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may indeed leave the receiver ftill grate that they had received it?' Aill adds ful, but it will certainly produce dif- the philofopher. A thousand times,' guft. man

cries the hermit; they every day load. If to procure gratitude be our only ed me with profeffions of gratitude, aim, there is no great art in making the for obligations received, and solici acquisition; a benefit conferred demandstations for future favours.'--* If, a jutt acknowledgment, and we have a then,' says Mencips, smiling, ' you right to infitt upon our due.

did not lend your fortune, in order But it were much more prudent to 'to have it returned, it is unjuft to acforėgo our right on such an occafion, 'cuse them of ingratitudes they owned and exchange it, if we can, for love themselves obliged, you expected Do We receive but little advantage from ' more; and they certainly earned each repeated protestations of gratitude, but favour by frequently acknowledging they cost him very much from whom we the obligation. The hermit was exact them in return; 'exacting a grate- ftruck with the reply, and surveying his ful acknowledgment is demanding a guest with emotion. I have heard of debt by which the creditor is

of

advan- the great Mencius, and you certainly taged, and the debtor pays with re- are the man: I am now fourscore luctance.

years old, but still a child in wisdom; As Mencius the philosopher was tra- • take me back to the school of man, velling in pursuit of widom, night and educate me as one of the most ig. overtook him at the foot of a gloomy 'norant and the youngest of your dir. mountain, remote from the habitations. ! ciples !' of men. Here as he was straying, while Inleed, my son, it is better to have sain and thunder conspired to make fo- friends in our paffage through life than litude still more bideous, he perceived a grateful dependants; and as love is a herniit's cell, ansl approaching, asked more willing, fo it is a more latting trifor Thelter, 'Enter,' cries the hermit, bute than extorted obligation. As we in a severe tone; inen deserve not to are uneasy when greatly obliged, grati6. be obliged, but it would be imitating tude once refused, can never after be " their ingratitude to treat them as they recovered: the mind that is base enough • deserve. Coine in, examples of vice to difallow the just return, instead of

may sometimes strengthen us in the feeling any uneasiness upon recollection, ways of virtue.

triumphs in it's new-required freedom, After a frugal meal, which consisted and in fome measure is pleased with conof roots and tea, Mencius could not re- scious bafenels. press his curiosity to know why the her- Very different is the situation of difin it had retired froni mankind, the ac- agreeing friends, their separation pro. tions of whom taught the truest leffons duces mutual uneasiness : like that di. of wisdom..Mention not the name of vided being in fabulous creation, their • man,' cries the hermit, with indig, sympathetic fouls once more desire their nation; : here let me live retired from foriner union, the joys of both are im. • a base, ungraieful world; here, among perfect, their gayest moments tinctured • the beasts of the foreit, I shall find with uneasiness; each feeks. for the

10 flatterers; the lion is a generous smallest concessions to clear the way to enemy, a'id he dog a faithful friend; a wished-for explanation ; the moft tribut man, base man, can poison the Aing acknowledgment, the slightest ac

bowl, and smile while he presents it!' 'cident, serves to effect a mutual recog. imes You have been used ill by man. ciliation. • kind,' interrupted the pbilosopher, But instead of pursuing the thought, Morewdlý. ! Yes, returned the her- permit me to foften the leverity of admit, .on mankind I have exhausted my vice by an European story, which will

whole fortune; and this ftaff, and fully illustrate my meaning.

that cup, and those roots, are all that A fiddler and his wife, who had robe ! I have in return.'— Did you beltow bed through life, as most couples ufu.

your fortune, or did you only lend ally do, sometimes good friends, at it?" returned Mencius. I beitowed others not quite fo well; one day it

, undoubtedly, replied the other; happened to bave a dispute, which was for where were the merit of being a conducted with Ivecoming spirit on batt moncy-lenderi - Did they ever own sides. „The wise was fure the was right,

and

and the husband was refolved to have By this time, however, each heartily his own way. What was to be done repented of their vow, their resentment in fuch a cafe. The quarrel grew worse was at an end, and their love began to by explanations; and at last the fury of return; they wilhed the fiddle cafe away, both rose to such a pitch, that they made but both had too much spirit to begin. a vow never to deep together in the One night, however, as they were both Samne bed for the future. This was the lying awake with the détested Audiemoft rath vow that could be imagined, cafe between them, the husband hapfor they fill were friends at bottom, peried to fneeze; to which the wife, as and besides they had but one-bed in the is usual in such cases, bid God bless house; however, resolved they were to him: “Ay, but,' returns the husband, go through with it, and at night the woman, do you fay that from your fiddle-cale was laid in bed between heart?' Indeed, I do, 'niy poor them, in order to make a separatio11. Nicholas,' cries his wife, «I fáy it In this manner they continued for three with all my heart: 'If so, then,' says weeks; every night the fiddle-cafe be- the husband, ' we had as good remove ing placed as a barrier to divide thein. the fiddle-care."

LETTER LXVII.

FROM THE SAME.

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OOKS, my son, while they teach his enemies to the reproach of wanting often make us unmindful of our own; ceeds; and here begin his disappointwhile they inftru& the youthfat reader ments: upon a' clofer inspection of hu. to grasp at social happiness, he grows man nature, he perceives, that he should miserable in detail, and attentive to have moderated his friendship, and softuniversal harmony, often forgets that ened his feverity; for he often finds the he himself has a part to sustain in the excellencies of one part of mankind concert. I dillike, therefore, the phi. clouded with vice, and the faults of the losopher who describes the inconvenie other brightened with virtue; he finds encies of life in such pleasing colours, no character so fanétified that has not that the pupil grows enamoured of dia it's failings; none fo infamous, but has Atress, longs to try the charms of po- somewhat to attract our esteem; he beverty, meets it without dread, nor fears holds impiety in lawn, and fidelity in it's inconveniencies sill be severely feels fetters. them.

He now therefore, but too late, perA youth, who has thus spent his life ceives that his regards should have been among books, new to the world, and more cool and his hatred less violent; umacquainted with man, but by philo- that the truly wise seldom court romantic Sophic information, may be considered friendships with the good, and avoid, as a being whose mind is filled with if possible, the resentment even of the the vulgar errors of the wise; utterly wicked: every inoment gives him fresh unqualified for a journey through life, instances that the bonds of friendship are yet confident of his own skill in the dis broken if drawn too closely, and that rection, he sets out with confidence, those whom he has treated with disreblunders on with vanity, and finds him- fpect more than retaliate the injury: at felf at last undone.

length, therefore, he is obliged to conHe first has learned from books, and fels, that he has declared war upon the then lays it down as a maxim, that all vicious half of mankind, without being mankind are virtuous or vicious in ex- able to forın an alliance among the vir. cess; and he has been long taught to tuous to espouse his quarrel. deteit vice, and love virtue: warm, Our book-taught philosopher, howtherefore, in attachments, and stedfast ever, is now too far advanced to recede; in enmity, he treats every creature as a 'and though poverty be the just confefriend or foe; expects from those he quence of the many enemies his conduct Lorès unerring integrity, and configns has created, yet he is resolved to meet it

without without shrinking philosophers have wbile Contempt, with pointing finger, described poverty in most charming.cos is foremost in the hideous procession. lours; and even his vanity is touched, The poor man now finds that he can in thinking, that he shall (hew the world, get no kings to look at him wbile he is in himself, one more example of patience, eating; he finds that, in proportion as he fortitude, and resignation. • Come, grows poor, the world turns it's back

then, O Poverty! for what is there in upon him, and gives him leave to act thee dreadful to the WISE? Tempe- the philolopher in all the majelty of corance, health, and frugality, walk in litule. It might be agreeable enough to thy train; chearfulness and liberty are play the philosopher, while we are conever thy companions. Shall any be scious that mankind are spectators; but alhamed of thee of whom Cincinnatus what lignifies wearing the maik of iturdy was not ashamed! The running contentment, and mounting the stage brook, the herbs of the field, can of restraint, when not one creature will amply satisfy nature; man wants but afliit at the exhibition! Thus is he for, little, por that little long. Come, saken of men, wbile his fortitude wants then, o Poverty, while kings stand the fatisfaction even of Self-applaufe; for by, and gaze with admiration at the either he does not feel his present calami. true philosopher's resignation ! ties, and that is natural infenfibility, or

The goddess appears; for Poverty he disguises his feelings, and that is dift. ever comes at the call : , but, alas ! he mulation.. finds her by no means the charming fi. Spleen now begins to take up the gure books and bis warm imagination man; not distinguishing in his relent. had painted. As when an Eastern bride, ments, he regards all mankind with des whom her friends and relations had long testation, and commencing man-hater, described as a model of perfection, pays feeks. solitude to be at liberty to rail. :3 her first visit, the longing bridegroom It has been faid, that he who retires lifts the veil to see a face he had never to folitude, is either a beast or an angel seen before; but instead of a counte, the censure is too severe, and the praile nance blazing with beauty like the sun, unmerited; the discontented being, wha he beholds deformity shooting icicles to retires from society, is generally some his heart; such appears Poverty to her good-natured man, who has begun bfe new entertainer; all the fabric of en, without experience, and knew not how thuliasm is at once demolished, and a to gain it in his intercourse with our thousand miseries rise upon it's ruins, kind. Adicu.

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TROM LIEN CHIALTANGI, TO FUM HOAM, FIRST PRESIDENT OF TIIL

REMONIAL ACADEMY AT PÉKIN, IN CHINA. I Formerly acquainted thee, molt grave root as soon as imported, and feels the Englith in the art of healing. The Chi metropolis, like one vaft munificent nefe boast their ikill in pulses, the Si- dunghill, receives them indiscriminately amese their botanical knowledge; but to her breast, and supplies each with the English advertising physicians alone, more than native nourilhment. of being the great restorers of health, the In other countries the physician predispensers of youth, and the insurers of tends to cure disorders in tbe Jump; the Jongevity. I can never enough admire fame doctor who combats the gout in the the Tagacity of this country for the en. toe, Thall pretend to prescribe for a pain couragement given to the professors of in the head; and he who at one time this art; with what indulgence does the cures a consumption, thall at another foiter up those of her own growtli, and give drugs for a droply. How absurd kindly cherith those that come from and ridiculous! this is being a mere abroad! Like a skilful gardener', me in- jack of'all trades,' Is the animal ma. vites them from every foreign climate to chine less complicated than a brass pin? perfelf. Here every great exotic Arikes Not leas than ten ditferent hands are re:

quired

Fator ? 1.

1

gired to make a pin; and Thall the Timothy Franks, F.O.G. H. living body be fet right by one fingle ope. in a place called the Old Bailey. As

Rock' is remarkably squab, his great The Englith are sensible of the force rival Franks is as remarkably tall. He of this reasoning; they have therefore was born in the year of the Christian one do&tor for the eyes, another for the æra 1692, and is, while I now write, toesz they have their sciatica doctors, exactly fixty-eight years, three months, and inoculating doctors; they have one and four days old. Age, however, has doctor who is modestly content with fe- no ways impaired his usual health and curing them from bug-bites, and five vivacity; I am told, he generally walks hundred who prescribe for the bite of with his breast open. This gentleman, mad dogs.

who is of a mixed reputation, is partiThe learned are not here retired with cularly' remarkable for a becoming als vicious modelty from public view; før furance, which carries him "gently every dead wall is covered with their through life; for, except Doctor Rock, names, their abilities, their amazing none are more bleft with the advantages cures, and places of abode. Few pa- of face than Doctor Franks. tients can escape falling into their hands, And yet the great have their foibles unless blafted by lightning, or ftruck as well as the little, I am almost dead with Lorde sudden disorder: it may alhamed to mention it. Let the foibles fometimes happen, that a stranger who of the great rest in peace. Yet I mult does not underitand English, or a coun. impart the whole to my friend. These tryman who cannot read, dies without two great men are actually now at vari. ever hearing of the vivifying drops, or ance; yes, my dear Fum Hoam, by reftorative electuary; but for my part, the head of our grandfather, they are before I was a week in town, I had now at variance like mere men, mere learned to bid the whole catalogue of common mortals. The champion Rock disorders defiance, and was perfectly advises the world to beware of bog-trot, acquainted with the names and the me- ting quacks; while Franks dicines of every great man, or great wo- wit and the larcasın, com retorts 'the

they have man, of them all.

both a world of wit) 'by fixing on his But as nothing pleases curiosity more rival the odious appellation of Dumplin than anecdotes of the great, however Dick. le calls the serious 'Doctor minute or trifling, I must present you, Rock, Dumplin Dick! Head of Coninadequate as my abilities are to the facius, what prophanation!' Dumplin subject, with some account of those per- Dick! What a pity, ye powers, that fonages who lead in this honourable the learned, who were born mutually profession.

? to assist in enlightening the world, should The first upon the list of glory is thus differ among themselves, and make Doctor Richard Rock, F. U.N. This

even the profession ridiculous! Sure the
great man, thort of kature, is fat, and world is wide enough, at least, for two
waddles as he walks. He always wears great personages to figure in; men of
a white three-tailed wig, nicely comb- science should leave controversy to the
ed, and frizzed upon each cheek! Some litrie world below them; and then we
times he carries a cane, but a hat never i might see Rock and Franks walking to
it is indeed very remarkable, that this gether hand jo hand, smiling onward to
extraordinary personage should never immortality
wear an hat, but so it is he never wears Next to these is Doctor Walker, pre-
an hat,' He is usually drawn at the top parator of his own medicines. This
of his own bills, fitting in his arm. gentleman is remarkable for an aversion
chair, holding a little bottle between his to quacks; frequently cautioning the
finger and thumb, and surrounded with public to be careful into what hands
rotten teeth, nippers, pills, pacquets, they commit their safety; by which he
and gally potz. No man can promise would infinuate, that if they do not em,
fairer nor better than he; for, as he ploy him alone, they must be undone.
observes, . Be your disorder never so far His public fpirit is equal to his success.

gone, be under no uneasiness, make Not for himielf, but his country, is the
yourself quite easy, I cản cure you.", gally-pot prepared, and the drops seala

The next in fame, though by some ed up with proper directions for any seçkoted of equal pretensions, is Doctor part of the town or country. All this

is

is for his country's good : fo that he is of physic with which you are yet ur. now grown old in the practice of physic' acquainted. I know full well a doc. and virtue; and, to use his own elegance • tor thou art, great Rock, and so am of expression, " There is not such an- 1. Wherefore I challenge, and do • other medicine ab his in the world hereby invite you, to a trial of learnagain.'

• ing upon hard problems, and knotty This, my friend, is a formidable tri- physical points. In this debate we umvirate ; and yet, formidable as they will calmly investigate the whole are, I am resolved to defend the honour theory and practice of medicine, boof Chinese phylic against them all. I tany, and chymistry ; and I invite all have made a vow to summon Doctor • the philomaths, with many of the Rock ro a folemn disputation in all the • lecturers in medicine, to be present at mysteries of the profession, before the the dispute; which, 1 hope, will be face of every Philomath, student in carried on with due decorum, with aftrology, and member of the learned proper gravity, and as befits men of societies. I adhere to, and venerate the 'erudition and science, among each doctrines of old Wang-hau-ho. In the other. But before we meet face to very teeth of opposition I will maintain, "face, I would thus publicly, and in • that the heart is the son of the liver, ! the face of the whole world, desire

which has the kidneys for it's mother, you to answer me one question; I as • and the fomach for it's wife.'. • it with the same earnestnels with which have therefore drawn up a disputation you have often solicited the public; challenge, which is to be sent ipeedily, anfwer me, I say, at once, without to this effe at :

having recourfe to your phyhcal dic1, Lien Chi Altançi, P. N. R. P. tionary, which of those three difor• native of Honan in China, ro Richard, 'ders, incident to the human body, is • Rock, F. U. N. native of Garbage 'the most fatal, the Syncope, parer• Alley in Wapping, defiance. Though, thefis, or apoplexy? I beg your re

Sir, I am perfectly fenGble of your ply may be as public 3s this my deimportance, though no itranger to • mandt. I am, as hereafter may be,

your ftudies in the path of nature, yet your admirer, or your rival. & where may be many things in the art

Adier.

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LETTER LXIX.

:

TO THE SAME.

NDULGENT Nature søems to others. They are afieled, it is true

have exempted this island from with neither famine nor pestilence, but many of thode epidemic evils which are then there is a difcrder peculiar to the fo Faial in other parts of the world. A country, which every season makes want of rain but for a few days beyond strange ravages among them ; it fpreads

the expected season in China, spreads with peftilential rapidity, and infects famine, desolation, and terror, over the almost every rank of people : what is whole country; the winds that blow ftill more ftrange, the natives have to fiom the brown bofum of the Western name for this peculiar malady, though defart are impregnated with death in well known to foreign physicians by the every gale; but in this fortunate land appellation of Epidemic Terrer. o Britain, the inhabitant courts health A featon is never known to pa's in in every breeze, and the buibandman which the people are got visited by this 6 fows in joyfui expectation, cruel calamity in one hape or another,

But though the nation be exemp: From seemingly different, though ever the geal evils, think not, my friend, that fame : one year it iffures from a baker's ir is more happy on this account than liop in the shape of a fixpenny loaf, the

+ Sce Du Halde, Vol. II. Fol. p. 135.

+ The day after this was published the editor received an answer, in which cke dollar Being to be vi opinion, that the apoplexy is mofi fata!,

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