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• and instructing his fellow-creatures?' ing to enter, when a person, who heid

Yes,' says my guide; ' they hate the gate in his hand, told me I must pay • him for that very reason. There are firit. I was surprised at such a demand; • a set of men called anfiverers of books, and asked the man whether the people ' who take upon them to watch the re- of England kept a shemu? Whether the

public of letters, and distribute repu- paltry lum he demanded was not a na• iacion by the sheet; they somewhat tional reproach ? Whether it was not o refernble the eunuchs in a seraglio, more to the honour of the country to let

who are incapable of giving pleasure their magnificence or their antiquities be

themselves, and hinder those that openly fecn, than thus meanly to tax a • would. There antwerers have no curiosity which tended to their own ho• other employment but to cry out nour? As for your questions,' re• Dunce, and Scribbler; to praise the plied the gate-keeper, ' to be sure they

dead, and revile the living; to grant may be very right, because I don't

a man of confesed abilities some small I understand thein; but as for that there • Thare of merit, to applaud twenty • three- pence, I farm it from one, who • blockheads in order to gain the repu- rents it from another, who hires it • tation of candour, and to revile the ' from a third, who leases it from the ( moral character of the man whose writ- guardians of the temple, and we ali • ings they cannot injure. Such wretches · must live.' I expected, upon paying

are kept in pay by some mercenary here, to see something extraordinary, • bookseller, or more frequently, the fince what I had seen for nothing filled • bookfeller himself takes this dirty me with so much surprise; but in this I I work off their hands, as all that is rea was disappointed; there was little more

quired is to be very abusive and very within than black cofhins, rusty armour, • duil; every Poet of any genius is sure tattered itandards, and some few floven• to find sich enemies; he feels, though ly figures in wax. I was forry I had " he seems to defpise their malice, they paid, but I conforted niyself by con

make him miserable here, and in the lidering it would be my last payment. • pursuit of empty fame, at lait he gains A person attended us, who, without · solid anxiety.'

once blushing, teld an hundred lyes; he • Has this been the case with every talked of a lady who died by pricking poet I see here?' cried I.

Yes, her finger, of a king with a golden head, • with every mother's son of them,' re- and twenty fuch pieces of absurdity. plied he, ' except he happened to be ' Look ye there, gentlemen,' says he,

born a mandarine. If he has much pointing to an old oak chair, there's money, he may buy reputation from a curiosity for ye! in that chair the your book answerers, as well as a • kings of England were crowned; you monument from the guardians of the see also a stone underneath, and that temple.'

' Itone is Jacob's pillow,' I could see • But are there not some men of di- no curiotity either in the oak chair or • stinguished taste, as in China, who are the stone; conk I, indeed, behold one • willing to patronize men of merit, and of the old kings of England feated in • soften the rancour of malevolent dul- this, or Jacob's head laid upon the ners?'

other, there might be something curious • I own there are many,' replied the in the fight; but, in the present caie, man in black; ' but, alas! Sir, the there was no more realon for my furprize • book answerers croud about them, than if I should pick a stone from their • and call themselves the writers of treets, and call it a curiosity, merely « books; an<the patron is too indolent because one of the kings happened to I to distinguill): thus poets are kept at tread upon it as lie pilled in a proceso « a distance, while their enemies eat up fion. « all their rewards at the mandarine's From hence our conductor led us • table.'

through several dark walks and winding Leaving this part of the temple, we ways, uticurg lycs, talking to himself, made up to an iron gate, through which and Hourining a wand which he held in my companion told me we were to pass his hand. He reminded me of the black. in order to fee the monuments of the magicians of Kobi. After we had been kings. Accordingly I marched up, almost fatigned with a variety of obie&is, without further ceremony, and was go. he, at last, suivi me to confider alien.


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tively a certain suit of armour, which ' ney!'-'Every gentleman gives fomefeemed to shew nothing remarkable. thing, Siri'-'l'll give thee nothing,' "This armour,' said he, ' belonged to returned I; ' the guardians of the tem"General Monk.'— Very surprising, • ple should pay you your wages, friend, " that a general should wear armour!'-- ' and not permit you to squeeze thus ' And pray,' added he, ' observe this • from every spectator. When we pay

car, this is General Monk's cap.'-- our money at the door to see a new, Very strange indeed! very strange, we never give more as we are going

that a general should have a cap also! Sure the guardians of the tem• Pray, friend, what might this cap Sple can never think they get enough! • have cost originally?- That, Sir,' • Shew me the gate; if I stay longer, I says he, ' I don't know; but this cap may probably meet with more of those all the wages I have for my trouble.'

eccleliaftical beggars.' - A very small recompence, truly!' Thus leaving the temple precipitatesaid I.

Not so very smail,' replied he, ly, I returned to my lodgings, in order • for every gentleman puts some money to ruminate over what was great, and into it, and I spend the money.'- to despise what was mean in the occurWhat, more money! ftill more mo. rences of the day.

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My •

Was some days ago agreeably sur- I was born so far from home? What an

• unusual share of something nefs in his distinction, who sent me word, that the ' whole appearance! Lord, how I am molt passionately desired the pleasure of charmed with the outlandish cut of my acquaintance; and, with the utinoit • his face! how bewitching the exotic impatience, expected an interview. I 'breadth of his foreheat! I would give will not denv, my dear Fum Houm, but o the world to lee him in his own counthat my vanity was raised at such an in


dress. Prav turn about, Şir, and vitction; I flattered myself that she had 'letine lee you behind. There! there's seen me in some public place, and had a travell dair for you! You that atconceived an affection for my perfon, ' tend there, bring up a plate of beef which thus induced her to deviate from cut into finall pieces; I have a violent the usual decorums of the fex.

passion to see him eat. Pray, Sir, imagination painted her in ail the bloon have you got your chop sticks about of youth and beauty. I fancied her at. you? It will be so pretty to see the tended by the Loves and Graces, and I meat carried to the mouth with a jerk. fet out with the most pleasing expecta- Pray speak a little Chinese: I have tions of seeing the conquett I had made. learned fome of the language myself.

When I was introduced into her apart- Lord! have you nothing pretty from ment, my expectations were quickly at China about you ; something that one an end; I perceived a little Thrivelled • does not know what to do with? I figure indolently reclined on a sofa, who

' have got twenty things from China nodded by way of approbation at my " that aie of no use in the world. Look approach. This, as I was afterwards at thole jars, they are of the right peainformed, was the lady herself, a wo. green: these are the furniture,'man equally distinguished for rank, po- Dear Madam,' said I, 'these, though liteness, taste, and understanding. As " they may appear fine in your eyes, are I was dressed after the fashion of Europe, • but paltrviu a Chinese; but, as they she had taken me for an Engliihman, are useful utensils, it is proper they and consequently faluted me in her ordi

· should have a place in every partnary manner; but when the footman ment.'-' Useful! Sir,' replied the informed her grace that I was the gen. lady; • sure you mistake, they are of tleman from China, the instantly lifted use in the world.'_ What! are herself from the couch, while her eyes they not filled with an infusion of tea sparkled with unusual vivacity. • Bless as in China?' replied I. Quite me! can this be the gentleman that einpty and useless, upon my honour',

6 Sir.'

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• Sir.' Then they are the most cum- tion not to demolish a part of the pre• brous and clumsy furniture in the carious furniture. ' world, as nothing is truly elegant but • In a house like this,'thought I, 'cne • what unites use with beauty.'--'I must live continually upon the watch; • protest,' says the lady, ' I shall be- the inhabitant must resemble a knight

gin to suspect thee of being an actual . in an enchanted castle, who expects to barbarian. I suppose you hold my meet an adventure at every turning.

two beautiful pagods in contempti'-- But, Madam,' said I, 'do no acci. • What!' cried 1, nas Fobi spread his • dents ever happen to all this finery?gross superstitions here alto ? Pagols 'Man, Sir,' replied the lady, " is born

of all kinds are my averfioni'. A to nisfortunes, and it is but fit I • Chinese, a traveller, and want taite! " should have a fare. Three weeks • it surprises me. Pray, Sir, examine ago, a careless servant snapped off the " the beauties of that Chincfa ten.pie "head of a favourite mandarine: I had • which you see at the end of the gar- scurce done grieving for that, when a • den. Is there any thing in China 'monkey broke a beautiful jar; this I

more beautiful?'--' Where I stand, ( took the more to heart, as the injury ' I fee nothing, Madan, at the end of was done me by a friend: however, I ' the garden, that may not as well be " survived the calamity; when yesterday • called an Egyptian pyramid as a Chi.

• crash wen: half a dozen dragons upon • pese temple ; for that little building in the marbie hearth stone; and yet I 6 view is as like the one as t'other:- "live; I survive it all : you can't con• What! Sir', is not that a Chinele tem- Iceive what comfort I find under af.

ple? You must surely be mistaken. 'flictions from philosophy. There is • Mr. Freeze, who defigned ii, cails it ' Seneca, and Bolingbroke, and some • one, and nobody disputes his preten. • others, who guide me through life, « fions to taste.' I now found it yaia • and teach me to support it's calarai. to contradict the lady in any thing the ties.' I could cot but smile at a wo. thought fit to advance; row as refolved man who makes her own misfortunes, rather to act the disciple than the in- and then deplores the miseries of her fiftruétor. Sie took me through leveral tuation. Wherefore, tired of acting rooms all furnill.ed, as she told me, in with diflimulation, and willing to inthe Chinese manner; sprawling diagons, dulge my meditations in solitude, I took squatting pagods, and clumty m:nda- leave just as the servant was bringing in rines, were fiuck upon every shelf: in a plate of beef, pursuant to the directurning round one must have ufcd cau. tions of his mistress. Adieu.



s ;

"He better fort here pretend to the tive; the tiger sends forth it's hideous every kinil. Tohiarthemipeak, atran- shews any fondness for it's short-lived ger would be apt to imagine they could prisoner, except a man and a cat. hardly hurt the gnat that ftung them; Man was born to live with innocence they seem so tender, and so full of pity, and fiimplicity, but he has deviated from that one would take them for the harm- nature; he was born to share the bounJefs friends of the whole creation; the ties of Heaven, but he has monopolized protectors of the meanett intet or repe them; he was born to govern the brute tile that was privileged with existence. creation, but he has become their tyrant. And yet, would you believe it? I lave If an epicure now fall happen to surfeen the very men who have thus boast- feit on his laît night's featt, twenty ani. el of the internets, at the famie time mals the next day are to undergo the devouring the feíh of lix diferent ani- most exquille tortures in order to promals toiled up in a fricaile. Sirange vike his appetite to another guilty meal. contrariety of conduét! they pity and Hail, () ye simple, houett bramins of they eat the o'jcts of their comption, the East! ye inoffenfive friends of all that The lion roars with terror cytrii's cap. were born to happiness as well as you !


you never fought a short-lived pleasure every member of which he had forfrom the miseries of other creatures. • merly acted as an unmerciful tyrant: You never studied the tormenting arts ' he fought for pity, but found none of ingenious refinement; you never fur- 1 disposed to grant it.

« Does he not feited upon a guilty meal. How much “ remember," cries the angry boar, more purified and refined are all your « to what agonies I was put, not to sensations than ours: you distinguish “ fatisty his hunger, but his vanity? I every element with the utmoit piecifion; was frst hunted to death, and my a stream untaited before is new luxury, “ Aleth scarce thought worthy of coma change of air is a new banquet, too “ ing once to his table. Were my adrefined for weltern imaginations to con-' “ vice followed, he should do penance ceive.

“ in the shape of an hog, which in life Though the Europeans do not hold “ he most relembled." the tranimigration of fouls, yet one of “ I am rather," cries a sheep upon their doctors has, with great force of the bench, “ for having him fuffer argument, and great plaulibility of rea. “ under the appearance of a lamb; we foning, endeavoured to prove that the may

then send him through four' or bodies of animals are the habitations of “ five transmigrations in the space of a dæmons and wicked spirits, which are « month.”- Were my voice of any obliged to reside in thele prisons till the “ weight in the assembly," cries a calf, relurrection pronounces their everlasting " he thould rather allume such a form punishment; but are previously con- as mine: I was bled every day, in demned to suffer all the pains and hard- " order to make my flesh white, and at fhips inflicted upon them by man, or by “ last killed without inercy."-"Would each other here. If this be the case, it " it not be wiser," cries a hen, " to may frequently happen, that while we " įram him in the hape of a fowl, and whip pigs to death, or boil livelobiters, we " then (inother him in his own blood as are putting tome old acquainiance, fome “ I was served ?" The majority of the near relation, to excruciating tortures, ( assembly were pleased with this pu. and are terving him up to the very fame ' nishment, and were going to condemn table where he was once the most wel. • him without further delay, when the come companion.

ox rose up to give his opinion: “I • Kabul,' says the Zendavesta,' was « am informed,” says this counsellor, « born on the rushy banks of the river " that the prisoner at the bar has left a 6 Mawra ; his possessions were great; “ wife with child behind him. By my ( and his luxuries kept pace with the “ knowledge in divination, I fore« affluence of his fortune; he hated the « see that this child will be a son, « barriers bramins, and despised their “ decrepid, feeble, fickly; a plague to

holy, religion ;, every day his table was “ himself and all about him. What ç decked out with the fleth of an hun. “ say you, then, my companions, if we ! dred different animals, ard his cooks " condemn the father to animate the • bad an hundred different ways of drell- " body of his own ron; and by this « ing it, to solicit even fatiety.

make him feel in himself those Notwithstanding all his eating, he " miferies his intemperance must others • did not arrive at old age, he died of “ wile have entailed upon his pofterity?"

a surfeit, caused by intemperance : « The whole court applauded the inge. upon

this, his soul was carri d off, in " nuity of his torture, they thanked him • order to take it's trial before a select

for his advice. Kabul was driven « assembly of the souls of those animals

once more to revisit the earth; and his 6. which his gluttony had caused to be • soul, in the body of his own son, part.

Nain, and who were, now, appointed ' ed a period of thirty years, loaded obis judges.

' with misery, anxiety, and disease.' • He wembled before a tribunal, to

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ed to the Chinese missionaries for the preach the gospel there ; I beheld in initruction I have received from them, the southern provinces of the country or prejudiced by the falfhoods they have a nation which had only one eye in the made me believe. By them I was told ' midit of their foreheads.' that the Pope was universally allowed You will, no doubt, be surprized, reto be a man, and placed at the head of verend Fum, with this author's effron. the church; in England, however, they tery; but, alas! he is not alone in this plainly prove him to be an whore in story; he has only borrowed it from seveman's cloaths, and often burn him in ral others who wrote before him. So. effigy, as an impostor. A thousand linus creates another nation of Cyclops, books have been written on either side the Arimaspians who inhabit those of the question; priests are eternally dif- countries that border on the Caspian sea. puting against each other; and those This author goes on to tell us of a peoinouths that want argument are filled ple of India, who have but one leg and with abuse. Which party must I be- one eye, and yet are extremely active, lieve, or shall I give credit to neither? run with great swiftness, and live by When I survey the absurdities and false- hunting. These people we scarce know hoods with which the books of the Eu- how to pity or admire; but the men ropeans are filled, I thank Heaven for whom Pliny calls Cynamolci, who have having been born in China, and that I got the heads of dogs, really deserve our have lagacity enough to detect impor. compaflion. Instead of language they

express their sentiments by barking. The Europeans reproach us with false Solinus confirmis what Pliny mentions; history and fabulous chronology; how and Simon Mayole, a French bishop, should they blush to see their own books, talks of them as of partioular and famimany of which are written by the doc. liar acquaintances. After passing the tors of their religion, filled with the most • desarts of Egypt,' says hre, we meet mionGrous fables, and attested with the with the Kunokephaloi, who inhabit utmost folemnity. The bounds of a • those regions that border on Ethiopia ; letter do not permit me to mention all they live by hunting; they cannot the absurdities of this kind, which in • speak, but whistle; their chins refemmy reading I have met with. I fall

• ble a serpent's head; their hands are confine myself to the accounts which armed with long tharp claws; their some of their lettered men give of the • breast relembles that of a greyhound; persons of some of the inhabitants on and they excel in fuifenels and agiour 'globe. And not fatisfied with the lity.' Would you think it, my fr end, moit solemn asseverations, they fome. that these odd kind of people are, note times pretend to have been eye-witnesses withttanding their figute, 'excelïively of what they describe.

delicate? Not even an alderman's wife, A Christian doctor, in one of his prin. or Chinese mandarine, can excel them eipal performances *, fays, that it was in this particular. These people, 'connot impossible for a whole nation to have ' tinues our faithful bishop, never rea but one eye in the middle of the fore- • fule wine; love roait and boiled meat; head. He is not fatisfied with leaving • they are particularly curious in hava it in doubt; but in another work + als 'ing their meat well drelied, and Ipura Sures us, that the fact was certain, and • at it if in the least ta nted. When the that he himself was an eye-witnefs of it. Ptolemies reigned in Egypt,' says he, • When,' says he, 'I took a journey a little farther on, 'those men with dogs

into Ethiopia in company with several • heads taught grammar and music.'


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* Auguftis, de Civit. Dei, lib. xvi. p. 422.
| Id. ad fratres in Eremo, Serm. xxxvii.


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