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LET TER XXXVII.

FROM THB SAME.

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Begin to have doubts whether wif- fimple, and serve to silence every en

dom be alone fufficient to make us quiry. happy. Whether every Itep we make In this sequeltered vale, blessed with in refinement is not an inlet into new • all the spontaneous productions of nadisquietudes. A mind too vigorous 'ture, the honeyed blofiom, the reand active, serves only to consume the • freshing breeze, the gliding brook, body to which it is joined, as the richest and golden fruitage, the simple inhajewels are sooneft found to wear their • bitants seemed happy in themselves, settings.

in each other; they desired no greater When we rise in knowledge, as the pleasures, for they knew of none prospect widens, the objects of our re- greater; ambition, pride, and envy, gard become more obfcure; and the un- were vices unknown among them; lettered peasant, whole views are only • and from this peculiar fimplicity of it's directed to the narrow sphere around • poffeffors, the country was called,' him, heholds Nature with a finer relish, · The Valley of Ignorance. and tastes her blessings with a keener • At length, however, an unhappy appetite, than the philosopher, whose 'youth, more aspiring than the rest, unmind attempts to grasp an universal lys. • dertook to climb the mountain's fide,

• and examine the summits which were As I was some days ago pursuing this ( hitherto deemed inaccessible. Theinsubject among a circle of my fellow- « habitants from below gazed with wonfaves, an ancient Guebre of the num. • der at his intrepidity; some applaudber, equally remarkable for his piety red his courage, others cenfured his and wildom, seemed touched with my ' folly; ftill, however, te proceeded conversation, and desired to illustrate ' towards the place where the earth and what I had been saying with an allegory • heavens seemed to unite, and at length taken from the Zendavefta of Zoroaiter: ' arrived at the wished-for height with

By this we hall be taught,' savs he, • extreme labour and amiduity. " that they who travel in pursuit of wis- • His first furprize w is to find the

dom, walk only in a circle; and after "skies, not, as he expected, within his

all their labour, at last return to their reach, but itill as far off as before; • pristine ignorance; and in this also “his amazement encrealed when he saw we fall see that enthufiaftic confi. ' a wide extended region lying on the 'dence, or unsatisfying doubts, termi- oppolite lide of the mountain; but it' • nate all our enquiries,

rose to astonishment when he beheld a' • In early times, before myriads of country at a distance more beautiful s nations covered the earth, the whole and alluring than even that he had just • human race lived together in one val- left behind. « lev. The simple inhabitants, sur- • As he continued to gaze with won'rounded on every side by lofty inoun- der, a Genius, with a look or infinite € tains, knew no other world but the ' modelty, approaching, offered to be • little fpot to which they were confined. • his guide and instructor. " Tre dife'

They fancied the heavens bent down tant country which you so much ad. ' to ineet the mountain tops, and form. “ mire," (tys the angelic being, is cell an impenetrable wall to furround “ called The Land of Certainty; in "them. None bad ever yet ventured to “ that charming retreat, sentimento lo

cli isb the tteepy ciitt, in order to ex- " tributes to refine every fentua: ba

plore those regions that lay heyond it; quet; the inhabitanıs are bielii with o they knew the nature of the skies only every folid enjoyment, and ttui nore ' from a tradition, which mentioned “ hleffed in a pertedt consciouness of

their being inade of adamant; tradi. " their own felicity; junorance i! that tions make up the reafonings of the country is wholly unknown; all inere

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“ is satisfaction without allay, for every " the journey to where every pleasure “ pleasure first undergoes the examina- " wails our arrival." « tion of Reason. As for me, I am call- • The peremptory tone in which this “ ed the Genius of Demonstration, and Genius spoke, and the speed with which

stationed here in order to conduet • he moved forward, induced the traevery adventurer to that land of hap- veller to change his conductor; and “ piness through those intervening re- leaving his modest companion behind,

gions you tee over-hung with fogs ' be proceeded forward with his more “ and darkness, and horrid with fo- confident director, seeming not a little “ reits, cataracts, caverns, and various • plealed at the encreated velocity of his “ other shapes of danger. But follow

I motion. me, and in time I may

• But foon he found reasons to repent. “ that distant delilable iand of tran. " Whenever a torrent crossed their way, 6 quillity."

• his guide taught him to despise the • The intrepid traveller immediately 'obstacle by plunging him in; when• put himself under the direction of the ever a precipice presented, he was di• Genius, and both journeying on toge- ' rected to fing himself forward. Thus «ther with a flow but agreeable pace, • each moment miraculously escaping, • deceived the tediouiness of the way by • his repeated escapes only served to en• conversation. The beginning of the • create his temerity. He led him,

journey seemed to proinise tre fatis- therefore, forward, amidit infinite dif. • faction; but, as they proceeded for- ' ficulties, till they arrived at the bor• ward, the skies became more gloomy, ders of an ocean which appeared un

and the way more intricate; they often • navigable from the black miits that

inadvertently approached the brow of lay upon it's surface. It's unquiet • fome frightful precipice, or the brink waves were of the darkest hue, and • of a torrent, and were obliged to mea- gave a lively representation of the va. • fure back their former way: the gloom rious agitations of the human mind. • encreasing as they proceeded, their • The Genius of Probability now . pace became more slow; they pauled ' confessed his temerity, owned his be

at every dep, frequently tumbled, ing an improper guide to the Land of • and their distiuft and timidity encreaf- • Certainty, a country where no mortal « ed. The Genius of Demonstration • had ever been permitted to arrive; but

now, therefore, advised his pupil to at the same time offered to supply the

grope upon hands and feet, as a me. « traveller with another conductor, who o thod, though more flow, yet lets liable • should carry him to the Land of Con. to error.

• fidence; a region where the inhabi. • In this manner they attempted to tants lived with the utmost tranquil.

pursue their journey for some time, lity, and tasted almost as much fatis• when they were overtaken by another • faćtion as it in the Land of Certainty. • Genius, who, with a precipitate pace, Not waiting for a reply, he ftamped • Teemed travelling the same way, He • three times on the ground, and called

was instantly known by the other to • forth the Dæmon of Erior, a gloomy « be the Genius of Probability. He • fiend of the fervants of Arimanes. • wore two wide-extended wings at his · The yawning earth gave up the rebick, which incellantly waved, with- ' luctant favage, who leemed unable to

out increnting the rapidity of his mo- • bear the light of the day. His ftature • tion; his countenance betrayed a con- was enormous, bis colour black and • fidence that the ignorant might mis. • hideous, his aspect betrayed a thou• take for sincerity, and he had but one ' fand varying paffions, and he spread

eye, which was fixed in the middle of ' forth pinions that were fitted for the his forehead.

(most rapid fight. The traveller at “ Servant of Hormizda," cried he, first was Mocked at the spectre; but approaching the mortal pilgrim, " if ' finding him obedient to superior pow. " thou art travelling to the Land of er, he assumed his former tranquil.

Certainty, how is it portible to a " there under the guidance of a Genius, "'I have called you to duty,"cries the " wlio proceeds forward to slowly, and I Genius to the Dæmon, “ to bear on " is to little acquainted with the way? your back a fun of mortality over the “ Follow me, we shall soon perform « Ocean of Doubts, into the Land of

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#6 Confidence. I expe&t you'll perform deavoured to persuade him to look your commission with punétuality. 'round; but he still continued to keep “ And as for you,” continued the Ge- his eyes covered, and would in all • nius, addressing the traveller, “ when probability have arrived at the happy

I have bound this fillet round • land, had not flattery effected what your eyes, let no voice of persuasion, • other means could not per form. For

nor threats the most terrifying, per. now he heard himself welcomed on " suade you to unbind it in order to every side to the promised land, and “ look round; keep the fillet fast, look an universal Mout of joy was sent fortla "s not at the ocean below, and you may at his fafe arrival; the wetried tracertainly expect to arrive at a region ' veller, desirous of seeing the long wish«s of pleasure."

ed for country, at length pulled the • Thus saying, and the traveller's eyes fillet from his eyes, ard ventured to • being covered, the Demon muttering look round him. But he had unloosed 6 curses, raised him on his back, and " the band too soon; he was not yet 'inttantly up-borne by his strong pi- above half way over. The Demon, « nions, directed his fight among the I who was still hovering in the air, and • clouds. Neither the loudest thunder, had produced those sounds only in 'nor the most angry tempeft, could order to deceive, was now freed from ' persuade the traveller to unbind his This coinmifiion; wherefore throwing

eyes. The Dæmon directed his fight • the afionithed travelier from his back, • downwards, and skimmed the surface • the unhappy youth fell headlong into • of the ocean; a thousand voices, some the fubjacent Ocean of Doubts, from ' with loud invectives, others in the ' whence lie never after was seen te • sarcastic tones of contempt, vainly en

frise.'

1

LET TER XXXVIII.

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ÉROM ZIEN CITI ALTANGI, TO FUM HOAM, FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE

CEREMONIAL ACADEMY AT PEKIN, IN CHINA. WHEN Parmenio, the Grecian, fubordinate rank, and mankind now be

gin to look with becoming horror on cited an universal shout from the fur- these foes to man; the virtue in this sounding multitude, he was instantly aged monarch which I have at present struck with the doubt, that what had in view, is one of a much more exalted their approbation must certainly be nature, is one of the most difficult of wrong; and turning to a philofopher attainment, is the least praited of all who itood near him— Pray, Sir,' says kingly virtues, and yet deserves the he, 'pardon me; I fear I have been greatest praile: the virtue I mean is guily of lome absurdity.'

JUSTICE; a ttrict administration of jur. You know that I am not less than tice, without feverity and without fahim a defpiser of the multitude; you know that I equally deteft fiautery to the Of all virtues this is the most difficult great; yet so many circumitances lave

to be practised by a king who has a concurred to give a luftre to the latter power to pardon. All men, even typart of the present English monarch's rants themselves, lean to mercy, when feign, that I cannot with-hold my con- unbiased by passions or intereft; the tribution of praile; I cannot avoid the heart naturally perfuades to forgiveness, ack nowledging the crowd for once just and pursuing the di&tates of this plcar-, in their unanimous approbation. ing deceiver, we are led to prefer our

Yet think not that batiles gained, do- private satisfaction to public utility. minion extended, or enernes brought What a thorough love for the public, to submiffion, are the virtues which at what a strong command over the palpresent claim my admiration. Were fions, what a finely conducted judga the reigning monarch only famous for ment, must he poilets who opposes the his victories, I thould regard his cha. diétates of reason to those of his heart, racter with indifference: the boast of he- and prefers the future interest of his roism in this enlightened age is juftly people to his own iminediate fatisface fegarded as a qualification of a very tion!

If still to a man's own natural bias guilty of such a crime, might, by giving for tenderness, we add the numerous fo- up a Mare of his fortune to the judge, licitations made by a criminal's friends buy off his sentence. There are several for mercy; if we survey a king not only countries even in Europe, where the seropposing his own feelings, but reluctant- vant is entirely the property of his maJy refusing those he regards, and this to fter: if a slave kills his lord, he dies by fatisfy the public, whose cries he may tile most excruciating tortures; but if never hear, whose gratitude he may never the circumftances are reversed, a small seceive; this surely is true greatness! fine buys off the punishment of the ofLet us fancy outelves for a moment in fender. Happy the country where all this just okt man's place, surrounded by are equal, and where those who lit as numbers, all foliciting the same favour, judges have too much integrity to re. a favour that Nature disposes us to grant, ceive a bribe, and too much honour to where the inducements to pity are laid pity from a similitude of the prisoner's before us in the strongelt' light, sup- title or circumnitances with their own! pliants at our feet, some ready to relent Such is England. Yet think not that it a refutal, none opposing a compliance; was always equally famed for this strict let us, I say, fuppose ourtelves in such impartiality: there was a time even a fituation, and I fancy we should find here when title softened the rigours of the ourtcives more apt to act the character law, when dignified wretches were suf. of good-natured men than of upright fered to live, and continue for years an magilirates.

equal disgrace to justice and nobility. What contibutes to raise Justice above To this day, in a neighbouring counall other kingly virtues is, ihat it is fel. try, the great are often moft fcandalousdom attended with a due Mare of ap- ly pardoned for the most scandalous. plause, and those who practise it mult offences. A person is still alive among be influenced by greater motives than them who has more than once deserved empty tame. The people are generally the molt ignominious severity of justice. well pleased with a remillion of punish. His being of the blood-royal, however, ment, and all that wears the appearance was thought a sufficient atonement for of humanity; it is the wife alone who his being a disgrace to humanity. This are capable of discerning that impartial remarkable pertonage took pleasure in justice is the truett mccy: they know it thooting at the patiengers below, from to be very difficult, at once to compare the top of his palace; and in this most fionate, and yet condemn an obje&t that princely amusement he usnally spent pleads for tenderness.

some time every day. He was at length I have been led into this common- acraigned by the friends of a person place train of thought by a late striking whon in this manner he had killed, was initance in this country of the impar- found guilty of the charge, and contiality of justice, and of the king's in- demned to die. His merciful monach flexible resolution of imdicting punish- pardoned him in confideration of his ment where it was justly due. A man rank and quality. The unrepenting of the firit quality, in a fit either of pas- criminal foon after renewed his usual fron, melancholy, or madneis, murdered entertainment, and in the same manner his fervant: it was expected that his fta- killed another man. He was a second tion in life would have leffened the igno-time condemned; and, Itrange to think, jainy of his punishment; however, he a ficond time received his majesty's par. was arraigned, condemned, and under- don! Would you believe it? A third went the lame degrading death with the time the very fame man was guilty of the mcaneft malefactor. It was well confi- very fame offence; a third time therefore dered that virtile alone is true nobility; the laws of his country found him guilty and that he whose actions fink bim even - I wish for the honour of humanity Í beneath the vulgar, has no right to those couid fuppress the reft!-A third time distinctions which fhould be the rewards he was pardoned! Will you not think only of merit; it was perhaps considered such a story too extraordinary for helief? that crimes were more heinous among will you not think one describing the lae the higher classes of people, as neceslity vage inhabitants of Congo? Alas, the exposes them to fewer temptations. story is but too true, and the country

Over all the East, even China not ex. where it was transacted regards itself depted, a person of the same quality as the politest in Europe! Adieu.

LETTER

LETTER XXXIX.

FROM LIEN CHI ALTANGI, TO

MERCHANT IN AMSTERDAM.

СЕ.

VEREMONIES are different in S I live, my dear Charlotte, I be

every country, but true politeness lieve the colonel will carry it at is every where the same. Ceremonies, last; he is a molt irrefiftible fellow, that which take up !o much of our attention, is flat. So well dressed, fo neat, so are only artificial helps which ignorance sprigluly, and plays about one fo agreeassumes, in order to imitate politeness, ably, that, I vow, he has as much fpirits which is the result of good-fense and as the Marquis of Monkeyman's Italian good-nature. A person pofleffed of those greyhound. I first saw him at Ranequalities, though he had never seen a lagh; he fhines there; he is nothing court, is truly agreeable; and if without without Ranelagh, and Ranelagh nothem, would continue a clown, though thing without him. The next day he he had been all his life a gentleman sent a card, and compliments, deliring usher.

to wait on mamma and me to the music How would a Chinese, bred up in the fubscription. He looked all the time formalities of an Eaitern court, be re- with such irresistible impulence, that garded, should he carry all his good. positively he had something in his face manners beyond the Great Wall? How

gave me as much pleasure as a pairwould an Englishman, skilled in all the royal of naturals in my own hand. He decorums of Western good-breeding, ap- waited on mamma and me the next pearatan Eastern entertainment? Would morning to know how we got home: he not be reckoned more fantastically you muit know the infidious devil makes favage than even his unbred foorman! love to us boti. Rap went the foot

Ceremony resembles that base coin man at the door; bounce went my heart; which circulates through a country by I thought he would have rattled the the royal mandate; it ferves every pur

house down. Chariot druve up to the pose of real money at home, but is en- window, with his footmen in the prettirely useless if carried abroad: a person tiest liveries: he has infinite talie, that is who should attempt to circulate bis na- fiat. Mamma had fent all the morntive trash in another country, would be ing at her head; but, for my part, I was thought either ridiculous or culpable. in an undress to receive him; quite easy, He is truly well-bred who knows when mind that; no way disturbed at his apto value and when to defpile those na- proach: mamma pretended to be as detional peculiarities which are regarded gagée as I, and yet I saw her blush in by fome with so much observance: a tra- fpite of her. Positively he is a most veller of taste at once perceives that the killing devil! We did nothing butlar:gh wile are poliie all the world over; but all the time he itaid with us; I never that fools are polite only at home. heard so many very good things before. I have now before me iwo very fa.

At first he mistook mamma for my sister; Miovable letters upon the same subject, at which the laughed: then he mittook both written by ladies of distinction; my natural complexion for paint; at one of whom leads the fashion in Eng- which I laughed: and then he newed land, and the other sets the ceremonies us a picture in the lid of his fnuff-box, of China. They are both regarded in at which we all laughed. He plays pic. their respective countries by all the beau quet so very ill, and is ro very fond of monde as standards of talte, and mo- cards, and loses with such a grace, that dels of true politeness, and both give us positively he has won me; I have got a a true idea of what they imagine elegant cool hundred, but have lost my heart. I in their admirers; which of them un- need not till you that he is only a coloderstands tre politeness, or whether nel of the Train-bands. either, you Thall be at liberty to deter-' I am, dear Charlotte, mine. The English ladly writes thus to

Yours for eyer, her female contiant.

BELINDA.

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