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went fast enough. At length, how- however trifling, is too minute; he finds cever, the wished-for moment of it's instruction and entertainment in occur• stopping arrived; this for some time I rences, which are palled over by the rest ' impatiently expected; and, letting of mankind as low, trite, and indiffe. • down the door in a transport, in order rent; it is from the number of these par« to take a previous view of his lord- ticulars, which, to many, appear intig• ship's magnificent palace and situation, nificant, that he is at lait enabled to I found poison to my sight! I found form general conclutions; this, there

myself, not in an elegant street, but fore, must be my excufe for sending so

a paltry lane; not at a nobleman's far as China, accounts of manners and • door, but the door of a spunging, follies, which, though minute in their • house; I found the coachman had all own nature, serve more truly to charac• this while been juit driving me to jail, terise this people, than histories of their " and I saw the bailiff with a devil's public treaties, courts, mivilters, nego• face coming out to secure me.' ciations, and ambafiadors. Adieu.

To a philosopher, no circuinstance,

LET TER XXXI.

FROM THE SAME.

T

As you

E English have not yet brought painting. This passage from the house

the art of gardening to the fame opened into an area surrounded with perfection with the Chinese, but have rocks, flowers, trees, and thrubs, but iately begun to imitate them. Nature is all fo disposed as if each was the sonnow followed with greater asliduity than taneous production of na'ure. formerly; the trees are fuffered to shoot proceeded forward on this lawn, to your out into the utmoft luxuriance; the right and left-hand were two gates, opftreams, no longer forced from their na- polite each other, of very different are tive beds, are permitted to wind along chitecture and design; and before you the vallies; spontaneous flowers take lay a temple, built rather with minute place of the finithed parterre, and the elegance than oitentation. enamelled meadow of the shaven green. The right-hand gate was planned

Yet still the English are far behind with the utmost fimplicity, or rather us in this charming art; their designers rudenets; ivy clasped round the pillars, have not yet attained a power of uniting the baleful cypreis hung over it; time inftruction with beauty. An European seemed to have destroyed all the smoothwill scarcely conceive my meaning, when nefs and regularity of the stone: two I say, that there is scarce a garden in champions with lifted clubs appeared in China which does not contain some fine the act of guarding it's accels; dragons moral, couched under the general de- and serpents were seen in the most hidefign, where one is not taught wisdom ous attitudes, to deter the spectator from as he walks, and feels the force of tome approaching; and the peripective viera noble truth, or delicate precept, results that lay behind, seemed dark and gloomy ing from the difpofition of the groves, to the last degree; the stranger was streams, or grotioes. Permit me to il- tempted to enter only from the inottoHustrate whai I mean by a description of PERVIA VIRTUTI. my garitens at Quamki. My heart itill The opposite gate was formed in a hovers round thote Icenes of former hap- very different manner; the architecture piness with pleature; and I find a fasil- was light, elegant, and inviting; flowers fa&tion in enjoying them at this distance, hung in wreaths round the pillars; all though but in imagination.

was finithed in the most exact and mafa You descended from the house be- teriy manner; the very stone of which tween two groves of trees, planted in it was built, ftill prefeived it's polith; such a manner, that they were impene- nymphs, wrought by the hand of a trable to the eye; while on each hand mater, in the inolt alluring attitudes, the way was adorned with all that was beckoned the itranger to approach; wbile beautiful ia porcelaine, itatuary, and all that lay behind, its far as the eye could reach, seemed gay, luxuriant, and before the stranger; and though there capable of affording endless pleasure. seemed little in it's appearance to tempt The motto itíelf contributed to invite his curiolity, yet encouraged by the him; for ver the gate was written thele motto, he generally proceeded. The wordsFACILIS DESCENSUS. darkness of the entrance, the frightful

cou!

By this time, I fancy, ou begin to figures that leemned to obstruct his way, perceive that the gloomy gaie was de- the trees of a monntul green, conspired figned to reprelent the road to Virtue ; at first to dilguit him: as he went torthe oppofi'e, the inore agreea's le passage ward, however, all began to open and to Vice. It is but narural to luppote, wear a more pleating appearance; beauthat the spectator was always tempted tiful calcades, beds of flowers, trees to enter by the gate which offered him loaded with iruit or blossoms, and unso many allurements; I always in these expected brooks, improved the scene : cafes left him to his choice; bur gene- he now found that he was ascending; rally found that he took to the left, and, as he proceeded, all nature grew which promised molt entertainment. more beautiful, the pr fpeét widened as

Immediately upon his entering the he went higher; even the air itfelt leemgate of Vice, the trees and flowers were ed to become more pure. Thus pleased, difpored in such a manner as to make and happy from unexpected t.eauties, I the most pleasing impreffion; but as he at last led him to an arbour, from whence walked farther on, he intentibiy found he could view the garden, and the whole the garden allume the air of a wildern country around, and where he might ness, the landskips began to darken, the own, that the road to Virtue terminated paths grew more intricate, he appeared in Happiness. to go downwards, frightful rocks seem- Though from this description you ed to hang over his head, gloomy ca. may imagine, that a vait tract of ground verns, unexpected precipices, awful was necessary to exhibit such a pleasing ruins, heaps of unburiei bones, and variety in, yet he allured I have leen itterrifying founds, caused by unseen w?- veral gardens in England take up ten ters, began to take place of what at first times the space which mine did, withappeared so lovely; it was in vain to at- out huif the beauty. A very smali extempt returning, the labyrinth was too tent of ground is enough for an elegant much perplexed for any but myfeif 10 taste; the greater room is required if find the way back. In short, when magnificence is in view. There is no fuific ently impresled with the horrors spoi, though ever so little, which a skil. of what he law, and the imprudence of ful designer might not thus improve, so his choice, I brought him by an hidden as to convey a delicate allegory, and door, a Morter' way back into the area impress the mind with truths the noft from whence at firit he had itrayed. uieful and necessary. Adieu.

The glooiny sate now preienicu itself

LETTER XXXII.

FROM THE SAME.

Na late excursion with my friend regarded with the utmost reverence, be

a blue ribbon tiedl sound his moull-r, reward of merit; the greatness of a and in a chariot drawn by fix horfes, Mandarine’s retinue being a most cerpassed swiftly by 16, attended with a tain mark of the superiority of his abi. numerous tiain of captains, lacquies, liries or virtue. and coaches wiler with women. When · The gentleman who has now pafled we were recovered from the dust raised

vs,' replied my companion, ‘has no by this cavalcade, and could continue " claims from his own merit to distinc. our discourte without danger of luio- ' tion; he is poflefled neither of abilities cation, I oferved to my companion, 'por virtue; it is enough for him that that ail this state and equipage which he one of his ancestors was pofleffed of seemed to defpile, would in China be • these qualities two hundred years be

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« fore him. There was a time, indeed, are despised for company, where they ' when his family deterved their title, are delpued in turn. You saw what ' but they are long lince degenerated, a crowd of humble coulins, ca d-vio. « and his ancestors for more than a cen- • ed bejus, and captains on hai -pay,

tury have been more solicitous to were winding to make up this great • keep up the breed of their dogs and • man's retinue down to his country" horfes, ihan that of their chiidren, • feat. Not one of all these that could · This very nubleinan, dimple as he not lead a more comfortable life at • feemis, is descend-d from a race of • home in their little loiging of three • ftareliren and heroes; but unluckily • ftillings a week, with their iuke-warm • his great gi andfather narrying a cuok. Idionir, lei ved up bei ween two pew• maid, and the having a trifling par- 'ter-plates from a cook's ihop. Yet, • fion for his lordip's groom, they pour devils, they are willing to un

fomehow cr fu the strain, and pro- dergo the impertinence and pride of • duced an heis, who took after his mo. • their entertainer, merely to be thought

ther in hs great love to good eating, to live among the gitat: they are wila • and his father in a violent affeflion for ' lmg pass the tuinmer in bondale,

borje fejh. These pasions have for though conscious they are taken down • lome generations palled on froin fa- ' only to approve his lordih p's talte 'ther to ton, and are now become the upon every occafion, to tag ail his stu• characteristics of the family, his present pid obfervations with a very true, to • lonilip being equally remarkable for p: aise his table, and defcant upon his « his kitchen and his table.'

• claret and cookery: • But such a nobleman,' cried I, The pitiful humiliations of the gen• derves cur pity, thus placed in so ' tlemen you are now describing,' said

higi a sphere of life, which only the 1, ‘puts me in mind of a cuítom among more exposes to cntempt. A king

the Tarrars of Koreki, not entirely may conter titles, but it is personal • difumiar to this we are now considermerit alone that infines respect. I 'ing*. The Ruffians, who trade with fuppofe,' adied I, ' that such men ' them, carry thither a kind of muth

are ad fpired by their equals, neg- roms, which they exchange for furs • lected by their inferiors, and con- or squirrels, er mines, tables, and foxes. • demned to live among involuntary de- · Thele mushrooms the rich Tartars lay 'pendants in irkcome lolitude.'

up in iarge quantities for the winier; * You are still under a mistake,' re.

and when a nobleman makes a mulhplied my companion ; ' for though this room feart, all the neighbours around • nobleinan is a stranger to gener fity;

are invited. The muíbrooms are pre' though he takes twenty opportunities

pared by boiling, by which the water ' in a day of letting his gueits know acquires an intoxicating quality, and • how much he despiles them; though

" is a lot of drink which the Tartar's • he is pofleffed neither of taste, wii, nor prize beyond all other. When the ' wisdom; though incapable of improv- nobility and ladies are allemblesl, and

ing others by his converfation, and " the ceremonies usual between people

never known to enrich any by his ' of distinction over, the mushrou in 'bou ity; yet for all this, his company • broth goes freely round; they laugh, • is eagerly fought afier: he is a lord,

(talk double entendie, grow

fudule, • and that is as much as most people ' and become excellent company. The

defie in a companion. Quality and poorer fort, who love mushroom brotla • title have such ajiurements, that hun- to distraction as well as the rich, but • dieds are read: to give up all their own cannot afford it at the first hand, poft ' importance, to cringe, to flatter, to lock ( themselves on these occifions round • little, and to pall every plealuie in con- " the huts of the rich, and watch the • Atraint, inerely to be among the great, opportunity of the ladies and gentlemen

though without the leait hipus of im- as they come down to pass their liquor, provmg their underitanding, or thar- • and holding a wooden bowl, catch ing their generosity; they might be the delicious fluid, very little altered happy among their equals, but these by filtration, being still Itrongly tinc

* Van Stralenberg, a writer of credit, gives the same account of this people Vid. an Hiftorico-Geographical Description of the North-eastern Parts of Europe and Alia, p. 397.

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tured with the intoxicating quality. 'the bowl to a minister, a knight hoida Of this they drink with the utmost ing it to his lordship, and a fimple fatisfaction, and thus they get as ' 'lquire drinking it double distilled drunk and as jovial as their betters.' • from the loins of knighthood! For

• Happy nobility!' cries my compa- my part, I fhall never for the future hear nion, who can fear no diminution of a great man's flatterers haranguing • respect, unless by being leized with a • in his praise, that I thall not fancy ' ftrangury; and who when moit dignk " I behold the wooden bowl; for I can

are most useful: though we have not • see no reason why a man, who can live

this culiom among us, I foresee, that ' easily and happily at home, Mould ' if it were introducest, we might have • bear the drudgery of decorum and the

many a toad-eater in England ready ' impertinence of his entertainer, unless to drink from the wooden bowl on ' intoxicated with a pallion for all that

thele occafiens, and to praise the fla- was quality; unleis he thought that • vour of his loridhip's liquor. As we ' whatever caine from the great was de

have different claliis of gentry, who •licious, and had the tinciure of the knows but we inay see a lord holding ( mushroom in it.' Adieu.

LET TER XXXIII.

FROM THE SAME.

I y

to

AM disgusted, O Fun Hoam, even drawn for the rest of the company, I

was assigned my place on a cushion on to bear the prefumption of thole illand- the floor. It was in vain that I protesters, when they pretind to instruct me ed the Chinese vsed chairs as in Europe; in the ceremonies of China! They lay it the understood decorums too well to ena down as a maxim, that every person wio tertain me with the ordinary civilities. coms from thence muft expriis himfuf I had scarce been leated according to in metaphor; swear by Alla, rail againit her directions, when the footman was wine, and behave, and talk, and write, ordured to pin a napkin under my chin: like a Tvrk or Perrian. They make this I proteited against, as being no way no viltination between cur clegant man- Chineli; however, the whole company, nevs, ani the voluptuous barbarities of whoit see!us were a club of connoiffeurs, oor eailern nuighbours. Wherever I gave it unanimously against me, and the come, I raise either diffidence or astonish- napkin was pinned accordingly. mient: forne fancy me no Chirere, be- It was impossible to be angry with caule I am formed more like a man than people, who feemed to err only from an a moner; and others wonder to find exciis of politeness, and I fat contented, ore lointive thousand miles from expecting their importunities were now Énland en dud with cormon senie. at an end; bu aš loon as ever dinner

Strangs,'lıy they, 'that a man, who was served, the lady demanded whether • has received his education at luch a I was for a plate of Dear's claws, or a • dijence from Lonien, should have fice of Biris- nefis? As thele were

common foute! To be born out of Eng- dishes with which I was utterly unac• land, and yet have coinmun dente! quainted, I was desirous of cating only

impullihie! Ili muit be fome English- what I knew, and therefore begged to 'min in die wie; his very vilage has be helped from a piece of beef that lay • notlins ctihe true exotic baibaity.' on the side-table. My request at once

I veicitai ricrived an invitation from difconcorted the whole company. A a las of d finition, who ii frems had Cuinele cat beef! that could never be! collead ail her knowledge of Eastern there was no local propriety in Chinele muners from fiftions every dav propa- beit, wiiatever there might be in ChiHeilbere, under the vides ot E Hirn neto pleasant. Sii,' said my erter

Taeyard Oreillitoris: Dereceive tiner, ' I think I have forre reasons to ed me very politely, but seemed to wor- • fancy mytilf a jud e of thele maitais: der that I neglia d bring me opuin in short, the Chinele never cat beef; and a tobacco-box. When chairs were o do that I inult be permitted to recom

'mend mend the Pilaw, there was never bet- 'ting mountains, not forgetting the lit* ter drefled at Pekin; the saffron and tle Houries who make a pretty figure • rice are well boiled, and the spices in ' in every description. But you Thall • perfection.'

• hear how I generally begin.--"EbenI had no sooner begun to eat what ben-bolo, who was the son of Ban, was laid before me, than I found the “ was born on the foggy summits of whole company as much astonished as “ Benderaballi. His beard was whiter before; it seems I made no use of my cs than the feathers which veil the breast chop-sticks. A grave gentleman, whom “ of the Penguin ; his eyes were like I take to be an author, harangued very the e eyes of doves, when washed by the learnedly (as the company seemed to “ dews of the morning; his hair, which think) upon the use which was made of “ hung like the willow weeping over them in China: he entered into a long " the glassy stream, was so beautiful argument with himself about their firit " that it seemed to reflect it's own introduction, without once appealing to “ brightness; and his feet were as the me, who might be supposed belt capable " feet of a wild deer which fleeth to the of filencing the enquiry. As the gentle- tops of the mountains.” There, man therefore took my silence for a mark • there, is the true Eastern taite for you! of his own superior fagacity, he was re- every advance made towards senie, is solved to purive the triumph: he talked only a deviation from sound. Eastern of our cities, mountains, and animals, as • tales should always be sonorous, lofty, familiarly as if he had been born in • musical, and unmeaning.' Quamli, but as erroneously as if a na- I could not avoid smiling, to hear a tive of the moon; he attempted to prove rative of England attempt to inftruet that I had nothing of the true Chinese me in the true Eastern idiom; and after cut in my visage; Thewed that my cheek he looked round some time for applause, bones should have been higher, and my I presumed to ask him whether he had forehead broader; in short, he almost ever travelled into the East, to which he reatoned me out of my country, and ef- replied in the negative; I demanded fectually persuaded the rest of the com. whether he understood Chinese or Ara. pany to be of his opinion.

bic, to which also he answered as before. I was going to expose his mistakes, • Then how, Sir,' said I, 'can you prewhen it was inlisted that I had nothing of • tend to determine upon the Eastern the true Eastern manner in my delivery. • ftile, who are entirely unacquainted • This gentleman's conversation,' says with the Eastern writings ? Take, Sir, one of the ladies, who was a great reader, the word of one who is profeljedly a • is like our own, mere chit-chat and · Chinese, and who is actually acquaint' common sense; there is nothing like red with the Arabian writers, that • sense in the true Eastern file, where ' what is palmed upon you daily for an

nothing more is required but sublimi- • imitation of Eastein writing, no ways ty. Oh for an history of Aboulfa- ' refernbles their manner, either in fenouris, the grand voyager; of Genii, i timent on diction. In the East, fimiles

Magicians, Rocks, Bags of Bullets, are feldom used, and metaphors al• Giants, and Enchanters, where all is ' moit wholly unknown; but in China

great, obfcure, magnificent, and un- particularly, the very reverfe of what • intelligible!'--' I have written many a you aliude to, takes place; a cool • sheet of Eaitern tale myself,'interrupts phlegmatic method of writing prevails the author ; and I defy the severest

" there.

The writers of that country, critic to say but that I have stuck close ever more assiduous to instruct than to • to the true manner. I have compar- • please, addre's rather the jud ment • ed a lady's chin to the snow upon the • than the fancy. Unlike many au• mountains of Bomek; a soldier's 'thors of Europe, who have no con• sword, to the clouds that obscure the "sideration of the reade. 's time, they ' face of heaven, If riches are mention- ' generally leave more to be understood ' ed, I compare them to the flocks that • ihan they express.

graze the verdant Tefllis; if po- • Belides, Sir, you must not expect

verty, to the mists that veil the ( from an inhabitant of China the same « brow of Mount Baku. I lave used • ignorance, the same unlettered fimplithee and thou upon all occafions; I city, that you find in a Turk, Persian, " have described fallen stars, and split. ' or native of Peru. The Chinele are

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