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London, the humour of the whole piece a beautiful vista of two men hanging in would evaporate, and the fiction become chains on Kennington Common, with unnatural and improhable. A London a diftant view of St. Paui's Cupola entradesman is as well acquainted with veloped in a cloud of smoke. I set out Turubam Green or Kentish Town, as on my visit betimes in the morning, acFleet Street or Cheaptide, and talks as companied by my friend's book-keeper, familiarly' of Richmond or Hampton who was my guide, and carried over Court as of the 'Change or the Cuitom with him the London Evening Poft, his House. In your late paper, on the mistress's hoop, and a dozen of pipes, amusements of Sunday, you have set which they were af aid to trust in the forth in what manner our citizens pass chair, When I came to ihe end of my that day, which most of them devote to wnlk, I found my friend liising at the the country: but I wish you had been door, in a black velvet cap, imoaking more particular in your defcriptions of his morning pipe. He weicomed me those elegant rural manfions, which at
into the country; and after having inade once Thew the opulence, and the taste of me obferve the turnpike on my left and our principal merchants, mechanics, and the Go!rlen Wheathcaf on my right, he artificers.
conducted me into his house, where I In thiele dusty retreats, where the want was received by his lady, who made a of London smoke is fupplied by the ghoutand apologies for being catched in Imoke of Virginia tobacco, our chief such a dellabille, citizens are accustomed to pass the end The hall (for so I was taught to call and the beginning of every week. Their it) had it's white wall almost hid by a Boxes, (as they are modestly called) are curious collection of prints and paint. generally built in a row, to resemble as ings. On one side was a large niap of much as possible the freets in London. London, a plan and elevation of the Thole edifices which land single, and Manlion House, with several leser views at a distanee from the road, have always of the pub ic buildings and halls; on a fummer-house at the end of a finall the other was the Death of the Stag, by garden ; which being erected upon a the happy pencil of Mr. Henry Overwall adjoining to the highway, com. ton, finely coloured : close by the parmands a view of every carriage, and lour door, there hung a pair of itag's gives the owner an opportunity of dif- horns, over which there was laid across playing his belt wig to every one that a red roccelo and an amber-headed cane, pafles by: A little artificial fountain, When I had declared all this to be Ipouting water fometimes to the annaz. mighty pretty, I was mewn into the ing height of four feet, and in which parlour, and was pretently asked, who frogs fupply the want of fishes, is one that was over the chimney piece. I of ihe most exquisite ornaments in these pronounced it to be a very ttriking likegardlens. There are belides (if the spot nels or my friend, who was drawn bolt of ground allows fufficient space for upright in a full-bottomed periwig, a them) very curious flatues of Harlequin, liced cravat, with the fringed erids apScaramouch, Pierrot, and Columbine, pearing through a button-hole, a black which ferve to remind their wives and livery-gown, a snutt-coloured velvet daughters of what they have seen at the coat with gold buttons, a red velvet.
waistcoat trimmed with gold, one hand I went last Sunday, in compliance stuck in the botom of his shirt, and the with a molt preiling invitation from a piher holding out a letter with the (17friend, to spend the whole day with him perfcription To Mr. Com at one of these little seats, which he had mon.councilman of Farringdon Ward fitied up for his retirement once a week Without My eyes were then direct. from business. It is pleasantly fituated ed to another figure in a scarlet gown, about three miles from London, on the who I was informed was my friend's fide of a public 103d, from which it is wife's great great uncle, and had been jeparated by a dry ditch, over which is theriff and knighted in the reign of King a little bridge confisting of two'narrow James the firit. Madam berself filled plank's, leading to the house. The up a pannel on the opposite fide, in the herige on the other side the road cuts off habit of a fhepherdeis, smelling to a all prospect whatsoever, except from the nolegay, and stroaking a ram with gilt garrots, from whence is deed you have horns.
i was then invited by my friend to see corded. We read, it is true, of counwhat he was pleased to call his garılen, try seats belonging to Pliny, Hortenfius, which was nothing more than a yard Lucullus, and other Romans. They about thirty feet in length, and contain- were patricians of great rank and fora ed about a dozen little pots ranged on tune : there can therefore be no doubt of each side with lilies and coxcoinbs, lup- the excellence of their villas. But who ported by some old laths painted green, has ever read of a Chinese bridge bewith bowls of tobacco-pipes on their longing to an Attic tallow-chandler or tops. At the end of this garden he a Roman paltry-cook? Or could anv of made me take notice of a little Tquire their hoemakers or taylors buast a villa building surrounded with filleroy, which with it's tin calcades, paper statues, and he told ine an alderman of great talle Gothic root-houses? Upon the above had turned into a temple, by erecting principles we may expe&t, that posterity some battlements and spires of painted will perlaps see a cheesemonger's Apie tood on the front of it; but concluded arium at Brentford, a poulterer's Thewith an hint, that I might retire to it rlotrophium at Chifwick, and an Ornithor upon occafion.
in a fiihmonger's garden at Putney. After dinner, when my friend had As a patriot and an Fohhnan, I finished his pipe, he proposed taking a cannot but wish that each fucceflive walk, that we might enjoy a little of the century should encrease the opulence of country: fo I was obliged to trute Great Britain: but I thould' he forry, along the foot-path by the road-lide, that this abundance of wealih Mouldina while my friend went puffing and blow. duce our good citizens to turn their ing, with his hat in his hand, and his thoughts too much upon the courtry; wig half off his head. At last I told At present we are deprived of our most him it was time for me to return home, eminent tradesmen two days out of six. when he insisted on going with me as It is true, thu lopkeeper and the travelfar as the half-way boule, to drink a ling part of his family, contiiting gedecanter of Stingo before we parted. rerally of him!elf, his wife, and his two We here fell into company with a bro. eldete rughters, are feidom fufficiently ther liveryman of the same ward, and I equippe i to take leave of London till left them both together in an high difo about three o'clock on S turday in the pute about Canning; but not before afternoon; but the whole morning of my friend had made me promise to re- that day is consumed in papering up cold peat my visit to his country-hole the chickens, bottling bialy punch, fortnext Sunday:
ing clean shifts, and night.cops for the As the riches of a country art viñble children, pinning baikeis, and cording in the number of it's inhabitants and trunks; as again is the whole afternoon the elegance of their dwellings, we may of the Monday following in unpinning, venture to say, that the present state of uncording, locking up foul inen, and England is very flourishing and prospe. replacing empty boties in the car. I rous: and if the taite for building en- ani afraid, therefore, if the villas of our éreases with our opulence for the next
future tradcinen should be coine ( very century, we thall be able to boast of elegant, that the thop-keepers will scarce hner country-feats belonging to our ever be visible behind their counters thop-keepers, artificers, and other ple- above once in a month. beians, than the moit pompous descrip
Yours, &c. tons of Italy or Greccę have ever re
No XXXIV. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1754
WHENE'ER HE BELLOWS, WHO BUT SMILES AT QUIN,
THE French have distinguished the woulu speak, and be in every point the to deceive the audience, by the expression that immediately preceded the present, of Jeu de Théâtre; which we may tranfprited themselves on what they called late- The Juggle of the Theatre.' fire speaking: the emotions of the four When these little arts are exercised mere. were diliegarded for a distinct delivery; ly to aslist nature, and set her off to the
and with them, as Mr. Johnson has ob. best advantage, none can be fo critically ferved of fome tragic writers, nice as to object to them; but when
Declamation roar'd, while Passion fept. tragedy by these means is lifted into rant, and coinedy distorted into buf. And, indeed, to this uninteresting talte foonery, though the deceit may fucceed for acting we may partly attribute that with the multitude, men of sense will enervate way of writing so much in vogue always be offended at it. This con- among the Frenchified play - wrights duct, whether of the poet or the player, of those times; înce nothing could be resembles in some fort the poor contriv- so well suited to the mouths of those ance of the ancients, who mounted actors, as golden lines, round periods, their heroes upon ftilts, and expressed ftorid descriptions, and a dispassionale the manners of their characters by the amplification of sentiment. grotesque figures of their tasks.
The falle majesty, with which our As the play-koules are now opened, mimic heroes of the stage had been used I cannot better introduce the remarks to express themselves, was for a long which I may sometimes take occasion time as diftinguished a mark of tragedy, to make on the theatrical world, thaa as the piumed hat and full-bottomed by throwing together a few reflections periwig; and we may rernember, for on this Juseic of the Theatre;' which example, when every line in Othello at present i full consider chiefly as it (a character remarkable for variety of selates to the afors. And I hope to passions) was drawn out in the same aneris the cäanks of those gentlernen, pompous manner. But as I mean to wwho while they are solicitous to acquire promote the art, rather than reprove the mov beauties, thoukal at the same time artists, I thall dwell on this no longer : endeavour to unlearn their faults and for methinks I hear a veteran performer imperfections.
calling out to me in the voice of honeit We are indeired to the present tinies Jack Falftaff, "No more of that, if thou for a judicious reformation of tire trage loveft me, Hal.' in point of acting and (by the bye, I It is sufficient to remark thas, as the could wish, that the fane good contea dignity of the buskin would be degraded quences had been produced with respect by talking in a ftrajn too low and famito our poets. It a peife? tragedy inay liar, the manner of elocution in a trabe contidered as the most difficult pro- gedy thould not, on either hand, be duction of humm wit, the same thing more remote from our natural way of must hold in proportion with reípect to expresling ourselves, than blank verte st exact repretentation of it: for if it (which is the only proper mealure for is neceffary for the writer to work up tragedy) is froin proie. Our present ret his imagination to fuch a pitch as to of actors have, in general, discarded the tincy himself in the circumítances of dead infipid pomp applauded in their the character he draws, what lets must predeceffors, and have wisely endeavourthe actor do, who muit look as the per- ed to join with the poet in exciting pity fon represented would lock, speaks as die and terror, but as many writers have
tiltaken rant for paffion, and fustian Before I dismiss this article, it may for fublime, so our players have per- be expected that I should say something haps too much given into unnatural concerning the behaviour proper for our Aartings, roarings, and whinings. For ladies. We must allow them on all ocar this reason our late writers (to accom- casions to roll the eye, ftretch up the modate their pieces to the present tafte) neck, heave the chest, and with a thouhaving placed their chief pathos in ex- fand little tricks fet off their person, if clamations and broken sentences, have not their part, to the most advantage. endeavoured to alarm us with Abs and The pomp of the old stage has not yet Obs, and pierce our souls with interjec- been altogether reformed, either with tions. Upon the whole, it must be ac- respect to our heroines or our heroes. A knowledged, that the stage is consider- weeping princess (though perhaps the ably improved in the Art of Speaking. is hurried on the Itage with grief and Every paffion is now distinguished by despair) cannot decently make her enit's proper tone of voice. I Mall there. trance without being lecl in between two fcre only add, that when I hear a player mourning damsels in black; and an helaboriously placing an unnatural tress roine must always be accompanied by ipon particular words, and panting with one or more pages, to smoothe her train emphasis, I cannot help comparing him when ruffled by passion. The hero now to the paviour, who at every thump of seldom (weats beneath the weight of a his rammer cries bens.
nodding plume of swan feathers, or has I have observed, that the tragedians his face half hid with an enormous bush of the last age studied fine speaking; of white horse-hair. I could also wish in consequence of which, all their ac. (if possible) that the manager was faved tion consisted in little more than ftrutting the unneceffary expence of three yards withione leg before the other, and waving of velvet for the trains of his Amazons; one or both arms in a continual see-faw. and that the chambermaids (as well as Our present actors have perhaps run into the militia of the theatres) were disa contrary extreme: their gestures fome." missed, and the pages, together with the times resemble those affiated with St, dirty lords in waiting, blotted out of the Virus's Dance; their whole frame ap- mute Dramatis Persone. pears to be convulfed; and I have seen The mention of these particulars na. a player in the lait act lo miserably dif- turally reminds me, how far the Juggle treffed, that a deaf spectator would be of the Theatre is concerned in the affair apt to imagine he was complaining of of Dress. Many will agree with me, the cholic or the tooth-ach. This has that almolt the only distress of the last also given rise to that unnatural custom act in the Fair Penitent arises from the of throwing the body into various Itrange pitiful appearance of Califta in weeds, Attitudes. There is not a paffion ne- with every thing hung in black bays cessary to be expressed, but has pro- about her; and the players are afraid we duced dispositions of the limbs not to fhould lose fight of Hamlet's pretended be found in any of the paintings or madness,ifthe black stocking, discovering sculptures of the best matters. A gracee a white one underneath, was not rolled fal gefture and easy deportment is, in- half way down the leg. A propriety in deed, worthy the care of every per- dress is abfolutely necessary to keep up former: but when I observe bim writh. the general deception; and a performer ing his body into more unnatural con- properly habited, who by his whole detortions than a tumbler at Sadler's portinent enters deeply into the circumWells, I cannot help being disgusted to itances of the character he represents, fee him. imitate humanity fo abomina- makes us for a while fancy every thing
bly. Our pantomime authors have before us real: but when, by fome ille already begun to reduce our comedies judged piece of art, he departs from the into gro'esque seenes; and if this tatte fimplicity of imitation, and 'overiteps for attitude fhould continue to be popu- the molefty of nature,' he calls us lar, I would recommend it to thote in- back to the theatre, and excites paffons genious gentlemen, to adapt our belt very different from those he aims at. tragedies to the fame use, and entertain I cannot better illustrate what has with the like jealousy of Othello in been said on this last fubject, than by dumb fhew, or the tricks of Harlequin giving instances of two artifices of this Wamict,
kind; one of which is employed (as I
conceive) to raise pity, and the other that one would almost imagine both the terror.
poet and the player must have been murWhen the Romeo of Drury Lane derers to represent one fo well, goes out comes to die at Juliet's monument, we to execute the supposed muider. After are surprised to see him enter in a suit of a fhort space he returns as from the fact: black. This, I suppose, is intended as but though the expression in his face is a stroke of the pathetic: but not to dwell fill remarkably excellent, one cannot on the poverty of the artifice, it is in but smile to observe, that he has been this place a manifest violation of the employing himself behind the scenes in poet's meaning Romeo is supposed to putting his wig awry, and untying one come poft from Mantua - Get me post of the tyes to it. This doubtless is de. • horfes, I will hence to-night'- so that figned to raise terror; but to every dilif our Roscius must be lo very exact in cerning spectator it must appear molt ab. dressing the character, he shouid appear furdly ridiculous: for who can forbear at the tomb in a riding frock and boots. laughing, when he finds that the player But a mourning coat will excite pity; would have us imagine, that the same
and let the devil wear black,' says our deed, which has thrown all that horror Hamlet-Romeo, 'for I'll have a suit of and confusion into his countenance, has • fables.'-— The same player, after hav. also untwilted one of the tails of his peing acted that noble scene in the second riwig? act of Macbeth, in fo fine a manner,
No XXXV. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 1754.
THE FOOL SUCKS WISDOM, AS HI PORTER SUPS,
TO MR. TOWN.
s I am willing to do every thing in branch of knowledge are discussed, and
my power to celebrate to illuftri- where the disputants are all of them ous
a body as the Robin Hood Society, cqually verfed in religion, law, politics, I have taken the first opportunity of and the drama. laying the following letter before the Theinstitution of this School of Elos public.
quence far exceeds any thing that the ancients could boaft. Every fect, that
was known among the Grecians and SIR,
Romans, has it's votaries here also. I THAT part your
last paper, in have seen a taylor a Stoic, a shoemaker which you considered the Art of a Platonist, and a cook an Epicurean. Speaking as far as it regards theatrical They affect to entertain a profound veperformances, gives me reason to hope, neration for Socrates, often preferring that you will not overlook the merits of him to any of the Apostles: though, inthe Robin Hood Society, where that ait stead of declaring with this wile philo. is practifed in it's greatelt perfection. sopher, that they knew nothing, the You would do well to recommend it to members of the Robin Hood Society the gentlemen of the theatre to attend profess to know every thing. those weekly meetings for their im
For my own part, I centess myself co provement as soon as posible; and I care charmed with their proceedings, that I say you will join with me in giving the constantly attend them: and when I Ice fame advice to the younger part of our all their menibers assembled with each clergy and our lawyers, as well as our his pewter-mug before him, I cannot members of parliament. The itage, the belp preferring this focial meeting to any pulpit, the bar, and the senate-house, an ient Symposium whatever; and when cannot furnish us with such glorious I further obferve them first take a swig, examples of the power of oratory, as and then speak with such amazing force are to be met within this fociety; where of argument, I am apt to conclude that the angst important questions in every truth, initead of being bid in a well, as