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THE

"HE titles of European princes are paltry claims, and forgets the Emperor

rather more numerous than those of in his familiarity with the Duke or the Aha, but by no means so sublime. The Deputy.

i king of Vifapour or Pegu, not satisfied I remember a fimilar instance of this with claiming the globe, and all it's ap- inverted ambition in the illustrious purtenances, to hiny and his heirs, afferts King of Manacabo, upon his first treatý a property even in the firmament, and with the Portuguese. Among the preextends his orders to the milky way. sents that were made him by the ambarThe monarchs of Europe, with more' sador of that nation, was a fword, with modefty, confine their titles to earth, but a brass hilt, which he seemed to set a peu make up by number what is wanting in culiar value upon. This he thought foo their fublimity. Such is their pasfion great an acquisition to his glory to be for a long list of these splendid trifles, forgotten among the number of his tj.' that I have known a German prince tles. He therefore gave orders, that his with more titles than subjects, and a subjects Mould ftyle him for the future, Spanish nobleman with more names than Talipot, the immortal Potentate of thirts.

• Manacabo, Messenger of Morning, Contrary to this The English mo." Enlightener of the Sun, Poffessor of • narchs;''fays a writer of the lait cen. (the whole Earth, and inighty Monarch tury, disdain to accept of such titles, of the brass-handled Sword.' • which tend only to encrease their This method of mixing majestic and • pride, without improving their glory; palay tirles, of quartering the arms of • they are above depending on the fee- a great empire, and an obscure province, . blé helps of heraldry for respect, per- upon the fome medal here, had it's rise • fectly fatisfied with the conscioufness in the virtuouis partiality of their late

of acknowledged power. At present, monarchs. Willing to settify an affechowever, thefe maxims are laid alde; tion to their native country, they gave the English monarchs have of late af- it's name and ensigns a place upon their fumed new titles, and have impressed coins, and thus in fome measure entheir coins with the names and arms of nobled it's obfcurity. It was indeed but obfcure dukedoms, perry ftates, and just, that a people which had given Engsubordinate employments. Their de. land up their king, Mhould receive some fign in this, I make no doubt, was laud- honorary equivalent in return: but at ably to add new lustre to the British present these motives are no more; Eng="" throne, but in reality paltry claiins only land has now a monarch wholly Briti, serve to diminish thai respect they are and it has fome reason to hope for Bridesigned to secure.'

tish titles tipon British coins.'-i There is in the honours affumed by However, were the money of Engkings, as in the decorations of archi- land designed to circulate in Germany, tecturé, a'majestic fimplicity, which best there would be no fagiant impropriety conduces to inspire our reverence and re- in impressing it with German names and fpe&ty numerous and trifling ornaments arms; but though this might have been in either are strong indications of mean- lo upon former occasions, I am told there ness in the designer, or of concealed de. is no danger of it for the future: as formity: thould, for instance, the Ein- England, therefore, designs to keep back peror of China, among other titles, it's gold, I candidly think Lunenburg, assume that of Deputy Mandarin of Oldenburg, and the rest of them, may Maccau; or the Monarch of Great Bri. very well keep back iheir titles. tain, France, and Ireland, desire to be It is a mistaken prejudice in princes acknowledged as Duke of Brentford, to think that a number of loud sounding Lunenburg, or Lincoln, the observer names can give new claims to respect. sevolts at this mixture of important and The truly great have ever disdained

then.

them. When Timur the Lame had aims, and often find the finest adulation
conquered Afia, an orator by profession in majestic fimplicity.
came to compliment him upon the occa, The young monarch of this country
fion. He began his harangue, by Ityl- has already testified a proper contempt
ing him the most omnipotent, and the for several unmeaning appendages on
moft glorious object of the creation. royalty; cooks and scullions have been
The emperor seemed displeased with his obliged to quit their fires; gentlemens
paltry adulation; yet ftill he went on, gentlemen, and the whole tribe of necef
complimenting him, as the most mighty, fary people, who did nothing, have been
the most valiant, and the most perfect of dismissed from further services. A youth,
beings. Hold there, my friend,' cries who can thus bring back fimplicity and
the lame emperor; hold there, till I frugality to a court, will foon probably
« have got another leg.' In fact, the have a true respect for his own glory,
feeble, or the defpotic alone, find pleasure and while he has dismissed all useless
in multiplying these pageants of vanity; employments, may disdain to accept of
but strength and freedom have nobler empty or degrading titles. Adieu.

LETTER CXXI.

FROM THE SAME.

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racterize the English in general, knowledged through fear, a change of fome unforeieen difficulties conitantly government is entirely unknown. AH occur to disconcert my design; I heli- the inhabitants seem to wear the same tate between censure and praise : when mental complexion, and remain conI consider them as reasoning, philofo- tented with hereditary oppreilion. The phical people, they have my applaute; fovereign's pleasure is the ultimate rule but when I reverse the merial, and ob- of duty; every branch of the admini. serve their inconftaney and irrefolution, Itration is a perfect epitome of the I can fcrrcely perfuade mytelf that I am whole; and if one tyrant is de posed, anobserving the fame people.

other itarts up in lns room to govern as Yet, upon examination, this very in his predecessor. The English, on the conftancy, fo rema: kable here, flows contrary, inttead of being led by power, froin no other source than their love of endeavour to guide themselves by reareasoning. The man who examines a fon; instead of appealing to ghe pleasure complicated subject on every fide, and of the prince, appeal to the original rights calls in reafon to his assistance, will fre- ' of mankind. What one rank of men quently change; will find himself di- affert is denied by others, as the reasons ftructed by opposing probabilities, and on opposite sides happen 'to come home contending proofs: every alteration of with greater or lefs convi&tion. The place will liveilify the prospect; will people of Alia are direeted by precedent; give some latent argument new force, which never alters; the English by reaand contribute to maintain an anarchy fon, which is ever changing it's appear. in the mind.

On the contrary, they who never ex- The disadvantages of an Afiatic god ainine with their own reafon act with vernment acting in this manner by premore fimplicity. Ignorance is positive, cedent are evident; original errors are inftiniet perfeveres, and the human be. thus continued, without hopes of reing moves in safety within the narrow dress; and all marks of genius are levels circle of brutal uniformity. What is led down to one standard, fince no 'st. true with regard to individuals,' is not periority of thinking can be allowed it's Jels so when applied to ttates. A rea- exertion in mending obvious defe&is. foning government like this is in con- . But to recompense those defects, their tinual Au&tuation, while those kingdoms governments undergo no new altera. where men ate taught rot to controvert, tions, they have no new evils to fear, but obey, continue always the same. In nor no fermentations in the conftitution Afia, for instance, where the monarch's that continue; the struggle for power is

ance.

foon

foon over, and all becomes tranquil as and advantage will often be out-ba. before; they are habituated to fubordi. Janced by a combination of clamour nation, and men are taught to form no and prejudice. But though such a people other desires than those which they are may be thus in the wrong, they have allowed to satisfy.

been influenced by an happy delusion ; The disadvantages of a government their errors are feldom seen zill they are acting from the immediate influence of felt; each man is himself the tyrant he reason, like that of England, are not has obeyed, and such a master he can less than those of the former. It is ex- easily forgive. The disadvantages be tremely difficult to induce a number of feels may, in reality, be equal to what free beings to co-operate for their mu- is felt in the most despotic government; tual benefit; every possible advantage. but man will bear every calamity with will necessarily be fought, and every at. patience, when he knows himself to be tempt to procure it must be attended the author of his own misfortunes, with a new fermentation; various rea. Adieu. Sons will lead different ways, and equity

LETTER CXXII.

FROM THE SAME.

MY

Y long residence here begins totally silent upon their buildings, roads,

fatigue me; as every object ceases rivers, and mountains, This is a to be new, it no longer continues to branch of science on which all other be pleafing: some minds are so fond of travellers are so very prolix, that my variety, that pleasure itself, if perma- deficiency will appear the more glaring. nent, would be insupportable; and we With what pleasure, for instance, do are thus obliged to folicit new happia fome read of a traveller in Egypt meaness even by courting distress. only suring a fallen column with his cane, therefore wait the arrival of my son, to and finding it exactly five feet nine vary this trifling scene, and borrow inches long; of his creeping through the new pleasure from danger and fatigue. mouth of a caracomb, and coming out A life, I own, thus spent in wandering by a different hole from that he entered; from place to place, is at best but empty of his stealing the finger of an antique dissipation. But to pursue trifles is the statue, in spite of the janizary that watchlot of humanity; and whether we bustle ed him ; or his adding a new conjecture in a pantomime, or strut at a coronation; to the hundred and fourteen conjectures whether we shout at a bonfire, or has already published, upon the names of rangue in a senate-house ; whatever ob- Ofiris and Ijis! ject we follow, it will at last surely con- Methinks I hear some of my friends duet us to futility and disappointment.' in China demanding a fimilar account The wise bustle and laugh as they walk of London, and the adjacent villages; in the pageant, but fools bustle and are and if I remain here much longer, it is important; and this probably is all the probable I may gratify their curiosity. difference between them.

I intend, when tun dry on other topics, This may be an apology for the len to take a serious survey of the city-wall vity of my former correspondence; I to describe that beautiful building the talked of trifles, and I knew that they manfion-house; I will enumerate the were trifles : to make the things of this magnificent squares in which the nolife ridiculous, it was only sufficient to bility chiefly refide, and the royal pacall them by their names.

laces appointed for the reception of the In other respects, I have omitted feve. English monarch ; nor will I forget the tal friking circumftances in the descrip. beauties of Shoe Lane; in which

I mya tion of this country, as supposing them self have resided since my arrival. You either already known to you, or as not fhall find me no way inferior to many being thoroughly known to myself. But of my brother-travellers in the arts of there is one omission for which I expect description. At present, however, as Do forgiveness; namely, my being 10- a specimen of this way of writing,

2 с

send you a few hasty remarks, collected fish, of which the inhabitants themselves in a late journey I made to Kentish seem fenfible, by bringing all that ate. Town, and this in the manner of modern eaten there from London, voyagers.

After having surveyed the curiosities

of this fair and beautiful town, I pro“Having heard much of Kentish Town, ceeded forward, leaving a fair ftone I conceived a strong desire to see that building, called the White Conduit celebrated place. I could have wished, House, on my right here the inhabitants indeed, to satisfy my curiosity without of London often assemble, to celebrate going thither ; but that was impra&ticas a feast of hot rolls and butter. Seeing ble; and therefore I resolved to go. Such numbers, each with their little ta.

Travellers have two methods of going · bles before them, employed on this oc'to Kentish Town: they take coach, cafion, muft, no doubt, be a very amus. which costs nine-pence; or they may go ing fight to the looker on, but ftill more a-foot, which coits nothing. In my fo to thole who perform in the folemi. opinion, a coach is by far the most eli- nity. gible convenience; but I was resolved to • From hence I parted with reluctance go on foot, having considered with my, to Pancrass, as it is written, or Paxfelf, that going in that manner would cridge, as it is pronounced; but which be the cheapest way:

should be both pronounced and written • As you set out from Dog.house Bar, Pangrace. This emendation I will venyou enter upon a fine level road, railed ture meo arbitrio : llæ in the Greek in on both 'fides, commanding on the language fignifies all, which added to * right a fine prospect of groves, and fields the English word grace, maketh all

enainelled with Aowers, which would grace, or Pargrace; and, indeed, this wonderfully charm the sense of smelling, is a very proper appellation to a place 'were it not for a dunghill on the left, of fo much fanctity as Pangrace is uniwhich mixes it's effluvia with their 'versally esteemed. However this be, if orlours. This dunghill is of much you except the parish church and it's "greater antiquity than the road; and I fine bells, there is little in Pangrace must not omit a piece of injustice I was worth the attention of the curious obgoing to commit upon this occafion. "ferver. My indignation was levelled against the • From Pangrace to Kentish Town is makers of the dungiid for having an easy journey of one mile and a quarbrougirt it fo near the road; whereas it ter : the road lies through a fine chamshould have fallen upon the makers of pain country, well watered with beauti. the road for having brought that fo near fut drains, and enamelled with flowers "the dumghill.

of all kinds; which might contribute to After proceeding in this manner for charm every sense, were it not that the fome time, a building, resembling fome. odoriferous gales are often more im. what a triumphal arch, falutes the tra- prenated with duft than perfume. veller's view. This structure, how. "As you enter Kentish Town, the eye ever, is peculiar to this country, and vul. is at once prefented with the shops of garly cailed a Turnpike-gate. I could artificers, fiich' as venders of candles, perceite a long inscription in large cha. smallcoal, and hair-brooms; there are racters on the front, probably upon the also several august building's of red occasion of some triumph; but being in brick, with numberless fign-polts, of harte, left it to be made out by fome rather pillars, in a peculiar order of Tubsequent adventurer who might hap- architecture : I fend you a drawing of pen to travel this way; fo continuing several, vide A. B. C: This pretry my courfe to the West, I foon arrived town probably borrows it's name from

an unwalled town called illington. it's vicinity to the colinty of Kent; and

Illington is a pretty neat towa, moft. indeed, it is not unnatural that it thould, ly huilt of brick, with a church and as there are only London and the adbells ;' it has a small lake, or rather jacent villages that lie Between them, pond, in the midst; though at prefent Be this as it will, perceiving night apvery much neglected. I am told it is proach, I made a hasty repatt on roartdry in fummer; if this be the case, it eit mutton and a certain dried fruit ein be no very proper reaptacale for called potatoes, refolving to protract

my

my remarks upon my return: and this for night coming on, it was impossible I would very willingly have done ; but to take a proper Turvey of the country, was prevented by a circunstance which, as I was obliged to return home in the in truch, I had for fome time foreseen; dark.' Adieu.

LETTER CXXIII.

TO THE SAME.

A

FTER a variety of disappoint- fimilar materials with mine; he instantly fully fatisfied. My son, fo long expect- appointed for the folemnization of their ed, is arrived, at once by his presence nuptials. banishing my anxiety, and opening a All the acquaintances which I had new scene of unexpected pleasure. His made' since my arrival, were present at improvements in mind and person have this gay folemnity. The little beau was far furpassed even the sanguine expect- constituted master of the ceremonies; ations of a father. I left him a boy, and his wife, Mrs. Tibbs, conducted but he is returned a man: pleasing in his the entertainment with proper decoruma person, hardened by travel, and polish- The man in black, and the pawn-broko ed by adversity. His disappointment er's widow, were very sprightly and tend in love, however, had infused an air of der upon this occasion. The widow melancholy into his conversation, wbich was dressed up under the direction of seemed at intervals to interrupt our mu- Mrs. Tibes; and as for her lover, his tual fatisfaction. I expected that this face was set off by the assistance of a could find a cure only from time; but pig-tail wig, which was lent hy the litFortune, as if willing to load us with tle beau, to fit him for making love with her favours, has in a moment repaid proper formality. The whole company every uneafiness with rapture.

easily perceived that it would be a dou: Two days after his arrival, the man ble wedding before all was over; and; in black, with his beautiful niece, came indeed, my friend and the widow feemto congratulate us upon this pleasing ed to make no fecret of their paflion: occalion : but, guess our surprize, when he even called me aside, in order to my friend's lovely kinswoman was found know my candid opinion, whether I did to be the very captive my son had ref- not think him a little too old to be marcued from Persia, and who had been ried. “As for my own port, continu: wrecked on the Wolga, and was car- ed he, 'I know I am going to play the ried by the Ruffian peasants to the port · fool; but all my friends will praise my of Archangel. Were I to hold the pen I wisdom, and produce me as the very of a povelist, I might be prolix in de- ! pattern of discretion to others, scribing their feelings at io unexpected At dinner, every thing feemed to run an interview; but you may conceive on with good-humour, harmony, and their joy without my assistance; words satisfaction. Every creature in com. were unable to express their transports, pany thought themselves pretty, and then how can words describe it? every jelt was laughed at: the man in

When two young persons are fincere- black fat next his miltsels, helped her ly enamoured of each other, nothing plate, chimed her glass, and jogging her can give me such pleasure as seeing them knees and her elbow, he whispered lomeinarried : whether I know the parties thing arch in her ear, on which the pat. or not, I am happy at thus binding one ted his cheek; never was antiquated par. link more in the universal chain. Na. Hon to playful, so harmless, and amur. ture has, in some measure, formed me ing, as between this reverend couple. for a match-maker, and given me a loul The second courte was now called to sympathize with every mode of hu- for; and, among a variety of other dishes, man felicity, I instantly, therefore, a fine turkey was placed before the wi. confulted the man in black, whether we dow, The Europeans, you know, carve might not crown their mutual withes as they eat; my friend, therefore, begby marriage: his foul seems formed of ged his mistress to help him to a part of

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