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FROM YAOUA TO YAYA.

The Chinese lady addresses her con- his eyes stedfastly fixed on the wall dur. fidant, a poor relation of the family, . ing the whole ceremony, and I fincerely upon the same occasion; in which the believe no accident could have discomTeems to understand decorums even bet- posed his gravity, or drawn his eyes ter than the Western beauty. You who away. After a polite filence of two have refiủed so long in China will readin hours, he gallantly begged to have the ly acknowledge the picture to be taken finging women introduced, purely for from nature; and, by being acquaint- my amusement. After one of them had ed with the Chinese customs, will better for fome time entertained us with her appreliend the lady's meaning.

voice, the colonel and the retired for some minutes together, I thought they would never have come back; I must

own he is a molt agreeable creature. PAPA infits upon one, two, three; Upon bis return, they again renewed

four hundred tuels from the colonel the concert, and he continued to gaze my lover, before he parts with a lock of upon the wall as usual; when, in less my hair. Ho, how I wish the dear than half an hour more, Ho! but he recreature may be able to produce the tired out of the room with another. He mones, and pry papa my fortune. The is indeed a molt agreeable creature. colonel is reckoned the politest man in When he came to take his leave, the all Shenfi. The firtt vilit he paid at our whole ceremony begin afresh; papa house; mercy, what ftooping, and cring- wouid see him to the door, but the coing, and Stopping, and figeting, and lonel swore he would rather see the earth going back, and creeping forward, there turned upfide down than permit hiin to was between him and papa, one would Air a single step, and papa was at last have thought he had got the seventeen obliged to comply. As foon as he was books of ceremonies all by heart. When got to the door, papa went out to see he was come into the hall he flourified him on horse-back: here they continued his hands three times in a very graceful half an hour bowing and cringing, bemanner. Papa, who would not be out- fore one would mount, or the other ga done, fiouvilai his four times; upon in; but the colonel was at lait victorious, this the colonel began again, and both He had scarce gone an hundred paces thus continued flourishing for fome mi- from the house, when papa running out, nutes in the politeit manner imaginable. hallou'd after him-'A good journey.' I was posted in the uíual place behind Upon which the colonel returned, and the screen, where I saw the whole cere- would see papa into his houie before ever mony through a flit. Of this the colo. he would depart. He was no fooner nel was sensible, for papa informed him. got home than he sent me a very fine I would have given the world to have present of duck eggs painted of twenty shewn him my little snoes, but had no different colours. His generolity I own opportuniiy. It was the first time I has won me. I have ever since been had ever the happiness of teeing any trying over the ciglit letters of good forman but papa; and I vow, my dear tune, and have great hopes. All I bave Yaya, I thought my three fonds would to apprehend is, that atier he has maractually have fled from my lips. Ho, ried me, and that I am carried to his but he looked mot charmingly; he is house close fhut up in my chair, when Ieckoned the best fhaped man in the he comes to have the first fight of my whole province, for he is very fat, and face, he may fhut me up a fecond time, very iliort; but even those nural ad. and send me back to papa. However, I vantages are improved by his drels, fall anpear as tine as poilible; mamma whici is fashionable pact description. and I have been to buy the cleaths for Ilis bead was close Maven, all but the niv wedding. I am to have a new song crown, and the hair of that was braid. wrong in iny hair, the beak of which etiniva molt beautiful tail, that reached will reach down to my nose; the millio deinto his heis, iind was terminatedly ner from whom we bought that and our a bunch of yellow rotus. Upon his firit rilibors cheated us as it ise had no conentering the room, I could easily perceive science, and so ip quiet mine I che tel he had been highly pertuined with affa- her. All this is fair, you know. I refætida. But tien his looks, his looks, main, my dear Yaya, your ever faithfui

, my dear f'aya, ivere irrehfible! He kept

YAQUA. LETTER

LETTER XL.

FROM THE SAME.

Y

OU have always testified the high- now in his motions, treasures up every

elt efteen for the English poets, uteful or pleasing discovery. But when and thought them not inferior to the once all the extent and the force of the Greeks, Romans, or even the Chinese, language is known, the poet then seems in the art. But it is now thought, even to rest from his labour, and is at length by the Englith themselves, that the race overtaken by his asliduous pursuer. Both of their poets is extinct; every day pro- characters are then blended into one ; duces some pathetic exclamation upon the historian and orator catch all the the decadence of taste and genius. 'Pe- poet's fire, and leave him no real mark • gasus,' say they, ' has flipped the of distinction except the iteration of <bridie from his mouth, and our mo. numbers regularly returning. Thus, in

dern ban's attempt to direct his flight the decline of ancient European learn' by catching him by the tail.' ing, Seneca, though he wrote in prose,

Yet, my friend, it is only among the is as much a poet as Lucan; and Lonignorant that such discourses prevail; ginus, though but a critic, more fumen of true diicernment can see several bine than Apollonius. poeis still among the English, fuine of From this then it appears that poetry whom equal, if not furpats, their prede- is not discontinued, but altereil, among ceilors. The ignorant term ihat alone the Englihat present; the outward form po-try which is couched in a certain seems differeni from what it was, but number of tyllables in every line, where poetry still continues internally the fame; a vapid thought is drawn out into a the only question remains wiether the number of vertes of equal length, and metric feet uled by the good writers of perhaps pointed with rhymes at the of the latt age, or the prosaic numbers end. But glowing sentiment, striking employed by the good writers of this, imagery, concise expression, natural de- be preferable. And here the practice fcription, and modulated periods, are of the last age appears to me fupefuil suiticient entirely to fill up my idea rior; they submitted to the restraint of of this art, and make way to every pas- nuinbers and similar founds; and this lion,

reitraint, instead of diminishing, avg. If my idea of poetry therefore be just, mented the force of their sentiment and the English are not at prelent so deltis file. Fancy restrained may be compared tute of poetical merit as they seein to to a fountain which plays higheit by diimagine. I can see leveral poets in dif- minilling the aperture. Of the iruth guile among them; men funished with of this maxim, in every larguage, every that strength of foul, fublimity of fenti- fine writer is perfe&tly sentible from his ment, and grandeur of expreflion, which own experience; and yet to explain the constitute the character. Many of the reason would be perhaps as dificult as writers of their modern odes, fonnets, to make a frigid genius profit by the tragedies, or rebules, it is true, diferve discovery: not the name, though they have done There is still another reason in favour nothing but clink rhymes and meature of the practice of the last age, to be fyllables for years together; their John- drawn from the variety of modulation. fons and Smollets are truly poets; The musical period in prose is confined though, for aught I know, they never to a very few changes; the numbers in made a single verse in their whole lives. verse are capable of infinite variation. I

In every incipient language the poet speak not now from the prictice of moand the prole writer are very diftindt in dern verte-writers, few of whom have their qualifications: the poet ever pro- any idea of musical variety, but run on ceeds first, treading unbeaten paths, en. in the same monotonous flow through riching his native funds, and einployed the whole poem; but rather from the in new adventures. The other follows example of their former poets, who were with more cautious steps; and, though tolerable malters of tbis variety, and

allo

up

also from a capacity in the language of placed entirely different, and a ftru&ure still admitting various unanticipated consonant to the emotions they would inusic.

express. Changing passions, and nunSeveral rules have been drawn for bers changing with thole passions, make varying the poetic measure, and critics the whole secret of Western as well as have elaborately talked of accents and Eastern poetry. In a word, the great syllables; but good sense and a fine ear, faults of the modern professed English which rules can never teach, are what pocts are, that they seem to want rumalone can in such a case determine. The bers which should vary with the passion, rapturous flowings of joy, or the inter- and are more emploved in describing to ruptions of indignation, require accents the imagination than striking at the heart,

LETTER XLI.

FROM THE SAME.

SOME
TOME time since I sent thee, O holy gan to speak, all the people remained

disciple of Confucius, an account fixed in lilent attention, nodding affent, of the grand abbey or mausoleum of the looking approbation, appearing highly kings and heroes of this nation. I have edified by those sounds, which to a since been introduced to a teinple not fo stranger might seem inarticulate and unancient, but far superior in beauty and nieaning. magnificence. In this, which is the When the idol had done speaking, molt considerable of the empire, there and the priestess had locked up it's lungs are no pompous inscriptions, no flattery with a key, observing almoft all the compaid the dead, hut all is elegant and aw- pany leaving the temple, I concluded fully fimple. There are however a few the service was over, and taking my hat, rags hung round the walls, which have was going to walk away with the crowd, ai a vast expence been taken from the when I was stopt by the man in black, enemy in the prefent war. The filk of who assured me that the ceremony

had which they are composed, when new, scarcely yet begun. • What!' cried I, might be valued at half a Itring f cop- do I not see almost the whole body of per money in China ; yet this wife peo. 'the worshippers leaving the church? ple fitted out a fleet and an army in or- • Would you perfuade me that fuch der to seize them; though now grown numbers who profess religion and mocid, and scarce capable of being patched rality, would in this Thameless manup in:o a handkerchief. By this con- ner quite the temple before the service queft the English are laid to have gain. was concluded? You surely mistake; ed, and the French to have lost, much not even the Kalmouks would be honour. Is the honour of European guilty of such an indecency, though ma'ions placed only in tattered lilk? all the object of their worship was but

In this temple I was permitted to re- a joint-Itool.' My friend leenied to main during the whole service; and were blush for his countrymen, affuring me you not alıcady acquainted with the re- that those whom I saw running away ligion of the English, you might, from were only a parcel of musical blockheads, Bly description, be inclined to believe whose passion was merely for sounds, them as grossly idolatrous as the disci- and whose heads were as empty as a pies of Law. The idol which they feein fiddle.case. “Those who remain behind," 80 addheis, Irides like a Colossus over says he, ‘are the true Religious; they the door of the inner temple, which here, I make use of music to warm their hearts, as with the Juws, is esteemed the most " and to lift them to a proper pirch of Licred part of the building. It's ora- ' rapture: examine their behaviour, and cles are delivered in ar hundied various you will contets there are some among tores, which seem to inspire the wor- us who practise crue devotion.' thippers with enthuliatin and awe : an I now looked round ine as lie directoli woman, who appeared to be the priest- ed, but saw nothing of that fervent de els, was employed in various attitudes, votion which he had promiled: one of as he felt the inspiration. When it be- the worshippers appeared to be ogling

the

6

the company through a glass; another worshippers,

s, except from that old wo. was fervent, not in addresses to Heaven, • man in the corner, who fits groaning bebut to his mistress; a third whispered, a hind the long sticks of a mourning fan; fourth took snuff, and the priest himself, the indeed seems greatly edified with in a drowsy tone, read over the duties "what she hears.'— Aye,' replied my of the day.

friend, I knew we should find some to • Bless my eyes!' cried I, as I hap- catch you; I know her ; that is the pened to look towards the door, what deaf lady who lives in the cloisters.' * do I see ! one of the worshippers fal. In short, the remillness of bchaviour • len fast alleep, and actually sunk down in almost all the worshippers, and some • on his cushion! Is he now enjoying even of the guardians, ftruck me with • the benefit of a trance, or does he re- surprize. I had been taught to believe • ceive the influence of some mysterious that none were ever promoted to offices ' vision!'- Alas! alas! replied my in the temple, but nen remarkable for

companion, 'no such thing; he has their superior fanctity, learning, and • only had the misfortune of eating too rectitude; that there was no such thing <hearty a dinner, and finds it impofli- heard of as persons being introduced • ble to keep his eyes open.' Turning into the church merely to oblige a senato another part of the temple, I perceive tor, or provide for the younger branch ed a young lady just in the same cir- of a noble family: I expected, as their cumstances and attitude. • Strange!' minds were continually set upon hea. cried I, can the too have over-eaten venly things, to see their eyes directed • herfelf?'-'0, fie!' replied my friend, there also, and hoped from their beha• you now grow cenforious. She grow viour to perceive their inclinations cor• drowsy from eating too much! that respond with their duty. But I am since ' would be profanation. She only neeps informed, that some are appointed to ' now from having sat up all night at a preside over temples they never visit;

brag.party.'-—Turn me where I will, and, while they receive all the money, • then,' says I, I can perceive no lina are contented with letting others do all

gle symptom of devotion among the the good. Adieu.

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LETTER XLII.

FROM FUM HOAM, TO LIEN CHI ALTANGI, THE DISCONTENTED WAN

DERER, BY THE WAY OF MOSCOW.
UST I ever continue to condemn with that of Europe, how do I exult in

curiosity, which dettroys thy happinels! derives it's original from the fun! , What yet untarted banquet, what luxury on opening the Chinese history, I there yet unknown, has rewarded thy pain- behold an ancient extended empire, eitafut adventures! Name a pleasure which blished by laws which Nature and reathy native country could not amply pro- son deem to have dictated. The duty cure; frame a wish that might not have of children to their parents, a duty been satisfied in China! Why then such which Nature implants in every breast, toil, and fuch danger, in pursuit of rap- forms the strength of that government tures within your reach at home? which has subhtted for time iminemorial.

The Europeans, you will fay, excel Filial obedience is the first and greatett us in sciences and in arts ; those sciences requisite of a ftate; by this we become which bound the aspiring with, and good lubjects to our emperors, capable those arts which tend to gratify even of behaving with just subordination to unrestrained desire. They may perhaps our fiiperiors, and grateful deperderts out-o us in the arts of building fhips, on Heaven; by this we become fonder cafting cannons, or measuring moun. of marriage, in order to be capable of tains; but are they superior in the great exacting obedience from others in our eft of all arts, the art of governing king. turn; by this we become good magdoms and ourselves?

strates, for early submillion is the trueft When I compare the bistory of China Testou to those wbo would learn to role.

By

By this the whole ftate may be faid to death rather than to fall alive into the resemble one family, of which the em- liands of a rehcl, he retired to his garperor is the protector, father, and friend. den, conducting bis little daughter, an

In tlois happy region, fequeitered from only child, in his hand; there, in a prithe rest of mankind, I see a succession vate arbour, unsheathing his fword, he of princes, who in general considered stabbed the young innocent to the heart, themselves as the fathers of their people; and then dispatching himself, Jeft the arace of philosophers, who bravely come following words written with his blood bated idolatry, prejudice, and tyranny, on the border of his vel Forsaken at the expence of their private happiness by my subjects, abandoned hy my and immediate reputation. Whenever ** friends, use my body as you will, but an usurper or a tyrant intruded into the • spare, O spare, my people!' administration, how have all the good An empire which has thus continued and great heen united against him? Can intariably the same for such a long fucEuropean hutory produce an instance cession of ages,

which, though at lait conlike that of the twelve mandarines, who quered by the Tartars, ftill preserves it's all resolved to apprize the vicious em- ancient laws and Icarning, and may peror Tifiang of the irregularity of his more properly be said to annex the domiconduet? He who first undertook the nions of Tartary to it's empire, than to dangerous task, was cut in two by the admit a foreign conqueror; an empire emperor's order ; the second was order- as large as Europe, governed by one ed to be tormented, and then put to a law, acknowledging subjection to one cruel death; the third undertook the prince, and experiencing but one revotalk with intrepidity, and was instantly lution of any continuance in the space Atabbed by the tyrant's hand: in this of four thousand years: this is something manner they all suffered, except one. 10 peculiarly great, that I am naturally But not to be turned from bis purpose, led to despite all other nations on the the brave survivor entering the palace comparison. Here we see no religious with the instruments of torture in his perfecutions, no enmity between man. hand--Here, cried he, addressing kind, for difference in opinion. The buntelf to the throne, here, 0 Tifiant, disciples of L30 Kium, the idolatrous • are the marks your faithful subjects fe&taries of Fohi, and the philosophical • receive for their loyalty ; I am wearis cloildren of Confucius, cniy ftrive to

ed with lerving a tyrant, and now thew by their actio:is the truth of their

come for my reward.' The emperor, doctrines. ftruck with his intrepidity, initantly for- Now turn from this happy peaceful gave the boldness of his conduct, and scene to Europe, the theatre of intrigue, jetormed his own. What European avarice, and ambition. How many reannais can boast of a tyrant thus reclaini. volutions does it not experience in the ed to lenity!

compaís even of one 2. ge? and to what When five brethren had set upon the do these revolutions tend but the de truc. great emperor Gintong alone, with his tion of thousands? Every great event Rabie he flew four of them; he was strug- is replete with fome rew calamity. The gling with the fifth, when his guarts featons of lerenity are p: fed cver in ia coming up, wercgring to cut the con. lince, their histories seem to speak only fpirator into a thousand pieces. No, of the storm. áno, cried the emperor, with a calm There we see the Romans extending and placid countenance, ' of all his bro. their power over barbarous nations, and •thers he is the only one reinaining; at in turn becoming a prey to thofe whan

least iet one of the inmily be fattered they had conquered.' We see those bar• to live, that his aged parents may have barians, when become Chriftians, cn

somebody left to feed and comfort gaged in continuni wars with the fol• thein.'

lowers of Mahomet; or, more dreadful When Haitong, the last emperor of till, dettroying. tach other. We fee the house of Ming, law limfelt belieged councils in the earlier gros Tuthorifing in his own city by the ufurper, he was every iniquitv; crusades spreading de refolved to ifie fioun his place with hix folation in the country left, ss well as hundred of his guards, and give the ene- that to be conqueret; excamnunica. my battle; but incy forfouk hinna be- tions frering fubjects from natural alle. ing thus without hopes, and chuding giance, and persuading to fedition; blood

flowing

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