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is reckoned inestimable, and every man he,' have I spent part of my youth in of taite is ready to raise the authon. A attempting to inftruet and amuse my inan, though in his portou faultless as ' fellow-creatures, and all my reward an aerial genus, might ftarve; but if • has been folitude, poverty, and refuck over with hideous wasts like a por- proach; while a fellow, poffeffed of capine, his fortune is made for ever, • even the finallest share of fiddling meand he may propagate the breed with ' rit, or who has perhaps learned to impunity and applause.

whistle double, is rewarded, applaudA gcod woman in iny neighbourhood, "ed, and caressed!'-—' Prythee, young **ho was bred an habit-maker, though • man,' says I to him, ' are you igno. the bandlid her needie tolerably well, rant, that in to large a city as this, could carceiv get employnient. But be- " it is better to be an amusing than an ing obliged by an accident to have both useful member of society? Can you her hands cut off from the elbows, what leap up, and touch your feet four would in another country have been her s tinies before you come to the ground ?' ruin, made her fortune here; the new - No, Siri'-- Can you pimp for a was thought more fit for her trade than

man of quality? -No, Siri - Can before; butiness flowed in apace, and you fand upon two horses at full all people paid for feeing the mantuz- speed?'. No, Sir.'-' Can you maker who wrought without hands. lwallow a pen-knife?'- I can do

A gentleman shewing me his collec. none of these tricks.'- Why, then,' tion of pictures, stopped at one with cried I, there is no other prudent peculiar admiration : · There,' cries • means of fublistence left but to apprize fie, is an inestimable piece!' I gazed the town that you speedily intend to at the picture for some time, but could eat up your own note, by subscripfee none of those graces with which he '' tion,' feemed enraptured; it appeared to me I have frequently regretted that none the most piltry piece of the whole col- of our Eastern posture-masters or show. Idion: I therefore demanded where men have ever ventured to England. I those beauties lay, of which I was yet mould be pleased to see that money cirin fenfible. • Sir,' cries he,' the me- culate in Alia, which is now fent to rrit does not consist in the piece, but in Italy and France, in order to bring their • the manner in which it was done. vagabonds hither. Several of our tricks • The painter drew the whole with his would undoubtedly give the English

foot, and held the pencil between his high fatisfa&lion. Men of fashion would toes: I bought it at a very great price; be greatly pleased with the postures, as

for peculiar merit thould ever be re- well as the condescension, of our diane& warded.'

ing-girls; and ladies would equally adBut these people are not more fond of mire the conductors of our fire-works. wonders, than liberal in rewarding those What an agreeable surprize would it be who thew them. From the wonderful to see a huge fellow with whiskers fiah dog of knowledge, al present under the a charged blunderbuss full in a lady's pairenage of the nobility, down to the face, without singing her hair, or meitman with the box, who profeffes to thew ing her pomatum! Perhaps when the ibe most imitation of nature ibat was firit surprize was over, she might then ever seen, they all live in luxury. A grow familiar with danger; and the lafinging woman shall collect subscriptions dies might vie with each other in standjn her own coach and lix; a fellow shall ing fire with intrepidity. make a fortune by tosling a straw from But of all the wonders of the East, the his toe to his nose; one in particular most useful, and, I Rould fancy, the most has found that eating fire was the most pleasing, would be the locking glass of ready way to live; and ano her, who Lao, which reflects the mind as well as singles feveral bells fixed to his cap, is the body. It is said that the Emperor the only man that I know of who has Chusi used to make his concubines drei receive: emolument from the labours of their heads and their hearts in one of his head.

these glasies every morning; while the A young author, a man of good-na- lady was at her toilet, he woild fre. ture and learning, was complaining to quently look over her llwulder; and it me fume nights ago of this initplaced is recorded, that among the three hunSentruity of the times. • Here,' says dred which composed his seraglio, not


one was found whose mind was not even nor a love of gadding. We mould find more beautiful than her person. her, if any sensible defect appeared in

I make no doubt but a glass in this the mind, more careful in realifying it, country would have the very fame ef- than plaistering up the irreparable decavs fect. The English ladies, concubines of the perfon ;' nay, I am even apt to and all, would, undoubtedly cut very fancy, that ladies would find more real pretty figures in fo faithful a monitor. pleasure in this utensil in private, than

There, should we happen to peep over in any other bauble imported from Chiu a lady's shoulder while dresling, we na, though never fo expensive or amulmight be able to see neither gaming noring. ill-nature ; neither pride, debauchery,




TPON finishing my last letter I re- • folks can see themselves on the inside;

tired to rest, reflecting upon the 'I proteít, as my Lord Beetle says, I wonders of the glass of L:0, wishing to am sure it will be vastly pretty, for I be portefied of one here, and resolved in ' have never seen any thing like it be. luch a case to oblige every lady with a • fore. But how; are we to ftrip off our fight of it for nothing. What fortune ' cloaths, and he turned inside out? If denied me waking, fancy supplied in a so, as Lord Bietle says, I absolutely dream : the glass, I know not how, was • declare off; for I would not strip for put into my poffeflion, and I could per- • the world before a man's face, and ceive several ladies approaching, fome • fo I telis his lordihip almost every voluntarily, others driven forward a- night of my life.' i informed the gainst their wills by a set of discontent- lady that I would difpenfe with the ceed Genii, whom hy intuition I knew remony of stripping, and immediately were their husbands.

presented my glafs to her view. The apartment in which I was to show As when a first-rate beauty, after away was filled with several gaming- having with difficulty escaped the smalltables, as if just forsaken ; the candles pox, revisits ħer favourite mirrour; that were burnt to the focket, and the hour mirrour which had repeated the flattery was five o'clock in the morning. Placed of every lover, and even added force to at one end of the room, which was of the complement; expecting to see what prodigious length, I could more easily had so often given her pleasure, the no diftinguish every female figure as the longer beholds the cherried lip, the pomarched up from the door ; but guess lished forehead, and speaking blush, my surprize, when I could scarce perceive but an hateful phyz, quilted into a thouone blooming or agreeable face among fand seams by the hand of Deformity; the number. This, however, I attri- grief, resentment, and rage, fill her hobuted to the early hour, and kindly con- som by turns; the blames the Fates and fidered that the face of a lady just risen the stars, but most of all the unhappy from bed ought always to find a com- glass feels her relentment. So it was paffionate advocate.

with the lady in question; she had never The first person who came up in or- seen her own mind before, and was now der to view her intelle&tual face, was a Mocked at it's deformity. One single commoner's wife, who, as I afterwards Jook was fufficient to satisfy her curiofound, being bred up during her virgi- fity. I held up the glass to her face, and nity in a pawn-broker's shop, now at- The Mut her eyes; no entreaties could tempted to make up the defects of breed. prevail upon her to gaze once more! Me ing and fentiment, by the magnificence was even going to snatch it from my of her dress, and the expenliveness of hands, and break it in a thousand pieces. her amusements. • Mr. Showman,' i found it was time, therefore, io dilo aried me, approaching, I am told you miss her as incorrigible, and Mew away

has something to thew in that there to the next that offered. fort of magic lanthorn, by which This was an unmarried ladly, who


continued in a state of virginity till thir- a mind with which I have fo long fue ty-fix, and then admitted a lover when died to be acquainted: but, in order the despaired of an husband. No wo. to give the fex a proper example, I man was fouder at a revel than she, per- ! mult infilt, that all the company may fe&tly free-hearted, and almost in every • be permitted to look over my shoulrespect a man; the understood ridicule " der. I bowed aflent, and presenting to perfection, and was once known even the glass, shewed the lady a mind by to sally out in order to beat the watch. no means so fair as she had expected to

Here, you my dear with the outland- fee. Ill-nature, ill-placed pride, and

ith face,' said me, addressing me, let spleen, were too legible to be mistaken. • me take a single peep. Not that I care Nothing could be more amusing than • three damns whát figure I may cut in the mirth of her female companions who • the glass of such an old-fashioned had looked over. They had hated her

creature; if I am allowed the beauties from the beginning, and now the apart'• of the face by people of falhion, I ment echoed with an universal laugh. • know the world will be complaisant Nothing but a fortitude like her's could • enough to toss me the beauties of the have withstood their raillery: she stood • mind into the bargain. I held my it, however; and when the burst was glass before her as the desired, and must exhausted, with great tranquillity she confess, was shocked with the reflection. assured the company, that the whole The lady, however, gazed for some time was a deceptio visus, and that she was with the utmolt complacency; and at too well acquainted with her own mind Jast turning to me, with the most fatis- to believe any false representations from ked smile, laid, she never could think another. Thus saying, she retired with Me had been half so handsome.

a sullen fatisfaction, resolved not to Upon her dilinislion, a lady of dif- mend her faults, but to write a criticism tinction was reluctantly hauled along on the mental reflector. to the glass by her husband. In bring- I must own, by this time I began ing her forward, as he came first to the myself to suspect the fidelity of my mir. glass himself, his mind appeared tinc- rour; for as the ladies appeared at tured with immoderate jealousy, and I least to have the merit of riling early, was going to reproach him for using her since they were up at five, I was amazal with luch severity; but when the lady to find nothing of this good quality piccame to present herself, I immediately tured upon their minds in the reflection; retra&ted; for, alas! it was seen that he i was resolved, therefore, to communihad but too much reason for his suspi. cate my fufpicions to a lady, whose incions.

tellectual countenance appeared more The next was a lady who usually fair than any of the rest, not having teazed all her acquaintance in defusing above feventy-nine fpots in all, besides to be told of her faults, and then never flips and foibles. "I own, young womended any. Upon approaching the 'man,' said I, that there are some glass, I could readily perceive vanity, ' virtues upon that mind of yours; but affectation, and fome other ill. looking there is fill one which I do not see reblors, on her mind; wherefore by my presented; I mean that of rising beadvice the immediately set about mend- . times in the morning; I fancy the ing. But I could easily find she was glass false in that particular. The not earnest in the work; for as the re- young lady smiled at my fimplicity; paired them on one side, they generally and, with a blush, confessed, that the broke out on another. Thus, after and the whole company had been up all three or four attempts, me began to night gaming inake the ordinary use of the glass in set- By this time all the ladies, except ting her hair.

one, had seen them!élves successively, and The company now made room for a difliked the low, or scolded the show. woman of learning, who approached man; I was refolved, however, that lie with a slow pace and a solemn counte- who seemed to neglect herself, and was nance, which, for her own fake, I could neglected by the rest, Thould take a with had been cleaner. "Sir,' cried view; and going up to a corner of the the lady, Nourishing her hand, which rooni, where the itill continued fitting, held a pinch of Inuff, 'I Mall be enrap- I presented my glass full in her face. • ured by having presented to my view Here it was that I exulted in my fuccess; no blot, no' stain, appeared on any part Thus much of my dream I distinctly of the faithful mirrour. As when the remember; the rest was filled with chilarge unwritten page presents it's snowy mæras, enchanted castles, and Aying spotiels bolom to the writer's hand, lo dragons, as usual. As you, my dear appeared the glass to my view. 'Here, Fum Hoam, are particularly versed in • O ye daughters of English anceltors,' the interpretation of those midnight cried I; turn hither, and behold an warnings, what pleasure Mould I find • object worthy imitation : look upon in your explanation : but thit our di• the mirrour now, and acknowledge stance prevents ; I make no doubt, how. " it's justice, and this woman's pre- ever, but that from my defcription you • eminence!' The ladies obeying the will very much venerate the good quasummons, came up in a groupe, and lities of the English ladies in general, looking on, acknowledged there was since dreams, you know, go always by some truth in the picture, as the per. contraries. for now represented had been deaf,

Adicu. duinb, and a fool from her cradle.




not more

TOUR last letters betray a mind I know but of two fects of philofo

seemingly fond of wisdom, yet phers in the world that have endeavourtempefted up by a thousand various par. ed to inculcate that fortitude is but an fions. You would fondly perfuade me imaginary virtue; I mean the followers that my former lesions still influence of Confucius, and those who profess the your conduct, and yet your mind leems doctrines of Christ. All other feets not less enslaved than your body. Know- teach pride. under misfortunes; they ledge, wisdom, erudition, arts, and ele- alone teach humility. “Night,' says gance, what are they, but the mere trap- our Chinese philosopher, pings of the mind, if they do not serve ' surely follows day, than groans and to encrease the happiness of the poffeffor? " tears grow out of pain.' When misfor- ' A mind rightly instituted in the school tunes therefore oppress, when tyrants of philofophy, acquires at once the Ita- threaten, it is our intereft, it is our duty, bility of the oak, and the flexibility of to fly even to difipation for support, to the ofier. The trueit manner of lelien- seek redress from friendship, or seek reing our agonies, is to shrink from their dress from that best of friends who loved presture; is to confess that we feel us into being. thein.

Philosophers, my son, have long de. The fortitude of European fages is claimed against the parlions, as being hut a dream; for where lies the inerit in the fource of all our miteries; they are being intensible to the strokes of Fortune, the source of all our misfortunes I own; or ju dillembling our fenfibility? If we but they are the source of our pleasures are intensible, that arises only from an too: and every endeavour of our lives, happy constitution ; that is a blessing pre- and all the intirutions of philosophy, viously granted hy Heaven, and which should tend to this, not to disemble an no art can procure, no institutions im- absence of paslion, but to repel those prove.

which lead to vice, by those which direct If we dissemble our feelings, we only to virtue. artificially endeavour to persuade others The soul may be compared to a field that we enjoy privileges which we ac- of battle, where two armes are ready tually do not possess. Thus while we every moment to encounter; not a single endeavour to appear happy, we feel at

vice but has a more powerful opponent; once all the pangs of internal misery, and not one virtue but may be overand all the self-reproaching conscious- borne by a combination of vices. Reaness of endeavouring to deceive, fon guides the bands of either hoft, nor

This letter appears to be little more than a rhapsody of sentiments from Confucius. Vid. the Latin translation.



can it subdue one passion, but by the af- governor of Argun to pay your ransom listance of another. Thus, as a bark on though at the expence of all the wealth every side belet with forins, enjoys a I brought with me from China. If we ftate of rest, so does the mind, when in- become poor, we shall at leaft have the fuenced by a jutt equipose of the par. pleasure of bearing poverty together; fions, enjoy tranquillity.

for what is fatigue or famine, when I have used tuch means as my litle weighed against friend{hip and freedom! forwne would admit to procure your Adieu. freedom. I have lately wiitten to the




APPENING some days ago to laughter; but not easily abashed at the self in examining some pictures, (I had that it would set the absurdity of placing no design to buy) it surprized me to see our affections upon trifles in the strong. a young prince in the working room, est point of view; and adding, that it dressed in a painter's apron, and aflidu- was hoped the moral would compensate oully learning the trade. We instantly for it's itupidity. “For Heaven's fake,' remembered to have seen each other; cried the great man, washing his brush and, after the usual compliments, Í in water, let us have no morality at stood hy while he continued to paint on. ' present; if we muft have a story, let As every thing done by the rich is prail- it be without any moral.' I pretended, as princes here, as well as in China, ed not to hear; and while he handled are never without followers, three or four the brush, proceeded as follows persons, who had the appearance of gentlemen, were placed behind to comfort in the kingdom of Bonbobbin, which, and applaud him at every stroke.

by the Chinese annal, appears to have Need I tell, that it Itruck me with very founded twenty thoutand years ago, disagreeable sensations ' to see a youth, there reigned a prince endowed with • who by his station in life had it in his every accomplishment which generally

power to be useful to thousands, thus distinguishes the sons of kings. His • letting his mind run to waste uson beauty was brighter than the fun. The • canvas, at the same time fancying him- fun, to which he was nearly related, « self improving in talte, and filling his would sometimes stop his course in order • rank with proper decorum.'

to look down and admire him. As seeing an error, and attempting His mind was not less perfe&t than his to redress it, are only one and the fame body; he knew all things without hav. with me, I took occafion, upon his lord- ing ever rea:l; philosophers, poets, and Thip's defiring my opinion of a Chinese historians, submitted their works to his scroll, intended for the frame of a pic- decision; and so penetrating was die, that ture ; to affure him, that a mandarine he could tell the merit of a book by of China thoughita minute acquaintance looking on the cover. He made epic with such mechanical trifles below his poems, trzredies, and pastorals, with dignity.

iurprising facility; song, epigram, or reThis reply raised the indignation of bus, was all one to him; though it is cho some, and the contempt of others: I served he could never finish ai acrottic. could hear the names of Vandal, Goth, In short, the fairv, who prefidet at liis taite, polite arts, delicacy, and fire, re. birih, had endowed him with alıro peated in tones of ridicule or retent- every perfection; or what was just the ment. But considering that it was in fame, his fubjects were ready to acknowvain to argue against people who had fo ledge he posielled them all; ard, for his much to fay, without contradicting own part, he knew nothing to the conthem, I hegged leave to repeat a fairy FraryA prince lo accon plifnet, re, tale. This requet redoubled their ceived a name fuitable to his merit; and


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