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wary, he finds his desire for pleasure of. ciety that there are men thus willing to sten leffen, as he takes pains to be able to exchange ease and safety for danger and
improve it; and his capacity of enjoy- a ribband. We lose nothing by their ment diminishes as his fortune happens vanity; and it would be unkind 'to en. to encrease.
deavour to deprive a child of it's rattle. Instead therefore of regarding the great If a duke or a dutchess are willing to with envy, i generally consider them carry a long train for our entertainment, with some share of conipallion. . I look so much the worse for themselves; if upon them as a set of good-natured mil. they chuse to exhibit in public with a guided people, who are indebted to us,' hundred lacquies and Mameluks in their and not to themselves, for all the happi-' equipage for our entertainment, still so nefs they enjoy. For our plealure, and much the worse for themselves; it is the not their own, they sweat under a cum. fpectators alone who give and receive berous heap of finery; for our pleasure, the pleasure; they only the fweating the lacquied train, the flow parading figures that swell the pageant. pageant, with all the gravity of gran- A Mandarine, who took much pride deur, moves in review; a fingle coat, in appearing with a number of jewels or a fingle footman, answers all
the pur. on every part of his robe, was once acposes of the moft indolent refinement as cofted by an old ky Bonze, who followwell; and those who have twenty, may ing him through several streets, and be said to keep one for their own plea. bowing often to the ground, thanked sure, and the other nineteen merely for him for his jewels. What does the ours. So true is the observation of " man mean?' cried the Mandarine. Confucius, that we take greater paina · Friend, I never gave thee any of • to persuade others that we are happy, my jewels.'-'No,' replied the other; • than endeavouring to think so our. • but you have let me look at them, and • selves.'
• that is all the use you can make of But though this desire of being seen, • them yourself; so there is no difference of being made the subject of discourse, between us, except that you have the and of supporting the dignities of an « trouble of watching them, and that is salted station, be troublesome enough an employment I don't much defire,'t to the ambitious; yet it is well for 10
TROM THE SAMI,
HOUGH not very fond of see. tore it in such a manner, that I was uta
ing a pageant myself, yet I am terly unqualified to march forward with generally pleased with being in the the main body, and obliged to fall back erowd which fees it; it is amusing to in the rear. Thus rendered incapable observe the effect which such a spectacle of being a spectator of the show myself, has upon the variety of faces, the plea. I was at lealt willing to observe the specfure it excites in some, the envy in others, tators, and limped behind like one of and the wishes it raises in all. With the invalids which follow the march of this design, I lately went to see the entry
an army of a foreign ambassador; resolved to In this plight, I was confidering the inake one in the mob, to shout as they eagerness that appeared on every face, houted, to fix with earneitness upon the how fome buftled to get foremost, and tame frivolous objects, and participate, others contented themselves with taking for a while, the pleasures and the wishes a transient peep when they could; howe of the vulgar.
some praised the four black servants, Struggling here for fome time, in or- that were ftuck behind one of the equia der to be first to see the cavalcade as it pages, and some the ribbands that decopaffed, some one of the crowd unlucki- rated the horses necks in another ; my ly happened to tread upon my, dioc, and attention was called off to an objec
more extraordinary than any that I had • bave lived,' said he, a wandering yet feen. A poor cobler fat in his fall life, now five and fifty years, here toby the way side, and continued to work day, and gone to-morrow; for it was while the crowd paled by, without tes. • my misfortune, when I was young, tifying the smallest share of curiosity; to be fond of charging: '- You have I own, his want of attention excited 'been a traveller, then, I prefume?" mine; and as I stood in need of his al- interrupted I. I cannot boast mich hittance, I thought it best to employ a ' of travelling,' continued he, for I philofophic cobler on this occasion : • have never left the parish in which I perceiving my business, therefore, he was born, but three times in my life, defired me to enter and hit nown, took • that I can remember; but then there my toe in his lap, and began to mend • is not a street in the whole neighbourit with his usual indifference and taci- ' hood that I have not lived in, at some turnity.
• time or another. When I began to • How, my friend,' said I to him, • settle, and to take to my business in can you continue to work, while all one street, some unforeseen misfortune, • those fine things are passing by your or a defire of trying my luck elle• door?'--' Very fine they are, maiter,' where, has removed me, perhaps a returned the cobler, .' for those that like ' whole mile away from my former o them, to be sure; but what are all those scuitomers, while some more lucky • fine things to me? You do not know i cobler would come into my place, and . what it is to be a cobier, and so much o make a handsome fortune among • the bet:er for yourtelf. Your bread • friends of my making : there was • is baked, you may go and see fights one, who actually died in a stall that • the whole day, and eat a warın iupper ' I had left, worth seven pounds feven • when you come home at night; but.. Billings, all in hard gold, which he • for me, if I should run hunting " had quilted into the waistband of his • after all these fine folk, what Mould I breeches.
get hy my journey but an appetite ? I could not but smile at these migra. and, God help me, I have too much tions of a man by the fire-fide, and con• of that at home alreads, without stir. tinued to ask if he had ever been inar-. . ring out for it. Your people, who ried. • Ay, that I have, matter,' re.
may eat four meals a day, and a sup- plied he, for fixteen long years; and
per at night, are but a bad example a weary life I had of it, Heaven • to such a one as I. No, master, as • knows. My wife took it into her « God has called me into this world, in • head, that the only way to thrive in 6 order to merd old Mues, I have no ! this world, was to save money; so, • bulinefs with fine folk, and they no • though our comings-in was but about • business with me.' I here interrupt. • three thillings a week, all that ever. ed him with a imile. • See this lait, « The could lay her hands upon the used « master, continues he, "and this ham. • to hide away from me, though we • mer; this last andt hammer are the two were obliged to itarve the whole week *• best friends I have in this world; no- ( after for it. • body elle will be my friend, becaule The first three years, we used to • I want a friend. The great fulks quarrel about this every day, and I al• you saw pass by just now, have five ways get the better;' but the had a • hundred friends, because they have hard Ipirit, and fill continued to hide
no occasion for them; now, while I as usual, so that I was at lait tired of • stick to my good friends here, I am quarrelling and getting the better,
very contented; but when I ever so • and the scrapped and scrapped at plea• liitle run after fights and fine things, • 'sure, till I was almoft starved to death. " I begin to hate my work, I grow lau, • Her conduet drove me at lait, in de• and have no hicart to mend hoes any • fpair, to the ale-house : here I used to • longer.'
. lit with people who hated home like This discourse only served to raise my myself, drank while I had money left
, curiolity to know more of a man, whom ard run in score when any body would Nature had this formed into a philofo. trust me; till at lalt, the landlady pher. I therefore inlendibly led hiin coming one day with a long bill when into an bittory of his adveniurers. "I ' I was from home, and putting it into
• my wife's hands, the length of it ef- and satisfying the poor artist for his • fectually broke her heart. I searched trouble, and rewarding him besides for « the whole fall after she was dead for his information, I took my leave, and • money, but she had hidden it fo ef- returned home to lengthen out the . fe&tually, that with all iny pains I amusement his conversation afforded, • could never find a farthing.'
by communicating it to my friend. By this time my shoe was mended;
CITIZEN OF THE WORLD.
VOLUME THE SECOND:
LETTER LXVI. PROM LIEN CHI ALTA
TANGI, TO HINGTO, BY THE WAY OF MOSCOW. ENEROSITY, properly applied, previous endeavours to excite it; we
will supply every other external consider it as a debt, and our spirits advantage in life, but the love of those wear a load till we have discharged the we converfe with; it will procure esteemi obligation. Every acknowledgment of and a conduct resembling real affe&tion; gratitude is a circumstance of humiliabut actual love is the spontaneous pro. tion; and some are found to submit to du&tion of the mind, no generosity can frequent istortifications of this kind, propurchase; no rewards encrease, nor no claiming what obligations they owe, liberality continue it; the very perfon merely because they think it in fome who is obliged, has it not in his power measure cancels the debt. to force his fingering affections upon the Thus love is the most easy and agreeobject he should love, and voluntarily able, and gratitude the most bumiliatmix passion with gratitude.
ing affe&tion of the mind; we never reIniparted fortune, and well-placed fect on the nan ve bove, without exliberality, may procure the benefactor ulting in our choice, while he who has good-will, may load the person obliged bound us to him by benefits alone, rises with the sense of the duty he lies under to our idea as a person to whom we have, to retaliate: this is gratitude; and simple in some measure, forfeited our freedom gratitude, untinctured with love, is all Love and gratitude are feldom therefore the return an ingenuous mind can be found in the same breast without impairItow for former benefits.
ing each other; we may tender the one or But gratitude and love are almost op. the other fingly to those we converse with, polite affections; love is often an invo. but cannot command both together. By luntary passion, placed upon our com. attempting to encrease, we diminiški panions without our consent, and fre. them; the mind becomes bankrupt un quently conferred without our previous der too large obligations; all additional esteem. We love fome men, we know benefits leffen every hope of future res not why; our tenderness is naturally ex- turn, and bar up every avenue that cited in all their concerns ; we excuse leads to tenderness. their faults with the same indulgence, In all our connections with fociety; and approve their virtues with the same therefore, it is not only generous, but applause with which we consider our prudent, to appear infensible of the vam own. While we entertain the passion lue of those favours we beltow, and en it pleases us, we cherish it with delight; deavour to make the obligation feem as and give it up with reluctance; and love flight as possible. Love must be taken for love is all the reward we expect or by stratagem, and not by open forces delire.
we should seem ignorant that we oblige, Gratitude, on the contrary, is never and leave the mind at full liberty to give conferred, but where there have been or sefuse it's affections; for constraint