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s versed in the sciences as well as you, • miles, who have conversed familiarly 6 and are masters of several arts un). for several years with the English facs known to the people of Europe. tors established at Canton, and the • Many of them are instructed not only I missionaries fent us from every part

of ' in their own national learning, but are Europe. The unaffisted of every p rfietly well acquainted with che country nearly resemble each other,

languages and learning of the West. and a page of our Confucius and of • If iny word, in such a case, is not to your Tillotson have scarcı any material • be taken, consult your own travellers • difference. Palury affectation, ttrain• on this head, who affirm, that the ed allutions, and disgusting finery, are 'scholars of Pekin and Siam sultain ' easily attained by those who chúle to • theological theses in Latin--" The wear them; and they are but too fre“ college of Mafprend, which is but a quently the badges of ignorance, or “ league from Siam," says one of your • of flupidity, whenever it would endeaI travellers *, “ caine in a body to sa- vour to please.' “ lute our ambasador. Nothing gave I was procceding in my discourse,

ine more fincere pleasure than to be- when, looking round, I perceived the “ hold a number of priests, venerable company no way attentive to what I " both from age and modeity, followed aitempted, with so much earneitness, " by a number of youths of all nations, to enforce. One lady was whispering “ Chinese, Japanese, Tonquinese, of her that fat next, another was itudyCochin China, Pegu and Siam, all ing the merits of a fan, a th rd began “ willing to pay their respects in the to yawn, and the author himfelf fell “ most polite inanner imaginable. A fast alleep: I thought it, therefore, "Cochin Chinese made an excellent high time to make a retreat: nor did “ Latin oration upon this occafion : he the company seem to thew any regret

was succeeded, and even outdone, at my preparations for departure ; even “ by a student of Tunquin, who was the lady who had invited me, with the

as well íkilled in the Western learn- most mortifying in ensibility, saw me “ ing as any Scholar of Paris.” Now, seize my har, and wife from my cushion; • Sir, if youths, who never stirred nor was I invited to repeat my vifit, « from home, are so perfectly skilled because it was found that I aimed at • in your laws and learning, furely inore appearing rather a realonable creature, must be expected from one like me, than an outlandish idiot. Adieu.

who have travelled so many thouland

LETTER XXXIV.,

TO THE SAME.

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Tuo te as name revulucions as Zimpo

. HE polte arts are in this country ed by reasoning as strong as that of it's laws or politics; not only the objects The nobility are fond of wisdom, of fancy ari dress, but even of delicacy but they are also fond of having it and taite, are directed by the capricious without study; to read poetry requir: influe..ce of thion, I am toid there ed thought, and the Englit nobility has been a time when poetry was univer- were not ford of thinking; they foon lally encouraged by t e great, when men therefore piaced their afications upon of the fi.It raik not only patronized the music, becaule in this they migh: indulge pret, but prod cid th: fineit inodels for an happy vacancy, and yei atiti have his imitation; it was then the English pretentions tuudicacy and taste as before. fent forth in te glowing shapodes, They scon brought their numerous des which we have fo often read over toge: pendents into an approbation of their ther wir's naporare; pois big with all pleasures; who in turn led their thou. the fublimity of Mentius, and fupport. fand imitators to feel or feign a fimili.

Journ 1 ou fu'te du Voyage de Siam en forme de Lettres familieres fuit en 1685, & 1686. par N. L. D. C. pag. 174. edit. Amftelod. 1686.

tude yond

tude of passion. Colonies of singers piece is bought, and gazed at eight or were now imported from abroad at a vast ten days successively, the purchaser's expence, and it was expected the Eng- pleasure must surely be over; all the salish would soon be able to set examples tisfaction he can then have, is to thew it to Europe: all these expectations, how to others: he may be considered as the ever, were foon dissipated; in spite of the guardian of a treasure of which he makes zeal which fired the great, the ignorant no manner of use; his gallery is fure vulgar refused to be caught to fing; re- nilhed not for himself, but the connoirfused to undergo the ceremonics which seur, who is generally some humble flatwere to initiate them in the singing fra. terer, ready to feign a rapture he does ternity. Thus the colony from abroad not feel; and as necessary to the happidwindled by degrees ; for they were of ness of a picture buyer, as gazers are themselves unfortunately incapable of to the magnificence of an Afiatic propropagating the breed.

ceflion. Music having thus lost it's splendour, I have inclosed a letter from a youth Painting is now become the fole obje&t of distinction, on his travels, to his faof fahionable care; the title of Connois- ther in England; in which he appears seur in that art is at present the fafest addicted to no vice, seeins obedient to passport in every fashionable society ; a his governor, of a good natural dispowell-timed thrug, an admiring attitude, fition, and fond of improvement; but and one or two exotic tones of exclama. at the same time early taught to regard tion, are sufficient qualifications for men cabinets and galleries as the only proper of low circumitances to curry favour; schools of improvement, and to consider even fome of the young nobility are them- a skill in pictures as the properest knowfelves early instructed in handling the ledge for a man of quality. pencil, while their happy parents, big with expectation, forelee the walls of.

· MY LORD, every apartment covered with the ina

We have been but two days at Antnufa&tures of their posterity.

werp; wherefore I have fat down But many of the English are not con- as soon as possible to give you some actent with giving all their time to this art count of what we have seen since our at home; some young men of distinction arrival, desirous of letting no opportuare found to travel through Europe, with nity pass without writing to so good a no other intent than that of understand. father. Immediately upon alighting ing and collecting pictures ; ftudying from our Rotterdam machine, my gofeals, and describing statues : on they vernor, who is immoderately fond of travel from this cabinet of curiofities to paintings, and at the same time an ex. that gallery of pictures, waste the prime cellent judge, would let no time pass till of life in wonder, skilful in pictures, we paid our respects to the church of the ignorant in men ; yet imposible to be Virgin-Mother, which contains treasure reclaimed, because their follies take beyond estimation. We took an infifhelter under the names of Delicacy and nity of pains in knowing it's exact diTaste.

mensions, and differed half a foot in our It is true, Painting should have due calculation; so I leave that to some fucencouragement, as the painter can un- ceeding information. I really believe doubtediy fit up our apartments in a my governor and I could have lived and much more elegant manner than the died there. There is scarce a pillar in upholsterer ; but I should think a man the whole church that is not adorned by of fashion makes but an indifferent ex- a Reubens, a Vander Meuylen, a Vanchange, who lays out all that time in dyke, or a Woverman. What attifurnishing his house which he fouid tudes, carnations, and draperies! I am have employed in the furniture of his almost induced to pity the English, who head ; a person who lhews no other have none of those exquisite pieces among symptoms of taste than his cabinet or thein. As we are willing to let Nip no gallery, might as well boast to me of the opportunity of duing business, we imfurniture of his kitchen.

me:liately after went to wait on ivr. I know no other motive but vanity Hogendorp, whom you have to frethat induces the great to teltity such an quently commended for his judicious inordinate paflion for pictures ; after the collection. His cameas are indeed be

yond price; his intaglios not so good. and still find something new. We went He thewed us one of an officiating flas from this to view the cardinal's ftatues, men, which he thought to be an an- which are really very fine; there were tique; but my governor, who is not to three spintria executed in a very matterbe deceived in these particulars, soon ly manner, all'arm in arm. The torse found it to be an arrant cinque cento. which I heard you talk so much of, is I could not, however, fufficiently ad- at last discovered to be a Hercules spinmire the genius of Mr. Hogendorp, who ning, and not a Cleopatra bathing, as has been able to collect from all parts of your lordship had conjectured : there has the world a thousand things which no- been a trea'e written to prove it. body knows the use of, Except your My Lord Firmly is certainly a Goth, fordihip and my governor, I do not a Vandal, no taste in the world for know any body I admire so much. He painting. I wonder how any call him is indeed a furprizing genius. The a man of talte. Passing through the next morning early, as we were resolved ftreets of Antwerp a few days ago, and to take the whole day before us, we sent observing the nakedness of the inhabi. our compliments to Mr. Van Sprock- tants, he was so barbarous as to observe, ken, deliring to see his gallery, which that he thought the best method the request he very politely complied with. Flemings could take, was to sell their His gallery meafures fifty feet by twen- pictures and buy cloaths. Ah, Cogline! ty, and is well filled; but what surpriz- we all go to-morrow to Mr. Carwared me most of all, was to see an Holy den's cabinet, and the next day we shall Family just like your lordship's, which see the curiosities collected by Van Ran, this ingenious gentleman assures me is and the day after we shall pay a visit to the true original. I own this gave me Mount Calvary, and after that-but I inexpreslible uneasiness, and I fear it find my paper finished; so with the most will to your lordship, as I had Aattered sincere wishes to your lordship’s happimyself that the only original was in your ness, and with hopes, after having seen lordfhip's possession; I would advise you, Italy, that centre of pleasure, to return however, to take yours down till it's home worthy the care and expence which merit can be ascertained, my governor has been generously laid out in my im. alluring me, that he intends to write a

provement, I remain, my Lord, long differtation to prove it's originality.

Yours, &c. One might ftudy in this city for ages,

LETTER XXXV.

FROM HINGPO, A SLAVE IN PERSIA, TO ALTANGI, A TRAVELLING PHI

LOSOPHER OF CHINA, BY THE WAY OF MOSCOW.

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TORTUNE has made me the slave entertairing the ladies of his Haram nation render me entirely subfervient to ftantly stabbed to the heart for his intruyou; a tyrant commands iny body, but fion. I have been preferred to his you are master of my heart. And yet, place, which, though leis laborious than let not thy inflexible nature condemn my former itation, is yet more ungrateme, when I confeis that I find my soul ful, as it brings me nearer him whose thrink with my circumstances. I feel presence excites sensations at once of my mind, not lets ihan my body, bend disgust and apprehension. beneath ihc rigours of servitude; the Into what a Ytate of misery are the matter whom I serve grows every day modern Persians fallen! A nation fa. more formidable. In spite of reason, mous for ferting the world an example which should teach me to dvipise him, of freedom, is now become a land of tyhis hideous image hills even my dreams rants, and a den of Naves. The housewith horror,

less Tartar of Kamkatika, who enjoys A few days ago, a Christian Nave, his herbs and his fish in unmolested freewho wrought in the garijens, happening dom, may be envied, if compared to to enter an arbour where the tyrant was the thousands who pine here in hopeless

fervitude,

fervitude, and curse the day that gave ings could not wear a look of more perthem being. Is this jutt dealing, Hea- fection, while sorrow humanized her ven! to render millions wretched to form, and mixed my admiration with Swell up the happiness of a few? Cannot pity. I rose from the bank on which I the powerful of this earth be happy with lat, and the retired; happy that none out our sighs and tears? Mult every observed us, for such an interview might luxury of the great be woven from the have been fatal. calamities of the poor? It must, it must I have regarded, till now, the opu. surely be, that this jarring discordant lence and the power of my tyrant withlife is but the prelude to some future out envy; I law him with a mind inharmony; the soul attuned to virtue here, capable of enjoying the gifts of fortune, thall go from hence to fill up the univer- and consequently regarded him as one Tal choir where Tien presides in person, loaded, rather than enriched, with it's where there shall be no tyrants to frown, favours. But at present, when I think no shackles to bind, nor no whips to that so much beauty is reserved only for threaten; where I Mall once more meet him, that so many charms shall be lamy father with rapture, and give a loose vished on a wretch incapable of feeling to filial piety; where I Mall hang on his the greatness of the blessing, I own I neck, and hear the wisdom of his lips, feel a reluctance to which I have hitherand thank him for all the happiness to to been a stranger. which he has introduced me.

But let not my father impute those The wretch whom Fortune has made uneasy sensations to so triling a cause as my maiter, has lately purchased several love. No, never let it be thought that Naves of both sexes; among the rest, I your son, and the pupil of the wise Fum hear a Christian captive talked of with Hoam, could stoop to fo degrading a pafadmiration. The eunuch who bought fion. I am only displeased at seeing fo her, and who is accustomed to survey much excellence so unjustly disposed of. beauty with indifference, speaks of her The uneasiness which I feel is not for with emotion! Her pride, however, myself, but for the beautiful Christian. astonishes her attendant saves not less When I reflect on the barbarity of hiin than her beauty: it is reported that the for whom she is designed, I pity, indeed refuses the warmest solicitations of her I pity her. When I think that she must haughty lord; he has even offered to only share one heart, who deserves to make her one of his four wives upon command a thousand, excuse me, if I changing her religion, and conforming feel an emotion, which universal beneto his. It is probable she cannot refule volence extorts from me. As I am such extraordinary offers, and her delay convinced that you take a pleasure in is perhaps intended to enhance her fa- those fallies of humanity, and are parti

cularly pleated with compaffion, I could I have just now seen her; she inad. not avoid discovering the lensibility with vertently approached the place without a which I felt this beautiful stranger's veil, where I fat writing. She seemed diftress. I have for a while forgot, in to regard the heavens alone with fixed her's, the miseries of my own hopeless attention: there her moit ardent gaze situation. The tyrant grows every day was directed. Genius of the fun! what more severe; and love, which softens all unexpected softness! what animated other minds into tenderness, seems only grace! her beauty seemed the transpa- to have encrealed his severity. Adicu. rent covering of virtue. Celestial be

Yours.

LETTER XXXVI.

TO THE SAME.

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НЕ. whole Haram is filled with a It is iinp@ble to describe the transport

tumultuous joy; Zelis, the beau- that fits on every face on this occasion. tiful captive, has consented to embrace Music and itaiting fill every apartment; the religion of Mahomet, and become the most miserable flare seems to forget one of the wives of the fastidious Perlian. his chains, and fympathizes with the

happiness py!

happiness of Moltadad. The herb we sopher; and yet he seems perfeally contread beneath our feet is not made more tented with ignorance. Posleffed of for our use, than every flave around numberless llaves, camels, and women, him for their imperious master; mere he delires no greater possession. Hie machines of obedience, they wait with never opened the page of Mentius, and filent affiduity, feel his pains, and re- yet all the flaves tell me that he is joice in his exultation. Heavens! how happy. much is requisite to make one man hap- Forgive the weakness of my nature,

if I sometimes feel my heart rebellious Twelve of the most beautiful Naves, to the dictates of wisdom, and eager for and I among the number, have got or- happiness like his. Yet, why with for ders to prepare for carrying him in tri- his wealth with his ignorance? to be umph to the bridal apartment. The like him, incapable of sentimental pleablaze of perfumed torches are to imitate Sures, incapable of feeling the happiness the day; the dancers and singers are hir- of making others happy, incapable of ed at a vast expence. The nuptials are teaching the beautiful Zelis philolo. to be celebrated on the approaching fe ft phy. of Barboura, when an hundred taels in What, shall I in a transport of palgold are to be distributed among the fion give up the golden mean, the uniÞarren wives, in order to pray for fer- versal harmony, the unchanging essence, tility from the approaching union. for the poffeffion of an hundred camels,

What will not riches procure! An as many llaves, thirty-five beautiful hundred domeftics, who curse the tyrant horses, and seventy-three fine women ? in their fouls, are commanded to wear Firit blant me to the centre! Degrade me a face of joy, and they are joyful. An beneath the most degraded! Pare my hundred flatterers are ordered to attend, nails, ye powers of heaven! ere I would and they fill his ears with praise. Beau- itoop to fuch an exchange. What, part ty, al-commanding beauty, fues for with philotophy, which teaches me to admittance, and scarcely receives an an- suppress my passions instead of gratifyfwer; even love itself feems to wait upon ing thein, which teaches me even to di. fortune, or though the passion he only veit my foul of passion, which teaches feigned, yet it wears every appearance serenity in the midst of tortures; philoof fincerity; and what greater pleasure fophy, by which even now I am so very can even true sincerity confer, or what serene, and so very much at ease, to be would the rich have more ?

perfuaded to part with it for any other Nothing can exceed the intended mag- enjoyment! Never, never, even thongii nificence of the bridegroom, but the persuasion spoke in the accents of Ze. costly dresses of the bride; fix eunuchs, lis! in the most sumptuous habits, are to con- A female slave informs me that the duet him to the nuptial couch, and wait bride is to be arrayed in a tissue of filhis orders. Sx ladies, in all the mag- ver, and her hair adorned with the nificence of Persia, are directed to un- largest pearls of Ormus: but why teaze drets the bride. Their business is to you with particulars, in which we both aflift to encourage her, fo divest her of are so little concerned; the pain I feel every encumbering par: of her dress, all in separation throws a gloom over my but the last covering, which, by an art- mind, which in this scene of univerfal ful complica'ion of ribbons, is paip se- joy I fear may be attributed to some ly malé dificuit to unicole, and with other cause. How wretched are those which she is to part reluctantly even to who are, like me, denied even the last the joyful pollar of her beauty, resource of milery, their tears I Moltadad, O my father, is no philo

Adieus

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LETTER

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