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LETTER CXVII.

TO THE SAME.

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HE clock just struck two, the ex- • not on useful, members of society.

piring taper rises and finks in the " Their riches and opulence invited the Socket, the watchman forgets the hour invaders; who, though at firit repullin flumber, the laborious and the happy • ed, returned again, conquered by are at reft, and nothing wakes but me- • perseverance, and at last swept the ditation, guilt, revelry, and despair. defendants into undistinguished de. The drunkard once more fills the de- • ftruction! Atroying bowl, the robber walks his How few appear in those streets, midnight round, and the suicide lifts which but some few hours ago were his guilty arm against his own facred crouded! and those who appear, now person,

no longer wear their daily malk, nor Let me no longer waste the night over attempt to hide their lewdness or their the page of antiquity, or the fallies of misery! cotemporary genius, but pursue the fo- But who are those who make the litary walk where Vanity, ever chang- ftreets their couch, and find a short reing, but a few hours past, walked be pose from wretchedness at the doors of fore me; where she kept up the pageant; the opulent? These are ftrangers, wan. and now, like a froward child, Teens derers, and orphans; whole circumhushed with her own importunities. Itances are too humble to expect redress,

What a gloom hangs all around! and whose distresses are too great even. The dying lamp feebly emits a yellow for pity. Their wretchedness excites gleam; no found is heard but of the rather horror than pity. Some are withchiming, clock, or the distant watch out the covering even of rags, and others dog. All the bustle of human pride is emaciated with disease; the world has forgotten; an hour like this may-well disclaimed them; society turns it's back display the emptiness of human va- , upon their distress, and has given them nity!

up to nakedness and hungere i These There will come a time when this poor fhivering females have once seen temporary solitude may be made con- happier days, and been flattered into tinuals and the city itself, like it's in- beauty. They have been proitituted to habitants, fade away, and leave a desart the gay luxurious villain, and are now in it's room!

turned out to meet the severity of winter. What cities as great as this, have Perhaps, now lying at the doors of their once triumphed in existence, had their betrayers, they fuc to wretches whose victories as great, joy as - just, and as hearts are infenfible; or debauchees unbounded, and with short-lighted pre- : who may curse, but will not relieve fumption, promised themselves immor. them. tality! Polterity can hardly trace the Why, why was I born a man, and fituation of lome, . The forrowful tra- yet see the sufferings of wretches I canveller wanders over the awful ruins of not relieve! Poor houseless creatiures! others; and as he beholds he learns the worid will give you reproaches, but wisdom, and feels the transience of every will not give you relief. The lightest fublunary poslemion.

misfortunes of the great, the moft ima• * Here, he cries, ftood their cita. ginary uneasinesses of the rich, are age 1 • del, now grown over with weeds; gravated with all the power of eloquence," • there their senate-house, but now the and held up to engage aun attention and a • baunt of every noxious reptile; tem- sympathetic forrow. The poor weep : • ples and theatres food here, now only unheeded; persecuted by every subordi

an undistinguished heap of ruin! They nate fpecies of tyranny; and every law,

are fallen; for luxury and avarice firit which gives others security, becomes an • made them feeble. The rewards of enemy to them. Kate were conferred on amusing, and Why was this heart of mine formed Jo 1:1 re

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with so much sensibility? or why was lieving, only makes the man who feels not my fortune adapted to it's impulse? it more wretched than the object which Tenderness, without a capacity of re- sues for assistance. Adieu,

LETTER CXVIII.

FUM HOAM, TO LIEN CHI ALTANGI, THE DISCONTENTED WANDERER,

BY THE WAY OF MOSCOW.,

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to Japan; my commission is to be room, and the Dutch envoy was condispatched in four days, and you can ducted towards the throne. hardiy conceive the pleasure I fall find As foon as he had approached within upon revisiting my native country. I a certain diftance, the gentleman-usher Thall leave with joy this proud, barba- cried out with a loud voice. Holanda rous, inhofpitable region, where every Capitan;' upon these words tbe en-/ object conspires to diminish my fatisfac- voy fell flat upon the ground, and crept tion, and encrease my patriotism. upon his hands and fest towards the

-But though I find the inhabitants fa. throne. Still approaching, he reared vage, yet the Dutch merchants, who are himself upon his knees, and then bow. I permitted to trade hither, seem still more ed his forehead to the ground. These detestable. They have raised my dislike ceremonies being over, he was directed to Europe in general ; by them I learn to withdraw, Atill grovelling on his bel. how low avarice can degrade human ly, and going backward like a lobster. nature; how many indignities an Eu- Men must be excessively fond of riches, ropean will fuffer for gain.

when they are earned with such circumI was present at an audience given by stances of abject fubmiffion. Do the the emperor to the Dutch envoy, whó Europeans worship Heaven itself with. had sent several presents to all the cour- marks of more profound respect? Do tiers fome days previous to his admif- they confer those honours on the Sufion; but he was obliged to attend those preme of beings which they pay to a deligned for the emperor himself. From barbarous king, who gives them a perthe accounts I had heard of this cere- mifsion to purchase trinkets and porcemony, my curiosity prompted me to be laine ? What a glorious exchange, to a fpectator of the whole.

forfeit their national honour, and ever First went the presents, set out on their title to humanity, for a screen or beautiful enamelled tables, adorned with a snuff-box! flowers, borne on mens shoulders, and If these ceremonies essayed in the first followed by Japanese music and dancers. audience appeared mortifying, those From fo great respect paid to the gifts which are practised in the second are in- " themselves, I had fancied the donors finitely more fo. In the second audimust have received almost divine ho- ence, the emperor and the ladies of nours. . But about a quarter of an hour court were placed behind lattices, in after the presents had been carried in such a manner as to see, without being triumph, the envoy and his train were seen. Here all the Europeans were dia! brought forward. They were covered rected to pass in review, and grovel and from head to foot with long black veilsz act the serpent as before: with this which prevented their seeing ; each led spectacle the whole court seemed highly :) by-a conductor chosen from the ineanest delighted. The strangers were asked a of the people. In this dishonourable thousand ridiculous questions ; as their manner having traversed the city of Jedo, names and their ages : they were order: they at length arrived at the palace-gate; ed to write, 'to stand upright, to fit, to and after waiting balf an hour, were stop, to compliment each other, to be admitted into the guard-room. Here drunk, to speak the Japanese language, their eyes were uncovered, and in about to talk Dutch, to fing, to eat ; in fort, an hour the gentleman-usher introduced they were ordered to do all that could them into the hall of audience. The fatisfy the curiosity of women, amperor was at length Mewn Atting in Iinagine, my dear Altangi, a set of

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grave men thus transformed into buf- a rate. Perith those riches which are foons, and acting a part every whit as acquired at the expence of my honour honourable as that of those instructed or my humanity! Let me quit,' said animals which are shewn in the streets I, 'a country where there are none but of Pekin to the mob on a holiday. Yet • such as treat all others like flaves; and the ceremony did not end here, for every more deteftable still in suffering such great lord of the court was to be visited treatment. I have seen enough of this in the same manner; and their ladies, « nation to defire to see more of others. who took the whim from their husbands, · Let me leavê a people suspicious to were all equally fond of seeing the stran. excess; whose morals are corrupted, gers perform, even the children seeming ' and equally debased by superstition Highly diverted with the dancing Dutch 6 and vice; where the sciences are left

(uncultivated; where the great are • Alas!' cried I to myself, upon re- Naves to the prince, and tyrants to the turning from fuch a spectacle, ' is this people ; where the women are chafte • the nation which assumes such dignity • only when debarred of the power of

at the court of Pekin? Is this that transgreffion; where the true disciples people that appear so proud at home, • of Confucius are not less perfecuted

and in every country where they have • than those of Christianity: in a word, & the least authority? How does a love a country where men are forbidden to 6 of gain transform the graveft of man- “ think, and consequently labour under • kind into the most contemptible and the most miserable llavery, that of 6 ridiculous! I had rather continue poor mental servitude.' Adicu. $ all my life, than become rich at such

men.

LETTER CXIX.

TO THE SAME.

and pity.

THE
HE misfortunes of tlie great, my and yet he bears his hard fate without

friend, are held up to engage our repining. attention ; are enlarged upon in tones With what indignation do I hear the of declamation ; and the world is called heroes of tragedy complain of misforupon to gaze at the noble sufferers : they tunes and hardfhips, whose gréatext ca. have at once the confort of admiration lamity is founded in arrogance and

pride! Their severest distresses are pleaYet, where is the magnanimity of Tures, compared to what many of the bearing misfortunes when the whole adventuring poor every day sustain with. world is looking on? Men in such cir- out murmuring. There may eat, drink, cumstances can act bravely even from and sleep, have slaves to attend thein, and motives of vanity. He only who, in are fure of fubfiftence for life; whilemany the vale of obscurity, can brave adver- of their fellow-creatures are obliged to fity; who, without friends to encou- wander, without a friend to comfort or rage, acquaintances to pity, or even to afsift them, find enmity in every law, without hope to alleviate his diftreffes, and are too poor to obtain even justice. can behave with tranquillity and indif- I have been led into these refle&ions ference, is truly great : whether peasant from accidentally meeting, fome days or courtier, he deserves admiration, and ago, a poor fellow begging at one of the Mould be held up for our imitation and outlets of this town, with a wooden leg; respect.

I was curious to learn what had reduced The miseries of the poor are however him to his present situation ; and after entirely difregarded; though some un-' giving him what I thought proper, de.

dergo more real hardships in one day, fired to know the history of his life and than the great in their whole lives. It misfortunes, and the manner in which

is indeed inconceivable what difficulties he was reduced to his present diftress. the meanest English failor or soldier en.' The disabled foldier, for such he was, dures without murmuring or regret. “ with an intrepidity truly British, learEvery day, is to him a day of misery, ing on his crutch, put trimfulf into an af

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titude to comply with my request, and 'my breed, seed, and generation : but, gave me his history as follows.

though I gave a very long account, As for misfortunes, Sir, I cannot • the juft ce faid, I could give no acpretend to have gone through more, count of inyfelf; fo I was indicted, • than others. Except the loss of my • and found guilty of being poor; and

limb, and my being obliged to beg, • sent to Newgate, in order to be trans. I don't know any reason, thank Hea- ported to the Plantations.

ven, that I have to complain : there People may say this and that of berare some who have lost both legs and ing in jail; tut, for my part, I found ' an eye; but, thank Heaven, it is not ' Newgate as agreeable a place as ever quite so bad with me.

" I was in, in all my life. I had my • My father was a labourer in the bellyfull to eat and drink, and did no country, and died when I was five. 'work; but, alas! this kind of life years old;

so I was put upon the pa- was too good to last for ever: I was #rish. As he had been a wandering taken out of prison, after five months; • sort of a man, the parishioners were put on board of a ship, and sentoff with

not able to tell to what parith I be. two hundred more. Our paffage was & longed, or where I was born; so they but indifferent; for we were all consent me to another parish, and that • fined in the hold, and died very fast,

parish sent me to a third; till at last • for want of sweet air and provifions: . it was thought I belonged to no parish " but, for my part, I did not want

at all. At length, however, they meat, because I had a fever all the « fixed me.

I had some difpofition to way. Providence was kind; wlien • be a scholar, and had actually learned. " provisions grew short, it took away

my letters; but the master of the my deftre of eating. When we came ' worklou se put me to business as soon ashore, we were sold to the planteis. as I was able to handle a mallet. . I was bound for seven years; and as

• Here I lived an easy kind of a life, il vas no fcholar, for I had forgot my • for five years. I only wrought ten • letters, I was obliged to work among "hours in the day, and had my meat the negroes; and served out my time,

and drink provided for my labour. It as in duty bound to do. " is true, I wis not suffered to stir far • When my time was expired, I work. < from the house, for fear I should run • ed my passage home; and glad I was

away: but what of that? I had the to fee old England again, because I

liberty of the whole house, and the * loved my country. O liberty! liber• yard before the door, and that was ty! liberty! that is the property of enough for me.

everv Englishnan, and I will die in "I was next bound out to a farmer, • it's detenci! I was afraid, however, & where I was up both early and late; " that I should be indicted for a vaga. (but I ate and drank well, and liked · bond once more, fo did not much care

my business well enough, till he died. to go into the country, but kept about

Being then obliged to provide for my-, town, and uid little jobs when I could « seif, was resolved to go and leck my get them. I was very happy in this

fortune. Thus I lived, and went manner for found time; ull one even. • from town to town, working when I "ing, coming home from work, two 6 could get employment, and starving men kuocked me down, and then de. . when I could get none; and might tired me to itand itill. They belong. • have lived fo ftill: but, happening sed to a press-garg: I was carried be. 6.one day to go through a field belong. “fore the juitice; and, as I could give Sing to a nagiltrate, I spied a hare croire no account of my fell, (ihat was the “ing the path just before me. " thing that already hobbied me) I had

lieve the devil put it into my head to my choice lett, whether to go on • fing my stick at it: well, what will « board a man of war,' or bift for à fol.

you have on it? I killed the hare; ' dier. I chole to be a soldier: and in • and was bringing it away in triumph, this post of a gentleman ferved two 1 when the justice himself met me: he campaigns; was at the bottles in « called me a villain; and collaring me, Flanders; and received but one wound « desired I would give an account of " through the breatt, which is trouble• myself. I began immediately to give 5 fome to this day. « a full account of all that I knew of • When the peace came on, I was

di charged;

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discharged ; and as I could not work, • had no arms; but one Englisman is • because my wound was sometinies able to beat five French at any time; • painful, I listed for a landman in the fo we went down to the door, where • East India Company's service. I here both the centries were posted, and ' fought the French in fix pitched bat. rushing upon them, seized their arms

tles; and verily believe, that if I could in a moment, and knocked them • read or write, our captain would have • down. From thence, pine of us ran.

given me promotion, and made me a • together to the key, and seizing the corporal. But that was not my good • firit boat we met, got out of the hara fortune; I soon fell fick; and when I bour, and put to lea: we had not been became good for nothing, got leave to • here three days before we were taken return home again, with forty pounds. up by an English privateer, who was in my pocket, which I saved in the glad of so many good hands; and we

service.j; This was at the beginning • consented to run our chance. How• of the present war; fo I hoped to be ever, we had not so much luck as we

set on fhore, and to have the pleasure expected. In three days we fell in • of spending my money : but the go

with a French man of war, of forty vernment wanted, men, and I was guns,

while we had but twenty-three; pressed again before ever I could set ' lo to it we went. The fight lasted for . fopt on fhore.

• three hours, and I verily believe we The boatswain found me, as he said, should have taken the Frenchman, but an obítinate fellow: he swore that I ' unfortunately, we loft almost all our; • understood any business perfectly well, men, just as we were going to get the • but that I pretended, sickness merely « victory. I was once more in the power + to be idle. God knows, I knew no- ¢ of the French, and I believe it would < thing of sea-business : he beat me have gone bard with me, had I bin • without considering what he was about... brought back to my old jail in Brest : • But still my forty pounds was some ' but, by good fortune, we were re-taken, • comfort to me under every beating, and carried to England once more. * the money was my comfort; and the . I had almok forgot to tell you, that • money I might have had to this day; in this lalt engageinent I was wound• but that our, Chip was taken by the ed in two places; I lost four fingers • French, and so I loft it all!

of the left-hand, and my leg was ihot, . Our crew was carried into a French off. Had I the good fortune to have • prison, and many of them died, be- ' loft my leg and ule of my hand on

cause they were not used to live in a • board a king's hip, and not a priva• jail; but, for my part, it was nothing teer, I fould have been entitled to i to me, for I was seasoned. One night, cloathing and maintenance during the • however, as I was sleeping on the bed rest of my life; but that was not my • of boards, with a warm blanket about chance : one man is born with a silver • me, (for I always loved to lie well) spoon in his mouth, and another with • I was awaked by the boatswain, who a wooden ladle. However, blefied be.

had a dark lantborn in his hand. God, I enjoy good health, and have « Jack," says he to me,

no enen in this world that I know " koock out the French centry's of, but the French, and the Justice of " brains?"! I don't care," says I,

• Peace.' • striving to keep myself awake, “ if I Thus saying, he limped off, leaving « lend a hand." Then follow me," my friend and me in admiration of his • says hey " and I hope we hall do bu, intrepidity and content; nor could we “ finess." So up I got, and tied my avoid acknowledging, that an habitual « blanket, which was all the cloaths I acqrjaintance with wifery is the truest • bad, about my middle, and went with school of fortitude and philosophy. • him to fight the Frenchmen. We Adieu.

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