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next it takes the appearance of a comet It is pleasant enough for a neutral bewith a fiery tail, a third it threatens ing like me, who have no share in those like a fiat-bottoned boat, and a fourth ideal calamities, to mark the stages of it carries confternation at the bite of a this national disease. The terror at firft mad dog. The people, when once in- feebly enters with a disregarded story of fected, lose their relish for happiness, a little dog, that had gone through a Jaunter about with looks of despond- neighbouring village, that was thought ence, ask after the calamities of the to be mad by several that had seen him. day, and receive

no

o comfort but in The next account comes, that a mastiff heightening each other's distress. It is ran through a certain town, and had bit insignificant how remote, or near, how five geese, which immediately run mad, weak or powerful, the object of terror foamed at the bill, and died in great may bewhen once they resolve to agonies soon after. Then comes an affright and be frighted, the merest trifles Fecting history of a little boy bit in the Sow consternation and dismay, each leg, and gone down to be dipped in the proportions his fears not to the object, salt water; when the people have sustibut to the dread he discovers in the-coun- ciently shuddered at that, they are next tenance of others; for when once the congealed with a frightful account of a fermentation is begun, it goes on of it. man who was said lately to have died felf, though the original cause be dif- from a bite he had received some years continued which first set it in motion. before. This relation only prepares the

A dread of mad dogs is the epidemic way for another, ftill more hideous; as, terror, which now prevails, and the how the master of a family, with seven whole station is at present actually small children, 'were all bit by a mad groaning under the malignity of it's in- lap-dog, and how the poor father first fuence. The people sally, from their perceived the infection by calling for a houses with that circumspection which draught of water, where he saw the lapis prudent in fuch as expect a mad dog dog lwimming in the cup, at every tyrning. The physician pub- When epidemic terror is thus once lilaes bis prescription, the beadle pre. excited, every morning comes loaded pares his halter, and a few of unusual with some new disaster; as in stories of bravery arm themselves with boots and ghosts each loves to hear the account, buff gloves, in order to face the enemy though it only serves to make him unif he Thould offer to attack them. In easy; so here each liftens with eagerness, short, the whole people fand bravely and adds to the tidings with new cir. upon their defence, and feem by their cumstances of peculiar horror. A lady, present spirit to Mew a refolution of not for instance, in the country, of very being tamely bit by mad dogs any weak nerves, has been frighted by the longer,

barking of a dog; and this, alas! too Their manner of knowing whether a frequently happens. The story foon is dog be mad or no, fomewhat resembles improved, and spreads, that a mad dog the ancient European custom of trying had frighted a lady of distin&tion. These witches. The old woman suspected circumitances begin to grow terrible bea was tied hand and foof and thrown into fore they have reached the neighbouring the water. If the fwam, then she was village; and there the report is, that a inflantly carried off to be burnt for a lady of quality was bit by a mad mastiff. witche; if she funk, then indeed the was This account every moment gathers new Bcquitt:d of the charge, but drowned strength, and grows more dismal as it in the experiment. In the same manner approaches the capital; and, by the time a crowd gather round a dog suspected it has arrived in town, the lady is de. of madness, and they begin by teazing Scribed with wild eyes, foaming mouth, the devoted animal on every fide; if he running mad upon all four, barking attenpts to itand upon the defensive and like a dog, biting her servants, and at bitė, then is he unanimoudy found last linothered between two berts by the guilty, for a mad dog always snaps advice of her doctors: while the mad,

at everything i'if, on the contrary, he mastiff is in the mean time ranging the Arives to escape by running away, then whole country orer, Navering at the he can expe&t no compassion, for mad mouth, and seeking whom he may de. dogs always run straight forward before them,

My landlady, a good natured wo..

R

vour.

man, but a little credulous, waked me (and four is probably too large a consome mornings ago before the usual cesfion) yet, still, it is 'not confidered hour, with horror and astonishment in how many are preserved in their health her looks; The desired me, if I had any and in their property by this devoted regard for my safety, to keep within'; animal's services. The midnight robe for a few days ago fo dismal an accident ber is kept at a diftance ; the infidious had happened, as to put all the world thief is often dete&ted; the healthful upon their guard. A mad dog down chace rēpairs many's worn conftitution, in the country, the aflured me, had bit and the poor' man finds in his dog a fariner, who soon becoming mad; ran willing assistant, eager to leffen his toil, into bis own yard and bit a fine brindled and content with the smalleft retribua cow; the cow quickly became as mad tion. as the man, began to foam at the mouth, "A dog,' says one of the English and raising herself up, walked about on poets, is an honest creature, and I am her hind-legs, sometimes barking like a friend to dogs.' Of all the beasts a dog, and sometimes attempting to that graze the lawn or kunt the forest, talk like the farmer. Upon examining a dog is the only animal that, leaving the grounds of this story, I found my his fellows, attempts to cultivate the landlady had it from one neighbour, friendship of man to man he looks in who had it from another neighbour; all his necessities, with a speaking eye, who heard it from very good authority for affiftance; exerts for him all the little

Were most stories of this nature thon service in his power with chearfulness roughly examined, it would be found and pleasure; for him, 'bears famine that numbers of such as have been said and fatigue with patience and refignas to suffer were no way injured, and that tion; no injuries can abate his fidelity; of those who have been actually bitten, no distress induce him to forsake his be not one in a hundred was bit by a mad nefactor ; ftudious to please, and fearing dog. Such accounts in general, there to offend, he is still an humble, stedfalt fore, only serve to make the people mi. dependant; and 'in him atone fawning serable by false terrors, and fometimes is not flattery." How unkind, then, to fright the parient into actual phrenzy, torture 'this faithful creature, who has by creating those' very symptoms they left the foreit to claim the protection of pretended to deplore.

man! How ungrateful a return to the But even allowing three or four to trusty animal for all it's services ! die in a season of this terrible death,

I

Adieu.

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LETTER LXX.

FROM LIEN CHI ALTANGI, TO HINGPO, BY THE WAY OF MOSCOW.

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HE Europeans are themselves be fatisfied fortune is not there; where.

, out right. No first-rate beauty'ever had nåtured and obliging, be convinced forfiner eyes, or faw' more clearly; they tune is never there. In fhort, the is who have no other trade but Terking ever seen accompanying industry, and their fortune, need never hope to find as often trundling a wheel-barrow, as her; coquet like, she flies from her clofe Jolling in a coach and fix. purluers, and at last fixes 'on the plod- If you would make fortune your ding mechanic, who stays at home, and friend, or to perfonize her no longer, if minds his business.

you desire, my son,' to be rich, and have I am amazed, how men can call her money, be more eager to 'fave than to blind, when, by the company she keeps, acquire : when people say, Money is The feems fo“ very difcerning. Where to be got here, and money is to be ever you see a gaming table, be very sure 'got there,' take no notice; mind your fortune is not there; wherever you see own business ; stay where you we; and a house with the doors open; be very fure fecuir all you can get, without stirring, fortune is not there; when you see a man. When you hear that your neighbour whole pocket-holes are laced with gold, has picked up a purse of gold in the

Atreet,

Mreet; never run out into the same street, wife should see me; and then, O the looking about you in order to pick up pleasure of thrusting one's hand inta such another ; or when you are inform• • a heap of gold up to the elbow!' ed, that he has made a fortune in one Such reflections only served to make branch of bulness, never change your the miller unhappy; he discontinued his own; in order to be his rival. Do not former affiduity, he was quite difgufted defire to be rich all at once; but patient with finall gains, and his customers bee ly add farthing to farthing. Perhaps gan to forsake him. Every day he reyou defpife the petty fum; and yet they peated the wish, and every night laid who want a farthing, and have no friend himself down in order to dream. For that will send them it, think farthings tune, that was for a long time unkind, very good things. Whang, the foolilh at last, however, seemed to smile upon miller, when he wanted a farthing in his diftrefles, and indulged him with the his diftress, found that no friend would wished for vision. He dreamed, thar lend, because they knew he wanted. under a certain part of the foundation Did you ever read the story of Whang of his mill, there was concealed a mons in our books of Chinese learning? He, strous pan of gold and diamonds, buried. who despising small fums, and grasping deep in the ground, and covered with a at all, lost even wbat he had.

large flat stone. He rose up, thanked Whang, the miller, was naturally ava-" the stars that were at last pleased to ricious ; nobody loved money better than take pity on his sufferings, and concealhe, or more respected those that had it. : ed his good luck from every person, as When people would talk of a rich man is usual in money dreams, in order to in company, Whang would say I have the vision repeated the two fucceed

know him very well; he and I have ing nights, by which he should be cer= been long acquainted; he and I are tain of it's veracity. His wishes in this

intimate; he stood for a child of minei' also were answered, he ftill dreamed of but if ever a poor man was mentioned, the fame pan of money, in the very fame he had not the leat knowledge of the place. boan; he might be very well for aught Now, therefore, it was past a doubt ; he knew; but he was not fond of many fo getting up early the third morning, acquaintances, and loved to chule his he repairs alone, with a mattock in his company.

hand, to the mill, and began to unders" Whang, however, with all his eager- mine that part of the wall which the viHess for riches, was in reality poor, he fion directed. The first open of fuccef's had nothing but the profits of his mill that he met, 'was a broken mug; dige to support him; but though these were ging still deeper, he turns up a house Imall, they were certain : while his mill tile, quite new and entire. At laft, af. itood and went, he was sure of eating; ter much digging, he came to the broad and his frugality was such, that he every flat stone, but then fo large, that it was day laid foine money by, which he would beyond one man's ftrength to remove at intervals count and conteniplate with it. Here,' cried he, in raptures to much fatisfaction. Yet, itill his acqui- himself, here it is; under this stone, fitions were not equal to his defires, he • there is room for a very large pan of only found himself above want, where- ' diamonds indeed! I must een go as he dehred to be poslesed of affluence. • home to my wife, and tell her the

One day, as he was indulging these • whole affair, and get her to assist me wilkes, he was informed that a neigh in turning it up.' Away, therefore, bour of his had found a pan of money he goes, and acquaints his wife with under ground, having dreamed of it every circumstance of their good forthree nights running before. These tid. tune. Her raptures on this occa. ings were daggers to the heart of poor fion easily may be imagined, the fley Whang: Here am I," fays he, toils round his neck, and embraced him in

ing and moiling from morning to an agony of joy; but those transports,', night, for a few paltry farthings, while however, did not delay their eagerness neighbour Hunks only goes quietly to know the exact sum: returning,

to bed, and dreams himself into thou- therefore, speedily together to the place • sands before morning. Othat I could wliere Whang had been digging, there • dream like him! with what pleasure they found not, indeed, the expected . would I dig rount the pan; how lily treafure, but the mill

, their only fupe* I would I carry it home; not even my port, undermined, and fallen. Adieu..

2

LETTER

LETTER LXXI.

FROM LIEN CHI ALTANGI, TO FUM HOAM, FIRST PRESIDENT OF THI CE

REMONIAL ACADEMY AT PEKIN, IN CHINA.

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!HE people of London are as fond entering the gardens, I found every of riding: one of the principal entertain- pleasure: the lights every where glimments of the citizens here in fummer, mering through the scareely moving iş to repair about nightfall to a garden trees; the full bodied confort bursting not far from town; where they walk on the Atillness of the night, the natural about, shew their best cloaths and best confort of the birds, in the more retired faces, ansi liiten to a concert provided part of the grove, vying with that which for the occasion.

was formed by art; the company gaily I accepted an invitation, a few even- dressed, locking fatisfa&tion, and the ings ago, from my old friend, the man tables spread with various delicacies; alb in black, to be one of a party that was confpired to fill my imagination with to fup there; and at the appointed how the visionary happiness of the Arabian waited upon him at his lodgings. There law-giver, and lifäed me into an extaly I found the company affembled, and exé of admiration. Head of Confucius," peeting iny arrival. Our party confift- cried I to my friend, this is finel this od of my friend in fuperlative finery, ' unites rural beauty with courtly mag, his stockings rolled, a black velvet nificence; if we except the virgins of waistcoat, which was formerly new, and immortality that hang on every tree, 2 grey wig, combed down in imitation and may be plucked at every defire, of hair. A pa:vn-broker's widow, of "I do not see how this falls Hort of whom, by the bye, my friend was a • Mahomet's Paradise! As for vit. p:ofefferi admirer, dreied out in green ' gins,' cries my friend, it is true, damalk, with three gold rings on every "they are a fruit that do not niuch funger. Mr. Tibbs, the second rate • abound in our gardens bere; but if beau I have formerly described, toge. • ladies as plenty as apples in aurum, ther with his lady, in fimiy filk, dirty" and as complying as any Howry of gauze instead of linnen, and a hat as • them all, can content you, I fancy we big as an umbrella.

" have no need to go to heaven for paraOur first difficulty was in fertling • dife.' how we should set out. Mrs. Tibos I was going to second his remarks, had a natural aversion to the water; and when we were called to a eonfultation.. the widow, being a little in flesh, as by Mr. Tibbs and the rest of the comwarmly protested against walking; a pany, to know in what manner we were coach was therefore agreed upon', which to lay out the evening to the greatest adbeing too small to cury five, Mr. Tibbs vantage. Mrs. Tibbs was for keeping confented to fit in his wife's lap. the genteel walk of the garden, where,

In this marmer, therefore, we set for. the observed, there was always the very Ward, being er.tertained by the way beit company; the widow, on the conwith the bodings of Mr. Tibbs, who trary, who came but once a season, was aflured us, he did not expect to see a for securing a good ftanding place to single creature for the evening above see the water-works, which the allured: the degree of a checfemonger; that this us, would begin in less than an hour at was the last night of the gardens, and farthestra dispute therefore began ;, and, that, conlequently, we thould be pefter- as it was managed between two of very ad with the nobility and gentry from oppofite characters, it threatened to grow Thames Street and Crooked Lane, with more hitter at every reply. Mrs. Tibhs ieveral other prophetic ejaculations, pro. wondered how people could pretend to dably, inspired by the unealiness of His know the polite world, who had receive fipustion.

ed all their rudiments of breeding behind The illuminations began before we a compterz, to which the other replied, prired; and I much contais, that, upon that, though forte people sat behind

comptering

Sompters, yet they could sit at the head tured again to commend one of the of their own tables too, and carve three fingers ; but Mrs. Tibbs soon let her good dishes of hot meat whenever they know, in the fțile of a connoilleur, that thought proper, which was more than the finger in question had neither eary Some people could say for themselves, voice, nor judgiment. that hardly knew a rabbit and, onions Mr. Tibbs, now willing to prove from a green goofe and.gooseberries. that his wife's pretenfions to music wera

It is hard to say where this might juit, entreated her to favour the comHave endedhad not the husband, who pany with a song; but to this she gave probably knew the impetuofity of his a positive denial- For, you know very wife's difpofition, propofed to end the . well, my dear,' says ine, that I am, dispute by'adjourning to a box, and try not in voice to-day; and when one's if there was any thing to be had for sup- • voice is not equal to one's judgment, per that was supportable. To this we what signifies singing? Besides, as áll consented; but here a new dikress there is no accompanyment, it would arofe, Mr. and Mrs. Tibbs would fit in be but spoiling music. All these exnone but a genteel box, a box where cuses, however, were over-ruled by the they might see and be seen, one, as they rest of the company; who, though one expressed it, in the very focus of public would think they already had music view: but such a box was not easy to enough, joined in the entreaty: but be obtained, for though we were peru particularly the widow, now willing to feetly convinced of our own gentility, convince the company of her breeding, and the gentility of our appearance, yer pressed fo warmly, that she seemed dewe found it a difficult matter to persuade termined to take no-refusal. At last, the keepers of the boxes to be of our then, the lady complied; and, after hum•pinion; they chose to reserve genteel ming for fome minutes, began with such boxes for what they judged more gen- a voice, and such affectation, as I could teel company:

perceive gave but little satisfaction to At last, however, we were fixed, any except her husband. He fat with though somewhat obscurely, and fup-' rapture in his eye, and beat time with plied with the usual entertainment of his hand on the table. the place. The widow found the fup- - You must observe, my friend, that ię per excellent, but Mrs. Tibbs thought is the custom of this country, when a every thing detestable. Come, come, lady or gentleman happens to fing, for • my dear, cries the husband, by way of the company to fit as mute and motions consolation, to be sure we can't find . less as statues. Every feature, every • such dresfing here as we have at Lord limb, muft seem to correfpond in fixed . Crump's, or Lady Crimp's ; but for attention; and while the song continues, 6. Vauxhall dresling, it is pretty good, they are to remain in a state of universal

it is not their victuals, indeed, I find petrefa&tion. In this mortifying fitua

fault with, but their wine; their wine,' tion, we had continued for some time ories he, drinking off a glals, indeed, listening to the song, and locking with is most abominable.'

tranquillity, when the master of the box By this last contradiction, the widow came to inform us, that the water-works was fairiy conquered in point of polite- were going to begin. At this inforness. She perceived now that she had mation, I could initantly perceive the no pretensions in the world to tafte, her widow bounce from her seat; but corvery senses were vulgar, since she had recting herself, the sat down again, repraised detektable custard, and smacked preffed by motives of good-breeding, at wretched wine; die was therefore Mrs. Tibbs, who had seen the water. content to yield the victory, and for the works, a hundred times, resolving not rest of the night, to listen and improve. to be interrupted, continued her song It is true, she would now and then for- without any share of mercy, nor had the get herfelf, and confess she was pleased; finallest pitý upon our impatience. The but they foon brought her back again widow's face, I own, gave me high en: to miferable refinement. She once prail. tertainment; in it I could plainly read od the painting of the box in which we the struggle she felt between good, were fitting; but was soon convinced breeding and curiosity; the talked of that such paltry pieces ought rather to the water-works the whole evening beg exsite horror than Enis faktor; de verefore, and feemed to have come merely

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