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to hiss, or a wing to flutter. In this admirers on our fide, it is sufficient to
manner the drove away ducks, pigs, attempt pleasing a very few.
and chickens; nay, even the insidious A painter of eminence was once re-
cat was seen to scamper. A lounging solved to finish a piece which should
maitiff, however, happened to pass by, please the whole world. When, there-
and thought it no harm if he should lapfore, he had drawn a picture, in which
a little of the water, as he was thirsty. his ulmoft skill was exhausted, it was
The guardian goose flew at him like a exposed in the public market-place, with
fury, pecked at him with her beak, and directions at the bottom for every spec-
flapped him with her feathers. The dog tator to mark with a brush, which lay
grew angry; had twenty times a good by, every limb and feature which
mind to give her a fly inap; but fup- seemed erroneous. The Spectators came,
pressing his indignation, because his and in general applauded; but each,
master was nigh– A pox take thee,' willing to thew his talent at criticism,
cries he, for a fool; lure those who marked whatever he thought proper,

have neither Arength nor weapons to. At evening, when the painter caine, he • fight, at least should be civil; that was mortified to find the whole pieture

fluttering and hissing of thine may one one universal blot; not a single Atroke day get thine head Inapt off, but it that was not stigmatized with marks can neither injure thy enemies, or ever. of disapprobation. Not satisfied with

protect thee.' So saying, he went for this trial, the next day he was refolved ward to the pond, quenched his thirst, to try them in a different manner; and in spite of the goose, and followed his exposing his picture as before, desired master.

that every spectator would mark those : Another obftrnction to the fortune of beauties he approved or admired. The youth is, that while they are willing to people complied; and the artist return, sake offence from none, they are also ing, found his picture 'replete with the equally desirous of giving none offence. marks of beauty; every stroke that had From hence they endeavour to please all, been yesterday condemned now received comply with every request, attempt to the character of approbation. 'Well,' fuit ihemselves to every company; have cries the painter, I now find that the no will of their own, but like wax catch • best way to please one half of the every contiguous impression. By thus ' world, is not to mind what the other attempting to give univerfal fatisfaction, ' half says; since what are faults in the they at last find themselves miserably eyes of these, shall be by those regard disappointed: to bring the generality of ed as beauties.' Adieu.

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presented that of your fair com- I could him for attempưing to twirl her panion, which continues virtuous, though distaff, loaded with infamy, is truly great. The modest virgin, the prudent wife, Many regard virtue because it is attena. or the careful matron, are much more ed with applause; your favourite only for serviceable in life than petticoated phie the internal pleasure it confers. I have losophers, blustering heroines, or virago often wished that ladies like her were pro. queens. She who makes her husband pored as models for female imitation, and her children happy, who reclaims and not such as have acquired fame by the one from vice, and traias up the qualities repugnant to the natural soft- ocher to virtue, is a much greater chas ness of the tex.

racter than ladies described in romance, Women fained for their valour, their whose whole occupation is to murdet till in politics, or their learning, leave mankind with shafts from their quiver the duties of their own sex, in order to invade the privileges of ours, I can no Women, it has been observed, are noit pardou a fair one for endeavoure not naturally formed for great cares

themselves,

or their eyes.

themselves, but to foften ours. Their ther died; the now therefore left her tenderness is the proper reward for the cottage, and went to live with the Lu. dangers we undergo for their preserva. theran minifter, by whom she had been tion; and the eale and chearfulness of instructed from her childhood. In his their conversation, our desirable retreat house fhe refided, in quality of governess

from the fatigues of intense application. to his children; at once reconciling in · They are confined within the narrow her character unerring prudence with

limits of domestic assiduity; and when furprizing vivacity. they stray beyond them, they move be- The old man, who regarded her as yond their sphere, and consequently one of his own children, had her inwithout grace.

fructed in dancing and music, by the Fame, therefore, has been very unjuftly masters who attended the rest of his fa. dispensed among the female fex. Thole mily: thus the continued to improve who leaft deserved to be remembered, till he died; by which accident me was meet our admiration and applause; while once more reduced to priftine poverty. many, who have been an honour to hu. The country of Livonia was at this time manity, are passed over in filence. Per; wasted hy war, and lay in a most mim. haps no age has produced a stronger in- ferable state of defolation. Those calastance of misplaced faine than the pre- mities are ever moft heavy upon the sent : the Semiramis and the Thalestris poor; wherefore Catherina, though posof antiquity are talked of, while a mo- felfed of so many accomplifhments, ex. dern character, infinitely greater than perienced all the miseries of hopeless ineither, is unnoticed and unknown, digence. Provifions becoming every

day more scarce, and her private stock C ATHERINA Alexowna, born being entirely exhausted, the resolved at

near Derpat, a little city in Livonia, lait to travel to Marienburgh, a city of was heir to no other inheritance than the greater plenty. virtues and frugality of her parents. With her fcanty wardrobe, packed Her father being dead, the lived with her up in a wallet, the set out on her jouraged mother, in their cottage covered ney on foot: she was to walk through a with straw; and both, though very poor, region miserable by nature, but render were very contented. Here, retired from ed fill more hideous by the Swedes and the gaze of the world, by the labour of Russians, who, as each happened to beher hands the supported her parent, come masters, plundered ii at discretion: who was now incapable of supporting but hunger frad taught her to despite the herself. While Catherina spun, the old dangers and fatigues of the way: woman would fit by, and read some book One evening, upon her journey, as of devotion; thus, when the fatigues of the had entered a cottage by the way the day were over, both would sit down fide, to take up her lodging for the contentedly by their fire-lide, and en- night, the was insulted by two Swedish joy the frugal meal with vacant ferti. foldiers, who infilted upon qualifying vity.

her, as they termed it,'to follow the Though her face and person were mo. camp.'. They might probably have dels of perfection, yet her whole atten. carried their insults into violence, had tion seemed bestowed upon her mind; not a fubaltern officer, accidentally her mother taught her to read, and an passing by, come to her aslistance. old Lutheran minister instructed her in Upon his appearing, the soldiers imme. the mixins and duties of religion. Na- diately delitted; but her thankfulness ture had furnished her not only with a was hardly greater than her furprize, ready but a solid turn of thought; not when she instantly recollected in her de only with a strong but a right under. liverer the fon of the Lutheran miniftanding. Such truly feinale accom. Iter, her former inftru£tor, benefactor, plishments procured her several solicita. and friend. tions of marriage from the peasants of This was a happy interview for Ca. the country; but their offers were re- therina: the little stock of money the fused; for the loved her mother 100 ten- had brought from home was by this derly to think of a separation.

time quite exhausted; her cloatlıs were Catherina was fifteen when her mo- gone, piece by piece, in order to satisfy • This account foems to be taken from the Manuscript Memoirs of H. Spilman, Esq.

thos)

those who had entertained her in their vivacity, yet she was chearful. The houses; her generous countryman, there. fame of ber merit and resignation reach. fore, parted with what he could spare, ed even Prince Menzikoff, the Russian to buy her cloaths, furnished her with general; he desired to see her; was struck á horfe, and gave her letters of recom- with her beauty; bought her from the mendation to Mr. Gluck, a faithful foldier, her matter, and placed her un. friend of his father's, and luperintendant der the direction of his own liter. Here of Marienburgh.

The was treated with all the respect which Our beautiful stranger bad only to her merit delervel, while her beauty appear to be well received; she was im- every day improved with her good for diately admitted into the superintend- tune. ant's family, as governess to his two She had not been long in this fitua. daughters; and, though yet but seven- tion, when Peter the Great, paving the teen, the wed herself capable of inttructe prince a visit, Catherina happened to ing her iex, not only in virtue, but po. come in with some dry fruits, which she liteness. Such was her good sense and served round with peculiar modesty. Beauty, that her master himself, in a The mighty monarch faw and was Murt time, offered her his hand; which, to struck with her beauty. He returned his great furprize, she thought proper to the next day, called for the beautiful refuse. Attuated by a principle of gra. fave, asked her several questions, and titude, she was resolved to many her found her underttanding even more per. deliverer only, even though he had lost feet than her person. an arm, and was otherwile disfigured He had been forced, when young, to by wounds in the service.

marry from motives of interest; he was In order therefore to prevent further now resolved to marry pursuant to his solicitations from others, as soon as the own inclinations. He immediately enofficer came to town upon duly, the of. quired the history of the fair Livonian, fered hiin her person, which he accept- who was not yet eighteen. He traced ed with transport, and their nuptials herthrough the vale of obscurity, through were solemnized as usual. But all the all the vicillitudes of her fortune, and lines of her fortune were to be triking: found her truly great in them a!). The the very day on which they were mar. meanness of her birth was no obftru&tion sied, the Russians laid siege to Marien- , to his design; their nuptials were foborgh; the unhappy foldier had now no lemnized in private; the prince affuring time to enjoy the well-carned pleasures liis courtiers, that virtue alone was the of matrimony; he was called off before propereit ladder to a throne. confummation to an attack, from which We now see Catherina, from the low he was vever after seen to return. mud-walled cottage, empress of the

In the mean time the liege went on greateit kingdom upon earth. The poor with fury, aggravated on one file by lolitary warderer is now surrounded by ohiinarý, on the other by revenge. thousands, who find happiness in her This war between the two Northern smile. She, who formerly wanted a powers at that time was truly barbarous: meal, is now capable of diffusing plenty the innocent peasant, and the harmless upon whole nations. To her fortune vagin, often thared the fate of the foldierme owed a part of this pre-eminence, but in arms. Marienburgh was taken by to her virtues more. afault; and fuch was the fury of the She ever after retained those great assailants, that not only the garrison, qualities which first placed ber on a but alinast all the inhabitants, men, wo- throne; and while the extraordinary men, and children, were put to the prince, her husband, Jahouret for the sword; at length, when the carnage was reformation of his male subjects, the ftu. pretty well over, Catherina was found died, in her turn, the improvement of hid in an oven.

her own fex. She altered their dreffes, She had been hitherto poor, but still introduced mixed affeblies, instituted was free; fae was now to conform to an order of female knighthood; and at her hard fare, and learn what it was to lengti, when the had greatly filled all be a flave: in this fituation, however, the stations of empreis, friend, wife, the behaved with piety and buinility; and mother, hravely died without reand though misfortunes had abated her gret; regretted by all. Adieu.

LETTER

LETTER LXIII.

FROM LIEN CHI ALTANGI, TO FUM HOAM, FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE

CERIMONIAL ACADEMY AT PEKIN IN CHINA.

I

N every letter I expect accounts of fembling that which introduces the vi.

some strange occurrence in the state, or once, continue for an age, enlighten the disaster among my private acquaintance. world, fall like ripened corn, and man. I open every pacquet with tremulous kind again gradually relapse into pristine expectation, and am agreeably disap- barbarity. We little ones look around, pointed when I find my friends and my are amazed at the decline, seek after the country continuing in felicity. I wan. causes of this invisible decay, attribute der, but they are at reft; they suffer few to want of encouragement what really changes but what país in my own rest- proceeds from want of power ; are alto lels inagination; it is only the rapidity nished to find every art and every science of my own motion, gives an imaginary in the decline, not confidering that suswiftness to objects which are in some tumn is over, and fatigued nature again mealure immoveable.

begins to repose for some fucceeding Yer believe me, my friend, that even effort. China itself is imperceptibly degenerate Some periods have been remarakable ing from her ancient greatness; her laws for the production of men of extraordi. are now more venal, and her merchants nary stature; others for producing some are more deceitful, than formerly; the particular animals in great abundance ; very arts and sciences have run to decay. Tome for excesive plenty; and others Observe the carvings on our ancient again seemingly causeless famine. Nabridges; figures that add grace even to ture, which Thews herself so very difnature. There is not an artist now in ferent in her visible productions, must all the empire that can imitate their surely differ algo from herself in the probeauty. Our manufactures in porce- duction of minds; and while she astonishes laine too are inferior to what we once one age with the strength and stature of were famous for; and even Europe now a Milo or a Maximin, may bless anbegins to excel us. There was a time other with the wisdom of a Plato, or when China was the receptacle of the goodness of an Antonine. strangers; when all were welcome, who Let us not then attribute to accident either came to improve the state, or ad. the falling off of every nation; but to mire it's greatness; now the empire is the natural revolution of things. Often, Thut up from every foreign improve in the darkest ages, there has appeared ment; and the very inhabitants discou. Some one man of fuprizing abilities, rage each other from profecuting their who, with all his understanding, failed own internal advantages.

to bring his barbarous age into refineWhence this degeneracy in a state so ment: all mankind seemed to fleep, till little subject to external revolutions? Nature gave the general call, and then How happens it that China, which is the whole world leemed at once rouzed now more powerful than ever, which is at the voice; science triumphed in every less subject to foreign invasions, and country, and the brightness of a single even assisted in some discoveries by her genius seemed lost in a galaxy of conticonnections with Europe; whence comes guous glory. it, I say, that the empire is thus de- Thus the enlightened periods in every clining to fait into barbarity ?

age have been universal. At the tiine This decay is surely from nature, and when China first began to emerge from not the result of voluntary degeneracy. barbarity, the Western world was equally In a period of two or three thousand rising into refinement; when we had our years, she seems at proper intervals to Yau, they had their Sefoftris. In luca produce great minds, with an effort re. ceeding ages, Confucius and Pythagoras

Teen

feem born nearly together, and a train considered, the decline would perhaps of philosophers then sprung up as well in appear to have already taken place. We Greece as in China. The period of re- fhould find among the natives of the West, newed barbarity hegan to have an uni. the study of morality displaced for maverhal spread much about the same time, thematical disquisition, or metaphysical and continued for several centuries,' till fubtleties; we should find learning begin är the year of the Christian æra 1400, to feparate from the useful duties and the Emperor Yonglo arose, to revive the concerns of life, while none ventured to, kaning of the Fatt; while, about the same aspire after that character, but they who the', the Medicean family laboured in know much more than is truly amusing Itasý to rate infant genius from the, or useful. We should find every great cradic: thus we tee politeneis spreading attempt fuppreffed by prudence, and the ever every part of the world in one age, rapturous sublimity in writing coole! and barbarity fucceeding in another; at by a cautious fear of offence. We should one period a hlaze of ligit diffusing it. find few of those daring spirits, who feli over the whole world, and at ano. bravely venture to be wrong, and who ther all mankind wrapped up in the pro- are willing to hazard much for the sake foondest ignorance.

of great acquisitions. Providence has Such has been the situation of things indulged the world with a period of ale in tines past; and such probably it will molt four hundred years' refinement; Cier be.

Chica, I have observed, has does it not now by degrees fink us into exidently begun to degenerate from it's our former ignorance, leaving us only former politeness; and were the learning the love of wisdom, while it deprives us of the Europeans at present candidiy of it's advantages? Adieu.

LETTER LXIV. .

FROM THE SAME.

HE

out a manner of rewarding their dergo real hardships for empty favours. fubjects who have behaved well, by pre- A person, already' poffefsed of a compesenting them with about two yards of tent fortune, who undertakes to enter blue ribband, which is worn about the career of ambition, feels many real the shoulder. They who are honoured inconveniencies from his station, while with this mark of diltination are called it procures him no real happiness that Knights, and the king himfelf is always he was not poffefred of before. He could the head of the order. This is a very eat, drink, and feep, before he became frugal method of recompending the most a courtier, as well, perhaps better, than important fervices; and it is very for when invested with his authority. He tunate for kings that their subjects are could command Aatterers in a private fatisfied with such trilling rewards. Itation, as well as in his public capacity; Should a nobleman happen to lose his and indulge at home every favourite inleg in battle, the king presents him with clination, uncensured and unteen by the Ewo yards of ribband, and he is paid for people. the lots of his limb. Should an embar- What real good then does an addifador spend all his paternal fortune in tion to a fortune already fufficient profupporting the honour of his country cure? Not any. Could the great man, abroad, the king prefents him with two by having his fortune encreased, encrease yards of ribband, which is to be confi- allo liis appetites, then precedence inight dered as an equivalent to his eftate. In be attended with real amusement. thurt, while an European king has a Was he, by having his one thousand yard of blue or green ribband left, he made iwo, thus enabled to enjoy swo need be under no apprehentions of want- wives, or eat two dinners; then, indeed, ing Hatefmen, generals, and foldiers. he might be excuied for undergoing

I canvat lufficiently admire those king. fome pain, in order to extend the sphere eens in which men, with large patrie of his enjoyments, But, on the con.

trary,

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