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public of letters, and publishes his have some little faithful attendant, who folio. Now the colossus is reared, his never forfakes them, but prepares to works are eagerly bought up by all the wrangle and to praise against every purchasers of scarce books. I he learned opposer; at once ready to encrease their Tocieties invite him to become a mem- pride while living, and their character ber; he disputes against some foreigner when dead. For you and I, my friend, with a long Latin name, conquers in who have no humble admirer thus to the controversy, is complimented by attend us, we, who neither are, nor several authors of gravity and import- never will be, great men, and who do ance, is excessively fond of egg-lauce not much care whether we are great with his pig, becomes president of a

at least let us strive to literary club, and dies in the meridian be honest men, and to have common of his glory. Happy they, who thus sense.

men or

no,

LETTER LXXV.

FROM THE SAME.

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wilo live by writing new books; tiquity were ever praiferi, those of the and yet there are thousands of volumes moderns readl; the ireafies of our anin every large library unread and for- cestors have our esteem, and we boast gotten. This, upon my arrival, was the passion; those of cotemporary genius one of those contradictions which I was engage our heart, although we bluth to unable to account for. • Is it poro

own it. The visits we pay the former • sible,' said I, ' that there should be resemble thore we pay the great; the

any demand for new books, before ceremony is troublesome, and yet such

those already published are read? Can as we would not chuse to forego; our ' there be so many employed in pro- acquaintance with modern books is • ducing a commodity with which the like fitting with a friend; our pride is ' market is already overstocked; and not fattered in the interview, but it • with goods also better than any of gives more internal satisfaction. modern manufacture!'

In proportion as society refines, new What at firit view appeared an incon- books must ever become more necessary. fistence, is a proof at once of this peo- Savage rusticity is reclaimed by oral ple's wisdom and refinement, Even admonition alone; but the elegant exallowing the works of their ancestors celles of refinement are best corrected better written than theirs, yet those of by the still voice of Atudious enquiry. the moderns acquire a real value, by. In a polite age, almost every person bebeing marked with the impresion of comes a reader, and receives more inthe times. Antiquity has been in the struction from the press than the pulpit. possession of others, the present is our. The preaching Eonze may instruct the own; let us firft, therefore, learn to know illiterate peasant; but nothing less than what belongs to ourlelves; and then, if the infinuating address of a fine writer we have leisure, cast our reflections back can win it's way to an heart already to the reign of Shonou, who governed relaxed in all the effeminacy of refinetwenty thousand years before the cre. ment. Books are necessary to correct ation of the moon.

the vices of the polite; but those vices The volumes of antiquity, like me. are ever changing, and the antidote dals, may very well serve to amuse the should be changed accordingly, should curious; but the works of the moderns, ftill be new. like the current coin of a kingdom, are Instead therefore of thinking the num. much better for immediate use; the ber of new publications here too great, former are often prized above their in. I could wish it still greater, as they are trinsic value, and kept with care; the the most useful inttruments of reformalatter seldom pass for more than they tion. Every country must be instructed are worth, and are often subject to the either by writers or preachers; but as merciless hands of sweating critics, and the number of readers encreases, the

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number of hearers is proportionably di- among the people; they have been often minished, the writer becomes more ule. known to act like fools, they are geneful, and the preaching Bonze less necef- rally found to think like men. fary.

The only danger that attends a mul. Instead,, therefore, of complaining tiplicity of publications, is that some that writers are overpaid, when their of them may be calculated to injure. works procure them a bare subsistence, rather than benefit, society. But where I should imagine it the duty of a Itate writers are numerous, they also serve not only to encourage their numbers, as a check upon each other; and, perbut their industry. A Bonze is re- haps, a literary inquisition is the most warded with immense riches for in- terrible punishment that can be constructing only a few, even of the most ceived to a literary transgressor. ignorant, of the people; and sure the But to do the English justice, there poor scholar should not beg his bread, are but few offenders of this kind; their who is capable of instructing a million. publications, in general, aim at mending

Of all rewards, I grant, the most either the heart, or improving the com. pleasing to a man of real merit, is fame; mon weal. The dullett writer talks of hut a polite age, of all times, is that virtue, and liberty, and benevolence, with in which scarce any share of merit can esteem; tells his true story, filled with acquire it.

What numbers of fine good and wholesome advice; warns writers in the latter empire of Rome, against flavery, bribery, or the bite of when refinement was carried to the a mad dog; and dresles up his little usehighest pitch, have missed that fame and ful magazine of knowledge and enterimmortality which they had fondly arro- tainment, at least with a good intengated to themselves? How many Greek tion. The duncos of France, on the authors, who wrote at that period when other hand, who have less encourageConftantinople was the refined mistress ment, are more vicious. Ténder hearts, of the empire, now rett either not larguishing eves, Leonora in love at printed, or not read, in the libraries of thirteen, extatic transports, stolen blifies, Europe! Those who came fift, while are the frivolous subjects of their frivoeither tiate as yet was barbarous, carried lous memoirs. In England, if a bawdy all the reputation away. Authors, as blockhtad thus breaks in on the comthe age refined, became more numerous, munity, he fets his whole fraternity in and their numbers.destroyed their faine. a roar; nor can he escape, even though It is but natural, therefore, for the he should fly to nobility for thelter. writer, when conscious that his works Thus even dunces, my friend, may will not procure him fame hereafter, to make themselves useful. But there are endeavoer to make them turn out to his others whom Nature has bleft with tatemporal intereit here.

lents above the rest of mankind; men Whatever be the motives which in- capable of thinking with precision, and duce men to write, whether avarice or impressing their thoughts with rapidity. fame, the country becomes moft wise Beings who diffuse those regards upon and happy, in which they mcft serve mankind, which others contract and for infructors. The countries where fettle upon themselves. Thele deserve facerdotal instruction alone is permitted, every honour from that community of remain in igrorance, fuperitition, and which they are more peculiarly the chile hopeless slavery. In England, where dren; to such I would give my heart, there are as many new books published since to them I am indebted for it's hu. as in all the rest of Europe together, manity! Adieu, a Spirit of freedom and reason reigns

L E T TER LXXVI.

FROM HINGPO, TO LIEN CHI ALTANGI, BY THE WAY OF MOSCOW.

Siili remain at Terki, where I have proves in my esteem; the more I know

received that money which was re- her mind, her beauty becomes more mitte l here in order to release me from poignant; she appears charming, even captivity. My fair companion still im. among the daughters of Circassia.

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Yet were I to examine her beauty with of which stood several strangers lately the art of a statuary, I fould find nun- introduced like me, all regarding her bers here that far surpass her; Nature form in extasy. • Ah, what eyes! what has not granted her all the boasted Cir- ! lips! how clear ber complexion! how caliian regularity of feature, and yet • perfect her shape!' At these exclamathe greatly exceeds the fairest of the tions, Beauty, with downcat eyes, would country in the art of seizing the affec. endeavour to counterfeit modeity; but tions. Whence,' have I often said to foon again looking round, as if to conmyself, this refiftless magic that at. firm every spectator in his favourable • tends even moderate charms? Though sentiments, sometimes she would attempt I regard the beauties of the coun- to allure us by smiles; and at intervals

try with admiration, every interview would bridle back, in order to inspire ' weakens the impression, but the form us with respect as well as tenderness. • of Zelis grows upon my imagination, This ceremony lasted for fonie time, • I never behold her without an encrease and had so much employed our eyes, • of tenderness and respect. Whence that we had forgot all this while that • this injuftice of the mind in preferring the goddess was lilent. We foon, how• imperfect beauty to that which Na- ever, began to perceive the defect.

ture seems to have finished with care? • What,' said we, among each other, " Whence the infatuation, that he whom are we to have nothing but languish. • a comet could not amaze, should be ing airs, foft looks, and inclinations • astonished at a metect! When realon of the head? Will the goddess only was thus fatigued to find an answer, deign to satisfy our eyes?' Upon this, my imagination pursued the subject; one of the company itepped up to preand this was the result.

sent her with some fruits he hai g?thered I fancied myself placed between two by the way. She received the present, landscapes, this called the Reg.on of most sweetly smiling, and with one of Beauty, and that the Valley of the the whiteit hands in the world; but still Graces; the one adorned with all that not a word escaped her lips. luxuriant Nature could beltow; the I now found that my companions fruits of various climates adorned the grew weary of their homage; they went trees, the grove refounded with music, off, one by one; and resolving not to the gale breathed perfume, every charm be left behind, I offered to go in my that could arise from symmetry and turn; when, just at the door of the temexact distribution were here co. fpicuous, ple, I was called back by a female, the whole offering a prospect of pleature whose name was Pride, and who seemed without end. The Valley of the Graces, displeased at the behaviour of the comon the other hand, seemed by no means pany. "Where are you haftening?' faid so inviting; the Itreams and the groves the io me, with an angry air; "the godappeared just as they uiually do in fre- ' dess of Beauty is here.'- I have been quented countries; no magnificent par. ' to visit her, Madam,' replied I, and terres, no confort in the grove, the I find her more beautiful even than rerivulet was edged with weeds, and the port had made her.'-' And why, then, rook joined it's voice to that of the I will you leave her?' added the female. nightingale. All was fimplicity and . I have seen her long enough,' returned nature.

I; ' I have got all her features hy heart, The most striking objects ever first " Her eyes are still the fame. Her nosa allure the traveller. I entered the Region . is a very fine one, but it is ftill just of Beauty with encreased curiosity, and such a note now as it was half an hour promifed myself endless satisfaction in

ago.

Coula ihe throw a little more being introduced to the presiding god. • mind into her face, perhaps I should dess. I perceived several itrangers, who be for withing to have more of her entered with the fame denign; and what company.' - What signifies,' replied surprized me not a little, was to see

whether the has a mind feveral others haitening to leave this or not? Has the any occasion for a abode of feeming felicity.

mind, so formed as the is by Natur ? After fo:ne fatigue, I had at last the "If the brad a common face, indeed, honour of being introduced to the god- " there might be some reason for thinkdeis, who reprefented Beauty in person. ing to improve it; but when features Sac was seated on a throne, at the foot are already perfect, every alteration

I would

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my female,

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would litt impair them. A fire face of finding the goddess, by no means • is already at the point of perfeftion, impatient of the delay. Every part of • and a firte lasly thouici endeavour to the valley prelented some minute beauty,

keep it fo; the impression it would which, without offering itself at once, receive from thought, would but di- ftole within the soul, and captivated us • fub it's whole econoiny.'

with the charms of our retreat. Still, To this speech I gave no reply, but however, we continued to search; and mate the best of my way to the Valley might still have continued, had we nos of the Graces. Here I found all those been interrupted by a voice which, who before had been my companions in' though we could not ree from whence the Region of Beauty, now upon the it came, addressed us in this manner: fame erand.

' If you would find the Goddess of As we entered the valley, the prospect · Grace, leek her not under one form, infenfibly seemed to improve; we found • for the assumes a thousand. Ever every thing to natural, fo domestic, and changing under the eye of inspection, plealing, that our minds, which before her variety, rather than her figure, is were congealed in admiration, now re- pleasing. In contemplating her beauJaxed into gaiety and good-humour. ty, the eye gides over every perWe had defigned to pay our respects to fection with gidily delight, and, cathe presiding goddess, but she was no pable of fixing no where, is charmed where to be found. One of our com- with the whole*. She is now Conpanions afierted, that her temple lay to templation with folemn look, again the right; another, to the left; a third • Compaflion with humid eye; she now inlisted that it was itraight before us; • fparkles with joy, foon every feature and a fourth, that we had left it be- • speaks diftress: her looks, at times, hind. In short, we found every thing o invite our approach, at others, repress familiar and charming, but could not our prefumption; the goddess cannot determine where to seek for the Grace 'he properly called Beautiful under any in perfon.

one of these forms, but by combining In this agreeable incertitude we pased "them all, the becomes irresistibly pleasa feveral hours; and, though very desirous 'ing.' Adicu.

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LETTER LXXVII.

FROM LIEN CHI ALTANGI, TO FUM HOAM, FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE

CEREMONIAL ACADEMY AT PEKIN, IN CHINA.

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*HE mops of London are as well forty pieces, and each was better than

the former; the prettiest pattern in naof London have a pi&ture hung at their ture, and the fiiteit in the world for door, informing the passengers what night-caps. • My very good friend,' they have to fell, as thote at Pekin have said I to the mercer, you must not a board to assure the buyer that they pretend to inftruét me in filks, I know have no intentions to cheat him.

' these in particular to be no better than I was this morning to buy blk for a your mere flimsy Bungees.'-That night-cap. Immediately upon entering may be,' cried the mercer, who I af. the mercer's shop, the master and his terwards found had never contradified two men, with wigs plailtered with a man in his life; ' I can't pretend to powder, appeared to aik my cominands. ' say but they may; but, I can afiure They were certainly the civilest people you, my Lady Trail has had a sacque alive; if I but looked, they Hew to the from this piece this very morning.'

place where I cast iny eve; every mo. But, friend,' said I, though my lady . tion of mine fent them running round has chosen a facque from it, I see no the whole shop for my fatisfaction. I ' necesiity that I thould wear it for a informed them that I wanted what was 'night-cap.'-- That may be,' 10good, and they shewed me not luis than

turned he again; ' yet, what becomes * Vultus aimium lubricus afpici. Hor,

à pretty

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• a pretty lady, will at any tiine look ?bility,' continues he, were to know

well on a handsome gentleman.' This I tohi thi to an, under a Right Hoshort compliment was thrown in so very nestabie, I thoudi certainly loletheir seasonably upon my ugly face, t'iat even cuitom; you fee, my Lord, it is at though I disliked the tilk, I detired hiin once rich, taity, and quite the thi: to cut me off the pattern of a night.cap. I am no lord,' interrupted 1. (1

While this busineis was couligned to bez pardon,'cried he; ' but be pleased his journeyman, the master himsuf took toiamentver, when you intend buydown fonie piec's of silk ftill finer than ing a moning gown, that you had ar any I had yet seen, and spreading then • offer from me of something worth mobefore me. There!' cries he, there's

Conscience, Sir, conscience, is • beauty! my Lord Snakeskin has be- my way of dealing; you may buy a

spoke the fellow to this for the birth- morning-gown now, or you may stay

night this very inorning; it would still they become jearer and less fa• look chariningly in waistcoats:'~' But ' fhionable; but it is not my business to • I don't want a waistcoat,' replied I. I advise.' In Nort, my reverend Fum, • Not want a waistcoat!' returned the be persuaded me to buy a morning-gowa mercer ; " then I would advise you to allo; and would probably have peifuadbuy one; when waistcoats are want- ed me to have bought half the goods ia .ed, you may depend upon it they will his shop, if I had stayed long enougli,

dear. . Always buy before you or was furnished with sufficient money. • want, and you are sure to be well Upon returning home, I could not • used, as they say in Cheapside. There help reflecting, with some astonishyment, was to much justice in his advice, that how this very man, with fuch a conI could not refuse taking it; besides, fined education and capacity, was yet the fulk, which was really a good one, capable of turning me as he thought encreased the temptation, so I gave or- proper, and moulding me to bis incliders for that too.

nations! I knew he was only answering As I was waiting to have my bargains his own purposes, even while he attemptmeasured and cut, which, I know not ed to appear folicitous about mine; yet, how, they executed but slowly; during by a voluntary infatuation, a sort of the interval, the mercer entertained me passion compounded of vanity and goodwith the modern manner of some of the nature, I walked into the Inare with my nobility receiving company in their eyes open, and put myself to future pain, morning-gowns : ' Perhaps, Sir,' adds in order to give him immediate picafure. he, ' you have a mind to see what kind The wistorn of the ignorant somewhat • of silk is universally worn?' Without resembles the inftinet of animals ; it is waiting for my reply, he spreads a piece diffufed in but a very narrow sphere, before me, which might be reckoned Lut within that circle it acts with rigour, beautiful even in China. If the no- uniformity, and success. Alieu.

come,

LETTER LXXVIII.

FROM THE SAME.

ROM

may be apt to fancy the English excepting even the children; the people, the most ridiculous people under the sun. it feems, have got it into their heads Theyare, indeed, ridiculous: yet, every that they have more wit than others, and other nation in Europe is equally fo; fo fare in order to look fmart. each lauglis at cach, and the Afiatic at I know not how it happens, but there all.

appears a fickly delicacy in the faces of I may, upon another occasion, point their finest women. This may have inollt what is most ftrikingly absurd in troduced the use of paint, and paint proother countries; I Mall at present con- duces wrinkles; fotiat a fine lady ihall fine myfelf only to France. The first look like a hag at twenty-three. But national peculiarity a traveller mutis as in some measure they never appear upon entering that kingdom, is an odd young, fo it may be equally aflcrted,

thas

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