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lofing a nose; the usual beaten tra&t to tunity of introducing fome paltry little happiness is ever the sureft, and to live adventure, which ought to be reserved like the rest of mankind is a strong pre- for a set of intoxicated apprentices on a fumption that the traveiler is in the right Christmas holiday. Even in the presence way. When one of our bloode i yo'ng of the most modest among the softer sex, fellows, with a true eccentricity of thinko be does not hesitate to mention the name ing, separates from the crowd, in order of some fashionable demirep; nor icruple to enjoy higher delights than his ac. to buatt of a Newgate acquaintance with quaintance, he only becomes the object an executed highwayman. of contempt and derifion, and, like a Yet, notwithltanding this description deer in the forest, he ever finds leaft safe- of a modern buck is pretty exact, there ty when alone.

is an unaccountable ambition among the The ridicule of every age has been greatest number of our young feilows levelled against this absurd pursuer of io thew a tolerable pretension to the chalife; and Nill, like the witch in the fable, racter. From a strange opinion that lias he has been hunted down in one shape, bertinism is a proof of good fense, they he has assumed another. In the Spec- all facrifice the little lente which they tator's days, the buck of the time was possess to become libertines, and are in. called a Mohock; he afterwards received finitely less fearful of being looked upon the appellat on of a Blood; and, at pre- as profligates than being ridiculed as fent, he is called a Buck: the three cha. fools. racters of the different times, however, Those, however, who wuld wil. are very nearly the same; they differ in lingly arrive at the good opin on of the little more than appellation; and are all world, and merit the secret approbation equally diftinguithed for inalevolence of of their own hearts, must act upon a heart and weakness of underst nding. very oppofite principle. Little as the

The most extraordinary circumitance world may follow the documents of vir. in the characters of these worthy gentle- tue, it nevertheless admires them; and men who know fo much of life, is, that we ourselves are never more ready to scarcely one in a thousand of them venerate a man of principle, than when knows any thing of life at all; or at on account of our vices he treats us with best, like a maggot in a cheele, he only contempt. Let us, therefore, instead of eats into the rotten part of it; and, af. being what in our hearts we really deter fattening for a seafon on the common telt, endeavour to arrive at what we are of folly and licentiousness, he comes out ambitious to be thought; and make that pampered with nothing but ignorance very pride, which hurries us into such a and immorality

number of excesses, a laudable incentive Let one of the most experienced phi- to the road of perfection. losophers in the system of modern life Virtue, "in fact, wants only to be come for halt an hour into company known to have a number of admirers; with two or three rational beings, and and as in the pursuit of those vices he looks as if he was absolutely of a which destroy both our temporal and different fpecies. Conversant with not our elernal felicity, habit encreales out thing but what he ought not to know, relish for persevering ; so in the practice he is incapable of conducting himself, of all that can ensure our happiness here either like a man of fenfe or a gentle and hereafter, habit also impels us to man; and; acquainted only with the proceed, and furnishes continpal indespicable frolics of the Garden, he is ducements which gradually lead us to at a visible lots if a subject of the leaft the moft exalted pinnacle of human ex. erudition is farted; and perplexed if he cellence. The man, therefore, whio will hears a fyllable bordering upon polite- not be happy, has robody to cenfere pels or good-breeding; he languithes but himself; as the power is entirely in only for an indelicate toalt, or an oppor, his hands; if he chules but to exert it.

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THE

B A B L E R.

VOLUME THE SECOND.

N° LXVI. SATURDAY, MAY 1. HERE never has been a period families. In short, Ned has drank, made to patriotilin than in the present, felf, thr ugh an exalted folicitude for though perhaps there never was a period the general emolument; and is now clole in which public spirit was so utterly dif. pent upin one of our prisons, outof a pure regarded. Every man we meet has and disinterested regard for the welfare something to say about the sufferings of of fociety. his unfortunate country, though at that Yet, notwithstanding the little claims very moment he is doing every thing in which the generality of this kingdom his power to prejudice this unfortunate can really have to the character of pa. country him elf. In the course of my triotism,' it must nevertheless be acacquaintance I have known a man ex. knowledged, that we have some people claim against luxury, who could not who, in opposition to the torrent of faa make a dinner without twelve or four. fhionable folly, confume scarcely any teen dishes; and have heard a woman of thing but the produce of their own fashion commiferating the case of our country. To be sure, these people cut distressed manufacturers, with the very but a very moderate figure in life; they same breath that gave orders for the feldom rise beyond the level of oysterpurchase of a French filk, a set of Dref women, common soldiers, hackney. den dilhes, or an Iodian cabinet. Con coachmen, or brieklayers labourers : tradiction is the prevailing foible of the but what then--both their beer and their present age; and in nothing are'we more gin are manufactured within the weekly unaccountable than in our eternal pre. bills; and if their tobacco 'is not the tenhons to consistency,

immediate growth of Great Britain, it The most whimsical patriot, however, is at least fent us from some of the British whom I have met with, is Ned Scamper. plantations. Nay, their very oathsareena This extraordinary character has studied tirely of English materials. No : Pon may the celebrated fable of the Bees with the bonours, or Let me dies, and fuch likedets clofelt attention, and puts down every picable exclamations of foreign contexs vice or folly which he commits to the ture; but a folid B-t myl-s. Jikea huana good of his country. If he gets intoxi- ming tankard of Calvert's entire butt, sated, it is from a spirit of genuine pa. itrikes us at once with adiniration, and triotism. The national revenue is be gires an equal pruof both of their public nefited in proportion to the quantity he spirit and underttanding! consumes : and if he breaks the head of It is remarkable, that though these an unfortunate waiter, that is another people are the best friends to the real instance of public spirit. The money interest of their country, they neverther which he gives to make the affair up less give themselves no airs of importcirculates through the community, and ance, nor run into any infolent selfis a cause of satisfaction to a thousand fulficiencies about their attachment to

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the good of the kingdom. On the con- our vices, yet never make the least ef. trary, they leave every arrogance of this fort to get the better of either; and there nature to their superiors, who act upon is scarcely a road to virtue but what we principles diametrically oppofite; from have the justice to admire, at the very which we may naturally infer, that inftant we are giving the moft unbound. those are always the truett patriots who ed loose to licentioulness and immorality. make the least demands upon our grati. With regard, however, to actions of a tude for praise; and who pursue the in- public kind, there is a patriotism of the deviable path of national welfare, with most exalted nature, with which we out looking upon themselves as entitled have hitherto appeared totally unacto any extraordinary merit from the quainted, notwithstanding it is of infte adiness of their course. It is also finitely greater importance than the enworthy of observation, that the lower couragement of commerce or manufac. the situation of the British plebeian, the tures. This patriotism is the practice more inflexibly rivetted we find him to of moral rectitude, and the desire of fet. the good of his country; the more we ting a good example to our neighbours. see him wedded to his gin and tobacco: Now-a-days, if a legislator delivers a while, on the contrary, the higher we popular harangue in either house of go among confequence and coronets, parliament, we let him down as the the higher encouragement we shall find delicia humani generis; and, upon the given to every thing of a foreign manu. mere strength of this fingle qualification, facture, and the higher we Thall find give him an indubitable privilege to the nostril of contempt turned up at the trample upon every law. both of reason produce of poor Old England. and morality. If he exerts himself in a

It may poffibly be observed on this Arenuous opposition to government, we occafion, that notwithstanding this great are regardless how many worthy trades. fuperiority which I give the lowest ranks men he breaks by his dishonesty; and over the very first, yet, if an enquiry laugh at a violation of our wife and our was made into the principles of each, daughters, where the ruffian happens both might appear to bear a nearer fic to profess a real regard for the interest militude at bottom than at present I of his country. By this means we re. feem inclinable to allow. It may pose concile the whitest virtue with the most fihly be urged, that if the poorest orders opposite vice; and imagine it possible of the people were able to furnith thein. that a man can have the highest venera. felves with the luxuries of life, they tion imaginable for our rights and liberwould run into just the fame excesses ties, when he is bursting through the for which they are continually railing most sacred of them all. at their betters; and manifest as little Let us, however, be assured, that a regard for the welfare of their country bad man never made a real patriot. He as the most fashionable man of quality that is insensible of what he owes to his in the kingdom. Why, in fact, I be- Deity, and to himself, can never be lieve they would; but this proves no- conscious of what is due to his country. thing more than that, with all our pa. The foundation of all public excellence triotic boasting, we have not a fingle is in private virtue ; and where we find {park of public fpirit existing amongst that wanting, though a combination of us as a nation; and that, with all cur some peculiar circumstances may engage ridiculous parade of free-born English. a great personage to support the intereft men, we are the verielt Aaves in the uni- of his country, we may rest assured that verfe to the worst of tyrants-vice and he is actuated by motives very different affectation.

to the principles of patriotism; and that The only way to recover our liberty heonly makes use of the fascinating sound from the oppreffive fangs of such arbi- to cloak the purposes of disappointed trary rulers, is to make a proper use of pride, and secret resentment. Where a our underfanding. We do not want man truly loves his country, he is tender either spirit or good fenfe; yet, through of it's minuteft laws; and pays an equal fome unaccountable impulse, we, act as regard to the morals, as he does to the if utterly defitute of both. We can temporal interests, of the public. • ridicule our follies, and be ashamed of

N

N. LXVII. SATURDAY, MAY 8.

**HOUGH I have more than once circulated round the room at the exTHOD

cundemned the practice of toast- pence both of sense and morality. ing, as a custom diametrically opposite to To the indelible disgrace of this counevery principle both of reason and po. try, there is scarcely a vice or a fully of liteness, there is, however, one species our neighbours but what we seduloudy of it which has yet escaped my animad- copy, at the very moment we affect to version, though, perhaps, none of the mention the people whose manners we lenft culpable : I intend, therefore, to thus ridiculously imbibe, with the molt make it the subject of my present dif- insuperable disregard. Their good quacuffion, and flatter myself ihat it will lities are, in fact, the only things which prove no way disagreeable to my readers. we scorn to adopt, as if it was a dero-,

When the fashion of toasting was first gatior either from our {pirit or our usof all instituted, is by no means a ne- derstanding to owe a single instance of cessary object of enquiry; but had it prudence or virtue to the force of exbeen judiciously confined to the limits ample. France, in particular, has kindof a tavern, and kept sacred for the ly supplied us with an abundance of purposes of midnight riot, it would be follies; but there is not, to my recolinfinitely less entitled to our censure and lection, any one circumstance wherein contempt. The wild and giddy-headed' she has given the smallett improvemenc hour of extravagance might probably to our underitandings not that France palliate a casual guit of folly and licen- is deftitute in sense, or deficient in virtiousness; but when, in open violation tue ; it is we who want the wisdom of of all the di&tates of decency, it is car- imitating her where she is really praiseried into private families, the least ex. worthy, and are infatuated to the latenuation becomes utterly impoffible, mentable degree of neglecting those ac. and indignation is at a loss whether tions which we ought to pursue with most to condemn the ignorance or the our highest adıniration, to follow those brutality of the proceeding.

which ought to be the objects of our It is a juft observation of a very ce. highest aversion and contempt. lebrated author, that in proportion as In the present cafe, I mean their con., every country is barbarous, it is ad- vivial entertainments, the French are dicted to inebriety. Were the people particularly fenfible and well-bred; they of England to be judged of by this ftan- are all vivacity, without running into dard, it is much to be feared, that our the lealt indelicacy; and can keep up the national character would be none of the necessary life of a social meeting, with most amiable. Notwithstanding few peo- out borrowing the smalleit assistance ple can lay down better rules for beha- from immorality. In the most elevared viour than ourselves, there are none flow of spirits, they never think of sendmore unaccountably preposterous in ing the women out of company, merely their conduct : when we visite at one to give an unbounded loosa to ribaldry anothers houses, and propose to pass a

and licentiousness. On the contrary, they few honis in an agreeable manner, how estimate the pleafure of the entertainabfurdly do we let out ! instead of en- ment by the number of the ladies; and deavouring to enjoy what Mr. Pope look upon an evening to be most wreiche finely calls

edly trified away, where a party of men, The feart of reason, and the flow of foul,''

make an appointinent for a cavern.

Thus their politeness prevents them from we think every entertainment in- deviating either into folly or vice; and fipid till reason is totally banished out in the most intiinate intercourse of fa. of company; and imagine, through milies, nothing scarcely ever passes but fonie monitrous depravicy of inclina a round of sensible freedom and uncon. tion, that a social emanation of foul is strained civility. never to be obtained, but where polite- With us, however, the cafe is widely ness and propriety are apparently sacri- different; if half a dozen friends meet at ficed, and the roar of underbred excess the house of a valuable acquaintance, in

Itead

Stead of treating his wife, his fifter, or their presence would be an invincible his daughter, with a proper degree of restraint; we could not say what we respect, we all manifelt an absolute dir. • please, nor push the roaft about;' that inclination for their company. The in. is, in plain English, we could not inftant the cloth is taken away, we ex- • dulge ourselves in a thousand scandal. pect they shall retire; and look upon it 'ous excelles, which would disgrace the as a piece of ill-breeding, if they acci- • lowest plebeian of the community: we dentally stay a moment longer than or- • could neither destroy our constitution dinary: and for what are we fo impa- ' nor our principles; neither give a loose tient to be left to ourselves? Why, for to obscenity, intemperance, and exethe mighty satisfaction of drinking an 'cration; ridiculethe laws of our counobscene toast, and the pleasure of in- ' try, nor fly out against the ordinances discriminately filling a bumper to a wo- ofour God.' Alas, civilized as we think man of honour and a Itrumpet; the ourselves, is it not an impoffibility foc friend of our bofoin, and a fellow whom a nation of savages to be more barbarous we consider, perhaps, as the greatelt or absurd ? The general consequence of scoundrel in the universe.

our convivial meetings is the severelt reIn a country where the women are so flection which they can undergo; for, generally remarkable for good-lense and with all our boasted understanding, is it delicate vivacity, where they also enjoy not rather an uncommon circumstance in other repeats an ample share of lin for the most intiinate acquaintance to berty, and in a manner regulate the laws break up without some broil highly preof propriety, it is not a litle surprising, judicial to their friendship, if not even that in the moments of convivial feiti. dangerous to their lives? vity we Mould treat them with so palp- To remedy fo great and fo universal able a contempt. The hour in which an evil, to rescue our national character we strive to be most happy, one would from the imputation of barbarison, and naturally imagine, should be the tiine in to establish lome little claim to the rewhich we ouglit most earnestly to folicit putation of a civilized people, there are the favour of their company: but no, but two ways left; thele, however, are it is impossible to make an Englishman both short and effectual ones : to abolish happy without allowing hiin to run in- toasting in all taverns; and at all prito the groffest illiberalities. The con. vate houses, never to make the ladies Versation of an amiable woman he withdraw from company. By this means, thinks by no means equal to the roar of in the first place, there will be no emua dissolute companion ; and it is abso- lation among giddy- headed young fellutely necessary to make him gloriously lows to swallow another bumper ; nor drunk, as the fashionable phrale is, be- any obligation for a man with a weak fore he can reach the envied pinnacle of conititution to drink as hard as a feaa bon vivant felicity.

foned fox-hunter: and in the second in. The pleasanteft excuse which all our ítance, the meetings at private families, choice fpirits give for this extraordinary by being conducted agreeably to the attachment to roasting is, that without principles of politeness, will never swerte a toast, there would be no possibility of from the sentiments either of reason or finding a fushcient fund of conversation virtue, but be, as they always ought, for the company. Why then arc the productive of social mirch and real bap. ladies excluded, who could add so agree- piness. ably to the conversation? • 0, because

NS LXVIII. SATURDAY, MAY 15.

TO THE BABIER.

SJR,

wbiAling of a name, as to stamp the very

errors of an author with the feal of ad. THOUGH few people are less in- miration; and to think it impoflible, bereputation of a great writer, yet it is lar subjects, but what he mult de equally with no listie pain that I have often feen eminent on all. the public lo much ravished with the I am led insensibly into a reflection of

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