's it is but a short step that by a frequent intercourse and con to a gloomy class of mortals, not lefs versation with the unforeskinn'd race,' intent on gain than the stock-jobber: I be might habituate himself to their air mean the dispensers of life and death, and deportment. A like desire of pe. who flock together, like hirds of prey netrating into the most secret springs of watching for carcases, at Batson's. í action in these people has often led Me never enter this place, but it serves as a there ; but I was never more diverted memento mori to me. What a formal than at Garraway's a few days before allemblage of sable fuits, and tremena the drawing of the lottery, I not only dous perukes! I bave often met bere a

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molt intimate acquaintance, whom I fermon, and after seeming to peruse it have scarce known again; a (prightly for some time with great attention, he young fellow, with whoin I have spent declared, it was very good English.' many a jolly hour; but being just dub. The reader will judge whether, I was bed a graduate in physic, he has gained most surprised or diverted, when I diffuch an entire conqueit over the risible covered, that he was not commending muscles, that he hardly vouchsafes at the purity and elegance of the diction, any time to smile.' I have heard him but the beauty of the type; which, it harangue, with all the oracular importe seems, is known among the printers by ance of a veteran, on the possibility of that appellation. We must not, howa Canning's sublisting for a whole month ever, think the members of the CONGER on a few bits of bread; and he is now ftrangers to the deeper parts of literapreparing a treatise, in which will be ture; for as carpenters, smiths, masons, fet forth a new and infallible method to and all mechanics, smellof the trade they prevent the spreading of the plague from labour at, booksellers take a peculiar France into England. Batson's has turn from their connections with books been reckoned the seat of folemn stu- and authors. The character of the pidity: yet is it not totally devoid bookseller is commonly formed on the of taste and common sense. They have writers in his service. Thus one is a among them physicians, who can cope politician or a deist; another affects with the most eminent lawyers or die humour, or aims at turns of wit and vines; and critics, who can relish the repartee; while a third perhaps is grave, sal volatile of a witty composition, or moral, and sententious. determine how much fire is requisite to The Temple is the barrier that difublimate a tragedy fecundùm artem. vides the city and suburbs; and the

Emerging from these dismal regions, gentlemen who reside there, seem influI am glad to breathe the pure air in St. enced hy the situation of the place they Paul's Coffee-houit: where (as I pro- inbabit. Templars are, in general, a kind fels the higheit veneration for our clergy) of citizen-courtiers. They aim at the I cannot contemplate the magnificence air and mien of the drawing-room; but of the cathedral without reflecting on the holiday smartness of a prentice, the abject condition of those ' tarter'd heightened with fome additional touches

crapes,' who are said to ply here for of the rake or coxcomb, betrays itself an occasional burial or sermon, with the in every thing they do. The Temple, fame regularity as the happier drudges, however, is Itocked with it's peculiar who falute us with the cryot-Coach, beaux, wits, poets, critics, and every • Sir,' or Chair, your honour.' character in the gay world: and it is a

And here my publisher would not thousand pities, that fo.pretty a fociety forgive me, was I to leave the neigh. thould be disgraced with a few dull felbourhood without taking notice of the lows, who can submit to puzzle themChapter Coffee-house, which is fre. selves with cales and reports, and have quented by thole encouragers of litera not taste enough to follow the genteel ture, and (as they are itiled by an emic method of studying the law. nent critic) not the worst judges of I Thall now, like a true student of the • merit, the booksellers. The con- Temple, hurry from thence to Covent versation here naturally turns upon the Garden, the ack nowledged region of newest publications; but their criticisms gallantry, wit, and criticism; and hope are fomewhat fingular. When they say to be excused for not stopping at George's a good book, they do not mean to praise in my way, as the Bedford affords a the Itile or sentiment, but the quick and greater variety of nearly the same ciraextensive tale of it. That book, in the racters. This coffee-house is every night phase of the CONGER, is best, which crouded with men of parts. Almost fells molt: and if the demand for Quarles every one you meet is a polite scholas fhould be greater than for Pope, he and a wit. Jokes and bon mots are would have the highest place on the echoed from box to box; every branch rubric-post. There are also many parts of literature is critically examined, and of every work liable to their remaks, the merit of every production of the which fall not within the notice of less press, or performance at the theatres, accurate observers. A few nights ago weighed and determined. This school I law one of these gentlemen take up a (to which I ain myself indebted for a

great

man.

great part of my education, and in

At the Robin Hood I am a powhich, though unworthy, I am now litician, a logician, a geometrician, a arrived at the honour of being a public physician, a metaphysician, a casuist, lecturer) has bred up many authors, to a moralist, a theologist, a mythologist, the amazing entertainment and instruc. or any thing but an Atheist. Wheretion of their readers. Button's, the ever the World is, I ain. You will grand archetype of the Bedford, was therefore hear of me sometimes at the frequented by Addison, Steele, Pope, theatres, sometimes perhaps at the opera: and the rest of that celebrated set, who nor Mall I think the exhibitions of Sadflourished at the beginning of this cen- ler's Wells, or the Little Theatre in the tury; and was regarded with just defe- Haymarket beneath my notice; but rence on account of the real geniuses may one day or other give a dissertation who frequented it. But we can now upon Tumbling, or (if they should boait men of superior abilities; men, again become popular) a critique on who without any one acquired excel. Dogs and Monkeys. lence, by the mere dint of an happy al Though the Town is the walk I Mall surance, can exact the same tribute of generally appear in, let it not be imaveneration, and receive it as due to the gined, that vice and folly will shoot up illustrious characters, the scribblers, unnoticed in the country. My cousin players, fiddlers, gamblers, that make VILLAGE has undertaken that province, lo large a part of the company at the and will send me the freshest advices of Bedford.

every fault or foible that takes root there. I shall now take leave of Covent Gar- But as it is my chief ambition to please den, and desire the reader's company to and instruct the ladies, I fall embrace White's. Here (as Vanbrugh says of every opportunity of devoting my laLocket's) he may have a dis no bours to their service: and I may with * bigger than a saucer, that shall cost justice congratulate myself upon the

him fifty shillings.' The great peo- happiness of living in an age, when the ple, who frequent this place, do not in- female part of the world are so ftudious terrupt their politer amusements, like

to find employment for a Cenfor. the wretches at Garraway's, with busi The character of Mr. Town is, I ness, any farther than to go down to flatter myself, too well known to need Westminster one sessions to vote for a an explanation. How far, and in what bill, and the next to repeal it. Nor do sense, I propose to be a CONNOISSEUR, they trouble themselves with literary de the reader will gather from my general bates, as at the Bedford. Learning is beneath the notice of a man of quality. They employ themselves more fashion

Non de villis domibufve alienis, ably at whift for the trifle of a thousand Nec malè necne Lepos saltet; jed quod magis pounds the rubber, or by making betts Pertinet, et nefcire malum eft, agitamus. on the lye of the day.

Hor. From this very genteel place the reader must not be furprised, if I should con Who better knows to build, and who to dance, vey him to a cellar, or a common porter Or this from Italy, or that from France, house. For as it is my province to de Our Connoisseur will ne'er pretend to scan, lineate and remark on mankind in ge But point the folljes of mankind to mai. neral, whoever becomes my disciple must Th'important knowledge of ourselvesexplain, not refuse to follow me from the Star Which not to know all knowledge is but vain. and Garter to the Goole and Gridiron, and be content to climb after me up to As Critic and Cenfor: General, I Mall an author's garret, or give me leave to take the liberty to aniinadvert on every introduce him to a route. In my pre- thing that appears to me vicious or rifent cursory view of The Town, I have diculous; always endeavouring"10 indeed confined myself principally to ' hold, as it were, the mirrour up to Nacoffee-houses; though I constantly visit ture, to shew Virtue her own feature, all places, that afford any matter for 'Scorn her own image, and the very Speculation. I am a Scotchman at îor: Age and body of the Time his forn rest's, a Frenchman at Slaughter's, and • and pressure, at the Cocoa-Tree I am an English

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No II. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 1754.

-COMMISS A QUOD AUCTIO VENDIT
STANTIBUS, OLNOPHORUM, TRIPODES, ARMARIA, CISTAS.

Juv.
MAIM'D STATUES, RUSTY MEDALS, MARBLES OLD,
BY SLOANE COLLECTED, OR BY LANGFORD SOLD.

I

several Virtuosi, expressing their *** TREB. V. P. P. S. C.; and astonishment and concern at my disap- how inerveillous, molt courteous and pointing the warm hopes they had con- rpghte worthye reader, would the barceived of my undertaking from the title barous inscription of some ancient moof my paper. They tell me, that by nument appear to thee, and how pleadeserting the paths of Virtù, I at once faunt to thyne epne wy: heall, thus preneglect the public interest and my own; served in it's oblolete spelling, and orithat by supporting the character of Con- ginal Black Charader! To this branch noiiseur in it's usual sense, I might have of Taste, I am more particularly pressed. obtained very considerable salaries from A correspondent desires to know, whether the principal auction-rooms, toy-shops, I was of the party, that lately took a and repositories ; and might besides very survey of Palmyra in the Desart; anplausibly have recommended myself as other, if I have traversed the Holy Land, the properest person in the world to be or visited Mount Calvary. I thall not keeper of Sir Hans Sloane's Museum.

speak too proudly of my travels: but as I cannot be insensible of the importmy predecessor the SPECTATOR has reance of this capital business of Taite, commended himself by having made a and how much reputation as well as trip to Grand Cairo to take measure of a profit would accrue to my labours, by pyramid, I assure my reader that I have confining them to the minutest researches climbed Mount Vesuvio in the midst of into nature and art, and poring over the it's eruptions, and dug some time underrust of antiquity. I very well know that ground in the ruins of Herculaneum. the discovery of a new Zoophyte, or spe. I fall always be solicitous to procure cies of the Polype, would be as valuable the esteem of lo respectable a body as as that of the Longitude. The cabinets the Connoisseurs; since I cannot but be of the curious would furnish out matter sensible, could I any way merit it by for my essays, more instructing than all my labours, how much more important the learned Jumber of a Vatican. Of the name of Mr. Town would appear, what consequence would it be, to point dignified with the addition of F. R. S. out the distinctions of originals from or Member of the Society of Antiqua. copies fo precisely, that the paltry rians. I therefore take this early opScratchings of a modern may never here- portunity of obliging the curious with after be palmed on a Connoisseur for a letter from a very eminent personage, the labours of a Rembrandt! I should who, as well as myself, is lately become co:nmand applause from the adorers of a Connoisseur, and is known to have antiquity, were I to demonstrate, that gone abroad for no other purpose than merit never existed but in the schools of to buy pictures. the old painters, never flourished but in the warm climate of Italy: and how Thould I rise in the esteem of my countrymen, by chastiling the arrogance of an Englishman in presuming to deter- THE Hurry in which I left England mine the Analysis of Beauty!

must have convinced

you

how At other times I might take occasion much I was in earnest, when I talked of to Mew my fagacity in conjectures on making a valuable collection of pictures, rusty coins and illegible marbles. What By my frequent attendance on sales, I profound erudition is contained in an already know almost as much of paintbalf-obliterated antique piece of copper! ing, as I do of the funds; and can talk

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TO MR.

DEAR SIR,

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