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greatest happiness in the world to be may argue in this manner, I hall only the wife of a rascal who wanted to ruin observe, that if this fpecies of poetry is her peace and blaft her reputation, capable of being perverted to ihe pur
If a modern ballad-writer, indeed, poles of vice, it is allo capable of being wants to be uncommonly arch and hu- iurned to the interests of virtue. It does mourous, he goes a different way to not follow, because a poem is fet to work; he tells us, that brisk Will the music, that it should he deititute of deploughman, having long had a passion cency or sentiment, Thole facrid comfor Nell the dairy- maid, way-lays the positions which we sing in honour of the girl as the is going to milk her cows; Deity, however execrably we have seen and finding that there is no possibility them versified, are nevertheless fraught of arguing her out of her virtue, , he with inttruction, and it is that inttruc-feizes that by force which she refuses to tion only which in their present mife., grant through favour, and very fairly rable dress has rendered them any way ravishes her. Nell, who all her life be- tolerable. Of conlequence, therefore, fore had been a girl of principle, instead if a little good senfe in cur hymus does of harbouring the least resentment against not disgrace the importance of the tubthe villain for fo infamous an outrage, ject, it cannot poflibly ielsen those inbursts into a loudfit of laughing, acquaints ferior productions which we compose for him that all her former pretentions to the business of social enjoyment and virtue were nothing more than the result friendly festivity. of affectation; and invites him, with all Inconfiderable as the conipofition of the confidence of habitual prostitution, a song may seem non it's first appearto a repetition of their guilty intercourse. ance, nevertheleis, when we reflect that, Theriore bare-faced the indecency, the of all the different kinds of poetry, it is more humourous we reckon the compo- what is most generally in our mouths, fition; and the prudent mamnia teaches and consequently what is most familiar it to her infant daughter, and infiames to our recollection, a man of any sense the opening inagination with the earliest or benevolence cannot but regret to find description of tliat glowing connection it fo generally prostituted to the pur. of the fexes, which in a little time is but poses of fally or vice. The elegance of foo likely to endanger both her happie an air can by no means destroy the proness and her character.
fligacy of a scandalous sentiment. MuThe gentleinen, however, who cele- • fic, on the contiary, is well known 10 brate the virtues of the grape, go ftill give an additional energy to languago; farther than the profeffed votaries of and many a young lady, by habituating Cupid: with all the stupidity of the love- hufelf to hear the insidious addresses of fong writers, they inculcate a greater a designing lover in, verle, has been Thare of immorality, and advise us no brought to countenance the most immeless to the utmoit brutalities of intoxi- diate applications of palpable prole; and cation, than to the utmost excelles of a led at lait into an elteem of thofe princiLibidinous fenfuality. They teach us to ples by a long, which would have shockthink that the joys of futurity are infined her to the lait degree had they been nitely unequal to the profligacies of the firft of all communicated in common few; and that we are raised into fome- conversation. thing equal with the Deity, when we For these reasons, therefore, I willa to have debated ourselves considerably lower see the lyric fpecies of composition relthan men.
cued from contempt, especially lince it It may perhaps be remarked on this is a mortification to every gentleman-of occasion, that the iong is much too in- musical abilities ta be under a necellity conhderable a species of poetry to poffefs of giving such an embellishment to the either entertainment or instruction, and productions of vice or ttupidity, as muit that if it affords our muticians an op- not only greatly disgust his own good portunity of exerting the force of found, fense, but materially injure the morals it is all that can be reasonably expected of the public. I am, Sir, Sve.. With the greaceft deference, however,
CRITO. to the opinion of such accurate critics as
N° LXXXVI. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 18.
T has been justly observed by a very ing among his most intimate acquaint
fenfible writer, that there is nothing ance. If any body differed from his in the world which possesses more humi- opinion, he had canvalled the point with lity than pride; and nothing which in- Lord Such-a-thing but the day before ; duces us to make more unnecessary con- and as to secrets of a political nature, ceffions to other people, than a desire of 'no man in the kingdom knew more of enhancing the importance of ourfelves. the riott private transactions of govern. This vanity leads us into a thousand ab. ment. He had called upon a certain furdities, and not seldom into a number Earl in the morning, who let him into of vices: to expose it, therefore, thall fome matters of the firit consequence; be the busine's of the present paper; and and dined with a noble Duke, who a[. if I can make but one reader a little fured him, that there would be no change afhamed of his low-minded exaltation, whatsoever in the ministry. In short, I fall do more effential service than if I let the conversation turn ipon what it had employed half a century in the more would, he bore down all opposition with elegant purposes of that delicate amule. some right honourable friend of his; and ment, where foher initruction is facri- thought it an unaccountable prefumpficed to a prettiness of stile, and the tion in any person who did not allow a imagination kept perpetually alive at the nobleman's name to have more weight total expence of the understanding: than an absolute matter of fact in an ar
My nephew, Harry Rattle, called upon gument. me yesterday, and told me, if I would When Harry and I were returning pass the evening with him at the Cardi. home, he gave me the captain's history gan Head, he did not doubt but what I in nearly the following words. ' The Thould meet with a fufficient subject for captain,' says he, though an honest a paper or two, as he was engaged in a " and a brave man at bottom, is neverparty where there were to be some ex- • theless fich a compound of arrogance traordinary characters. Having no- ' and servility, that I am often at a loss thing very material on my hands, I al- to know which he most deferves, our fented to his proposal; and calling upon • resentment or our contempt. Origihim about leven o'clock in a hackney. ' nally bred in ohlcurity, he çonceives coach, we went together to the tavern, a fort of adoration for every man with where all his friends were already assem- a title; and, to be admitted into the bled, and good-naturedly lamenting the company of a lord, is mean enough. want of his company.
to put up with ail the infolence of coThe first person who attracted my ob- ' ronated pride, and even stoops to run servation was a young fellow of about ' on the most pitifui errands, for the fathirty, dressed in regimentals, whom I • tisfaction of being reckoned among the found to be a captain of dragoons, and number of it's acquaintance. “Yet who, it seems, had raised himfeit from this affiduity to oblige the great is not the humble kation of a quarter-matter • fufficient to preserve him even from their to the command of a troop, merely by "ridicule; they see from what trivial the bravery of his behaviour in the cele i motive his attachment arises, and treat brated battle of Minden. I had not " him with more difrespect than the low. been in company many minutes before I • est of their footmen, because they know saw this gentleman entertained the high- his pride will not luffer him on any eft notions imaginable of his own im- • account to discontinue his attendance, portance: when he spoke, it was with • Thns his vavity defeats it's own puran air of visible fuperiority; he assumed « pores: instead of encreasing his confea dignity of look, and an indifference quence, it renders him utterly defpiof accent, as if he conferred a prodi- ! cable, and makes him no less'a ielt to gious favour in every syllable he utter- bis fuperiors, than to those who are ad; and took care to lofé no opportunity merely on a footing with himselt. of informing us what a number of the • That little man, whom you took firkt nobility he had the honour of rank. ' notice of, in black,' continued Harry,
• is also a dupe to his own vanity, but is fure of destroying himself in the esti, • that vanity is entirely of a different fort; ' mation of the other, and it is no easy • he wants to pass upon the world as a • circumstance in such a case to conci
man of prodigious understanding; and liate the good opinion of both. I to gain this important end, he is con- (once knew,' proceeded Harry, when tinually commencing an acquaintance • two doctors of his acquaintance were with every author of reputation to I called in to attend him in a fit of the whom he can get introduced, from a gout: each proposed a different me. strange lup ogtion that his friends will "thod of treating his case, and neither encrease their eitimation of his abili- i would submit to the argiments of his ties in proportion to the intimacy of competitor. In this dilemma he resuch a connection. It is incredible to . folved to comply with the prescriptions think with what a humility of defe- ' of both; therefore, lapping up his feet rence he courts a man of letters on this ' in a rye poultice, according to the ad
account. He praises him to the skies 'vice of one, he took an elixir which • in all companies, and repeats a poem was recommended to him by the other,
with the most fullome adulation, even ' and was very near being carried off by 'befuie ihe face of the very author. An • the injudicious appli ation of such op
opinion of his own he never pretends ' pofte medicines." This, however, is to; nor does he once presume to have not all: his conscience, like his health,
a will in the most trifling transaction. 'is facrificed to the mandate of the the · Pinning his faith entirely on the sleeves 'ologist in company. Hence he is by
of his literary directors, he squares his turns a Protestant and a Diffenter: if religious principles by the writings of 'there happens to be more than one fect,
his theological friends; and regulates • he is a jumble of each; and some• what concerns his health by the pro- • times, with a party of Freethinkers, • dictions of his physical acquaintance. he has no religion at all. From these . His taste he conforms to the standard little anecdotes,' concluded Harry,
which is set up by the professors of we may easily see that nothing is so • Belles Lettres: and let that standard be fure of rendering us contemptible, as
ever so absurd, he adopts it for fear a ridiculous vanity of stealing a repu of being discarded for the infolence of 'ta:ion from the consequence of others,
a diffent. Indeed, this complaisance especially where a goodness of heart, • often involves him in no trifling diffi- " and an attention to the sentiments of "culties; for if two of the literati should . modeft plain fense, are fo certain of • happen to disagree, he is puzzled how building up the noblest character for ' to act; if he takes part with one, he ourselves.'
NO LXXXVII. SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 25.
Aswhere he pine of my readers
It is withi no little indignation that whore happineis I am more foli- I frequently hear the capacity of the lacitous than the younger part of my fe. dies ridiculed by the wits of the other male purchasere, I must now and then fex; and even find that the gravelt of our be excufel, if I fhould write a paper modern writers look upon an enlarged wholly for their initruction. Cut off education rather as a prejudice than a from that general intercourse with the beneño to the most beautiful part of the world, which the other sex fo univer- human creation. For my own part, I flly enjiny, they ftand infinitely more can by no means see how cultivating the in need of advice; and endued with an mindican be in the least prejudicial to infinitely greater Phare of fenfibility, the morais; por discover how a woman they are more likely to retain it than the can be rendered more unfit for the mamen, who look upon the finer feelings nagement of a family, by acquiring an as a kind of disgrace to their spirit; and additional thare of knowiedge and dif. imagine that the least regard to the fen- cretion. I readily grant, that a female timerits of any borlv elle, is the greatest pedant is of all pedants the most intoleinfult that can poffibly be offered to rable, and that nothing is fo likely to their own understandings.
ditturb the judgment as a superficial ac
quaintance, quaintance, either with the languages or itself;' and is certain that she would the sciences; but a progressive and well- fink into the earth, if a man was to look grounded instruction in the useful parts her in the face with any extraordinary of literature must always be productive degree of iteadiness. A girl at sixteen of benefit, and must always give an is most commonly as desirous of being equal encrease of understanding to either thought a woman, as when a woman of of the fexes.
forty, withes to be a girl of fixteen, At. Notwithltanding this declaration, how. tentive to nothing but the impulfe either ever, there is one branch of education of her passion or her vanity, the dear which even the wits themselves think the creature of a man probably receives half ladies cannot attain too early, that I a dozen letters a day, till his vanity wish, with all my heart, was delayed till blazes the matter about, and her deluded they arrive at years of discretion, and parents find their lovely little innocent began to form notions of the world with has very vehement desires under all that some little degree of propriety. I the specious veil of fimplicity; and burns more readily express this with, be. for the posesion of a bed-fellow, notcause the protraction of the branch I al- withstanding all her terrors if a man lude to can hy no means be prejudicial, but accidentally comes into her com, either to their interest, their morals, or pany. their capacities. The part of education In reality, a woman of this country which I am here so desirous of keeping has very few occafions for the art of a confiderable time from the ladies, is writing, but to carry on a literary cornothing more than the knowledge of respondence; and this correspondence is writing. I do not know that a young always begun fo very early, and directo woman has a greater enemy in the world ed so very injudicioutly, that it is genethan an ink-Itand; and many a parent rally unhappy in the end. A woman who boasts of the rapidity with which can have no occafion to correspond with his daughter now improves in the art a lover who meets the approbation of of writing, may in a year or iwo have her family; and nothing can be more a very lamentable motive for wishing imprudent or dangerous than to correo that ihe had never learned to write at fpond with a man who does not. But, all.
besides the imprudence and danger of A young woman now-a-days, let her writing to young fellows, there is a difbe ever to homely, scarcely reaches grace always attending such a circumher fifteenth or sixteenth year, but what (tance, which I am surprised does not some body takes an opportunity of more frequently deter a lady from compouring the fascinating language of adu- mitting the indiscretion.
The men, lation into her ear; and it rarely hap- however juít in their engagements with pens that this somebody is the person one another, are most con monly unjust who, if a treaty of marriage was pro- in their connection with the other sex : pofed, would ineet with the approbation the glory of being esteemed by an amiof her family. Naturally credulous at so able woinan is too much to be concealearly a period, the molt diftant compli- ed; a bofom friend mult be truited with ment is actually let down as a pontive the important decret; and this bolon declaration; and the man is exalied into friend has his confidante, with whon"it a first love, as it is cailed, for behaving muit of courte be deposited; fo that, with litele more perhaps than an ordi- while the untuip Eting fair-one believes nary share of civility: the consequence her reputation is carefully locked up in therefore generally is, that an amouren- the bolom of her adorer, (he is the gesues, and the place of personal inter- neral subject of conversation with fifty views is supplied by a literary corre- other fellows, and is profligately justed spondence. Miss, while her doating with perhaps in half the averns of the relations toppole that she is reading some kingdom. Many a lensible woman, pious meditation, is molt devoutly em - when the has reached two or three and ploved in the coripoiition of darts and twenty, had blushed for her epistles of daggers to her Sritphon; and setting her fixtcen; and fickened, when she has mar. imagination on fire with the thoughts, ried a n.in of intrinfic worthi, at the bare of a husband, when her, infatuated ta- recollection of the power which some ther believes that her very nidion, to use raícal may pollibly possess of expoling the language of the poet, bluthes at
the weaknets of her earlier years. For pS 2
these reasons, therefore, I cannot but little more attentive in teaching their think that a hafty introduction of a girl daughters to read and spell with proto paper and pens, is as injudicious priety, than anxious about the goodness a measure as a parent can fall into. She of their hand-writing, they would imcan at any time get a messenger to carry prove their minds confiderably more, a letter, when fear or shame will prevent and kcep them from a number of tempher from applying to any person to write tations which often prove too poweriut one. If, therefore, parents would be a both for their pride and their virtue.
N° LXXXVIII. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 2.
HERE is no fupposition more ab- clination to put on their respective cha
surd than that which is generally racters. made by the world in favour of learned These reflections I have been insenmen: a profound scholar, we imagine, fibly led into by recollecting some anee.' muft of course be a person of uncom- dotes of my poor friend Dick Thornmon wisdoin; and the more his head is lill, of St. John's in the university of fraught with unnecessary knowledge, Cambridge. Dick being ip poffeffion the more we encrease in our veneration of a very pretty fortune, used to confole of his abilities. Learning, however, is himself prodigioufly, whenever he heard a thing widely different from wildom: any body talk about the Atocks, that a man may be deeply versed in all the none of his money was employed in the mysteries of a claslical erudition, and business of government. He imagined, yet at the same time scarcely possess a that in proportion to the encrease of grain of cominon understanding; where- these political barometers, the burdens as, on the contrary, he may be master of of the subjects were encreased; and bean excellent judginent without know- lieved, that inftead of receiving so much ing a single fyllable of Greek or He- per cent. for the use of his property, he brew; and be able to manage the most actually paid so much for having it prointricate concern, though he has never : tected. In this fenfible manner he fill seen so much as the eight humble parts continues to go on, and laughs very of speech in Lilly or Wnettenal. That heartily at the fools, as he calls them, who knowledge, in fact, is most useful which wantonly throw away, such prodigious is best calculated to carry us through sums of money, merely that others may the world with care and reputation; and take care of those affairs which, he says, as learning itfelf was inftituted for no they can manage fo very easily thein." other purposes, we must allow that it felves. fails of attaining it's most falutary views I was standing a few days ago at the where it is merely employed in the vain nop of a second-hand bookfeller, in a pursuits of a ridiculous parade, or an populous part of this metropolis, where idle speculation
I often meet with an odd volume of some Indeed, if there was no commerce antiquated author, and have fometimes whatioever to be carried on between man. the pleasure of feeing my own works kind, and if there was no necessity for ruiting in all the peaceable dulness of the the scholars of an academy ever to make most perfect obfcurity. The bookseller, ao ¢ilay on the great itage of life in the agreeable to the practice of his trade, parts of men, it might be right enough has his various old volumes claffed into to breed our children up in a total igno- different arrangements, and at the head rance of all worldly affairs; but when, of each the price is affixed, to avoid being as I have just hinted, it is with the pro- pestered with the questions of occafional felled intention of enabling them to ap. purchasers. My old friend Dick hap. pear with a tolerable grace in this sin- pening accidentally to come up-he portant theatre that we give them an made a full itand; and being struck education, nothing surely can be more with the appearance of a thick octavo preposttrous than to employ them en. which lay under the fourpenny cata. tirely in those studies which render such logue, he asked the man if he would an appearance additionally difficult, and take a fhilling for that book; to which give thein rather a diigust than an in- the conscientious lopkeeper answering