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• Sir.'-' Then they are the most cum tion not to demolish a part of the pre• brous and clumsy furniture in the carious furniture. ' world, as nothing is truly elegant but "In a house like this,' thought I, one • what unites use with beauty.'--'I must live continually upon the watch; ' protest,' says the lady, “ I shall be the inhabitant must resemble a knight

gin to suspect thee of being an actual • in an enchanted castle, who expects to barbarian. I suppose you hold my

meet an adventure at every turning.two beautiful pagods in contempt?'-- • But, Madam,' said I,' do no acci• What!' cried 1, has Fohi spread his • dents ever happen to all this finery?'

gross superstitions here allo ? Pagols 'Man, Sir,' replied the lady, 'is born ¢ of all kinds are my averfion,'- A to misfortunes, and it is but fit I • Chinese, a traveller, and want taite! I should have a Mare. Three weeks • it surprises me. Pray, Sir, examine ago, a careless servant snapped off the " the beauties of that Clinica te.ple "head of a favourite mandarine : I had • which you fee at the end of the gar ' scarce done grieving for that, when a « den. Is there any thing in China monkey broke a beautiful jar; this I

more beautiful? - Where I stand, I took the more to heart, as the injury • I fee nothing, Madam, at the end of was done me by a friend: however, I • the garden, that may not as well be • survived the calamity; when yesterday • called an Egyptian pyramid as a Chi. • crash wen: half a dozen dragons upon • nese temple ; for that little building in the marble hearth stone ; and yet I 6 view is as like the one as t'otheri' • live; I survive it all : you can't con• What! Sir, is not that a Crinele tem ceive what comfort I find under af.

ple? You must surely be mistaken. .flictions from philosophy. There is • Mr. Freeze, who defigged it, calis it • Seneca, and Bolingbroke, and some

one, and nobody disputes his preten. • others, who guide me through life, « fions to taste.' I now found it yaia • and ieach me to support it's calarai. to contradict the lady in any thing the ties.' I could cot but funile at a wo. thought fit to advance; so was refolved man who makes her own misfortunes, rather to act the clifciple than the in- and then deplores the miseries of her fiItructor. Sie took me through leveral tuation. Wherefore, tired of acting rooms all furnished, as the told me, in with diflimulation, and willing to inthe Chinese manner; sprawling diagons, dulge my meditations in folitude, I took squatting pagods, and clumly minda- leave just as the servant was bringing in rines, were fiuck upon every theli: in a plate of beef, pursuant to the directurning round one must have used cau. tions of his mistress. Adieu.

LETTER XV.

FROM THE SAME.

TO

"HE better fort here pretend to the tive; the tiger fends forth it's hideous

utmost compasion for animals of shriek to intimidate it's prey; no creature every kind. Tohiarthemipeak, a tran- shews any fundness for it's fhort-lived ger wouid he apt to imagine they could prisoner, except a man and a cat. hardly hurt the grat that ttung them; Man was born to live with innocence they seem so tender, and so full of pity, and fimplicity, but he has deviated from that one would take them for the harm nature; he was born to Thare the bounJefs friends of the whole creation; the ties of Heaven, but he has monopolized protectors of the menneft inft or rep- them; he was born to govern the brute tile that was privileged with exiiter ce creation, but he has beconie their tyrant. And yet, would you believe it? I have If an epicure now fall happen to surseen the very men who have thus boast- feit on his last night's feali, twenty ani. el of their ten lernus, at the same time mals the next day are to undergo the devouring the flesh of lix l.ferent ani- molt exquinte tortures in order to promuls tofftd up in a fiicadle. Sirargerike his appetite to another guilty meal. contrariety of conduct! they pity and H:1, () ye simple, honett bramins of they eat the objets of their comprision. the Eaft! ye inoffensive friends of all ihat The lion roars with terror cier ii's cap. were born to happiness as well as you!

you

as

to

you never sought a fhort-lived pleasure every member of which he had forfrom the miseries of other creatures. • merly acted as an unmerciful tyrant: You never studied the tormenting arts ' he fought for pity, but found mone of ingenious refinement; you never sur disposed to grant it.

« Does he not feited upon a guilty meal. How much “ remember," cries the angry boar, more purified and refined are all your " to what agonies I was put, not to fenfations than ours: you distinguith “ satisfy his hunger, but his vanity? I every element with the utmoit precision ; was frit hunted to death, and my a Itream untasted before is new luxury,' “ flesh scarce thought worthy of coma change of air is a new banquet, too ing once to his table. Were my adrefined for weitern imaginations to con-'

“ vice followed, he should do penance ceive.

“ in the shape of an hog, which in life Though the Europeans do not hold “ he most relembled." the tranimigration of souls, yet one of “ I am rather," cries a sheep upon their doctors has, with great force of the bench, “ for having him fuffer arg'iment, and great plaufibility of rea. under the appearance of a lamb; we foning, endeavoured to prove that the may then send him through four' or bodies of animals are the habitations of « five transmigrations in the space of a dæmons and wicked spirits, which are “ month."-" Were my voice of any obliged to reside in these p'isons till the « weight in the assembly," cries a calf, resurrection pronounces their everlasting " he should rather assume such a form punishment; but are previously con mine: I was bled every day, in demned to suffer all the pains and hard " order to make my flesh white, and at thips inflicted upon them by man, or by “ lait killed without mercy."--"Would each other here. If this be the case, it " it not be wiser,” cries a hen,“ may frequently happen, that while we “ įram him in the shape of a fowl, and whip pigs to death, or boillive lobsters, we " then (mother him in his own blood as are putting tome old acquaintance, some “ I was served ?" The majority of the near relation, to excruciating tortures, ( assembly were pleased with this pu. and are ferving him up to the very laine nishment, and were going to condemn table where he was once the most wela • him without further delay, when the come companion.

ox rose up to give his opinion : "I ' Kabul,' says the Zendavesta,' was am informed," says this counsellor,

born on the rushy banks of the river " that the prisoner at the bar has left a 6 Mawra ; his pofTefiions were great, " wife with child behind him. ( and his luxuries kept pace with the “ knowledge in divination, I fore

affluence of his fortune ; he hated the « fee that this child will be a son, I harmleis bramins, and despised their “ decrepid, feeble, fuckly; a plague to * holy religion ; eyery day his table was “ himself and all about him. What (decked out with the fleth of an hun. " say you, then, my companions, if we I dred different animals, and his cooks " condemn the father to animate the • had an hundred different ways of dreil “ body of his own ron; and by this ' ing it, to solicit even fatiety.

means make him feel in himself those Notwithstanding all his eating, he « miseries his intemperance must other' did not arrive at old age, he died of “ wile have entailed upon his pofterity?"

a surfeit, caused by intemperance: • The whole court applauded the inge. ' upon this, his soul was carri. U off, in

« nuity of his torture, they thanked him • order to take it's trial before a select < for his advice. Kabul was driven ' assembly of the souls of those animals once more to revifit the earth; and his • which his gluttony had caused to be • soul, in the body of his own son, pastu

Rain, and who were now, appointed • ed a period of thirty years, loaded bis judges.

with misery, anxiety, and disease.' • He trembled before a tribunal, to

By my

LETTER

LETTER XVI.

FROM THE SAME.

I

Know not whether I am more oblig. other fervants of Chrift, in order to instruction I have received from them, the southern provinces of the country or prejudiced by the fallhoods they have a nation which had only one eye in the made me believe. By them I was told midst of their foreheads." that the Pope was universally allowed You will, no doubt, be surprized, re. to be a man, and placed at the head of verend Fum, with this author's effron. the church; in England, however, they tery; but, alas! he is not alone in this plainly prove him to be an whore in story; he has only borrowed it from feveman's cloaths, and often burn him in ral others who wrote before him. Soeffigy as an impostor. A thousand linus creates another nation of Cyclops, books have been written on either side the Arimaspians who inhabit those of the question; priests are eternally dilo countries that border on the Caspian sea. puting against each other; and those This author goes on to tell us of a peo. inouths that want argument are filled ple of India, who have but one leg and with abuse. Which party must I be one eye, and yet are extremely active, lieve, or shall I give credit to neither? run with great swiftness, and live by When I survey the absurdities and false- hunting. These people we scarce know hoods with which the books of the Eu- how to pity or admire; but the men ropeans are filled, I thank Heaven for whom Pliny calls Cynamolci, who have having been born in China, and that I got the heads of dogs, really deterve our have fagacity enough to detect impor- compallion. Instead of language they ture.

express their sentiments by barking. The Europeans reproach us with falle Solinus confirms what Pliny mentions; history and fabulous chronology; how and Simon Mayole, a French bishop, Thould they bluth to see their own books, talks of them as of partioular and famimany of which are written by the doc. liar acquaintances. After paffing the tors of their religion, filled with the most • desarts of Egypt,' says he, we meet mondrous fables, and attested with the 'with the Kunokephaloi, who inhabit utmost folemnity. The bounds of a • those regions that border on Ethiopia ; letter do not permit me to mention all they live by hunting; they cannot the absurdities of this kind, which in " speak, but whistle; their chins refemmy reading I have met with. I shall • ble a serpent's head; their hands are confine myself to the accounts which armed with long tharp claws; their some of their lettered men give of the ' breast resembles that of a greyhound; persons of some of the inhabitants on and they excel in fwiftness and agiour globe. Ad not fatisfied with the lityWould you think it, my frend, molt folemn asseverations, they fome. that these odd kind of people are, note tiines pretend to have been eye-witnesses with ttanding their figute, exceliively of what they describe.

delicate? Not even an alderman's wife, A Christian doctor, in one of his prin. or Chinese mandarine, can excel them cipal performances *, fays, that it was in this particular. These people, 'connot impossible for a whole nation to have 'tinues our faithful bishop, never rea but one eye in the middle of the fore- . fule wine ; love roast and boiled meat; head. He is not fatisfied with leaving they are particularly curious in have it in doubt; but in another work † are ing their meat well dresled, and ipurn. fures us, that the fact was certain, and • at it if in the least ta nted. When the that he himself was an eye-witnefs of it. Ptolemnies reigned in Egypt,' says he, • When,' says he, I took a journey a little farther on, 'those men with dogs

into Ethiopia in company with several • heads taught grammar and music.

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For men who had no voices to teach words are as follow : 'In England there music, and who could pot speak to teach foine families which have tails, as grammar, is, I confefs a little extraor: ' a punishment for deriding an Augur. dinary. Did ever the disciples of Fohi tine Friar sent by St. Gregory,

and broach any thing more ridiculous ? ' who preached in Dorfetshire. They

Hitherto we have seen men with heads • fewed the tails of different animals to strangely deforined, and with dogs • his cloaths; but soon they found that heads; but what would you say if you • those tails entailed on them and their beard of men without any heads at all? • pofterity for ever.' It is certain that Pomponius Mela, Solinus, and Aulus the author had some ground for this deGellius, describe them to our hand scription ; many of the English wear • The Blę.iæ have a nose, eyes, and tails to their wigs to this very day, as a ' mouth on their breasts ; or, as others mark, I suppose, of the antiquity of their • will have it, placed on their shoulders.', families, and perhaps as a symbol of

One would think that these authors' those tails with which they were forhad an antipathy to the human form, merly distinguished by nature. and were resolved to make a new figure You see, my friend, there is nothing of their own : but let us do them justice; so ridiculous that has not at some time though they sometimes deprive us of a been said by some philosopher. The leg, an arm, an head, or some such trif. writers of books in Europe seem to think ling part of the body, they often as li- themselves authorised to say what they berally bestow upon us something that please; and an ingenious philosopher we wanted before. Simon Mayole seems among them * has openly asserted, that our particular friend in this respect: if he would undertake to persuade the he has denied heads to one part of man- whole republic of readers to believe that kind, he has given tails to another. He the sun was neither the cause of light nor describes many of the English of his heat; if he could only get fix philosotime, which is not more than an hundred phers on his side. Farewell. years ago, as having tails. His own

LETTER XVII.

FROM THE SAME.

read the treaties of peace and but premeditated reprisal; this brings friendship that have been annually mak. on a return of greater from the other ; ing for more than an hundred years both sides complain of injuries and inamong the inhabitants of Europe, he fractions; war is declared; they beat, would probably be surprized how it are beaten ; some two or three hundred should ever happen that Christian princes thousand men are killed; they grow tircould quarrel among each other. Their ed, leave off just where they began ; and compacts for peace are drawn up with fo fit coolly down to make new treaties. the utmost precision, and ratified with The English and French seem to place the greatest folemnity; to these each themselves foremoit among the champarty promises a fincere and inviolable pion states of Europe. Though parted obedience, and all wears the appearance by a narrow tea, yet are they entirely of open friendship and unreserved recon- of opposite characters; and from their ciliation.

vicinity are taught to fear and admire Yet, notwithstanding those treaties, each other. They are at present engagthe people of Europe are almost conti• ed in a very deltructive war, have alreapually at war. There is nothing more dy spilled much blood, are excessively cafy than to break a treaty ratified in all irritated ; and all upon account of one the usual forms, and yet neither party Ide's defiring to wear greater quantities be the aggressor. One side, for instance, of furs than the other, breaks a trifling article by miltake; the The pretext of the war is about some

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lands a thousand leagues off; a country of late disposessed them of the whole cold, defolate, and tuleous ; a country country in dispute. Think not, how. belonging to a people who were in pots ever, that success on one lide is the harfeifion for time immemorial. The fa. hinger of peace : on the contrary, hoth vages of Canada claim a property in the parties must be heartily tired to effect country in dispute; they have all the

a temporary reconciliation. It pretentions which long posfellion can fhould seem the business of the victoriconfer. Here they had reigned for ages ous party to offer terms of

peace;

but without rivals in dominion; and knew there are many in England, who, en. no enemies lyut the prowling hear or in- couraged by fuccefs, are for ftill pro. fidious tiger; their native forests pro. tracting the war. duced all the neceflaries of life, and they The best English politicians, how. found ample luxury in the enjoyment. ever, are fenfibile, that io keep their preIn this manner they might have con sent conqueits would be rather a bur. tinued to live to eternity, had not the then than an advantage to them, rather English been informed that those coun a diminution of their strength than an tries produced furs in great abundance. increase of power. It is in the politic Fromathat moment the country became as in the human constitution; if the an object of desire; it was found that limbs grow too large for the body, their furs were things very much wanted in fize, instead of improving, will diminish England; the ladies edge i some of their the vigour of the whole. The colonies clothes wiih furs, and muffs were worn hould always bear an exa& proportion both by gentlemen and ladies. In short, to the mother country; when they grow furs were found indispensably necessary populous, they grow powerful; and by for the happiness of the itate: and the becoming powerful, thev hecome indeking was consequently petitione i to grant pendent allo; thus subordination is de not only the country of Canadı, but all itroved, and a country :wallowed up in the savages belonging to it to the sub- the extent of it's own dominions. The jects of England, in order to have the Turkish empire would be more formie people supplied with proper quanuities dable, were it lets extenlive; were it of this neceffary commoditv.

not for those countries, which it can neiSo very reasonable a requeit was im ther command, nor give entirely away; mediately complied with, and large co wluch it is obliged to protect, but from lonies were sent abroad 10 procure furs, which it has no power to exact obedie and take poñellion. The French, who were equally in want of furs, (for they Yet, obvious as these truths are, were as fond of muffs and tippers as the there are many Englihmen who are for English) made the very fame request to transplanting new colonies into this lare their monarch, and met with the same acquisition, for peopling the delarts of gracious reception froin their king who America with the refute of their coungenerously granted what was not his tryinen), and, (as they express is) with to give,

Wherever the French land-d, the waste of an exuberant nation. But they called the country their own; and who are those unhappy creatures who the English took post-lion wherever are to be thus drained away? Not the they cime upon the fame equitable pre. fickly, for they are unwelcome guitts tentions. The harmless favages made abroad as weli as at hoine; nor che ndie, no opposition, and could the intruders for thev would Itarve as well behind the have agreed together, they m ght peace- A placiun muntains as in the itreets ably have shared this defolate country of London. Tois refule is composed between the.n. But they quarrelied of the laborious and enterprizing, of about the boundaries of their lette fucb men as can be serviceable to their ments, about grounds and rivers to country at home, of men who ought to which neither file could shew any other be regarded as the finews of the people, right than that of power, and which and cherished with every degree of poneither could occupy but by ufurpation. litical indulgence. And what are the Such is the contest, that no honeit man commodities which this colory, when can heartıly wish fucceis io either party, eftabiithed, are to produce in return?

The war bas continued for some time Why, raw bik, heinp, and tobacco. with various success. A: firit the French England, therefore, mnit make an ex. seemed victorious; butahe English have change of her belt and brave.t subjects

for

ene.

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