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fpairing to seize the expected booty, formed of it's misfortune, and our lofs. they defilted from their endeavours, and Need I paint the fituation of my mind left us to pursue our voyage without in on this occafion! Need I describe all I terruption.

feel, when I despair of bebolding the Our joy on this occasion was great; beautiful Zelis more! Fancy had drefied but foon a ditappointment more terri- the future prospect of my life in the ble, becaule unexpected, succeeded. gayeft colouring; but one unexpected The barque, in which our women and stroke of fortune has robbed it of every treasure were fent off, was wrecked charın. Her dear idea mixes with every upon the banks of the Wolga, for want scene of pleasure; and without her preof a proper number of hands to manage 'sence to enliven'it, the whole becoines her, and the whole crew carried by the tedious, infipid, insupportable. I will peasants up the country. Of this, how- confess, now that she is loft, I will conever, we were not sensible till our ar fess, I loved her; nor is it in the power rival at Moscow; where, expecting to' of time, or of reason, to erase her image ineet our feparated barque, we were in- from my heart. Adieu.

LETTER XCV.

PROM LIEN CHI ALTANGI, TO HINGPO, AT MOSCOW *.

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as every period of life is marked gold; to him, a little brook, the founwith it's own, you must learn to endure ituin of the young peach-trees t;' to them. Disappointed love makes the such a man, the melody of birds is more misery of youth; disappointed ambition, ravishing than the harmony of a full that of {manhood; and successleis ava concert; and the sincture of the cloud rice, that of age. These three attack preferable to the touch of the finest us through life; and it is our duty to pencil. stand upon our guard. · To love, we The life of man is a journey: a jour. ought to oppose dissipation, and endea ney that must be travelled, however bad your to change the object of the affec the roads or the accommodation. If, tions; to ambition, the happiness of in the beginning, it is found dangerous, indolence and ob!curity; and to avarice, narrow, and difficult, it muft either grow the fear of foon dying. These are the better in the end, or we shall by custom fhields with which we should arm our learn to bear it's inequality." felves; and thus make every scene of But though I see you incapable of • life, if not pleasing, at leatt support- penerating into grand principles, at. able.

tend, at least, to a limile adapted to every Men complain of not finding a place apprehenfion. I am mounted upon a of repose. They are in the wrong; wretched als. I see another man be. they have it for seeking. What they fore me upon a sprightly horse, at which should indeed complain of is, that the I find some uncalinels. I look behind heart is an enemy to chat very repole me and see numbers on foot stooping they feek.

To themselves alone Mould under heavy burdens; let me learn to they impute their discontent. They seek pity their estate, and thank Heaven for within the fort span of life to satisfy a

my own. thousand defires; each of which alone is Shingfu, when under misfortunes, infatiable. One month paffes and an- "would, in the beginning, weep like a other comes on; the year ends, and then child; but he foon recovered his former begins; but man is still unchanging in tranquillity. After indulging grief for folly, Itill blindly continuing in preju. a few days, he would becoine, as ufual, dice. To the wise man, every climate the most merry old man in all the proand every foil is pleasing; to hím a par- vince of Shanli. About the time that

This letter is a rhapsody from the Maxims of the philosopher Me.' Vido Lett. curicule et edifiant. Vide etiam du Halde, Vol. ii. p. 98, + This passage the editor does not understand..

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his wife died, his poffeffions were all cries the old man, let me answer by consumed by fire, and his only son sold asking another : Which is the matt into captivity; Shingfu grieved for one durable, a hard thing, or a soft thing; day, and the next went to dance at a that which resists, or that whiclı makes mandarine's door for his dinner. The no resistance?'' An hard thing, to company were surprised to see the old be sure,' replied the mandarine. man fo merry when suffering such gleat There you are wrong, returned lofles; and the mandarine himself coming Shingfu: I am now fourscore ycars out, asked him, how he, who had grieva old; and if you look in my mouth, ed so mụch, and given way to the cala you will find that I have lost all my inity the day before, could now be so • teeth, but not a bit of my tongue. chearful? · You alk me one question,' Adieu.

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FROM LIEŃ CHI ALTANGI, TO FUM HOAM, FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE

CEREMONIAL ACADEMY AT PEKIN, IN CHINA. ΤΗ The manner of grieving for our ample of forrow and decorum to our

departed friends in China is very country, Pious country, where, if we different from that of Europe. The do not grieve at the departure of our mourning colour of Europe is black; friends for their fakes, at least we are that of China white. When a parent or taught to regret them for our own. relation dies here, for they seldom mourn All is very different here; amazement for friends, it is only clapping on a all. Whar fort of a people am I got fuit of fables, grimacing it for a few amongit! Fum, thou son of Fo, what days, and all, foon forgotten, goes on fort of a people am I got amongat! No as before ; not a single creature milling crawling round the coffin; no dresling the deceased, except perhaps a favourite up in hempen bags; no lying on mats, house-keeper, or a favourite cat. or ftung on fools. Gentlemen bere

On the contrary, with us in China it hall put on first mourning with as is a very serious affair, The piety with sprightly an air as if preparing for 2 which I have seen you behave on one of birth-night; and widows shall actually these occasions could never be forgot dress for another husband in their weeds ten. I remember it was upon the death for the former. The best jest of all is,

of thy grandmother's maiden filter. The that our merry mourners clap bits of coffin was exposed in the principal hall 'muslin on their sleeves, and there are in public view. Before it were placed called weepers. Weeping muslin! alas, the figures of eunuchs, horses, tortoiles, alas, very forrowful truly!

These and other animals, in attitudes of grief weepers then, it seems, are to bear the and respect. The more distant relations whole burthen of the dittrels. of the old lady, and I among the num But I have had the strongelt initance ber, came to pay our compliments of of this contrast; this trag-comical becondoiance, and to falute the deceased haviour in distress upon a recent occáafter the manner of our country. We fion. Their king, whose departe had scarce presented our wax-candles though tudden, was not unexpected, and perfumes, and given the howl of died after a reign of many years. His departure, when, crawling on his belly age, and uncertain state of health, served from under a curtain, out caine the res in some measure to diminith the forrow verend Fum Hoam himself, in all the of his subjects; and their expectations dismal solemnity of distress. Your looks rfrom his successor seemed to balance were set for forrow; your cloathing con their minds between unealiness and fahlted in an kempen bag, tied round the tisfaction, But hoy ought they to have

neck with a string. For two long months behaved on such an occafion" Surdy; did this mourning continue. By night they ought rather to have endeavoured s you lay Azeiched on a fingle mat, and to testify: their gratitude to their de fate on the stool of discontent by day. cealed friend, than to proclaim their Piqus man, who could thus set an ex bopes of the future. Sure even the luç

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celor muft fuppose their love to wear demned by the company fora grimacinig the face of adulation, which so quickly son of a whore, and delired to rake away changed the object. However, the very my penitential phiz to fome ocher quar same day on which the old king died, ter. I now corrected my former milthey inade rejoicing for the new. take; and, with the most sprightly air

For my part, I have no conception of imaginable, entered a company, where this new manner of mourning and re- they were talking over the ceremonies joicing in a breath; of being merry and of the approaching funeral. Here I fàt sad; of mixing a funeral procession with for some time with an air of pert viva. a jig and a bonfire. At least, it would city; when one of the chief mourner's have been just, that they who fattered immediately observing my good huthe king while living for virtues which mour, defired me, if I pleared, to go and he had not, should lament him dead for grin foniewhere else; they wanted no those he really had.

disaffected scoundrels there. Leaving In this universal cause for national this company, therefore, I was resolved distress, as I had no interest myself, so to assume a look perfectly neutral; and it, is but natural to suppose I felt no have ever since been studying the fareal affliction. In all the losses of our Bionable air: something between jest • friends,' says an European philofo- and earnest; a compleat virginity of face,

we first consider how much vur uncontaminated with the smallest symp. own welfare is affected by their de. tom of meaning. parture, and moderate our réal grief But though grief be a very flight af. just in the same proportion.' Now, fair here, the mourning, my friend, is as I had neither received nor expected a very important concern. When an to receive favours from kings or their emperor dies in China, the whole exflatterers, as I had no acquaintance in pence of the solemnities is defrayed froin particular with their late monarch; as I the royal coffers. When the great die knew that the place of a king is foon here, mandarines are ready enough to fupplied;

and, as the Chinese proverb order mourning; but I do not see that has it, That though the world may they are so ready to pay for it. If they fometimes want' coblers to mend their fend me down from court the grey unMoes, there is no danger of it's want. dress frock, or the black coat without ing emperors to rule their kingdoms: pocket' holes, I am willing enough to from such confiderations, I could bear comply with their commands, and wear the loss of a king with the most philo- both; but, by the head of Confucius ! fophic resignation. However, I thought to be obliged to wear black, and buy it it my duty at least to appear forrowful; into the bargain, is more than my oranto put on a melancholy alpect, or to set quillity of teniper can bear. What, my face by that of the people.

order me to wear mourning before they The first company I came amongst know whether I can buy it or no! Fum, after the news became general, was a thou fon of Fo,' what fort of a people set of jolly coinpanions, who were drink am I got amongit; where being out of ing prosperity to the ensuing reign. I black is a certain lymptom of poverty ; entered the rooin with looks of despair, where those who have miserable faces and even expected applause for the fu. cannot have mourning, and those who perlative milery of my countenance. In. have mourning will not wear'a miserable Read of thar, I was universally con

face!

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Tis usual for the booksellers here, view a pleasing obje&t on every fade.

when a book has given univerfal The first performance fel ses rather to pleasure upon one fubje&, to bring out awaken than fatisfy atrention, and when leveral more upon the faine plan; which thar is once moved, the Nightest effort are sure to have purchasers and readers Serves to continue it's progrellion; the from that defue which ali men have to merit of the fort diffusés a light fulti

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cient to illuminate the succeeding efforts; finds very good words, traty, and much and no ocher fubject can be relifhed tills: exactness of rhyme, but no information that is exhausted. A ttupid work.com- A parcel of gaudy images pafs on be ing thus immediately in the train of any fore kis imagination like the figures in applauded performance, weans the mind a dream; but curiosity, induction, résfrom the object of it's pleafure; and re. son, and the whole train of affections, serables the sponge thruit into the mouth are faft alleep. The jocunda et idoria of a discharged culverin, in order to vitæ; those fallies wluch-nend the heart adapt it for a new explosion.

while they amuse the fancy, are quite *This manner, however, of drawing forgotten; fo that a reader who would off a subject, or a peculiar mode of writ- take up fome modern applauded pers" ing, to the dregs, effe ctually precludes formances of this kind, muft, in order a revival of that subject or manner for to be pleased, first leave his good fente fome time for the future; the fated behind hiin, take for his recompence reader turns from it with a kind of li- and guide hloated and compound epiterary nausea; and though the titles of thet, and dwell on paintings, juft in. books are the part of the most read, deed, becaufe laboured with minute ex. yet he has scarce perseverance enougli a&tnefs. io wade through the title-page.

If we examine, however, our interof this number I own myself one; Inal fenfations, we shall find ourfebres am now grown callous to leveral sub- but little pleased with such laboured va? je&ts, and different kinds of compofition.' nities; we shall find that our applaule Whether fach originally pleased, I will rather proceeds from a kind of constanot take upon me to determine; but at gion caught up from others, and which present I fpurn a new book merely upon we contribute to diffuse, than from what: leeing it's name in an advertisement; we privately feel. There are some fab. nor have the smalleit curiosity to look je&ts of which almost all the world per beyond the first leaf, even though in the ceive the futility; yet all combine in fecond the author proinités his own face imposing upon each other, as worthy of neatly engraved on copper.

praise. But chiefly this impofirion obe I am become a perfect epicure in tains in literature, where men publiely reading; plain beef or folid mutton will contemn what they relish with rapture rever do. I am for a Chinefe dila of in private, and approve abroad what has bears claws and tirds reits. I am for given them disgust at home. The truth Canice strong with aflafærida, or fuming is, we deliver thofe criticisms in public with garlick. For this reason there are which are supposed to be best calculated an bundred very wise, learned, virtua' not to do justice to the author, but to ous, well-intended productions, that impress others with an opinion of our have 110 charms for me. Thus, for the superior discernment, boul of me, I coviel never find coorage But let works of this kind, which nor grace enough to wade above two have already come off with such applause, pages deep into * Thoughts upon God enjoy it all. It is neither my with to

and Nature ; 0 Thoughts upon diminish, as I was never confiderable

Providence; or, Thoughts upon enough to add to their fame. But, for 5 Free Grace; or indeed into Thoughts the futureyr) fear there are many porns #ipon any thing at all. I can no longer of which I thalt find spirits to read but meditata with Meditations for every day the title. In the firit-place, ali odes in the year; Erlays upon divers subjects upon winter, or fuinmers or autumin;

totaiture nie, though never so in- in thort, all odes, epodes, and monodies pereliing; and as for Funeral Secanons, whatsoever, Mali Kereafter ihe deemed or ever Thanksgiving Sermons, I can too polite, classical, obloure, and refin. Ankither weep witli the one, nor rejoice ed, to be read, and entirely above hu. With the other.

man comprehenson Paftorats are pretty "But it is chiefly in gentle 'poetry, enough for those that like their but where I feldomo look fanthers than the rome Thyrlis As one of the most infipid title. The truth is, I take up books to fellows I ever conversed with; and as Be toid fomething neišşi bat here, as it for Corridon, I do nor thufe his comis now tenace, the reader siš told no. pany, Blegies and epiftles are very and He spens the book, and there fine to those to whom they are addressed; Il in

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and as for epic poems, I am generally of the human brealta that we should not able to discover the whole plan in reast-r, resist Heaven's will, for ine rehisting dtea.. ing the two first pages. Bones ķven's willy Heaven's wild, is schlied;

Tragedies, however, as they are now with several other Serainents equallye made, are good instructive moral fer- new, delicate, and Ariking. Every mons enough, and it would be a fault new tragedy, therefore, hhall go to fees not to be pleased with good things. There for reflections of this natura make a 10I learn feveral great truths; as, that it lerable harmony, when mixed up with is impoffible to see into the ways of fu- a proper quantity of drum, erumpet pa turity; that punishment always attends thunder, lightning, or the seeno-fhifer's the villains that love is the fond soother whistle. Adieu.

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LETTER XCVIIT.

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19 FROM LIEN CHI ALTANGI, TO FUM HOAM, FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE CEREMONIAL ACADEMY AT PEKIN, IN CHINAGT, eti s op

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to visit Bedlam, the place where reasons bave you to think an affair ad those who go mad are confined. I went ' lait concluded, which has given fa to wait upon the man in black to be my many former, disappointments? conductor, but I found him preparing "My lawyer tells me, returned her to go to Weltminster Hall, where the that I have Salkeld an 1 Ventrisitrong Englith hold their courts of justice. It in my favour, and that there are no gave me some furprize to find my friend less than fifteen cafes in point. -1 engaged in a law-fuity but more to understand;' faid I, I those are, two when he informed me that it had been of your judges who have already dedepending for several years. How is clared their opinionsa'— Parilon me, • it posible,' cried I, 4 for a man who replied my friendSalked and Ventris

knows the world to go to lawb I am are lawyers who some hundred years • well acquainted with the courts of Eago gave their opinion on cales similar joftice in China;; they resemble rat ' to inine; these opibjons which make traps every one of them, nothing ( for me iny lawyer is to cire, and those more easy to get in, but to get our opinions which look another way alle

again is attended with some difficulty, ! cited by the lawyer employed by my • and more qunning than räts are ge • antagonist: as I observed, I bave Sal. • nerally found to poliefs!'

keld and Ventris for me, he has Coke • Faith,' replied my friend, I should (.and Hales for him, and, he that has pot have gone to law, but that I was (molt opinions is most likely to carry (ailured, of success before I began; ! his cause. But where is the necel.

thips were presented to me in to al. fity,' cried I, ' of prolonging a suit

luring a ligbt," that I thought by by citing the opinions and reports of • barely declaring myself a candidate for others, since the same good fenfe which • the prize, I had nothing more to do • determined lawyers in former ages

but to enjoy the fruits of the victory. may serve to guide your judges at this · Thus have I been upon the eve of an "day? They at that time gave their • imaginary triumph every term these ' opinions only from the light of rea! ten years; have travelled forward with long your judges have the fame light ! nétory ever in my view, but ever outofat present to direct them, let me even ! reach. however, at present, I fancy we add, a greater, as in former ages there 4 have hampered our antagonist in such • were many prejudices from which the 1 a manner, that, without fome-upfore, present is happily free. If arguing 1. leen demur, we shall this very day lay from authorities be exploded from him fairly on bis back.'.

every other branch of learning, why 14. If things be so situated,' faid I, I thould it be particularly adhered to in I do not care if I attend you to the this? I plainly foresee how such a me· courts, and partake in the pleafure of thod of investigation muft embarrafs ! your success. But, prythee,' con• ' every fuit, and even perplex the ftu

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