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NO VII. SATURDAY, MARCH 26.
HE fubicct of my correspondent's ler, that so hopeful an example has not
leiter in a former number, has escaped my children without imitation. procured me a very, fenfible complaint My daughter, who is about nineteen, from an honett huchle-maker near Corn- will put up with no less an appellation than hill; and as it may serve by way of sup- a young laay; and my son, of course, plement, I think it most proper pot ia thinks himself cqually juitified in suppostpone the publication of it.
porting the title of a young gentleman:
he quarrelled with my eldest apprentice TO TUE BABLER.
the other morning tor calling him by the familiar name of Andrew; and my
daughter in hited upon turning away our THE remarks which were made upon laft maid, because
, in speaking of her the dress of tradesmen, especially to a third person, she did not say Miss those of the younger fort, in your pa- Dolly. My wife's foolish indulgence is per, from a correspondent I cannot a fill greater means of spoiling them. htbp admiring very much; and the more My daughter is always dressed out in a fo, as they come home to an instance in manner that renders her above doing my own family, which has for a long any necessary article in the ceconomy of tine given me no little uneafinels. a house, and superior to the condescen
You must know, Mr. Babler, that I fion of serving in the shop. If a cuf. am a plain pains-taking man, and nei. tomer comes in, initead of alking what ther more or less than a buckle-maker, he wants, the orders the boy to cail bis near Cornhill: I have kept shop these masier; for he would not stoop to send twenty years, and brought up my fa- fur ber father to haggle about a twelvemily, consisting of a wife, one fon, and penny knife, or a two-lhilling pair of a daughter, decently enough, though I buckles, If he sits behind the counter, fay it myself; and, may have saved it is with a look of dignity and importa trifle or to in my business; but that ance; and, to every new comer-in, puts does not signity.
on a new air, in order to enhance the As every thing I have has been made idea of her consequence. My wife has : by a close application to trade, I do not lately bought her a pair of lone shoechufe appearing grander, Mr. Babler, buckles; and I am hourly teazed 10 than what becomes a person of my sta- death about purchasing her a metal tion, so that I confine myself to a fuit watch. My son, Mr. Babler, is not a or two of modest cloaihs, and never put whit less affected than my daughter. I on my largest wig or my best ruffled cannot see in what respect he is any way thirt but of a Sunday. My wife, how, my superior; and yet, through his mo. ever, who had been formerly a lady's ther's means, be appears in a manner I maid in the city, has higher notions; never durft a fiume without being laughand as I do not chufe to quarrel with ed at by all my acquaintance. He has her, indulges herself in the gratification his ruffled shirt on every day, and clean of them to as ridiculous a degree as my white ftockings; has actually got a filk circumstances can allow. She would waistcoat with vellum button-holes, and not come into the shop for the world a gold-laced hat, for Sundays. Is there without a sack or a French night-cap; any bearing this, Mr. Babler. But and is sometimes so loaded with powder this is not the worst of it: as be imand pomatum, that the very smell is proves in dress, the more he decreases enough to take away the breath of my in his. manners; and the better he is. customers. I am never suffered to walk fupplied with the articles of finery, the with her of a working day, because I lels respectful he groys to those who am not sufficiently fine; nay, I am to provide him with the means.. Lord, efteen it as no trifling favour, if I am Sir! he confiders me in no better light permitted to accompany her to the White than a sort of an upper servant, who is Conduit House, or Iningtop fields, of a obliged to consuk the gratification of Sunday. You may be sure, Mr. Bab- his pleasures, and to humour every turn
and whim of his inclination. He scarce a manner. We are talked of all over ever takes his hat off before me; and is the neighbourhood, Mr. Babler; and I so far from thinking that there is any am for ever rated at the Blue Poits for thing out of character in his dress, that submitting to my wife's dominion in he is always exclaiming a ainst the po. my family. Print this, pray do ; lhame. verty of mine. In this he is supported may produce better effets than reason ; both by his mo:her and his sister, the and if it but makes my wife concerned former always declaring I shame them at her behaviour, I fall possibly have with my naty way of appearing, and every right to call myéli yours, my dutiful daughter wondering how her
ANDREW ANCHOR. papa can dress in so thabby and pititul
NO VIII. SATURDAY, APRIL 2.
The trueft lover of his country.) TO THE BÂBLER.
An advantageous peace.] UnnecefINISTERIAL advocates hay- fary concessions to our enemies, and
pute, taken a number of liberties them- ting our throats. felves, which they utterly condemn in An bonourable peace.] Submitting to other people; and exclaimed with un- the deinands of an enemy we had concom.non eneigy agunt invective, at a quered; and resigning, without indemtime they were dealing out the most vi- nification, what we had purchafed with rvient abuk; I shall, for the entertain- a potition of treasure and blood. ment of your rea ler, Mr. Babler, give A good fubje&t.) A man with a bare a sort of Political Dictionary, in which backricle, and a lover of the itch. their principal terms thall be explained, Prudence and economy. ] An increase and in which I hail feligioully confine of taxes at the conclusion of an expenmyself to the ideas they always annex to five war; and a lavishing that treasure each particular epithet, as it occurs in upon profligate favourites, which should the course of their writings or conver- be applied to discharge the public debts fation.
of the kingdom. Disaffection to the king.) Whatever The faith of the nation.) A defertion points out the grievances of the people, of te King of Pruffia, our ally, at a : and endeavours to remove a weak or time that France had made ftipulations wicked mioifter.
in favour of his most immediate eneA fower of sedition.] One who tells mjes. honeit truths, and is above the reach The encouragement of genius. ) A proof ministerial influence and corruption. vision for Hume, Home, Mallock, and
The licentiousness of tbe press.] The other Scotch writers, who had drawn candid method of representing the fuf- their pens in favour of a Scotch miniferings of the kingdom, and the speediett fter. means of having them redressed. Subversion of the constitution.) To
The mob.] The Dukes of Devon- prevent the machinations of tyraniiy and thire, Grafion, Portland, and New. delpotism, and to maintain the purity caftle; the Marquis of Rockingham; of the laws and the liberty of the fuba the Earls Temple, Hardwick, Belbo. ject. rough, Alhburnham, &c. &c. the Oeconomy. ) A pitiful manner of furLords Dudley, Monton, Sondes, &c. nishing the royal kitchen, and a profule &c. Mr. William Pitt, Mr. James method of expending the money of the Grenville, Sir George Savile, Mr. kingdom. Beckford, &c. &c.
Contempt of the opposition.) A Glence An upright minister.. ] Lord Bute. when uncontrovertible facts are advance
A man of superior excellence and vir. ed, and a prosecution where any thing tue] Ditto.
is uttered contrary to the chicanery of The firmest friend of the fovereign.) the laws, however jul it may bé in Dicto,
Ministerial moderation.) A discharge Scandal and detraction] A regard of every person put into omce during for the name of Englishman, and an the adminiftration of the Duke of New- averfion to the itch. calle, or Mr. Pitt, not even excepting Arrogance and presumption.] The a fifty pound falary.
Smalleit diffent from the opinion of an Lazus azrecable to the confitution.] infolent Scot, and a refusal of that im. Ads which are pafted by ministerial in- plicit submission to an over-bearing mifluence, and have an immediate tendency nister, which was never expected nor to encroach upon the freedom and pro- desired by his master. perty of the subject.
Averhon ta popularity.) An affected The sense of tbe kingdom.] The dic- contempt in a minister for a people, by tates of an arbitrary and all-grasping whom he was conscious of being juftly minifter, and the despicable arguments and generally despised. of his mercenary advocates.
Aregard for tbe dignity of the Crown] Liberty and property.) A forcible A poor pretence for practising the molt entry of our houses by messengers at detestable means to trample on the liber. - midnight, and an imprisonment of our ties of the people.
persons without either information or Ministerial rehgnation.) A fallacious evidence.
method of escaping from the hatred of The good of the public. ] A deftructive the public, and an artful contrivance in excise-bill, and an arbitrary manner of a favourite to make others responsible levying taxes, without any hadow of for meafures which are guided by himpretence, or colour of necessity.
seif. A bloody and expensive war.] The A man above avarice.} One who -exercise of a juít revenge upon our ene- affects a total disregard for money; but, mies, and the reduction of settlements however, procures the moft lucrative which would amply reimburse our ex. places for himself, and raises his beg. pence, if we had but fpirits or under. garly relations over the heads of the destanding to have kept them.
ferving to the firft offices of the king. Prudence and bumanity.) A mean dom. fubmission to the offers of an enemy re- A man of the utmost wifilom and vir. doced; and a pitiful apprehcnfion of a tue. ) A minifter who embroils a whole reverse of fortune, when that enemy, so kingdom in dangerous diffenfions, and far from being in a condition of attack treads upon that people who taught him ing us, was uiterly incapable of defend the difference between penury and afeing himself.
Auence; the distinction between opufuffice and impartiality.) A cap- lence the most splendid, and indigence tain's commiffion to a child of not ten the moft extreme.. years old, while many who had ventur- Decency and candour.] A fubmiffion ied their lives in the service of their coun- to the arrogant commands of a haughty, try were perithing for breadi
and an approbation of the destructive Roward of merit.] Places and pen- measures of a worthless, favourite. fons to such as had scandalously fold An enemy to bis couniry. ] Any perthe interelt of their country, and sup- fon in the least folicitous to preserve it ?.ported the tyranny of a presumptuous from destruction. i iginifter
No IX. SATURDAY, APRIL 9.
lent age which has done such ellen. Standard for public imitation. Todefroy tial disservice to the caute of virtue and the tranquillity of a deserving friend aby morality as the ridiculous affe&tation fome occasional stroke of impertinence, of wit, which prevails in almost every is, now-4-days, fufficient foundation order of the people. Under a pretension for the character of a wit; and we fre: to this quality, the mott blaineable le- quently reckon that perton as pofsefled vities become voiversally admired; and, of exu aordinary abilities, who bris dc. what is much worle, tie uit danger tiance ta ihe mandates of bis God.
There is one great unhappiness at- com:nencing driver. Our Phaeton, untending this propensity to fashionable able to manage the horses, drove against wit; which is, that men of the best sense a milestone, upon which the carriage very often think themselves obliged to instantly gave a violent jerk, and pitchgive in to the general opinion of their ed him headlong into a cucumber-bed acquaintance; and, in order to merit on the road-side, where he was miferathe esteem of the world, fubmit to the bly cut with the glasses: the good old very errors which their own understand- lady had her arm broke by the accident; ing must naturally lead them to con- and, what with the acuteness of the pain, demn. Among the nuinber of my own and her terrors for her Neddy, a fever friends who are unhappily victims to ensued, which carried her off in a fortthe world in this respect, I cannot, night. When he was able to come without the utmost concern, reflect upon abroad, his next fally of wit was upon poor Ned Frailby.
an unfortunate waiter, whose eye he When Ned came from the university, knocked out with the head of a tobaccowhich was at the age of nineteen, he pipe: this cost him two hundred pounds had a doating old grandmother, who to suppress a profecution, exclusive of a fapplied him plentifully with money, twenty pound annuity during the life and by whose fondness he was enabled of the sufferer. A duel with a Highto indulge all the luxurious depravities land officer, for some reflections on brim. incident to his years. Upon his first com- itone, was his next exploit; after which ing to town, he was introduced as a he successively hred four riots at the hopeful young fellow at a fociety of playhouse, and carried off seven milli. wits, who frequented a fathionable cof- ners apprentices within the purlieus of fee-house in the neighbourhood of Co. Covent Garden. It is remarkable, that vent Garden. Unacquainted with the when our modern men of wit endeavour world, their manners were perfectly at a character, they generally employ new to our young adventurer; and it them feives in proving their fpirit, and was not without infinite pain he heard the moment they arrive at the pitch of obscenity and execration form the prin- doing what they think proper, the itch cipal part of the first vight's discourse. of heroi (in naturally disappears, and Notwithstanding this, there was a fome. they content themselves with faring thing in the company which produced what they please. This is exaly Ned's an involuntary attachment; and he was case; finding the reputation of his cou. overheard whispering to the friend who rage sufficiently established, he refts fa. introduced him, that it was a pity fuchtisfied with disturbing every converfa. and fuch gentlemen were not less im- tion he overhears, and has humility moral, for he looked upon them as ex• enough to be no more than very impercessively agreeable.
tinent whenever he engages in an arguThere is, in the human mind, a na- ment. At the playhouse I have heard tural promptitude of imitating manners him affe&t a horse-laugh in the most diwherever we happen to like a man. This ftressing passage of a tragedy; and at a was poor Ned's case; in less than a week concert I never knew him pleased with an oath was not altogether fo shocking; the performers till he had put them enand it was rather too reserved for a tirely out. Fatigued with this infipid young fellow to banish an innocent round, his wit has taken a different freedom in talking of women, that fuit. turn; religion, and it's members, are ed with his years and constitution. now the objects of his ridicule; and There is no necessity for circumftantial possibly, from some passages in his life, particularities; suffice it, that Ned, be. having reason to fear that there is an. fore the month was over, grew paffion- other world after this, he always endea. ately fond of the character of a wit; vours to convince his acquaintance that and Mewed, that in purchafing fo ho- there is not. Unhappy Ned Frailby, nourable an appellation, he was utterly' setting out a fashionable wit, he has regardless of the means,
sunk into a real infidel; and, to gain The first stroke of wit that procured, the admiration of a blockhead he thould him any reputation, was the overturn- despise, bas forfeited the favour of his ing of his grandmother's coach in a God. The people who with him best little excursion to Richmon ), where he can only pity him; but where he is not ingited on mounting the coach-box, and personally known, he is looked upon
as what he is: yét Ned has a thousand comment: let any man of wit clap bis good qualities; his ear is never turned hand upon his heart, and examine if he froni she complaint of sorrow, nor his has not all of Ned's bad qualities; and bounty with-held from the tear of di- then let him try how far they are exte. stress he is the best of matters, the nuated by the good. If, upon examikindelt
, of landlords, and the warmest nation, he should appear to have a great of friends. He has a fine fancy, a deal of the first, and very little of the sound understanding, and a benevolent latter, he is really a very wretched beheart; but a pallion for admiration has ing ; and we niay very fairly cry out,, undone him, and he is an amiable re.
with the poetprobate at belt. : To such a picture there needs no Hic niger eft, bunc tu Romane caveto.
FROM DEAN SWIFT TO MR. POPE.
been communicated by a person- a champion for the conduct of the mi. age of the first distinction, having some. nisters, because I had a cordial affection thing in it for applicable to the present for the integrity of the men. There is times, we fancy our readers will, for such an honest openness in Harley, and that reason, readily accept it for the fo apparent an' ingenuousness in St. entertainment of the day, were they John, that I am attached to their inteeven to pay no regard to the extra- reit in spite of my teeth, and left, wbile ordinary merit and uncommon reputa- I labour to rescue them from the name tion of the author.
of scoundreis in their offices, to link
under the weight of the damn'd appelORIGINAL LETTER
In fact, Pope, I believe it imposible for any minister to be an heneit man.
There are fifty thousand tiap-doors, (NEVER BEFORE MADÉ PUBLIC.) from the very nature of his office, in
which it is next to impoffible but his in DEAR POPE,
tegrity must tumble. One right ho. I
Am wonderfully pleased with the nourable r or other has eternally
publication of your Ethic Epistles, some strumpet to provide for, or some not only on account of their poetical and cuckold to recommend, in preference to moral excellence, but on account of that the claims of real worth, and the prehearty averfion to Ministers and Courts, tensions of the truly deserving; not to which breathes through several of the mention any thing of a miniiter's own pallages: perhaps I am the more taken friends, his impler.ents and dependants, with your sentiments on this head, be. who all naturally expect to be provided caule they are a sufficient authority for for in course. Thus situatel, a man at fame opinions a ivaneed by myself; and, the head of affairs is obliged very freyou know, we are always certain of al- quently to overlook the folicitations of lowing other people's notions to be of services and merit, as I have this moweighi and importance when they bear ment obferved, and exposes himself to any conformity to our own.
the resentment of many disappointed leI do not know how it is, but I never vee-danglers, from an uiter impoffibility liked a Minister in all my days. Our to provide for all. Hence a number of friends Oxford and Bolingbroke I had enemies'nte certain of attacking him at. a fincere value for in their private fta- every quarter; and, as the battery in tions; but in their public capacities I some places may be justly enough lea: looked upon them bosh (and you know velled, the report muft be heard without I have said it to their faces) as little end. better than a couple of ms. This But as wealth and power are always regard to their abitračied merit as in- sure of finding advocates, we never fee dividuals, has frequently led me to fup- a minister without a number of literary port tenets diametrically oppolite to-my mercenaries employed in his defence, to.