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N" XCII. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 30. Have often remarked, that one half
boeliable before the continuam ante
• and it is better not to live at all, than by the generality of mankind, if changed I was ill-natured enough to smile at his in their appellations, and ranked under distress; but giving him a cordial shake the denomination of labour, would be by the hand, I wished him a good morn. shunned with as much assiduity as they ing, and so we parted, Next day, about are now followed, and rendered every twelve o'clock, going to dine at a rela. whit as difguftful to the fancy, as they tion's near Hammerimith, who fhould are now Aattering and agreeable. I.ee, itripped and playing atcricket in a Through some unaccountable infatua. field near Kensington, but Bob? Though tion, we are ravished, in the literary the weather was rather warmer than fense of the expression, with the whift when I met him the preceding day, he ling of a name; and infinitely fatigue was engaged in that violent exercise with ourselves more in the bare pursuit of our all the appearance of a moft exquisite Several amusements, than in the closest satisfaction, and scoured after the ball attention to the duties of our respective with as much agility as he could possibly vocations, though these evocations are use to get himself into a heat on a frosty the only means which we have of raising morning. a necessary provision for our families. If we take but ever so fight a survey
The truth of this position was never of mankind, we shall find that most peomore evidently ascertained than in the ple are actually pretty much in the fame character of poor Bob Beetle. Bob is manner with my friend Bob Beetle. engaged in a very extensive way of bu. Looking upon that as an insupportable finess; and is at once the most lazy and toil which is most conducive to their in. the most induttrious fellow alive: he is terest, they ablolutely find a pleasure in fatigued to death if he writes a few lines fatigue, and run into downright labour, to a correspondent; but he will ride af- in hopes of enjoying a little recreation. ter a pack of dogs for a dozen hours to- I would by no means be understood as gether, and call it glorious sport, when an arguer against a moderate share of he has ventured his neck over a score or manly exercise or rational amusement: two of gates, and come home as dirty as on the contrary, I look upon such re. a ducked pick-pocket from a forry laxations to be effentially neceffary, both miles chace in the middle of winter. because they add considerably to our When he is in town, he complains of it health, and give us a fresh inclination of as a prodigious hardship if he rises at returning to the bufiness of our various ten o'clock in the morning, though in employments. What I am offended at the country he makes no scruple what is, to see men of excellent understand. foever to get up at three or four to drag ings, in total opposition to the dictates a filh-pond; and will scarcely walk a of their good sense, applying themselves street's' length to receive a hundred wholly to the prosecution of their plea. pounds in the way of his business, fures, and creating a number of imagithough he would trudge eight or ten nary difficulties, to embitter every mo.
miles with the greatest fatisfaction after 'ment which they fet apart for the maa brace of partridges. I met Bob a few nagement of their molt necessary emne days ago in the city, and itopping him ployments. on the privilege of an old acquaintance, , Were temporal concerns, however, demanded the reason of his seeming out the only ones which we facrifice to our of temper-Seeming!' repeated he, idleft, nay, to our most culpable amuse.: Mr. Babler, it is more than seeming; ments, something still might be faid in
Lam half inclined to hang myself.' our defence; but our happiness here.
Here, in fuch a roasting day as this, after, as well as oor intereits here, are • mutt i trudge to Change, and broil . 'obliged to give way to the meaneft diffi• for two whole hours under the intense pations; and a fox-chače or a cricket• heat of a perpendicular sun. Damn "ball, a 'hunting match or a dice-box,
jt, Sir, I lead the life of a galley. llave; are not only able to ttifle every impulle
of of regard which we ought to entertain but let us be ever fo diligent in the dif. for our families, but every sentiment of charge of our religious obligations, yet, adoration which we ought to entertain if our hearts are not actually engaged in for our God. The duties of religion, the service of our Creator, all our perlike our domestic concerns, are utterly fonal attendance on his worfbip will be neglected ; and even the awful business so far from availing us, that it will ra. of eternity is thrown afide for a con- ther encrease the enormity of our guilt, temptible game at whist, or a despicable and expose us more inevitably to the pack of hounds.
thunders of his hand. Reluctance is The parallel between the neglect of an aggravation of our crime; and we our temporal and spiritual concerns become less and less excufable, the more will be found considerably stronger, we appear in his temple, unless we apwhen we recollect, that where unavoid proach it with the most exalted fervency able necesity compels a momentary at- of inclination. Let us be careful, there tention to either, we enter upon them fore, whenever we steal an hour from with an equal degree of reluctance and the elysium of our amusements, and ill-will. But in the consequence, how. condescend to enter a church, that we ever, there is the widelt difference: our do not fuffer so precious a part of our disinclination does not often interrupt time to be loft. Let us take the greatest the business of our callings, while we pains we are able to prevent that hour continue in opposition to the natural from being an evidence against us at the bent of our tempers to carry it on. dreadful day of judgment; and conMany a man, though he hates his pro. fider, in the language of the poet. fession, nevertheless, by lubduing his antipathy to it, and managing his affairs
That, unless we defift from our crimes,
'Tis blasphemy lurely to pray. with discretion, makes a good fortune;
No XCIII. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 6.
CONVERSING yelterday with Having taken my station, as I fani
an old acquaintance on the vanity cied, at the feet of the deity; the crystal of human wilhes, we fell insensibly into gates of the celeftial region were thrown a long discourse about the absurdities of wide open; and hy a particular order of mankind, even in their heit a&tions; and Jupiter, the fofteft whifper addressed to particularly dwelt upon the infolence of him from earth was so distinctly heard, their very devotion, when, though they that during the continuánce of the va affect to submit themselves entirely to the rious fupplications I never iniffed a single relignation of Providence, they neverthe- fyllable. less presume to point oue immediate ob- The first who offered up his prayers jects for the exercise of the Divine Be- to Olympus, was a man who had been nignity, without once recollecting that ruined by being a security in a large the nature of their request may be to- sum of money for a very intiinate friend. tally oppolite both to the greatness of 'This,' says Jupiter, turning to me, it's wildom, and the justice of it's laws. ' is a fellow of unqueftionable worth
The subject of conversation poliefied ' and integrity; through the whole me so very much upon my going to bed, • course of his life he has paid io inflex. cthat it continued to employ my imagi- 'ible an attention to the dictates of vir.' pation; and I dreamed how Jupiter ' tue, that I do not believe I have any took me up to the skies, as he was said thing to charge him with befides a to have formerly done by Menippus the • human infirmity. He thinks it hard, philosopher, in order that I might be therefore, that'I fhonld fuiffer him to
convinced the accusations to generally • be plunged into diftress, though this s brought against the equity of Providence • distress is nothing more than the na
were totally without foundation; and tural consequence of his own indiscre. 3 shat the great Author of the universe, • tion; for, instead of building his elteem
potwithstanding the impious murmurs upon the honesty of the man by whose of his creatures, was perfectly just and '* means he is thus unhappily stripped of onliltent in the minutelt of his decrees. his all, he founded his regard entirely
T2 • upon
• upon the length of their acquaintance; After the departure of the merchant, ' and afifted him, not because he was I thought a whole kingdom came at
a person of probity and honour, but once, and begged of Jupiter to destroy • because he was a person with whom a neighbouring nation with whom they • he generally cracked a bottle in an happened to be at war. Here are pre• evening, and took a fociable pipe. 'cious fellows for you!' cried Jupiter ;
On this account he is justly punished and so I must sacrifice a country of • for his folly; and though I intend to ten or twelve millions, merely because • reward his virtues very amply in this • their conscientious votaries think pro• world, yet I must permit him to be per to make the requeft; that is, in • chattised below, that other worthy • plain English, I muit be their bully, • men may take warning by his ex- • and arm myself in passions, that • ample, and learn to Mower their fa- I would disgrace the meanest of them• vours upon those only whom they ' felves, for the mighty honour of exe• know to be truly delerving.'
cuting the purposes of their revenge.' The next person who offered up his Jupiter, upon this, turned his head alide petition was a merchant in the city, who with indignation, and bid me ohferve prayed devoutly for a fair wind for a another body of people, rather larger hip which he had richly laden in the than the former, who were finging river, and intended for a very valuable hymns to his praise, and invoking his market on the coalt of Africa. "Now favour with all the energy of the most • here,' resumed Jupiter, is another folemn adoration. "This,' says be • very honest fellow, who will think " is the nation with whom my late set • himlelf particularly aggrieved if I de. • of worthies are at war; and you hear • cline to comply with his request; and ' they are just praying in the raine man. ' yer, if I was to grant it, a thousand ner that I would be gracioully pleased • others would inevitably be ruined, • to cut the throats of all their enemies. • who are bound upon voyages that re- • Now, which of these must I oblige? ' quire quite a contrary wind. Your " Their pretensions to my regard are
people of virtue imagine that they • alike inlignificant; and they are quar
should in the minutelt circumstance be "relling for a tract of country in Ame• the particular care of Providence, and 'rica, to which neither of them have • absurdly fancy that the attention of a • the finallelt right. To punish, there• Being, wlio has the whole universe to • fore, both their injustice to the poor
govern and support, should be entire- • America:is, and their infolence in • ly engrossed by themtelves. These . thinking to make me an abettor of
people muít, however, be informed, • their infamous contention, I shall • that I am the God of an extenfive • leave them entirely to themselves, and • world, and not the immediate patron • make each by that means the scourge
of any one man. Of course, there- • of the other's crimes.' Jupiter de• fore, í fhall never invert the order of livered these last words in a tone fo tre. • things to oblige a private person, mendous, that I awoke with affright; • though that perton should be the very but recollecting the various circum• best of all my votaries; more particu: stances of my dream, I thought it would • Jarly too, wlien, let his merits be what make no indifferent paper, as it taught
they will, my favour Mall so incredi- fo abfolute a resignation to the awfu • bly exceed them in the end." dispensations of God.
No XCIV. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 13.
FYPOCRISY, for the honour upon this exalter disregard of shame : very little practised, that people are not cerity: at the trouble of concealing their follies For my own part, however, I thou! or their vices, but generously run into be glad if the generality of mankid Uhre' inolt palpable mistakes, or the molt were less ingenuous in this respect, fire culpable errors, in the full face of day; so open a commision of our faults mit and even expect that we fould look necellarily raise vice into a sort of rep
tation, and establish an example to the think him entirely juftified in the most last degree prejudicial to pofterity. Hy- criminal undertakings, in proportion as puerily, therefore, fo far as it regarded he is really without the shadow of exa concealment of our faults, I should cuse, look upon as a sort of negative virtue, Some people, indeed, who affect to because, though it did not extenuate our poffefs an extraordinary share of prinown errors, it nevertheless preventer us ciple, propole a limitation to their vices, from debauching the principles of other and make a sort of agreement with their people.
own consciences not to be wicked above The great" misfortune of the present such a certain number of years. The age is, that the universal force of ex- period which they fix for the date of ample has rendered a number of the their reformation, is generally the day moit atrocious crimes absolutely fashion, of marriage; without ever reflecting on able: formerly it was looked upon as the pollibility of never living to this peinfamous to the last degree, if a man riod, they go on in an uninterrupted alienated the affection of an acquaint- course of licentiousness, and imagine ance's wife, or plunged a dagger into they may with propriety disturb the the bofom of a friend. Now-a-days, peace of every other person's family till it is impossible for a young fellow to be they have actually got a family of their ; allowed a dawn of spirit, unless he has nor does a parent or guardian destroyed his woman, or killed his man, once suppose any of these worthy gende, and trampled upon every inftitute which men an inproper match for their daughought to be sacred to fociety. Nay, to ters or their wards, on account of their such a height are matters at present car. professed profigacy; on the contrary, riell, that we often boatt of our crines it is a received opinion, that a reformas if they were so many virtues; and ed rake makes the best husband; and recount, with an air of the most exquisite that he is the propereft companion in satisfaction, how many times we have life for a woman of virtue and honour, been drunk within the course of the who never before had an acquaintance : week, how many strumpets we have with a woman of virtue or honour at visited, or how many times we have en- all. dangered our lives in the midnight dir- From these considerations on the proputes of a common brothel. If any digious encouragement which vice fo body is sensible enough to decline ac- incessantly receives from the force of excompanying us on these pretty expedi- ample, I am led to be an advocate for tions, we let him down as a spiritlets, hypocrity; and incluced to wish, that ignorant milksop, equally deltitute of those who are too wiite or too lpirited to ambition and understanding. What is be reasoned out of their errors, would more, in proportion as he manifeits a re- at least be humane enough to practice pugnance to join in our extravagances, thein with fome thare of caution, that in proportion we turn him into ridicule, they may not leciuce others from the and load him with the most insuperable sentiments of virtue, nor be initru. contempt, when we ought to honour him mental in the deitriétion of any body with the greatest share of our adiniration, but theinfelves.
But what in the course of general ob. I am very fenoble how ext:emely unfervation astonishes me molt, is, that a fashionable it is for a writer to press any man thall claim a right to be profligate, considerations of future Kate upon the in proportion as we allow him to be fen: mind of an elegant reader. Now-afible; and think himself entitled to be days it is indelicate io talk of eternity vicious, according to the estimate which with any kind of weight, and repugnant we make of his understanding. No. ' to every tentiment of politentis for a thing is more common, now-a-days, man to speak with the imallest venerathan to praise our intimate friends in tion of his God. Yet, furely, as long fomething like the following manner. as we are fengible upwn how precarious ?
Why, to be sure, Toon or Jack Sueh. tenure our existence depends, we hould,
a-one is a very wicked dog, but then now and then think that a day of ac• he's no fool.' Thus that very good count will come, and where we are fo fenfe which should be considered as an certain of our mortamiyo, we ought to aggravation of his conduct, is looked recollect that we are funne time to die, upon as an extenuation as leaft; and we It was an excellent pemark of Julius.
Cxsar's, the morning of his assassina, a frequent consideration of this awful rion, when Antony asked him wby he period is the best means of enabling us talked so much: on death-That what to sustain ir; and as certain it is, that might each moment happen, thould em. those are only fit to live who are always ploy every moment of a wise man's in a condition to dit. thoughts. Certain indeed it is, that
d.). NO XCV. SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 22.
fa! 11: io, vt
tion in Europe wbo retain any part of sir,
the Roman freedom, yet perhaps we are PRATITUDE is a quality of the only one that does not retain a
so bewitching a nature, that we glimmer of it's exalted sentiments in generally look upon it as a complication this respect; for with us, small a porof all the virtues, and suppo e that no tion of gratitude as we still continue to man can be dertitute of any other who keep up, a parent is the only person in is happily in pollession of this; yet, ami- the world to whom we think it utterly ahle foever as it is universally consider- unnecessary, to be thewn; as if he wbo el, perhaps there is no excellence in the was entitled to the greatest share, should catalogue fo little Itudied, or for which be the only one denied a mark of it at in general we entertain fo unaccountable all. Nay, to so preposterous a length a contempte
is the general opinion hurried away in In former
" ages, an attention to the this point, that a man who lends us a di&tates of gratitude was reckoned an single guinea to riot in excess and sen.
indispensable part of our duty; and no- fuality, shall receive much greater insthing was, looked upon in a more de- Itances of our gratitude, than an indul. - Teita ble light than an infenfibility of fa- gent parent who' toils during a whole vours, or an unworthy return where we life for our welfare, and makes a com. had been in the least obliged: one par
fortable establiment for us and our * ticular fpecies of gratitude was held in- pofterity,
violably sacred; and the Romans were It is a received notion among the geto religiously pun&ual in the perform. nerality of people, that a son is no way "ance of it, that they put the offender's obliged to his father for any tokens af - life in the power of his benefactor affection which he may receive, becaule
'wherever they saw it transgrefied. the old gentleman finds a particular fa. -?h. The instance where the Romans pu- ; tisfaction in providing for his happiness,
nished the want of gratitude with such and is sufficiently repaid if he sees his **Teverity', was the breach or neglect of folicitude attended with the desired efthat tenderness and affection which was fects. Alas! Mr. Babler, what lentiindispenfahly due to a father from a fon. ments are we to entertain of people who
That fenfibie people judiciously confi- reason in any manner like this? Does it dered, that if a man could behave with follow, that because a parent finds a ingratitude to a parent that had endued pleasare in the performance of his duty,
him with no less a blessing than his very that a san fhould think himself cxempi. }existence; he muß be dead to every senle ed from the necessary, prosecution of his!
of obligations from any other quarter; The very pleasure which is here pleaded and fancied that a person capable of as the fufficient reward for the afection
bursting through the most facred ordi- of the father, is to the last degree an hances of nature, was capable of built aggravation of ingratitude in the fon; ing through the most facred of fociety and, inttead of palliating the breach of
From this principle, in the early smhis filial affection, leaves him without a ages of that celebrated republic, a fa-pollibility of excufe; for furely those s'hier was invested with an absolute au- who take a pleasure in the promotion of thority over the lives of his children; : our happiness must be doubly entitled to
and he that was not a good fon, was uni- s. our gratilude; and we ought to feel a Verfally looked upon as a bad member glow of veneration arising from a con. Roof 'fociety,"3..
fcioufness of their inotives, as much as Though we aré perhaps the only na- from the actual benefits themselves.